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THE GAME OF BACK.GAMMON.

The Game of Back-Gammon is allowed on all hands to be the most ingenious and elegant game next to chess. The word is Welch, and signifies little battle. The origin and antiquity of the game has been accordingly ascribed to the Cambro Britons, although it is claimed also by the French and Spaniards.

This game is played with dice by two persons, on a table divided into two parts, upon which there are twenty-four black and white spaces, called points. (See the table represented.) Each player has fitteen men, black and white, 10 distinguish ihem, which are disposed of in the following manner; Supposing you play into the right-hand table, two are placed upon the ace point in the adversary's table, five upon the six point in the opposite table, three upon the cinque point in the hither. most table, and five on the six point in your own table: the grand object in the game is to bring the men round into your own table; all throws that contribute towards it, and prevent your adversary doing the like, are advantageous, and vice versa. The best first throw upon the dice is esteemed aces, because it stops the six point in the outer table, and secures the cinque in your own, whereby your adversary's two men upon your ace point cannot get out with either quatre, cinque, or six. This throw is an advantage frequently asked and given by a superior player to one not equally skilful.

It is necessary for a learner to know how many points he ought to throw upon the two dice, one throw with another.

There are thirty-six chances upon two dice, in which there are 294 points. Thus ·

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2 Aces . . . . . 4 5 and 4 twice'. . 2 Deuces .

5 and 3 twice. 2 Trois . .

5 and 2 twice. 2 Fours . . . . . 16 5 and 1 twice ... 2 Fives . . . . .

20 4 and 3 twice, 2 Sixes . . . . . 24 4 and 2 twice. 6 and 5 twice ... 224 and I twice . . 6 and 4 twice . . . 20 3 and 2 twice . . . 10 6 and 3 twice.

3 and 1 twice. . 6 and 2 twice... 16 2 and 1 twice ... 6 6 and 1 twice ... 14

Points, 294

Divide 294 by 36 gives 8, which is the average throw Apon two dice.

To know the odds of being hit upon an ace.

Look in the table, where you will find thus * marked. *2 Aces . . . . . 1 *4 and 1 twice i .. 2 *6 and 1 twice .. 2 *3 and 1 twice ... 2 *5 and 1 :wice .., 2 *2 and 1 twice . . . 2

Total 11 Which, deducted from 36

The remainder is 25 So that it appears that it is 25 to 11 against hitting an ace, upon a certain, or flat die.

The same meihod may be taken with any other flat de, as you have seen with the ace.

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