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two); utrumque prohibeol wandering, unsteady, uncertain, (either).

wild, Aying. uterus, -ī, [?], m., belly, womb. — valeõ, ēre, -ui, -itum, [?], be Hence, offspring.

strong, be well, be able, have power, utī, see ut.

prevail, avail: valē (farewell). ūtilis, -e, (as if tuto. (akin to – pres. p., valēns, stout, strong.

utor) + lis], adj., useful, benefi- validus, -a, -um, [as if vale cial, valuable.

1 (stem of valeo) + dus], adj., ūtilitās, -ātis, (utili + tas], f., stout, strong, sturdy, violent. usefulness, advantage.

vallis (-ēs), -is, [?], f., valley. ūtiliter, [utili + ter], adv., advan- valva, -ae, [?], f., door (one side of

tageously, to advantage, better (to double doors). - Pl., doors.

more profit), to one's help. |vānēscổ, -ere, vānuī, no sup., utinam, [uti-nam (cf. quisnam)], [vano- (as if a-stem) + 0], v.

conj., (how in the world), would that. intr. 3, vanish. ātor, -ī, ūsus, [?, cf. utilis], v. vānus, -a, -um, [?, perh. vac- (in

dep. 3, use, employ, avail one's self vacuus) + nus], adj., empty, useof, take advantage of, take (con- less, idle, ineffectual, vain, false, siliis).

untruthful. utrimque, [utrim (cf. hinc, vapor, -āris, [?, unc. root (cf.

illim) + que (cf. quisque)], vapidus) + or], m., steam, smoke, adv., on both sides.

heat, fiery breath, vapor. ūva, -ae, [?], f., bunch of grapes, varið, -āre, -āvī, -ātum, [variðgrapes.

(as if a-stem) + 0], v. tr. 1, uxor, -āris, [?], f., wife.

change. — Also, intr., waver, be at

variance. varius, -a, -um, [varð + ius),

adj., (crooked, irregular ?), varivacca, -ae, [?], f., cow, heifer. ous, variegated, spotted, parti-colvacõ, -āre, -āvī, -ātum, [?, cf. | ored. — Also, various parts of,

vacuus], v. intr. 1, be empty, be|| many kinds of. devoid of, have room for.

Varro, -ōnis, [?], m., a Roman vacuus, -a, -um, (prob. for vaci name. — Esp., Varro Atacinus

vus (stem akin to vaco) + vus], (82–37 B.C.), who translated into adj., empty, void (of), unoccupied, Latin the Argonautica of Apollovacated, deserted.

nius Rhodius. vādõ, -ere, no perf., no sup., [?], v. vastātor, -āris, (vastā + tor),

intr. 3, go, come, depart, begone m., devastator, ravisher. (vade procul).

vastus, -a, -um, [?], adj., vast, vadum, -7, [?], n., shallows, channel. monstrous, enormous. — Also (wh. vāgina, -ae, [?], f., sheath.

meaning is original is uncertain), vagor, -ārī, -ātus, [vago- (as if a waste, desolate.

stem) + 0], v. dep. I, rove, ramble, vātēs, -is, [?], C., soothsayer, seer. wander.

– Hence, bard (inspired), poet, vagus, -a, -um, [?], adj., roving, | singer, poetess.

V.

[graphic]

-ve, [?], conj. (enclitic), or : neve us)], f., poisoner. -— Also (from (and not).

use of drugs), enchantress. vectõ, -āre, -āvi, -ātum, (vecto- venēnifer, -era, -erum, (veneno

(as if a-stem) + 0], v. tr. 1, carry, fer (for ferus)], adj., poisonous, bear. - Pass., ride.

venomous. vectus, p.p. of veho.

venēnum, -í, [?, perh. tvenēveho, -ere, vēxī, vectum, (stem of lost verb, poss. akin to

[VE(G)H), v. tr. 3, bear, carry. venor) + num], n., poison, drug, - Pass., be borne, ride. - p.p. vec charm, venom. tus, riding, sailing.

veneror, -āri, -ātus, (vener- (as vel, [prob. imperative of volo], 1 stem of Venus) + 0], v. dep. I,

conj., or: vel . . . vel, either worship (orig. Venus), venerate. ... or. — Also, even.

venia, -ae, [?, akin to Venus], f., vēlāmen, -inis, (velā + men], n., grace, indulgence, pardon, excuse. covering, garments.

venið, -ire, vēni, ventum, [VEN vēlifer, -era, erum, [velõ-fer formed with i], v. intr. 4, come,

(for ferus)], adj., sail-bearing, arrive. sail-clad.

venter, -tris, [?], m., belly. vello, -ere, vulsi, vulsum, [?], ventus, -ī, [unc. root + tus], m.,

v. tr. 3, pluck, pull up, pull, tear. | wind. vellus, eris, (vell- (as root of Venus, -eris, [VVEN (akin to Sk.

vello) + us], n., fleece (plucked), VAN) + us (cf. genus)], f., fleece, coat (of hair), wool, skin. - grace, beauty. — Esp., Venus, the Less exactly, sheep.

goddess of love and beauty. -vēlõ, -āre, -āvi, -ātum, (velő- (as Also (cf. Ceres, corn), love.

if a-stem) + o), v. tr. I, cover, Concretely, a loved one.

veil. – p.p., vēlātus, clothed. vepris (-ēs), -is, [?], f., bramble. vēlociter (veloci- (as stem of vēr, vēris, [?], n., spring (time).

(velox) + ter], adv., swiftly. verbēna, -ae, [?], f., sacred herb. vēlāx, -ācis, (stem akin to volo verber, -eris, [?], n., lash.

(perh. its root) + ox], adj., verbero, -āre, -āvī, -ātum, [ver

swift, fleet, active (ingenium). L ber + 0], v. tr. 1, lash, beat. — vēlum, -ī, [?, cf. velo], n., awn- ! Less exactly, ply (with). ing, sail, veil.

verbõsus, -a, -um, [verbo + velut (veluti), [vel ut], conj., as osus), adj., wordy, prolix. if, like, as it were.

verbum, -i, [?], n., word, words, vēna, -ae, [?], f., vein (of the language.

body, of earth, or a stream of vērē, sold abl. of verus], adv., water), metal, vitality.

| truly (with truth), really. vēnābulum, -i, (vēnā + bulum], verēcundus, -a, -um, [verē + n., hunting-spear.

| cundus], adj., shy, diffident, modest. vēnātus, -ās, (vēnā. + tus), m., | vereor, -ērī, veritus, [?], v. dep. hunting, the chase.

2, fear (weaker than timeo), be venēfica, -ae, [unc. stem (akin to fearful Of, be alarmed. — Ger.,

venenum) + ficus (FAC+! verendus, venerable.

Vergilius (the proper Latin spell- | v. tr. 3, turn, change, convert,

ing, not Virg-), -i (ii), [?, cf. overturn. — Hence, drive (of catVergiliae], m., a Romaņ gentile tle). — Pass., be turned, turn (inname. — Esp., Publius Vergilius trans.). Maro, Virgil (the established vērum, [n. acc. of verus), adv., English word, cf. Horace, Livy, in truth, however, but. Leghorn), the poet of the Æneid, vērus, -a, -um, [?], adj., true, unetc. .

doubted, real. — N. as noun, truth. vergõ, -ere, no perf., no sup., [?], vesper, -eri (-eris), [?, cf. Hespe

v. tr. 3, incline. — Hence, pour. I rus), m., evening-star. - Hence, verno, -āre, āvī, -ātum, [verno evening, the west.

(as if a-stem) + 0], v. intr. 1, Vesta, -ae, [?, cf. éotla, poss. ✓VES, bloom.

dwell ? (cf. Sk. vas and šotu, but vernus, -a, -um, [ver + nus], also ver) + ta], f., the goddess of adj., of the spring, spring.

household fire. She is the emvērā, [abl. of verus], adv., in blem of household purity and fam

truth, truly, in fact. — Transi ily life. Her sacred fire was kept tional (introducing a new mo- | constantly burning in charge of ment), but : ut vero (but when); the vestal virgins at Rome. — Also,

tum vero, then (with emphasis). ! the household fire, the hearth. Vērāna, -ae, [akin to Verus], f., vester, -tra, -trum, [vos + ter],

a city of Cisalpine Gaul, the birth- adj., your, yours. place of the poet Catullus (still vestigium, (tvestigo + ium], n., called Verona).

track, footstep, print (of foot), sole verrõ, -ere, verri, versum, [?], | (of foot). — Hence, trace (gener

v. tr. 3, sweep. – Often fig., as in ally). English.

vestīgõ, -āre, -āvī, -ātum, (tvesversõ (vorso), -āre, -āvī, -ātum, tigo- (as if a-stem) + 0], v. tr. I,

[verso- (as if a-stem) + 0], v. tr. trace, track. 1, turn (repeatedly), stir, twirl, vestió, īre, īvi, (-ii), itum, whirl.

[vesti + 0], v. tr. 4, clothe, cover, versus, -a, -um, p.p. of verto. adorn. versus, -ās, [VVERT (of verto) + vestis, -is, [VES (cf. doons, Skt.

tus], m., a turn, a turning. So, VvAs, clothe) + tis], f., clothing, a furrow, a line, a row, and esp., clothes, garment, robe. a verse (of poetry), poetry.

veto, -āre, -ui, -itum, [prob. akin vertex (vortex), -icis, (tvertõ- to vetus], v. tr. 1, forbid, bid not

(akin to verto) + ex), m., (whorl (to, etc.). on the head, crown). — Hence, vetus, veteris, [?, cf. étos, year),

eddy, head, top, summit, crown. I adj. (prob, orig. noun), old, anvertīgõ, -inis, (tverto- (cf. ver- ' cient.

tex) + go (perh. really vertic + vetustās, -ātis, (vetus + tas], f., 0?], f., whirling.

antiquity, lapse of time. vertő (vorto), -ere, verti (vortī), vetustus, -a, -um, [vetus + tus,

versum (vorsum), [VVERT], (cf. robustus)], adj., ancient.

via, -ae, [?, perh. for tvehia, fvigo (cf. vigil) + eo], v. intr. 2,

akin to veho), f., path, way, road, flourish, be strong, be vigorous, be course, journey.

great (fama). viātor, -āris, (viā- (prob. stem of vigil, vigilis, († vigo- (cf. vigeo)

| vio, cf. invio) + tor), m., way- + lis (reduced)], adj., awake, farer.

wide awake, watchful, wakeful. vibro, -āre, -āvi, -ātum, [?], v. tr. vigilāx, -ācis, (vigilā + cus (re

1, shake, brandish. -- Also, intrans., duced)], adj., watchful, wakeful.

quiver. - p.p., quivering. vigilõ, -āre, -āvi, -ātum, (vigilvicinia, ae, (vicino + ia], f., (as if a-stem)], v. 'intr. 1, wake,

proximity, vicinity, the vicinity, lie awake, watch. — pres. p., awakneighborhood. — Concretely, neigh ing, wakeful, watchful. bors.

vigor, oris, [vig- (as root of vicinus, -a, -um, (vico + inus), vigeo) + or], m., strength, vigor,

adj., (belonging to the same vicus), power. near, neighboring, near by. – N. vilis, -e, [?], adj., cheap. — Hence, · pl., vicina, the neighborhood. I of little account, worthless, poor, tvicis, vicis, [?], f., (defect.), mean.

change, vicissitude : in vices, in villa, -ae, [poss. forfvinola, cf. vicem (in turn).

villum], f., (vineyard?), farmvictima, ae, (victo + ma (f. of house.

mus)], f. (orig. conquered enemy villosus, -a, -um, [villo + osus),

or the like), victim (in sacrifice). adj., shaggy, hairy. victor, -ōris, [VIC (in vinco) + villus, -, [?, cf. vellus), m., [usu

tor], m., victor. — As adj., victo- ally plu.), hair (of animals), coat. rious, conquering.

– Hence, nap (of cloth). victoria, -ae, [victor + ia], f., vīmen, -inis, (vi. (as root or stem victory.

1 of vieo) + men], n., osier, twig victrix, -icis, [1VIC (in vinco) |

in vinco)! (flexible). + trix], f., victor (female). — vincið, -īre, vinxī, vinctum, [?, As adj. (f. and n.), victorious, || prob. †vinco- (or i-) + o), v. tr. successful.

4, bind, fasten, chain, wind, envictus, ūs, [unc. root (of vivo) | twine.

+ tus), m., food, subsistence.. vinclum, see vinculum. victus, -a, -um, p.p. of vinco. vincó, -ere, vici, victum, [unc. video, -ēre, vidī, visum, (partly root (prob vic)], v. tr. 3, over

fr. tvido- (cf. invidus)], v. tr. come, overpower, vanquish, con2, see, behold, look upon.- Pass., quer, prevail over. – p.p., overbe seen, seem, appear. --- Hence, thrown, prevailed on, exhausted, seem good : visi dolores (the sight baffled.

of, etc.): videndo (at the sight). vinculum (vinclum), -1, [vincoviduus, -a, -um, [VID (separate) (cf. vincio) + lum], n., fasten

+ vus), adj., widowed, lonely, soli- ing, band, bond, chain, cord, lacing tary (noctes, lectus).

(of sandals), strings. vigeõ, -ēre, -uī, no sup., [prob. vindex, -icis, (unc. stem (akin to

vis) + dex (DIC as stem), / vireõ, -ēre, no perf., no sup., [?, perh. made by analogy from akin to viror vis], v. intr. 2, vindico (cf. judex, judico)], bloom, flourish, grow strong, grow c., (claimant, in law). - Hence, green. — pres. p., green. champion (upholder of rights and virga, -ae, [?, akin to viridis, punisher of wrongs), avenger, vireo], f., new shoot, twig, branch, prosecutor, defender. — As adj., | osier, sapling, stalk. avenging.

virgineus, -a, -um, [virgin + vindicó, -āre, -āvi, -ātum, [vin eus), adj., of maidens, of a

dic- (stem of viudex) + 0 (but maiden, virgin, a maiden's: Helcf. vindex)], v. tr. I, claim, de icon (loved of the Maids, i.e. the fend, assert, avenge.

Muses). vindicta, -ae, (vindic- (stem of virginitās, -ātis, [virgini- (as if

vindex) + ta (perh. as in stem of virgo) + tas], f., mainauta)], f., claimant's staff. - denhood. Hence, championship, vengeance, virgõ, -inis, (prob. virga + o, cf. punishment.

'scion,' 'a slip of a girl '], f., a vīnētum, -i, (vino + etum (as if maid, the maid.

tvinē + tum)], n., vineyard. viridis, -e, [prob. fviro- (cf. vireo) vinum, -i, [prob. borr. fr. olvos, but + dus, weakened], adj., green,

assimilated to vieo, vitis), n., wine. fresh, blooming. viola, -ae, [?], f., violet (poss. virilis, -e, (virð + ilis], adj., of a

akin to vis through blue color, man, of the hero, of one's husband. cf. “ black and blue').

virtūs, -ūtis, (virð- (reduced) + violentia, -ae, (violento + ia], tus], f., manliness, heroism, prow

f., violence : vultus (savage ex-l ess. — Hence, virtue (quality of a pression of). .

true man), value (cf. “ virtue'). violentus, -a, -um, [unc. stem virus, -ī, [akin to viridis), n.,

(akin to vis) + lentus], adj., ' poison, venom. savage, violent, wrathful, untamed vīs, vis, [?], f., violence, force. — Pl., (of an unmarried maid).

forces, might, strength, powers, poviolõ, -āre, -āvī, -ātum, (tviola- tency, influence, means.

(dimin. of vis?) + 0], v. tr. 1, viscus, -eris, [?], n., bowels, interinjure, do violence to.

nal organs, flesh, body,' bowels' (of vipera, -ae, [for tvivipara], f., compassion, heart), soul. wiper, snake.

vīsõ, -ere, vīsi, visum, [old devipereus, -a, -um, [vipera + eus], siderative of video], v. tr. 3, go to

adj., of vipers, of a (the) serpent, see, visit, see snaky.

| visus, -ūs, [VID + tus], m., vir, viri, [?], m., husband, man, sight.

consort, hero, lord (as husband). vīta, -ae, (viv- (as root of vivo) + virāgõ, inis, [?, akin to vir, ta], f., life.

perh. fvirāco- (cf. vigilax) + 0], vitio, -āre, -āvi, -ātum, [vitiof., manly woman, fierce maiden,! (as if a-stem) + 0], v. tr. 1, cause warrior maid.

I a flaw in, corrupt, vitiate, spoil,

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