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207. Arrives in the United States,
223. Is congratulated by Washing-
ton on his return, 227. Rumor of his
capture by the Algerines, 230. Of a
proposed edition of his writings and
his Memoirs, 240. Is elected Presi-
dent of Pennsylvania, 245. His do-
mestic circumstances in 1786, 251.
His occupations and amusements, 257.
Inquires of Mr. Grand concerning a
million of livres advanced by the
French government, 265. Dissuades
Thomas Paine from publishing an irre-
ligious work, 281. The million of
livres advanced by France supposed by
him to have been paid to Beaumarchais,
285. His personal circumstances, 301.
Is again elected President of Penn-
sylvania, 303. His reminiscences of
some of his friends, 304. His kind-
ness to his sister, 326. Is elected
President a third time, 337. Progress
of his Memoirs, 368, 393, 397. His
account of his public labors and their
compensation, 363. Sketch of his
services to the United States, 371.
Asks for a settlement of his accounts,
375; which are unsettled at his
death, 378. The only credit claimed
by him in reference to the Parable
against Persecution, 401. Stuber's
Continuation of his Autobiography,
404. His religious opinions, 4:23. His
explanation of the advance of a mil-
lion of livres by France, 441.
Franklin family, account of the, I. 539.
Genealogy of the, 546.
FRANKLIN, JAMES, brother of Benja-
min, who is bound to him as an ap
prentice, I. 16. Publishes the New
England Courant, 22. Proceedings of
the Assembly of Massachusetts against

him, 24. Is prohibited from printing
the paper, 25. Differences between
the brothers, 26. His death, 23.
Their reconciliation, 128.
FRANKLIN, JANE, acrostic on her name,

VII. 183. See MECOM, JANE.
FRANKLIN, JOHN, notice of his death,
VII. 112.
FRANKLIN, JOSIAH, father of Benjamin,
his removal to New England, I. 7.
Described, 11. His character, 12. His
monument, 13, 14.
FRANKLIN, PETER, brother of Benja-
min, his death, VII. 309.
FRANKLIN, SARAH, Franklin's daughter,
advice to, VII. 267. Of her marriage to
Mr. Bache, 346. See BACHE, SARAH.
FRANKLIN, THOMAS, uncle of Benja-
min, his character, I. 5. VII. 179.
FRANKLIN, WILLIAM, account of, by
his father, VII. 42. Mr. Strahan's

notice of him, 158. His interest in
Walpole's Grant, 354. Is appointed
Governor of New Jersey, 242. His
relations with his father, X. 121.
count of the origin of the Principles of
Trade, II. 383. Scheme for remov-
ing him from the office of Franklin's
private secretary, VIII. 372, 374. Re-
commended by Franklin to Congress,
IX. 6. Again, X. 49. Mentioned, 86,
88, 89. Applies himself to agricul-
ture, 251, 258, 299.
Franklin, a new State of the name of,
X. 260. Its name and condition, X.
266, 290.

Franklin, town of, present of books
by Franklin to the, X. 158, 182.
Franklin Stove, account of the, VI. 34.
Description of the, 52. Saving of
wood by the, 54. Its other advanta-
ges, 55.
Difference between it and
the Dutch stove, 56. Its utility in
preventing the consumption of wood,
59. How set up, 60.

Free Ships make Free Goods, equitable-
ness of the rule, VIII. 458. Asserted
by several of the European courts,
463, 466, 467. Established by the
Armed Neutrality, 490.
French Army, in America, suggestion
that they be furnished with provisions
there, VIII. 521.

French Language, its universality, X.

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GABRIEL OF BOURBON, Prince, account
of his version of Sallust, VIII. 167.
GAGE, THOMAS, General, his conduct
towards the citizens of Boston, II. 502.
His protection of the Indians, IV. 77.
His letters referred to, on the subject
of colonization, 361. His proceedings
as Governor of Massachusetts in 1774,
VIII. 133. His conduct after the affair
at Lexington, 153. His perfidy to-
wards the people of Boston, 156.
Gain, definition of, in its relation to
trade, II. 388.

GALLATIN, ALBERT, introduced to
Franklin, VIII. 454.
GALLOWAY, JOSEPH, preface to the

speech of, on the subject of a petition
to the King for changing the proprie-
tary government of Pennsylvania in-
to a royal one. Circumstances under
which it was written, IV. 101. Biog-
raphical notice of, VII. 276. His re-
marks relative to a memorial of the
merchants of Philadelphia, 302. His
commendation of Franklin for his
agency in procuring the repeal of the
Stamp Act, VII. 318. Franklin's con-
fidence in his good wishes, VIII. 102.
His plan of a union of the colonies
with Great Britain transmitted to Eng-
land, 144. Its objectionable charac-
ter, 145. Loss of Franklin's papers
left in charge of, IX. 79. Same sub-
ject, X. 122.
GAMBIER, Commodore, his discreet con-
duct in America, VII. 547.
GARDOQUI, appointed minister from
Spain to the United States, X. 140.
His disposition, 141.
Gavelkind, benefit of the law of, X. 205.
of, IX. 27.

GENLIS, Madame de, her writings men-
tioned, IX. 230.

sists in the, 201. Great quantity of
electric fire in, 208. Accumulation
of the electric fire proved to be in
the, 223. Impossibility of forcing the
electric fluid through, 242. The fluid
strongly attracted by, 244. Reasons
of the electrical quality of, 245. Dif-
ference between non-electrics and,
250. Difference between the electric-
ity of a globe of, charged, and a globe
of sulphur, 273. Probable cause of
the difference, 275. Reasons for sup
posing that the globe of, charges posi
tively, 280. Difference in the quali
ties of, 348. Of the pores of, 349.
Its impermeability, 356. Experiments
on, 367. Description of a singular
tube of, 424. On choosing, for the
Leyden experiment, 453. Its quali-
ties, 454. And solvents, 454. Wheth-
er there may not be some which con-
ducts electricity, 455. On the break-
ing of, in the Leyden experiment, 460.
Perforation of, when overcharged,
474. Respecting its density, 478.
Glaucon, Dialogue between Socrates
and, respecting public men, II. 57.
Gnadenhutten, Franklin's account of
his military operations at, I. 199. His
situation at, VII. 105. March of
troops to, 106. Fort built at, 107.
Number and position of the troops at,

Gentleman's Magazine, its notice of
Franklin's Examination, VII. 328.
Geometry, utility of, II. 67.

GEORGE THE THIRD, his political stud-
ies, VIII. 283. See King of Great
Britain and Great Britain.
Georgia, account of parliamentary
grants for, IV. 369. Her accession to
the confederacy, V. 85. Franklin ap-
pointed agent of, 410. Address of
her Assembly to the King, quoted,
425. Of land claims in, 526.
GERARD, introduced to R. Peters, VIII.
221. His appointment as minister of
France to the United States, 257.
GERMAIN, GEORGE, Lord, his hostility
to the colonies, VIII. 171. Approves
Lord North's conciliatory bill, 245.
Germans, their character and habits in
Pennsylvania, VII. 71. Their rapid
emigration to this country, 72.
German Stove, account of the, VI. 44.
Germany, commercial jealousy of the
States of, IV. 29. Franklin's sugges
tion of making a tour in, VII. 320.
His visit to, 326. Conduct of princes
of, in sending troops to America, con-
demned, VIII. 215. Character of the
Emperor of, X. 165.
GILLON, Commodore, commissioned to
procure ships of war for South Caro-
lina, VIII. 287. His difficulty with
William Jackson, IX. 54.
Ginseng, American, referred to, VII. 15.
Glass, its electrical qualities, V. 200.
The force of the Leyden bottle con-

GOD, Lecture on the Providence of,

the Government of the World, II.
525. His goodness shown, 526. His
power, 527.
GODFREY, THOMAS, inventor of the
quadrant, I. 81.
Godsend, or the Wreckers, extract from
a supposed farce of, VIII. 318.
GOOKIN, CHARLES, succeeds Evans as
Governor of Pennsylvania, some par-
ticulars of his conduct, III. 185.
GORDON, WILLIAM, his remarks on
Galloway's plan of union, VIII. 145.
Gout, Dialogue between Franklin and
the, II. 194. Mode of relieving the
pain of, VIII. 481.
Government, Essays on, II. 278, 282.
Fitness of popular, 279. Roman views
of, 280; 282.

Governors, Franklin's proposition rela-
tive to the appointment of, for the
colonies, V. 23. Why they should
not be paid by the crown, 545.
Grain, of bounties on, II. 403. Policy
of France in regard to such bounties,

GRAND, SIR GEORGE, opens a letter of
M. Dumas, VIII. 448.
GRAND, F., misunderstanding between
the American commissioners as to the
mode of drawing on, VIII. 272. Rec-

ognised as American banker at Paris,
IX. 68. His explanation respecting
the million of francs advanced by
France, X. 271.

Grand Council, constituted under the
plan of union in 1754, III. 39. Its
place of meeting, 41. New election
and proportion of its members, 42.
Of its meeting, 44. And continuance,
and compensation of members, 45.
Its power, 46. Quorum of, how con-
stituted, 52.

442. Articles of treaty signed be-
tween France, Spain, and, 473. Terms
of the peace not approved in, 489.
Remarks on the government of, X.
67. Political disorders in, 68. Her
desire to preserve the peace of Eu-
rope, 197.

Great States, one advantage of, VIII.

Grass, cultivation of, in meadows, VI.
83. Method of sowing, 84.
Gravel, remedies for the, VII. 14.
GRAVES, declines the offer of being
governor of Pennsylvania, VII. 171.
Gravitation, some remarks on, VI. 461.
Great Britain, compared with the Uni-
ted States in regard to the basis of
credit, II. 426. Her interest consid-
ered in regard to the acquisition of
Guadaloupe and to her colonies, IV.
1. More benefited by the blood and
treasure spent in the American wars,
than the colonies, 17. The colonies,
the frontier of her empire, 20. Ben-
efits resulting to, from their growth,
24. Extent of her trade with Penn-
sylvania, 39. The colonies not dan-
gerous in their nature to, and why,
41. Importance of Guadaloupe to,
over-valued, 49. Franklin's letter
concerning the probability and effect
of a union of the colonies with, 156.
Wars in the colonies not carried on
at her expense alone, 157. Extent
to which her system of law is recog
nised in the colonies, 271. Taxation
in, 300. Rental of land in, 301. The
colonies not settled at her expense,
V. 84. On the benefit of a consoli-
dating union between the colonies
and, VII. 334. Their independence
predicted, 522. Submission of the col-
onies rendered impracticable by her
treatment of them, VIII. 223. Can
make no treaty with the United States,
without including France, 301. Of a
truce between the United States and,
332. Her injustice as respects the
exchange of prisoners, 435. Scheme
of a federal union between the United
States and, 508. Causes of jealousy
between France and, IX. 164. Her
policy to separate France and the Uni-
ted States, 189. Change of ministry
in, 200, 202. Proposes to France to
make a separate treaty, 205. Offers
her Canada as an inducement to treat,
210. Separate commissioners appoint.
ed by, to negotiate treaties of peace,
345. Substance of the preliminary
articles of peace between France and,

GREENE, CATHERINE, her marriage,
VII. 244.

military services in South Carolina,
IX. 95.

GREGORY, his remarks on colds quoted,
VI. 393.

Grenada, government of, as erected by
royal proclamation, IV. 375.
GRENVILLE, GEORGE, his proposal to
raise a revenue in America, VII. 339.
His extravagances in Parliament, 369.
Anecdote of, 372. His sentiments
respecting American affairs, 549.
GRENVILLE, THOMAS, sent by Mr. Fox
to Paris respecting the negotiation of
a treaty of peace, IX. 267. Is intro-
duced by him to Franklin, 271. His
conversation with Count de Ver-
gennes, 273. Declares himself com-
missioned to treat with France and her
allies, 297. His commission in terms
applicable to France only, 299. Ex-
plains the character of his commis-
sion, 305. Receives authority to treat
with France and her allies, 310. Pro-
fesses to have received full powers to
treat, 331. By whom commissioned,
336. His faith doubted by Count de
Vergennes, 338.

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Conjectures re-

origin of, VI. 131.
specting, 455.
HALDIMAND, General, his account of
the resolution of the colonies relative
to tea, IV. 506.

HALES, STEPHEN, his suggestion re-
specting ventilation, VI. 310.
HALL, DAVID, becomes Franklin's part-
ner in business, I. 161. Account of,
VI. 30. Again referred to, VII. 29.
HALLOWELL, Coinmissioner, ineffectual

attempts to arrest, VIII. 134.
HAMILTON, ANDREW, acts as deputy-
governor of Pennsylvania, III. 158.
HAMILTON, JAMES, Governor of Penn-
sylvania, his message to the Assembly
relative to the bill restraining the use
of paper in the northern colonies, III.
213. Negatives a bill for the issue of
additional paper, 217. Message of
the Assembly to, on again sending
up the currency bill, 226. Another
message to, respecting Indians affairs,
229. Accepts the currency bill with
amendments, 231. Which are rejected
by the Assembly, 232. Calls on the
Assembly for a levy and supplies in
consequence of the French war, 255.
His assent requested to the currency
bill, 257. His message relative to the
paper-money instructions, 259. Bill
of the Assembly for an aid to the
King returned by him with amend.
ments, 267. Proceedings of the As-
sembly thereon, 268. His reply, 270.
Paper-money bill rejected by him,
280. His appointment alluded to,
VII. 34. Difficulty with, in regard
to the taxation of the estate of the
Proprietors, 172.

His proposal of a truce between the
United States and Great Britain, 332;
and suggestion of a plan of negotia-
tion, 336
Franklin's comment on his
plan, 346. His plan for securing
theatres from fire, IX. 112. His ac-
count of proceedings for promoting
negotiations for peace, 118. His in-
terview with Lord North on the sub-
ject, 121. Misapprehension in regard
to his conciliatory propositions cor-
rected by Franklin, 149. His breviate
laid before the British ministry, 216.
His interview with Lord Shelburne,
294. Before whom he lays prelim-
inaries of peace, 296. Proposes to
Franklin a commercial convention,
416. His Supplemental Treaty men-
tioned, 505. Suggests some supposed
defects of form in ratifying the treaty
of peace, X. 96. His objections refut-
ed, 97.

experiment on the torpedo, 374.
HANEURY, the grant to him and others
of lands on the Ohio, IV. 336.
HANDEL, some defects in the musical
compositions of, noticed, VI. 270.
Happiness, in what consists true, II.
70. Verses on, addressed to Abbé de
la Roche, 220.
HARRISON, BENJAMIN, Governor of Vir-
ginia, requests Franklin to engage an
artist for a statue of Washington, X.
HARTMANN, JOHN F., his compliment
to Franklin, VII. 326.
HARTLEY, DAVID, his exertions in fa-
vor of reconciliation between the Uni-
ted States and Great Britain, VIII.
175. His efforts to relieve American
prisoners, 234. His secret mission
with propositions for peace, 267. His
conversation with Franklin on the
subject, 268. His suggestion as to
the mode of procuring peace, 301.

Harvard College, present of Franklin
to, V. 363. Respecting a telescope
and books for, VI. 305.
Havana, on the capture of, VII. 243.
Health, Franklin's rules of, II. 86.
Heart, on the motion of blood in the,
VI. 68. Dilatation of the ventricles
of the, 70. Heat produced by the
action of the, 98.

Heat produced by electricity in passing
through substances, but not always,
and why, V. 374. Its effect in ren-
dering glass permeable by electricity,
381. Evidence that it is produced by
electricity, 389. Its effect upon air,
VI. 36. Relative to conductors of,
and their qualities, 205. Imbibed from
the sun's rays by cloth of different
colors, 257. Remarks on conductors
of, VI. 439. Suggestion that it was
originally in a fluid state, 447. La-
voisier's experiments on, IX. 228, 235.
Hedges, Franklin's inquiries relative
to the mode of planting, VI. 111.
HELVÉTIUS, Madame, dream addressed
to, in French, II. 202. The same
translated, 204. Petition of the Cats
to, in French, 206. Translation of
the same, 214. Her cats, X. 317.
Hemp, fitness of the soil of the Ohio
for its production, IV. 350. Amount
of, imported, 351.
HEMPHILL, a preacher, controversy re-
specting, I. 125.
HENDRICK, the Mohawk chief, his
speech at the meeting of the commis-
sioners of the colonies at Albany,
quoted, III. 22.

HENRY THE SEVENTH, his policy in re-
gard to libel, II. 287.
Hereditary, ironica! suggestion to ren

der offices of state, X. 55. Why es-
tates should not be, 99.
HERSCHEL, WILLIAM, elected a mem-
ber of the American Philosophical
Society, VI. 569.

Hessians, recommendation of Congress,
that papers be distributed among the,
VIII. 185.

HEWSON, MARY, X. 256. See STE-

HEWSON, WILLIAM, brief notice of,
VII. 151. Franklin's remarks on his
proposal of marriage to Miss Steven-
son, 471. His death and character,
VIII. 121.

High Church Factor, anecdote of a,
X. 170.
HILLSBOROUGH, Lord, his conduct re-
lative to Walpole's grant, IV. 302.
His view in regard to inland colonies
in America, 315. Evidence of his
views afforded by his conduct, 358.
Brief account of his administration,
528. His plan for dissolving the
American parliaments, 530. His char-
acter, VII. 378. His conversations
with Franklin, on the subject of paper
money, 381. His plan for defence in
America, 390. His opinion of the
Farmer's Letters, 391. Restored to
office, 411. Objects to Franklin's ap-
pointment as agent for Massachusetts,
503. His character, 506. His inter-
view with Franklin on the subject of
that appointment, 507. Character of
his measures, 529. His meeting with
Franklin in Ireland and courtesy to
him, 556, 564, 565. His removal,
VIII. 10. Refuses to receive Frank
lin, 13. His removal again mention-
ed, 18. Anecdote of, 75.
Hints for a Reply to the Protests of
certain Members of the House of Lords
against the repeal of the Stamp Act,
IV. 206.

Historical Reviews of the Constitution
and Government of Pennsylvania, cir-
cumstances under which it was writ-
ten, III. 106. Introduction to the,
112. Details respecting the author-
ship, VII. 208.
ommended as consul in London, X.


HOLDERNESSE, Lord, his letter to the
governor of Pennsylvania, III. 251.
Holland, benefits and disadvantages of
the iron stoves used in, VI. 43. Frank-
lin's tour in, VII. 229. Loan of the
United States in, guarantied by the
King of France, VIII. 355. Her rela
tions with England, 389. Of a treaty
between the United States and, 452.
Her hostile demonstrations against

England, 464. Of American affairs in,
519, 522. Difficulty of procuring a loan
in, IX. 19. Franklin stops the pay-
ment of money 48, 49. Little aid
to be expected from, 69. Impolicy
of the large purchases made in, 102.
Of the loan in, 147. Movement in,
favorable to the United States, 188,
202. Cessation of arms offered by
Great Britain to, 206. Her disposi-
tion towards the United States, 233.
Difficulty respecting a loan in, 261.
Russian mediation offered to, 317.
Declined, 331.

HOLLIS, THOMAS, his memoirs and
character, X. 21.

HOMER, his Odyssey quoted, relative
to the duty of hospitality, IV. 63;
and treatment of a captive enemy,

Honesty, importance of, VII. 143.
Honors, of ascending and descending,
X. 59.

Hope, remarks on, VII. 184.
HOPKINS, Governor, his report on the
population of Rhode Island, IV. 38.
HOPKINSON, FRANCIS, his new game
of cards mentioned, IX. 505.
HOPKINSON, THOMAS, his discovery of
the power of points to throw off the
electrical fires, V. 182. Sketch of his
life, VI. 87.

Horatio, Dialogue between Philocles
and, concerning Virtue and Pleasure,
II. 46. Second Dialogue on the same
subject, 51.
Horse, value of the, in agriculture,
VII. 434.
Horse-race, electrical, how contrived,
V. 371.

HOSACK, DAVID, his memoir of Hugh
Williamson quoted, relative to Hutch-
inson's Letters, IV. 441.
Hospital, Pennsylvania, Franklin's
agency in founding, I. 164 – 167.
Hospitals, imperfect ventilation of, VI.
315. Mention of several, 316. Par-
ticulars relative to the ventilation of
one in the island of Minorca, 317.
Some remarks relative to, 386. Penn-
sylvania referred to, VII. 314. For
foundlings, X. 148, 174.
HOUDETOT, Countess d', her fête in
honor of Franklin, IX. 22.
HouDON, his statue of Washington, X.
117. Introduced to Washington, 218.
House of Commons, extracts from the
journals of the, relative to Franklin's
examination, IV. 161. Their resolve
for a grant to the colonists, 468. And
for the imposition of duties, 469. Con-
ciliatory bills rejected by the, in 1780,
VIII. 480. Certain resolutions of the,
alluded to, IX. 170. Their address to

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