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be continually employed in that service. And it is certain, that, were but a few rangers properly employed, they would be more effectual in subduing such an enemy, than all the militia or regular forces on the continent of America. The sending of these against scouting parties of Indians, being, as the proverb has it, "setting a cow to catch a hare."

No. IV.




1754 FOR provisions supplied the King's forces
and under the command of General Braddock,
for opening and clearing a road towards the
Ohio, and for establishing a post between
Winchester in Virginia and Philadelphia,
for the use of the army, at the request of
the said general,

For provisions supplied the New England,
and New York forces under General
For clothing sent the forces under General


For presents to the Six Nations and other In-
dians in alliance with the crown of Great
Britain, and the expenses attending two
treaties held with them for securing them
to the British interest,

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Pennsylva. curr.

£8,195 14 8

10,000 0 0

514 10 1

2,023 5 0

Carried over £20,733 9 9

Pennsylva. curr.

Brought over £20,733 9 9

For maintenance of the Ohio and other west-
ern Indians, who had taken refuge in
Pennsylvania; French deserters; soldiers'
wives belonging to Braddock's army; arms
and ammunition delivered to such of the
frontier inhabitants as were not able to
purchase any for their defence; relief and
support of sundry of said inhabitants, who
were driven from their plantations by the
enemy; and for expresses and other pur-
poses for his Majesty's service,

[The above sums were paid out of the treasury
and loan-office, and by money borrowed on
the credit of the House of Assembly, before
the governor could be prevailed on to pass
any bills for granting an aid to his Majesty.]
1756. For raising, paying, and maintaining forces;
building forts; maintaining and treating
with the King's Indian allies; support of
French neutrals, sent from Nova Scotia ;
billeting and supplying with necessaries
the King's regular forces; and other pur-
poses for his Majesty's service, as recom-
mended by his ministers. [By two acts
of assembly, £60,000 and £ 30,000.]
1757. For ditto by another act of assembly,
1758. For ditto by ditto. [Note, 2,700 men were
raised and employed this year in his Maj-
esty's service, by the province of Pennsyl-
vania, in pursuance of Mr. Secretary Pitt's

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For support of a ship of war for protection
of trade, (by a duty on tonnage, &c.) for
a six months' cruise, .

For interest paid by the province for money
borrowed for his Majesty's service on the
credit of the assembly; the charges at-
tending the printing and signing the paper

5,653 13 2

90,000 0 0

100,000 0 0

100,000 0 0

6,425 15 0

Carried over £322,812 17 11

money, and collecting and paying the sev-
eral taxes granted his Majesty, to the pro-
vincial treasurer and trustees of the loan-
office, with their and the provincial com-
missioner's allowances for their trouble,
may at least be estimated at..
For sundry Indian expenses, omitted in the

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Pennsylva. curr.

Brought over £ 322,812 17 11


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From which deduct one third to reduce the
sum to sterling value, an English shilling
passing for 1s. 6d. in Pennsylvania,

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5,000 0 0

38 13 0

£327,851 10 11

109,283 16 11

Sterling £218,567 14 0

No. V.


As the reader may possibly be curious to know, whether any similar disputes arose between the proprietaries and the several assemblies of the Territory, or Three separated Counties, it may be proper to inform him, that the forbearances of these gentlemen in that district were altogether as remarkable as their assumptions in the province; and to refer him to the following extract of a genu. ine letter of Mr. Secretary Logan's to one Henry Goldney, an intimate friend of the first proprietary, William Penn, for a solution of all doubts concerning the difference.

"Philadelphia, 3d Month the 12th, 1709.

"Esteemed Friend,

"I was favored last fall with thine and other Friends' answer to mine of 3d month last; the contents of which were extremely satisfactory, and, on my part, I shall not be wanting to discharge my

duty to the utmost of my power; but, in my opinion, since the proprietor has several times mentioned that he had proposals made to him for the purchase of a large tract of land on Susquehanna, for which he had an offer of £5,000 sterling, it would be most advisable for him to accept of any such terms, that so he may speedily have the management of his country to himself, by paying the debt there which he has contracted upon it; to which I wish thee and his other good friends would earnestly press him, for in himself I know he is in such cases somewhat too doubtful and backward.

"I now design, through the greatest confidence in thy friendship both to him and me, to be very free with thee in an affair that nearly concerns him and this country in general, in which I shall request thee to exercise thy best thoughts, and, according to the result of these, heartily to employ the necessary endeavours. The case is briefly as follows;

"This government has consisted of two parts; the Province of Pennsylvania, and the Three Lower Counties on Delaware. To the first the proprietor has a most clear and undoubted right, both for soil and government, by the King's letters patent or royal charter; for the latter he has much less to show; for the soil he has deeds of feofment from the Duke of York, but for the government not so much as is necessary. After his first arrival, however, in these parts, he prevailed with the people both of the province and those counties to join in one government under him, according to the powers of the King's charter, which nevertheless extended to the province only, and so they continued, not without many fractions, till after the time of his last departure, when some disaffected persons took advantage of a clause, which he had unhappily inserted in a charter he gave the people, and broke off entirely from those lower counties; since which time we have had two assemblies, that of the province, acting by a safe and undisputed power, but that of the other counties without sufficient (I doubt) to justify them. Last fall the assembly of those counties took occasion to inquire into their own powers, upon a design to set new measures on foot, and have sent home an address by one of their members, Thomas Coutts's brother, who is to negotiate the matter with the Lords of Trade and the ministry, to obtain powers to some person or other, who the Queen may think fit (though Coutts designs it for himself), to discharge all the necessary duties of government over them. This, I doubt, will give the proprietary great trouble; for when the Council of Trade is fully apprized, as by this means they will be, that those counties are entirely disjoined from the province, it is

probable they may more strictly inquire into the proprietor's right of government and legislation with the people there; and it is much to be feared, that they may advise the Queen to dispose of the government of those parts some other way, which would be exceedingly destructive to the interest of the province in general.

"Upon the whole, what I have to propose is this, whether it would not be most advisable for the proprietor to consider in time what measures are most fit for him to take for his own and the country's interest, before the blow falls so heavy that it may prove difficult, if at all practicable, for him to ward it off; whether, therefore, it may not be most prudent to part with the government of both province and lower counties together, upon the best terms that can be obtained, before it proves too late for him to procure any. If he should hold the government of the province, nay even of the whole, during his life, he will never gain any thing by it; and, after his decease, it will be lost, or at least be put out of the hands of Friends, and perhaps without any previous terms at all, when now he may be capable himself to negotiate a surrender, both to his own particular interest, and greatly to the advantage of the profession; but, whenever this is done, he should remember our present lieutenantgovernor, who will be a sufferer (I fear, at best) by undertaking the charge; and, if any thing fall of course in the way, I wish he would not quite forget an old trusty servant of his, who has been drudging for him these ten years; (but that is not the business.) This I thought necessary to advise thee of, considering thee as one of his best and heartiest friends, and desire thee to communicate the matter to such others as may be most serviceable, but by no means expose this letter, for I would have that kept very private.

"I have wrote to the same purpose to the proprietary himself very fully; but finding, by long experience, how little it avails to write to himself alone of matters relating to his own interest, I now choose this method, and give this early notice before the addresses from hence shall come to hand, which, with the address already gone from the lower counties, will certainly do our business, whether the proprietor will agree to it or not, and therefore best take time while it offers. I shall commit this to thy prudence and discretion, and conclude,

"Thy real loving friend.


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