Earth Sciences and Archaeology

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Paul Goldberg, Vance T. Holliday, C. Reid Ferring
Springer Science & Business Media, 11.11.2013 - 513 Seiten
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Earth Sciences and Archaeology brings together contributions from an experienced group of archaeologists and geologists whose common objective is to present thorough and current reviews of the diverse ways in which methods from the earth sciences can contribute to archaeological research. Many areas of research are addressed here, including artifact analysis and sourcing, landscape reconstruction and site formation analysis, soil micromorphology and geophysical exploration of buried sites.
Archaeology has benefited from geological methods in many ways in recent decades. However, in the past ten to twenty years, this informal collaboration between geologists and archaeologists has grown into a formal integration of earth science and archaeology on a significant scale. This book allows the contributors to assess where we are in terms of interdisciplinary research, which approaches work best in specific situations, and where this collaborative approach should progress to in the future.
 

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Inhalt

Chapter 1
5
Chapter 2
27
A Review of Site Formation Processes and Their Relevance
37
Chapter 3
55
Evidence Used to Link Causal Factors with Alluviation
64
References
72
Fluvial Environments Geology and Archaeological Implications
80
Conclusions
98
Research Base
247
Discussion
259
Techniques for Evaluating Pedoturbation
269
Chapter 11
297
Chapter 12
322
Magnetics Resistivity
353
Chapter 14
385
Chapter 15
419

A Geomorphological Approach to Reconstructing Archaeological
107
Case Studies
115
Replacing Humans on the Landscape
136
Chapter 6
143
San Gregorio Fault
159
Closing
166
Chapter 7
173
Soils and Archaeological Surveys
181
Soils and Site Excavations
190
Chapter 8
196
Microfacies Analysis Assisting Archaeological Stratigraphy
205
Formation of Archaeological Strata
217
Conclusion
235
Sourcing Lithic Artifacts by Instrumental Analyses
449
Chapter 17
473
353
487
Index
489
297
493
362
496
37
497
322
503
39
504
419
509
338
510
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