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refourmed christians, who otherwise stand in state to yndo your selues, your wiues, children and posteritie for euer, to feele the sharp reuenge of her Majesties necessarie iustice and due execution to be most rigorously laydè vpon you by her inuincible power, & by the hands of her true loyall subiects, to lose al that you possesse, to die with shame, and (that is most terrible and greevous) to die in state of dampation," &c.

Art. 3. A Pitvovs Lamentation of the Miserable Estate of the churche of Christ in Englande, in the time of the late reuolt from the gospel, wherin is conteyned a larned compa-' rison betwene the comfortable doctrine of the gospell, & the traditions of the popish religion : with an instruction how the christian ought to behaue himself in the tyme of tryall. Wrytten by that worthy martyr of god Nicolas Rydley late Bysshoppe of London. Neuer before this tyme imprynted. . Wherevnto are also annered certayne letters of lohn Careles, written in the tyme of his imprisonment. Perused and allowed according to the Quenes Maiesties Iniunctions. Colophon. Imprinted at London by VVillyam Powell, dwelling in Fletestrete at the signe of the George, nere to Sainct Dunstons Church. Extends to G folded in small eights,

In this little tract the bishop draws a comparison in favour of the Protestant religion, as it had then lately prevailed, against the revived doctrines of the Romish church. He censures and complains of the re-adoption of the old idiom. “Of late it was agreed in England of all handes, accordinge to Paules doctrine and Chrystes commaundements, as Paule say the playne, that nothing oughte to be doone in the church in the public congregation, but in that tongue which the congregation coulde vnderstande, that all might be edified therby, wheather it were common praier, administratio H 2


of the sacramels, or any other thinge belonging to the publick mynisterie of gods holy and wholsome woorde: but alas all is turned vpsidedowne. Paules doctrine is put apart: Christes commaundemente is not regarded : for nothing is hearde commonly in the churche but in a straunge tongue that the people doth nothing vnderstande.

Of late all men and women were taught after Christ's doctrine to pray in that tongue which they could vnderstand, that they might pray with harte, that which they shuld speake with their tongue: Nowe, alas, the vnlearned people is brought in that blyndnesse agayne, to thyncke that they praye, when they speake with their tongue, they can not tel what, nor whereof: their harte is nothynge myndefull at all, for that it can vnderstande neuer a whyt thereof."

At the end of the lamentation is a new title;

Cerleyne Godly and comfortable letters of the constaut wytnes of Christ Iohn Careles, written in the time of his imprisonment, and now fyrst set forth in printe. Anno Domini 1566.

Prefixed to this part are the following lines, which adds a new name in the list of poets.

“ Thomas Pirry to the Christian reader, in commendacion
of that worthy man of god John Careles.
Much care did carefull Careles bide,

in time of Romishe rage:
Whe* flesh & bloud with fier was tried,

to make mennes faith to swage.

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But gods will was he should not die,

Such death in open sighte:
Wherefore in prison ioyfully,

to Christ he yelde his sprite. The letters are three in number, addressed to the prisons er's sister, and haye been repeatedly printed.

Art. 4. A Glasse of vaineglory translated out of Augustine, entit. Speculum peccatorus, by W. Prid. Doct. of the Lawes : with certaine Praiers added thereto. Printed by John Windet, 1593.-Herbert, 1230. 12mo.

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Ritson mentions an edition by the same printer in 1600. From the contents it might have been a yearly publication. The copy before me has neither title or conclusion. As a dedication, “ To the worshipful Edmund Hasselwoode of Kingstone in the Countye of Lincolne Esquire W. P. wisheth most prosperous felicity in this world, and in the world to come life euerlasting- Finding my self deepely indebted (ty your only means) to al yo. name of Hasselwood, & namely to master Edward Hasselwood, your good brother, & to that vertuous getlewoman his wife, (a rare example of godlynes & modesty) but especially to your worship, &c. &c.- Wherfore-accept of my trauaile herein, and think me rather vnable, than vnwilling any way to discharge my duty, wherof I am careful, as knoweth the Lord, who euer preserue your worship, and that vertuous Gentlewoman your wife long to continue among vs, with increase of godlinisse & worship in his feare. Your worships most faithfull friend in the Lord. W. P."

To this succeeds an elegant specimen as an almanack, having a wood-cut at the head of each month, with the zodiacal sign in one corner, and the other portion a fancy piece. In the month of April the subject is hawking. Each month is also accompanied at the beginning with four lines as directions in agriculture or gardening, and a couplet at the end for preservation of bodily bealth. One column is appropriated to notes of information, principally a register of the burning of the English martyrs. The month of September records “in the yeare 1450 was the noble science of printing inuented by one John Faustus a goldsmith dwelling first at Argentine, afterwards a citizen of Mentz; who perceiuing the inuention to come wel to passe, made one Joba" Guttemberge and Peter Stafford of his cou"sel, binding them by oath to keepe silence for a while. After fiue yeares, John Guttemberge first began to print at Strasbo

rough. rough. Vlricus Han first printed at Rom. and William Caxton a mercer of London, did first print in England.”

A preface to the christian reader and louing looker in this glasse of vain glory" upon the subject of death, for, " thou shalt dye the death, it tarrieth not, the couenant of the graue is not shewed to any, but as water spilt on the sand, so is man soon consumed, and brought to nothing : to day a man, to-morrow none : our life passeth away like a shadow, and vanisheth into the aire, as smoke: as a post that passeth by and tarrieth not; as a ship that saileth with full winde, or a birde swift of flight; yea swifter then a weuers shittle; or an arrow that is strongly shot out of a bow; it is a tale that is told, or a spanne in length; for no sooner are we born but streight waies we decay, and draw towardes an end, shewing no token of virtue, &c." This prefatorial dissertation is long, and succeeded by several prayers interspersed with poetical pieces. About the centre of the volume is a page with a wood cut, represent. ing a corpse laid upon a spade and pick-axe over a grave, with emblematical accompaniments and sentences; then follows,

“ The complaint of a sorrowfull soule, that loathing this earthly Tabernacle, and bewailing the miseries of this life, desireth to be dissolued, and to be with Christ. Out of S. Augustines praiers, the 20 chapter thereof, faithfully translated into English verse by W. P.


Let me depart in peace,

O Lord, I'daily grone,
And loath this life I lead

O helpe that I were gone,

In mischiefes manifold,

my Pilgrims part I play : Oh then that I dissolued were to liue with Christ for aie.


O miserable

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