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spect to the light in sea-water, 1990. Busy- Body, written by Franklin, 1. 84.
His remarks on the method of furnish- Origin of the, II. 13.
ing supplies to the Indians, VII. 78. Byles, MATHER, his complimentary
Burcs and Arrows, their utility in war, letter to Franklin, X. 303.

VIII. 170.
Boyle, on the exposure of the Russians

to the extreines of heat and cold,
VI. 59.

Cables of vessels, construction of, VI.
BRADDOCK, EDWARD, General, is aided 400.
by Franklin in procuring horses and CALEF, Captain, his agency in regard
wagons for the army, I. 184. His to the proposed separation of the east-
character. 189. Defects as a general, ern townships from Massachusetts,
1:90. His call on the Governor of VIII. 66.
Pennsylvania for supplies of provi. CALVET, PIERRE DU, his claims on the
sions under convoy, lll. 357. His United States, X. 30.
letter requested of the Governor by Cambridge, Franklin visits the English
the Asseinbly, 358. His instructions University of, VII. 177.
quoted, relative to the Six Nations, CAMPOMANES, Count de, his character,
IV, 323

X. 98. His laudable efforts to promote
BRADFORD, ANDREW, the printer, visit: intelligence and industry in Spain,
ed hy Franklin in Philadelphia, 1. 35. 99. His remarks on Franklin's writ.
Becomes Publisher of the Weekly ings, 114. And discoveries, 115.
Mercury, the first newspaper printed Canada, sums voted by the Assembly
in Pennsylvania, II. 13.

of Pennsylvania for an expedition
Bray, THOMAS, his benevolent charac- acainst, III. 212. Interest of Great
ter, VII. 202.

Britain, considered in reference to the
Brescia, explosion of the powder-maga- acquisition of, IV.1. Benefits wbich
zine at, alluded to, V. 4:32.

would result from the cession of, by
Breriate, Mr. Hartley's, laid before the France, 10. Its possession a sufficient
British ministers, IX. 216.

safeguard against the French and In-
Bribery, at elections in England, VII. dians, 11. Easily peopled, without

draining England of her population
BRIENNE, Archbishop of Toulouse, his 48. Proposition for granting a free
character as a ininister, X. 316.

government to, V. 21. Importance of,
Brillon, Madame de, VIII. 473. to England, VII. 1993. Commissioners
British Army, their conduct in Ameri- to, appointed by Congress, VIII. 178.
ca, VIII. 122.

Offered by Great Britain to France,
BROGLIE, Prince de, introduced to to induce her to treat, IX. 210. Its
Washington, IX. 199. To Mr. Liv. surrender suggested by Franklin to
ingston, 201. To Robert Morris, 203. Mr. Oswald, 201.
Brotherly Lore, Franklin's parable on, CanASSETEGO, an Indian chief, anecdote
II. 123.

of, II. 458.
Bucuan, Earl of, inquires of Franklin Cancer, pokeweed a remedy for, V. 287.
respecting the expediency of emi. Canton, John, his experiment of draw-
gration from Scotland to the United ing the electric fluid from the clouds,
States, IX. 486.

V. 297. Experiments by Franklin in
Buffon, M. de, his experiments in pursuance of those of, 346. Notice

electricity, V. 176. His complinentary of, VI. 256.
letter to Franklin, X 312.

Cantoon Stone, its quality of absorbing
Burgh, his death and character, IX. water, VI. 321.

Cape Breton, humorous remarks on
BURGOYNE, General, of his exchange the expedition against, VII. 16. Of
for Colonel Laurens, IX. 84.

the engineers employed against, 28.
BURKE, EDMUND, remarks on the Letter Capital Punishment, objections to the
to Two Great Men ascribed by some infliction of, II. 479.
to, IV.1. Examination of the com- CARLETON, Sir Guy, General, bis con-
mercial principles of the late negotia- duct at the evacuation of New York
tion between Great Britain and France by the British, 11. 504. His attempt
in 1761, attributed to, 2. His speeches to open a negotiation in the United
quoted, 202, 266. His kindness to States, IX. 222, 346, 348, 349. Com-
Mr. Laurens, IX. 84.

municates with Washington, 380.
Burner, Governor, his controversy CARMARTHEN, Lord, complains of al.
with the Assembly of Massachusetts, leged defects of form in the ratification
I. 86.

of the treaty of peace, X. 95.

CARMICHAEL, William, his allusion to Charmidas, Dialogue between Socrates
Lafayette, VIII. 305. His diplomatic and, concerning public employments,
station, 471.

II. 62.
Carriage-wheel, account of a newly Charter of Privileges, Penn's, to the
invented, VI. 383.

Province of Pennsylvania and terri.
CARROLL, CHARLES, VIII, 178. X. 392. tories, II. 158.

Charter governments, of the colonies,
Carthagena, grant made by the Assem- what, ill. 97.
bly of Pennsylvania, for the expedie Charters, colonial, subject to alteration
tion against, III. 210.

only by agreement between the King
CARVER, JOHN, the traveller, VII. 438. and the colonies, IV. 273.
Castéra, his edition of Franklin's CHASTELLUX, Chevalier de, his Travels
works alluded to, 11 435.

mentioned, VIII. 442. Again, X. 262.
Castle William, Franklin's proposition His translation of a poem by Hum-
for the restoration of, lo Massachusetts, phreys, 263. Both again alluded to,
V. 21.

Castries, M. de, his compliment to CAATHAM, Lord, his attempts and plan
Franklin, X. 218.

for reconciliation between Great Brit-
Casuistry, case of, II. 545.

ain and the colonies, V.1. His first
Catania, its destruction by an earth. interview with Franklin, 5. Second
quake, VI. 10.

interview, and his opinion of the con-
Catarrh, opinion of ancient philosophers duct of Congress, 34. His motion
respecting, VI. 339.

for a reconciliation, in the House
Catechism relative to the English Na. of Lords, 45. Franklin's opinion of
tional Debt, V. 120.

his eloquence, 46. Coinmunicates
Cats, humorous Petition of the, to Ma- to Franklin his plan of compromise,
dame Helvétius, II. 206. The same 47. Opens his plan in the House of
translated, 214.

Lords, 51. His panegyric of Frank.
Causes of the American Discontents be- lin, 53. His declining health, VII.
fore 1768, explanation of the circum- 336. Extract from one of his speeches,
stances that induced its publication, 468. His speech relative to the con-
IV. 242.

duct of the colonies, quoted, VIII. 122.
Causes of Earthquakes and theories His niotion for conciliation rejected,
concerning them, VI. 1.

140. His view of the proceedings of
CAVE, EDMUND, publishes in London Congress, X. 435.
Franklin's Letters on Electricity, V. Chaumont, recommended to the Presi-
173. His preface, 179.

dent of Congress, X. 160.
Cavendish, CHARLES, Lord, his ex- Cheese, manufacture of, in China, VII.
periment to show the heat requisite 464.
io render thick glass permeable by Cherokees, invalidity of their claim to
electricity, V. 383.

lands south of the Ohio, IV. 325.
Celia Single, letter from, II. 5:36. Chess, morals of, II. 187. Instruction
Celsus, his views respecting colds, VI. to be drawn from, 188.

CHEZAULX, communicates the Danish
Chain, experiments with an electrified, seizure of American prizes, VIII. 407.
VI. 275.

Chimneys, causes of neighbouring
Chambers of legislation, one preferable smoke coming down the vents of, vl.
to two, X. 345, 361.

281. Their utility for the purpose of
CHAMBERLIN, portrait of Franklin by, ventilation, 309. Method of contract.
VIII. 118.

ing, 324. On the causes and remedy
CHAPMAN, account of his conversation for smoky, 505. Want of air, a fre-
with Franklin, respecting peace, VII. quent cause of smoky, 509. Reme-

dies suggested, 511. Large size of
Charcoal, its qualities as an electrical their openings, another cause, 514.
conductor, V. 426. Danger of burn- Remedy for this, 515. Shortness of
ing, in pots, VI. 44.

the funnel, a third, and the remedy,
Charity, remarks on, VII. 9, 184. 517. Their overpowering one another,
CHARLES The First, policy of, in re- 519. Inconvenient situation of doors
gard to libel, II. 289.

in reference to, 521. Their modern
CHARLES THE SECond, his policy in origin, 524. Account of the Stafford.
regard to libel, II. 29.

shire, 531. Their use as a means of

cooling in summer, 536. On smoky,
Charleston, fire in, VIII. 252. Its cap- VIL 431.
ture by the British, 482.

China, a fictitious Letter from, II 241.


Remarks concerning the provision of, 279. Their positive and sometimes
made in, against famine, 381. Views of negative electricity, 302. In thunder.
the physicians of, relative to a draught stouns, it is the earth that strikes into
of cold air, VI. 42. Method of warın. the, 305. How they become nega.
ing rooms in, 538. Mode of making tively electrified, 355. Objections to
paper in, 577. Manufacture of cheese the hypothesis, 310. Additional proof
in, VII. 464. Culture of silk in, 536. of positive and negative electricity in,
Of the paper made in, VIII. 88. Of and new method of ascertaining the
ascending honors in, X. 59.

fact, 341. Difficulty of determining
China-ware, art of printing on, VIII. 94. how they become charged with elec.
CHOL MONDELY, Lord, proposes tricity 351. Of the existence of nega-
Franklin to write to Lord Shelburne, tive electricity in, 411.
IX. 239.

Club for Mutual Improvement, Rules
Church, importance of attending, VII. for a, II. 9.

Cohesion of the parts of bodies, cause
Church of England, respecting a bishop of the, VI. 123.
of the, in America, VII. 402, 437. Coin, useful only as the medium of ex.
See Clergy

changing commodities, II. 394. Re.
Churches, number of, struck by light- marks, on the quality of British, 396.
ning, V. 423.

Effect of multiplying Character and value of, 410. Its pur.
congregations in, V11. 49. Franklin's pose and utility, 411. Evil arising
method of warning, alluded to, VIII. from an incorrect estimate of the rela-

tive value of gold and silver in, 412.
CHURCHMAN, John, on his theory of the its utility, X. 307.
variation of the magnetic needle, VI. Coinage, copper, for the United States,
571. His “ Magnetic Atlas," X. 289. projected, VII. 383.
Cincinnati, order of, remarks on the, Cold, production of, by evaporation, VI.
X. 50 Disapproved, 176.

2033. Remarks relative to heat and,
Circle, Magical, VI. 104.

205 Produced by mixing some chem-
Clap, Thomas, notice of, VI. 188. ical liquors, or salt and snow, 209.
Clare, Lord, Franklin's conversation COLDEN, CadwALLADER, his remarks
with, on American affairs, VII. 365. on Franklin's Hints for a Scheme for
Ceases to be a member of the Board the Union of the Colonies, lll. 30,

of Trade, 410. Again referred to, 411. Account of, V. 258. Sketch of his
CLARE, M , his Treatise on the Motion life, and his suggestion of a new meth-
of Fluids, quoted, relative to the dan- od of printing, VI. 18. His reply to
ger of exposure to a draught of cold Strahan's objections to this method, 26.
air, VI. 40.

His thoughts on different species of
CLARKE, his observations on the late matter, and suggestions for publishing
and present conduct of the French philosophical papers, 33. His view
quoted, in reference to the Indians in of the benefit of Franklin's store, 64.
the French interest, IV. 7.


His views as to the effect of the mo
quoted, respecting their habits of life, tion of the earth on the length of voy-
12. And military resources, 13. ages across the Atlantic, 76. His Phi.
CLARKE, William, remark by, quoted, losophical Treatise referred to, 94. Its
concerning Franklin's Observations general objects, 96. His observations
on the Increase of Mankind, II. 311. upon light, 115. His Indian History
CLAYPOOLF, GEORGE, mortality in his referred to, 117. His observations on
family, VII. 4.

Franklin's meteorological paper, rela-
Clergy, of the provision in the consti- tive to the phenomena of water and
tution of Massachusetts for the main- air, 177. His description of a water.
tenance of the, IX. 36. Ordination of

spout, 178.

On the generation of
the American Episcopal in England wind by fermentation, 196. On winds
X. 109.

blowing in contrary directions, and
Clinton, Sir Henry, respecting a let- the motion of the planets, 197. On
ter of. VIII. 468.

water-spouts, 199.
Clock, Whitehurst's, with three wheels, Colden, David, his remarks on Nol.
noticed, VI. 461.

let's Letters to Franklin on electricity,
Cioth, effect of the sun's rays on, of V. 319. Franklin's opinion of the re-
different colors, VI. 237. Adaptation marks, VII. 61.
of the colors of, to different climates, Colds, opinion of ancient philosophers

respecting, VI. 339. Prevailing im-
Clouds, of those formed by vapors from pressions respecting, ill-founded, 378.
the earth and sea, V. 215. Electricity Respecting inquiries into the causes of,

387. Definition of, 388. Known only signature of the treaty, 532. • See
in civilized countries, 393. Produced Peace.
by contagion, 400. Not produced by Commissioners, British, for treating with
cold air, 401.

Congress, character of their proposi-
COLEMAN, William, an associate of tions, viil. 302.
Franklin, I. 82.

Commissioners to Canada, appointed by
Colica Pictonum, cause of the, VI. 278. Congress, VIII. 178. Their commis-
Instance of the, 566.

sion, 179.
Colleges, of instruction in, VIJ. 44. Committee of Correspondence, appoint-
Subjects which should be studied in, ment of the Rhode Island, VII. 264.
45. Best location of, 46.

Constituted by several colonies, VIII.
Collins, John, his intimacy with Frank- 50.

lin, 1. 17. His intemperance, 43. Committee of the States dissolved, X.
Collinson, Peter, publishes in Eng. 136.
land Franklin's Letters on Electricity, Committec of Congress, to confer with
V. 175. His description of bones of Washington respecting the army,
the Great Mastodon, VI. 276. Notice mentioned, VIII. 160.
of, vil. 50. Sonne facts relating to, Common. Law, to what extent recog-

nised in the colonies, IV. 271.
Colonies, observations on the peopling Common Sense, Thomas Paine's, men.
of, II. 311. Plan of union of the tioned, VIII. 174.
American, III. 23. Taxation of the Comparison of the Conduct of the an-
Americın, 58. On their representa- cient Jeros and of the Anti-Federal.
tion in Parliament, 64. See American ists in the United States of America, V.

Colonies, British and French American, Comparison of Great Britain and the
of commerce with the, X. 85.

United States in Regard to the Basis of
Comuzants, explanation of, V. 224. Credit in the troo Countries, II. 426.
Comet, seen in Yorkshire, VT. 451. Compass, Mariner's, effect of lightning
Commerce, its effect upon manners, II. on the, V. 276. Its antiquity, IX. 29.
32). Results of fair, 374. Remarks Composition, rules for, X. 399.
on American, VII. 321. Correction CONDORCET, Marquis de, 'Franklin's re-
of an error respecting, IX. 55.

plies to certain inquiries by, VI. 411.
Commercial Convention proposed by Mr. Disapproves the constitution of the
Hartley, IX. 416.

United States, X. 353.
Commissioners of the Colonies, their Conductors, a more appropriate term
meeting at Albany in 1754, Ill. 22. than non-electric, V. 260. Correction
Plan of union adopted by the, 23. of the mistake, that only water and
List of their names, 28.

metals are, 23. Difference in the
Commissioners of Customs, of their ex- quality of, 350. What constitute the
emption from taxes, VII. 533. Injus- best, 415. On the controversy respect-
tice of the scheme, 547.

ing blunt and pointed, VIII. 226. See
Commissioners for American Affairs in

Europe, VIII. 190. Of bills drawn by Conestogo Indians, their treaty with
Congress upon, 249. On the settle. Penn, IV. 54. Account of the mas.
ment of their accounts, 256. Arthur sacre of the, 59. Cruel dealing of
Lee's course in regard to the accounts, the whites with the, 72.
260. Inconvenience of maintaining Confederacy, vessel of war, apprehen.
three, 291. Their financial situation sion expressed of her loss, vill. 412.
308. Their advances to Izard and Lee, Confidence in the Divine Goodness, on,
310. Their correspondence with Lord vil. 261.
Stormont on the subject of American Congress, Colonial, meeting of, in 1765,
prisoners, IX. 166.

concerning the Stamp Act, IV. 471.
Commissioners for Negotinting Peace, Principles on which they were con-
American, who, IX. 82. Nature of vened, 472.
their authority, 143. Their readiness Congress, Continental, suggested by
to treat, announced by Franklin, 195. Franklin, Vill. 55, 63. Their petition
Sign the treaty with Great Britain to the King, V. 26. Chatham's opinion
without communicating with the of their proceedings, 34. Franklin's
French government, 453. Substance Articles of Confederation proposed in
of their instructions, relative to that the, 99. Appoint a committee to con
communication, 453. Their unreason. fer with Lord Howe, 97. Report of
able distrust of the French cabinet, the committee respecting the inter-
458. Of their conduct relative to the view, 106. Proposed meeting of a, in
New York, VII. 298. Importance of al towns in Massachusetts, their pe-
unanimity in the, VIII. 132. Com. tition to the King: 11. 485.
mittee appointed by, to confer with Conway, General, conversation of
Washington respecting the army, 160. Franklin with, on American affairs,
Secret committee of correspondence, VII. 354. Another conversation with,
when constiluted, 103. Their mea.

sures censured as unfavorable to con- Cook, Captain, passport granted by
ciliation, 177. Appoint commissioners Franklin, for, V. 122. His voyages,
to Canada, 178. Of constituting them X. 111. Copy sent to Franklin by the
a supreme legislature, Jol. Recom- King's order, 125.
mend the distribution of papers among Cookery, modes of, at sea, II. 109. Its
the Hessian troops, 185. Of their quality at sea, VI. 493.
bills drawn on the American commis. Cool Thoughts on the Present Situation
sioners in France, 249. Their reso- of our Public Affairs, object for which
lution in compliment to Dr. Price, it was written, IV. 78.
354. Remonstrance of Count de Ver. Cooper, Sir Grey, Franklin's convere
gennes against their resolutions re- sation with, relative to his post of
specting paper money held by foreign- deputy postmaster-general, VII. 406.
ers, 478 Those resolutions explained, Writes respecting the treatment of
499. Of the aid of France to meet Colonel Laurens in the Tower, VIII.
the drafts of, 500. Remarks on their 517.
issue of paper money, 506. Comment COOPER, SAMUEL, Franklin's letter to
of Vergennes on their resolution, or: quoted, on the relation of the colonies
dering drafts on Franklin, 515. Em. to Great Britain, III. 67. His letter
barrassment occasioned by their drafts, on the Hutchinson Letters, quoted, 421.
520. Their instructions respecting Curious incident relating to Franklin's
representations to the French court, letters to, VII. 440. Refers to a ru.
534. Accept the mediation of Russia mor respecting the conduct of Frank.
and Austria, IX. 47. Refuse to ac- lin in regard to the fisheries in nego-
cept Franklin's resignation, 71. Of tiating the treaty of peace, X. 6.
their bills drawn on the ministers in Copper, account of a mine of, in the
Europe, 74. Difficulty of meeting Jerseys, VI. 107. On covering houses
those bills, 145. Their acts relative with, 329. Description of the mode
to spoliations of the enemy, and of doing this, 335.
claims of loyalists, 426. Their instruc. Copper cuinage, for the United States,
tions to the commissioners for nego- projected, Vĩll. 383. Suitable devices
tiating peace, relative to communicat-

for, 384.
ing with the French cabinet, 458. Cork balls, electrical experiments with,
Ratify the treaty of peace, X. 56. V. 330.
Their resolves to place no party to a Corn, remarks on the price of, II. 355.
commercial treaty on a better footing Effect of the British laws relative to
than France, 138. Character of the, the exportation of, 356.
in 1784, 153. Security to the people CORNBURY, Lord, Queen Anne's in-
derived from the mode of election of structions to, relative to liberty of con-
its members, 177. First petition of, to science, IV. 86.
the King and Parliament, 433. Cornwallis, Lord, his capitulation, IX.
Constitution of the United States, Frank. 95. His exchange for Mr. Laurens
lin's general views respecting the, V. suggested, 263, 292, 319. Is discharge
155. Progress in its adoption, X. 337. ed from his parole by Franklin, 327.
Remarks on the, 345. Its progress, Cour, MATHON DE LA, some of his
3499, 350, 360, 409.

writings mentioned, X. 212. Frank-
Constitutions, American, Franklin re- lin's complinient to him, 239,
quests leave to publish them in Court of ihe Press, account of the, II.
France, IX. 503. Translated and pub- 508.
lished in Paris, X. 39.

Cowper, William, Franklin's opinion
Convention for forming the Constitution, of his poetry, IX. 221.
proposals for consideration in the, v. Craven Street Gazette, II. 233 to 240.
142. Franklin's speech in, on salaries, Credit, circumstances on which that of
144. And motion for prayers in the, individuals depends, II. 426.
153. His speech at the conclusion of Cremona, effect of lightning on a church
its deliberations, 155.

in, V. 467.
Convention, commercial, proposed by CRIGAN, CLAUdius, Bishop of Sodor
Mr. Hartley, IX. 416.

and Man, his complimentary letter to
Convention of Deputies from the sever- Franklin, X. 183.

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