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Lord W. I should feel it was not true.
A mother's love means devotion, unselfishness, sacrifice. What could you know
of such things? Mrs. E. You are right. What could I
know of such things? Don't let us talk any more about it, as for telling my daughter who I am, that I do not allow. It is my secret, it is not yours. If I make up my mind to tell her, and I think I will, I shall tell her before I leave this
house-if not, I shall never tell her. Lord W. (Angrily.) Then let me beg of
you to leave our house at once. I will make your excuses to Margaret.
(Enter Lady W. r. She goes over to Mrs.
E. with the photograph in her hand. Lord W. moves to back of sofa, and anriously watches Mrs. E. as the scene progresses.)
Lady W. No, it gave him too much paili
He told me how my mother had died a few months after I was born. His eyes filled with tears as he spoke. Then be begged me never to mention her name to him again. It made him suffer even to hear it. My father-my father really died a broken heart. His was the
most ruined life I know. Mrs. E. (Rising.). I am afraid I must go
now, Lady Windermere. Lady W. (Rising.) Oh no, don't. Mrs. E. I think I had better. My car
riage must have come back by this time
I sent it to Lady Jedburgh's with a note. Lady W. Artlıur, would you mind seeing
if Mrs. Erlynne's carriage has come
back? Mrs. E. Pray don't trouble Lord Winder
mere, Lady Windermere. Lady W. Yes, Arthur, do go, please.
(Lord WV. hesitates for a moment and looks at Mrs. E. She remains quite impassive. He leaves the room.) (TO Mrs. E.) Oh, what am I to say to you? You saved me last night!
(Goes toward her.) Mrs. E. Hush-don't speak of it. Lady W. I must speak of it. I can't let
you think that I am going to accept th:isacrifice. I am not. It is too great. I am going to tell my husband everything.
It is my duty. Mrs. E. It is not your duty-at least you
have duties to others besides him. You
say you owe me something? Lady W. I owe you everything. Mrs. E. Then pay your debt by silenee.
That is the only way in which it can be paid. Don't spoil the one good thing I have done in my life by telling it to any one. Promise me that what passed last night will remain a secret between us. You must not bring misery into your husband's life. Why spoil his love? You must not spoil it. Love is easily killed. Oh, how easily love is killed! Pledge me your word, Lady Windermere, that you will never tell him. I insist upon
Lady W. I am so sorry, Mrs. Erlynne, to
have kept you waiting. I could n't find the photograph anywhere. At last I discovered it in my husband's dressing
-he had stolen it. Mrs. E. (Takes the photograph from her
and looks at it.) I am not surprisedit is charming. (Goes over to sofa with Lady W. and sits down beside her. Looks again at the photograph.) And so that is your little boy! What is he
called ? Lady W. Gerard, after my dear father. Mrs. E. (Laying the photograph down.)
Really? Lady W. Yes. If it had been a girl, I
would have called it after my mother. My mother had the same name as myself,
Margaret. Mrs. E. My name is Margaret, too. Lady W. Indeed! Mrs. E. Yes. (Pause.) You are devoted
to your mother's memory, Lady Winder
mere, your husband tells me. Lady W. We all have ideals in life. At least we all should have.
Mine is my mother. Mrs.
E. Ideals are dangerous things. Realities are better. They wound, but
they are better. Lady W. (Shaking her head.) If I lost
my ideals, I should lose everything. Mrs. E. Everything? Lady W. Yes.
(Pause.) Mrs. E. Did your father often speak to
you of your mother?
Lady W. (With bowed head.) It is yonr
will, not mine. Mrs. E. Yes, it is my will. And never
forget your child—I like to think of you as a mother. I like you to think of your
self as one. Lady W. (Looking up.) I always will
now. Only once in my life I have forgotten my own mother—that was last night. Oh, if I had remembered her, I should not have been so foolish, so
wicked. Mrs. E. (With a slight shudder.) Hush, last night is quite over.
(Enter Lord W.) Lord W. Your carriage has not come back
yet, Mrs. Erlynne. Mrs. E. It makes no matter. I'll take a
hansom. There is nothing in the world so respectable as a good Shrewsbury and Talbot. And now, dear Lady Windermere, I am afraid it is really good-bye. (Moves
ир c.) Oh, I remember. You'll think me absurd, but do you know, I've taken a great fancy to this fan that I was silly enough to run away with last night from your ball. Now, I wonder would you give it to me? Lord Windermere says you may. I know it is
his present. Lady W. Oh, certainly, if it will give you
any pleasure. But it has my name on it.
It has “Margaret” on it. Mrs. E. But we have the same Christian
Duchess. Won't you carry the fan, Lord
Augustus ? Lord A. If you really desire it, Mrs. Er
lynne. Mrs. E. (Laughing.) Of course I do. You'll carry it
so gracefully. You would carry off anything gracefully,
dear Lord Augustus. (When she reaches the door she looks back
for a moment at Lady W. Their eyes meet. Then she turns, and exit c., fol
lowed by Lord A.) Lady W. You will never speak against
Mrs. Erlynne again, Arthur, will you? Lord W. (Gravely.) She is better than
one thought her. Lady W. She is better than I am. Lord W. (Smiling as he strokes her hair.)
Child, you and she belong to different worlds. Into your world evil has never
entered. Lady W. Don't say that, Arthur. There
is the same world for all of us, and good and evil, sin and innocence, go through it hand in hand. To shut one's eyes to half of life that one may live securely is as though one blinded oneself that one might walk with more safety in a land
of pit and precipice. Lord W. (Moves down with her.) Dar
ling, why do you say that? Lady W. (Sits on sofa.) Because I, who
had shut my eyes to life, came to the brink. And who had separated
Lady W. Oh, I forgot. Of course, do
have it. What a wonderful chance our
names being the same! Mrs. E. Quite wonderful. Thanks—it will always remind me of you.
(Shakes hands with her.)
Parker. Lord Augustus Lorton. Mrs. Erlynne's carriage has come.
(Enter Lord A.) Lord A. Good morning, dear boy. Good
morning, Lady Windermere. (Sees
Mrs. E.) Mrs. Erlynne! Mrs. E. How do you do, Lord Augustus ?
Are you quite well this morning? Lord A. (Coldly.) Quite well, thank you,
Mrs. Erlynne. Mrs. E. You don't look at all well, Lord
Augustus. You stop up too late—it is so bad for you. You really should take more care of yourself. Good-bye, Lord Windermere. (Goes towards door with a bow to Lord A. Suddenly smiles, and looks back at him.) Lord Augustus ! Won't you see me to my carriage? You
might carry the fan. Lord W. Allow me! Mrs. E. No, I want Lord Augustus. I
have a special message for the dear
Lord W. We were never parted.
Arthur, don't love me less, and I will
(Enter Lord A. C.) Lord A. Arthur, she has explained every
thing! (Lady W. looks horribly frightened. Lord W. starts. Lord A. takes Lord W. by the arm, and brings him to front of stage.) My dear fellow, she has explained every demned thing. We all wronged her immensely. It was entirely for my sake she went to Darlington's rooms-called first at the club. Fact is, wanted to put me out of suspense, and being told I had gone on, followed-naturally-frightened when she heard a lot of men coming in-retired to another room-I assure you, most gratifying to me, the whole thing. We all behaved
Lord A. (Advancing towards her with a
bow.) Yes; Lady Windermere, Mrs. Erlynne has done me the honor of accepting
brutally to her. She is just the woman for me. Suits me down to the ground. All the condition she makes is that we live out of England-a very good thing, too!-Demmed clubs, demmed climate, demmed cooks, demmed everything!
Sick of it all. Lady W. (Frightened.) Has Mrs. Er
Lord W. Well, you are certainly marry
ing a very clever woman. Lady W. (Taking her husband's hand.) Ah! you 're marrying a
Manly, J. M. Specimens of Pre-Shakespearean
Drama. 2 Cambridge History of English Literature.
vols. 1897 (the Chambers, E. K. The Mediæval Stage.
source of the present texts). 2 vols. 1903.
Pollard, A. W. English Miracle Plays,
Moralities, Clarence, R. Stage Cyclopædia. 1909 (on
ed. and Interludes. Fifth
1909. stage history and performances of plays). Collier, J. P. History of English Dramatic
Smith, L. T. York Mystery Plays. 1885. Poetry. New ed. 3 vols. 1879.
Wright, T. Chester Plays, Shakespeare
(for Dictionary of National Biography
Soc. Publ. 2 vols. 1843-7. biography and bibliography).
Interesting examples of the miracle Fleay, F. G. A Biographical Chronicle of
play, other than the three herein printed, the English Drama, 1559-1642. 2 vols.
may be found in Manly. Modernized ver1891.
sions of Abraham and Isaac and The Fleay, F. G. A Chronicle History of the
Second Shepherds' Play may be found in
No. 191 of the Riverside Literature Series English Stage, 1559-1612. 1890. Gayley, C. M. Representative English
(Houghton, Mifflin), edited by C. G. Child, Comedies. 3 vols. 1903 (a collection of
with a good introduction. plays; in progress).
THE MORALITY Murray, J. T. English Dramatic Com- Mackenzie, W. R. The English Moralities. panies, 1558-1642. 1910.
1914. Neilson, W. A. The Chief Elizabethan Mackenzie, W. R. The Origin of the Eng. Dramatists. 1911 (a collection).
lish Morality. Washington Univ. Studies. Nettleton, G. H. English Drama of the Vol. II. Pt. ii. No. 2. 1915.
Restoration and Eighteenth Century. Everyman. Ed. W. W. Greg. Bang's 1914.
Materialen zur kunde des älteren eng. Schelling, F. E. Elizabethan Drama. 2 lischen Dramas. Vol. IV. 1904 (the vols. 1908.
of the present text). Ed. F. Sharp, R. F. A Short History of the Eng. Sidgwick. 1902. Also in the Everylish Stage. 1909.
man's Library, vol. 381. Modernized by Swinburne, A. C. The Age of Shakespeare. C. G. Child in Early Plays (see above). 1908.
For the relations between Everyman Symonds, J. A. Shakespeare's Predecessors and the Dutch play Elckerlijc, see two in the English Drama. 1881.
articles by J. M. Manly and F. A. Wood Thorndike, A. H. Shakespeare's Theatre.
Elckerlijc-Ereryman: The Question 1916.
of Priority, in Modern Philology, Oct. 1900, Thorndike, A. H. Tragedy. 1908.
Vol. VIII. Other works are mentioned Tupper, F. and J. W. Representative Eng. under the preceding heading.
lish Dramas from Dryden to Sheridan. Other good moralities may be found in 1914 (a collection).
Manly; also other short early plays (“InWard, A. W. A History of English Dra. terludes ") of a more secular character. matic Literature to the Death of Queen
Bond, R. W. The Complete Works of John
Lyly. 3 vols. 1902 (the source of the THE MIRACLE PLAY
present text). Bates, K. L. The English Religious Drama.
Child, C. G. John Lyly and Euphuism. 1893.
Münchener Beiträge. Vol. VII. Deimling, G. Chester Plays (first 13).
Feuillerat, A. John Lyly. 1910. Early English Text Society. Ex. Ser.
Other plays of Lyly to be recommended LXXII. 1893.
are Endymion and Sapho and Phaon. England, G. Touneley Plays. E. E. T. S. Other plays showing the new classical Ex. Ser. LXXI. 1897.
influence are Sackville and Norton's Gayley, C. M. Plays of Our Forefathers.
Udall's Ralph i907
Doister. Halliwell-Phillipps, J. 0. Ludus Coventria.
CHRISTOPHER MARLOWE Shakespeare Society Publications. 1841. Collected Editions: A. H. Bullen. 3 vols.
1884-5. Brooke, C. F. T. 1910. Ellis, H. Mermaid ed. 1887. Phelps, W. L. Masterpieces of the English Drama. 1912. Plays and Poems in the Everyman's Li
brary, vol. 383. Eduard II. Ed. Verity, A. W. Temple Dra.
matists. 1896. McLaughlin, E. T. 1894. Ingram, J. H. Christopher Marloue and his
Associates. 1904. Baker, G. P. Dramatic Technique in Mar
loue, in Essays and Studies by Members of
the English Association, Vol. IV. 1913. Schelling, F. E. The English Chronicle Play. 1902.
(Present text based on Neilson's, collated with Brooke's.)
Other chronicle-plays are Bale’s Kyng Johan and Sackville and Norton's Gor. boduo (forerunners of the type), the anonymous Troublesome Reign of King John, Heywood's Eduard Il' and If You Know not Me You know Nobody, Ford's Perkin Warbeck.
THOMAS DEKKER Collected Editions: Pearson, J. 4 vols. 1873. Rhys, E. Mermaid ed. 1895. The Shoemakers' Holiday. Lange, A. F.
(in Gayley's Representative English
Comedies. Vol. III. 1914). Grosart, A. B. The Non-Dramatic Works
of Thomas Dekker. 5 vols. 1884-6. Hunt, Mary L. Thomas Dekker: A Study. 1911.
(Present text based on Neilson's, col. lated with Lange's.)
Other comedies of London life are Eastuard Ho! by Jonson, Chapman and Marston, Middleton's A Mad World My Masters, A Chaste Maid in Cheapside, Å Trick to Catch the Old One, Fletcher's Monsieur Thomas and Wit Without Money.
THOMAS HEYWOOD Collected Editions: Pearson, J. 6 vols. 1874. Verity, A. W. Mermaid ed. 1888. The Captives. In Bullen's Old Plays. Vol.
IV. 1883. A Woman Killed with Kindness. Ed. A.
W. Ward, Temple Dramatists. 1897. (Present text based on Neilson's, collated with Pearson's and Verity's.)
Other examples of domestic drama are: Arden of Ferersham, How a Man May Choose a Good Wife from a Bad, Heywood's The English Traveller and Fortune by Land and Sea, Middleton and Rowley's A Fair Quarrel.
BEN JONSON Collected Editions: Gifford, W. 9 vols.
1816. Cunningham, F. 9 vols. 1871-5. Nicholson, B. Mermaid ed. 3 vols. 1893-4. Rhys, E. Masterpieces of The English Drama. Everyman's Library, vols. 489, 490. Several of the plays have
been edited in Yale Studies in English. The Alchemist. Ed. Hathaway, Η.
Yale Studies in English. 1903. Ed. with Eastuard Ho! by Schelling, F. E.
Belles Lettres Series. 1903. Castelain, M. Ben Jonson: L'Homme et
l'Oeuvre. 1907. Koeppel, E. Ben Jonson's Wirkung auf
zeitgenössische Dramatiker. Anglistische
Forschungen. 1906. Koeppel, E. Quellenstudien zu den Dramen
Ben Jonson's. 1895. Swinburne, A. C. A Study of Ben Jonson.
1889. Symonds, J. A. Ben Jonson. 1886. Woodbridge, E. Studies in Jonson's Comedy. 1898.
(Present text based on Neilson's, collated with Schelling's.)
A reading of The Alchemist may be supplemented by that of others of Jonson's plays: Every Man in His Humor, Sejanus, Volpone, Epicene, Bartholomer Fair. Massinger's New Way to Pay Old Debts shows his influence.
BEAUMONT AND FLETCHER Collected Editions. Bullen, A. H. Va
riorum ed. (4 vols. published; in prog: ress). 1904, etc. Glover, A. and Waller, A. R. 10 vols. 1905–12. Schelling, F. E. Masterpieces of the English Drama. 1912. Select Plays, in Everyman's Library, vol. 506. Strachey, J. St. L. Ver.
maid ed. 2 vols. 1887. Philaster. Ed. Boas, F. S. Temple Dra.
matists. 1898. Thorndike, A. H. Belles
Lettres Series. 1906. Gayley, C. M. Beaumont the Dramatist.
1914. Hatcher, O. L. John Fletcher, a Study in
Dramatic Method. 1905.
Critical Study. 1883. Thorndike, A. H. The Influence of Beatmont and Fletcher on Shakespeare. 1901.
(Both present texts are based on Neilson's, collated with Thorndike's for Phil. aster, and Glover and Waller's for Wild Goose Chase.)
Other good examples of tragi-comedy are:
The Tuo Noble Kinsmen, attributed to Shakespeare and Fletcher, Beaumont and Fletcher's King and No King, Fletcher's The Chances and The Loyal Subject, Heywood's A Challenge for Beauty, Massinger's The Maid of Honor and The Great Duke of Florence, Middleton and Rowley's The Spanisk Gipsy, Shirley's The Coronation and The Royal Master, D'Avenant's Lote
Other good examples of high comedy, pointing toward Restoration comedy, are Shirley's Lady of Pleasure and Hyde Park.