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has given so convincing a proof of its utility ?

Besides, your application to me is a little suspicious ; and looks as if you wanted to draw from me a confirmation of your own sentiments, rather than a candid examination of them. For how was it possible for "you not to foresee the difficulty I must be under in debating this point with you? When have I been able to dissent from you in any question of morals or policy? and especially what chance for my doing it in this instance, when you know the bias which my own education, conducted in this way, must have left upon me?

I am therefore at a loss, as I said, to account for your fancy in making me of your council on this occasion. But whatever your purpose might be, since you have thought fit to honour me so far, I must own your Letter of Inquiry could


not poslibly have found me in a fitter season.

I HAPPENED just then to amuse myself with recollecting a conversation, which, not many days before, had passed between me and a certain Philosopher of great note, on that very subject.

You know the esteem I have of this Philosopher; I mean, for such of his writings, as are most popular, and deserve to be fo; such as his pieces on Government, Trade, Liberty, and Education. No man understands the world better; or reasons more clearly on those subjects, in which that world takes itself to be most of all, and is, in truth, very nearly concerned.

His Philosophy, properly so called, is not, I doubt, of so good a taste. At least, his notion of morals is too modern for my relish : I had put myself to school to other masters, and had learnt, you know, from his betters what to think of Life and Manners; which they treat in a style quite out of the way of these subverters of ideal worlds [b], and architects on material principles [c].

But on this head, my dear Sir, you have heard me speak often, and may hear from me more at large, on some other occafion. With exception to this one article (an important one, however), no man is more able, than Mr. LOCKE, or more privileged by his long experience, to give us Lectures on the good old chapter of Education ; which many others indeed have discussed; but none with so much good sense and with so constant an eye to the use and business of the world, as this writer.

[6] Such as certain philosophers amused themfelves with building, on Innate Ideas.

[c] Ideas of Senfation-on which principles, indeed, a late writer has constructed, but by no fault of Mr. Locke, a material system of the grosselt Epicurism. See a work entitled, De L'Exprit, in 2 tom. Amft. 1759.


The purpose of your inquiry, then, cannot, as I fuppose, be any other way so well answered, as by putting into your hands a faithful account of his sentiments on the conduct and use of Travelling: Especially, as you will perceive at the fame time what my notions are (if that be of any importance to you) on the fame subject.

If I were composing a Dialogue in the old mimetical, or poetic form, I should tell you, perhaps, the occasion that led us into this track of conversation. Nay, I should tell you what accident had brought us together; and thould even omit no circumstance of time or place, which might be proper to let you into the scene, and make you, as it were, one of us.

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But these punctilios of decorum are thought too constraining, and, as such, are wisely laid aside, by the easy moderns. Nay, the very notion of Dialogue, such as it was in the politest ages of antiquity, is so little comprehended in our days, that I question much, if these papers were to fall into other hands, than your own, whether they would not appear in a high degree fantastic and visionary. It would never be imagined that a point of morals or philofophy could be regularly treated in what is called a conversation-piece; or that any thing so unlike the commerce of our world could have taken place between men, that had any use or knowledge of it.


This, I say, might be the opinion of men of better breeding; of those, whọ are acquainted with the fashion, and are themselves practised in the conversations, of the polite world. The formalists, on


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