Manual of field gardening, or, Belgian agriculture made easy, containing the routine of certain field garden operations in Sussex and Yorkshire in 1843 and 1844 [by J. Nowell].
T. Kemp, 1845 - 154 Seiten
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acre animals applied ashes Bamford barley better bones Boys digging Boys emptying bushels cabbages carrots carrying cattle cleaning clover compost cow stall fed COW-FEEDING Cows fed crop dean School digging wheat stubble drawing dressing drilling Dumbrell Dumbrell's dung early earth East Eastdean School farm farmer field formed four FRIDAY-Willingdon School gathering give ground guano hand harrowing hoeing inches John keep kind labour land leaves lime lucerne mangel wurzel manure mending mixen mixing mould NOTES AND OBSERVATIONS oats Operations pails peas picking pigs Piper planting planting potatoes potatoes preparing produce quantity reaping removing rolling roots rye grass salt seed Slaithwaite soil sowing sown spreading spring stones straw substance supply Sussex swede turnips tank liquid tare ground tares things TUESDAY turning weather WEDNESDAY weeds Week commencing Monday white turnips Willingdon School winter yard Yorkshire
Seite 7 - The first is by war, as the Romans did, in plundering their conquered neighbours ; this is robbery. — The second by commerce, which is generally cheating. — The third by agriculture, the only honest way, wherein man receives a real increase of the seed thrown into the ground, in a kind of continual miracle, wrought by the hand of God in his favour, as a reward for his innocent life and his virtuous industry.
Seite 27 - She next sows the wheat, and then takes up the potatoes with a three-pronged fork ; and by this operation the wheat seed is covered deep. She leaves it quite rough, and the winter frost mellows the earth ; and by its falling down in the spring it adds vigour to the wheat plants. She has pursued this alternate system of cropping for several years without any diminution of produce. The potatoe crop only has manure. In 1804, a year very noted for mildew, she had fifteen Winchester...
Seite 51 - Weill near Stuttgard. We would strongly recommend the practice to the British farmer ; and not to the farmer only, but to every cottager who keeps a cow, or a pig, nay, to the cottager who is without these comforts, but who has a garden, in which he could turn the great accession of manures so acquired to due account.
Seite 53 - Sec., in the hair, flesh, and bones of animals. Nitre (or saltpetre) forms spontaneously around you, in the soil, its grand element, nitrogen, being derived from the atmosphere, or from the transformation of the ammonia of decaying bodies : which element, nitrogen, is so essential to vegetable life, that it has been termed the
Seite 75 - It is, indeed, only a gaseous substance, and not a solid material visible to the eye, which thus escapes and is lost ; but, for all that, it is of greater importance to the nourishment of plants, than perhaps any other portion of the excrements.
Seite 33 - Prepare thy work without, and make it fit for thyself in the field ; and afterwards build thine house.
Seite 103 - Now ? whatever might be the superior profit, to the cottager, of saving the money which he spends on his pigs and buying his bacon in the market, this, as it never has been, and never will be so saved, we may dismiss. In the mean time, his pig, besides its usefulness, is also a real pleasure to him; it is one of his principal interests in life ; he makes sacrifices to it ; he exercises self-control for its sake ; it prevents him living from hand to mouth ; stupidly careless of the future. I am persuaded...
Seite 53 - Nothing formed in vain. LET no presuming impious railer tax Creative wisdom ; as if ought was form'd In vain, or not for admirable ends.
Seite 31 - ... his while to aim at improving. It is quite inadequate to preparing the ground for various vegetable productions. Effective planting, whether of vines, forest trees, or shrubs, requires the soil to be not only dug, but trenched, in order to allow room for the roots to diffuse themselves in it. No gardener would think of planting potatoes, carrots, or cabbages, in ploughed land, if he could get it dug; for the difference of produce far more than compensates the difference of the expense. But if...