« ZurückWeiter »
SCOTTISH MISSIONARY SOCIETY. The last Report gives the following companion of his exile, a request intelligence relative to the Society's with which the young man immedimission at Astrachan.
ately complied. As the Hagi had “ In the preceding Report, it previously been acquainted with the was stated that Messrs. Glen and Missionaries, the son, after his arM.Pherson had directed their atten- rival, frequently visited them, and tion to the Persians resident in As
was employed in giving some of *trachan; but that their reception, them lessons in Turkish and Arabic.
though friendly at first, had after. Frequent discussions took place bewards become extremely unfavour- tween him and his pupils on the able. Discouraged by this, and subject of religion; but he at first other circumstances, particularly by firmly opposed every thing that was the inauspicious aspect which mis- said concerning the Gospel. He sionary operations had at that period even at times became quite angry, assumed in the Russian empire, the and gave vent to his feclings in blasMissionaries were ready to faint, and phemous expressions against the some of them actually requested Redeemer ; yet still there appeared permission to return to their native a marked difference between him land; when an event occurred which and most other Mohammedans; and revived their drooping spirits, and within a few days after such ebulligave new energy to their exertions. tions of passion, he would again This was the conversion to Christi. renew his inquiries, and endeavour anity of a young man named Mirza to provoke discussion. Having at Mohammed Ali, of whose history length appeared to become a seriit may not be uninteresting to give ous inquirer after truth, he was with some detail. This young Persian Mr. M‘Pherson and Dr. Ross every is the only surviving son of Hagi day; and these two employed themKasem Bek, a ven able old man, selves, the one in building him up, who is descended from one of the the other in pulling him down ;--- the principal families in Derbent, and former in shewing him the way
of who, until within these few years, God more perfectly, and endeavourheld the office of chief kazy, or ing to bring the truth home to his conjudge, in that city. Having, on science; the latter in pointing out to grounds which are not well under- him the inconsistencies of the Koran, stood, been accused and convicted and in comparing the system of reliof treason, the old man had all his gion which it contains with that reproperty confiscated, by orders of vealed in the New Testament. He the Governor-general of Georgia, now appeared to be deeply impressand was sent, with some other ed with a sense of his sinfulness and prisoners, to Astrachan. Some misery: he could not even sleep at months after their arrival, the Go- night, so keenly did he feel the con'vernor ordered them all to be sent victions of a wounded spirit ; but, * further into the interior ; but the after some time, he obtained peace aged Hagi having procured a certi. to his conscience through the applificate from a physician, that, owing cation, it is hoped, of the peaceto sickness, it was impossible for speaking blood of Jesus. His fahim to perform the journey, was al- ther, as may naturally be supposed, lowed to remain at Astrachan, while was much affected with his apohis fellow-prisoners were moved to stacy; sometimes he appeared to the distance of three hundred versts yearn over him with the tenderness from that city. Feeling himself of a parent's heart ; at other times Tonely in his present situation, he 'he treated him with the utmost sewrote to his son, Mohammed Ali, verity. One day, having assembled at Derbent, to come and be the a number of the Persians, he re
quired him, in the presence of them afterwards appeared that he was all, to renounce the new opinions he confined as a prisoner by his father; had embraced ; and when Moham- that he had been severely beaten, med Ali refused to do so, the old and was left in a great measure man, in a great passion, sent for without any food. Conceiving it to the Persian consul, and told his son be their duty to adopt some means that, unless he recanted, he would for his protection, the Missionaries get him bound hand and foot, and called next day on the Hagi, and, sent to the police. ' Father,' re- after some previous conversation, plied Mohammed, “I cannot recant: stated to him that they would have my feelings would induce me to be- immediately applied to the Governor Mohammedan; but my con
to protect his son, but that, in order science will not permit me.' Here to save him trouble, they had come his father reminded him that all first to him. The father, in a rage, their controversies about matters of declared, that neither the Governor faith were determined by the sword. nor the Emperor could interfere in • A sure proof,' replied Moham- a case like the present; that he had med, that your religion is not of power not only to imprison his son, God; for God does not need such to beat, and to starve him, but even, carnal weapons to decide matters of according to the Mohammedan law, faith. His father, full of rage, or- to put him to death. They theredered the servant not to give him a fore applied to the Governor to proparticle of food, nor even to allow tect Mohammed Ali from the rage him to dip his fingers in the sauce- of his enemies; and, in consequence dish with him, as he was unclean. of this, he was brought the same Mohammed Ali had accordingly to evening, by the police master, to go to bed fasting; but about eleven the mission-house. On being asked o'clock, his father, who had been respecting the state of his mind out on business, returned, and com- during the time he was confined by ing to his bed side, gently awoke his father, he said, that, notwithhim : My son,' said he,you standing all the wrangling and abuse see I am an old man: have com- to which he had been exposed, he passion on my white beard : do not felt quite peaceful and happy. The grieve me by becoming an infidel.' meekness with which he bore the * Father,' replied the young man, ill usage of the Persians who came
you are my parent, and it is my to argue with him, was also a pleasduty to obey you in every thing; ing proof of the influence of Divine but why should you demand of me truth on his heart, and was calcuthat obedience which I owe to God lated to make a powerful impression only? In this one thing I cannot on the minds of his countrymen." obey you.'
Mohammed Ali having been thus “Mohammed Ali continued to visit safely lodged in the mission-house the Missionaries daily; but as, for by the civil authorities, the anxiety two successive days, he did not as of the Missionaries, with respect to usual make his appearance, they him, was for the present relieved; became anxious for his personal but their alarm was speedily revir safety. They therefore dispatched ed by the interference of the Archa person to the Hagi, with a mes. bishop of Astrachan, who wished sage that they wished immediately that be should be placed under the to see his son. The messenger saw charge of a Russian priest, with a Mohammed Ali; but the father re- view to his being baptized in the turned for answer, that he could Greek Church. The Missionaries not come to them; and that, as the represented to the Archbishop the great fast of Ramadan was approach- privileges which had been conferred ing, it was necessary for him to stay by his Imperial Majesty on the
home, and read the Koran. It Scottish colony at Karass ; and it
was finally settled that their right place in his views, and some of them to baptize him should be referred to reason with him relative to it. to the Emperor ; and that, in the All of them were friendly, and spoke meanwhile, he should be allowed in as mild a manner as if nothing to remain under their care. Mo. strange had happened. These ophammed Ali accordingly addressed portunities were not lost by Moa petition to his Imperial Majesty, hammed Ali. He stated to them begging that he might be allowed clearly his own views of the Christo receive baptism from those who tian religion, and his reasons for had been the instruments of his con- embracing it; and, as occasion reversion to the Christian faith. With quired, he pointed out to them the this petition the Emperor readily futility of that foundation on which complied, and he was accordingly they were building their hopes for baptized by the Missionaries with eternity. He made no distinction much solemnity. The mission chapel, between the rich and poor among and the school-room contiguous to his visitors, and appeared greatly it, were, on this occasion, crowded interested while speaking to them with the natives of at least seven of the wonders of salvation. Messrs. different countries; Persians, Tar- Glen and M.Pherson, at the same tars, Russians, Armenians, English, time, made frequent visits to the French, and Germans. The service Persians, and were often visited by was conducted in three languages; them in return. Some of them apPersian, Turkish, and English ; and peared to be candid inquirers, and the impression which was made several of them seemed to be seri. on such of the audience as under- ously concerned about their souls. stood it, appeared to be uncommon- More than one of them appeared ly animating, while, in the looks of prepared to renounce, without dethose who did not understand it, lay, the delusions of Mohammethere was something indicative of danism, and to make an open prothe lively interest which they felt infession of Christianity. From the the sacred services of the day. manner in which some of them
“ After Mohammed Ali had been spoke and acted, the Missionaries taken from his father, the Mission- entertained the most pleasing hopes aries were apprehensive that the of their conversion, and earnestly Persians would be so enraged that expected that in a short time they they would neither come near them would be added to their little church. nor admit of their visiting them It is not easy, in short, to conceive at their own houses. These fears any thing more delightful and enwere, however, happily disappoint- couraging than the interviews of the ed. Numbers of the Persians daily Missionaries with the Persians; but visited Mohammed Ali himself, for the pleasing anticipations to which the purpose of conversing with him they gave birth have not yet been as to the change which had taken realized.”
AMERICAN BOARD OF MISSIONS. The Board have now five mission- teresting extracts from their tour in aries in the Mediterranean. Of Palestine and Syria. these missionaries, Mr. Temple is in “ At Alexandria we went togeMalta ; the other four are in Syria. ther to the tomb of our dear deFrom journals transmitted to the parted brother Parsons. We kneelBoard, and others to the Bible So- ed on the stone that covers. his ciety of Malta, we extract the fol- grave; each successively offered up lowing memoranda relative to their a prayer, giving thanks for the grace proceedings in Egypt. On a future bestowed on him, and for the good occasion we hope to give some in- which he was enabled to do while CHRIST. OBSERV. APP.
he lived; and praying that we might days we distributed seventy copies be excited to renewed diligence in gratis, and sold 100 for 440 piastres, our Master's work, and fitted to die with 1000 tracts. Several interesting as our brother died; and supplicat- circumstances occurred. The princiing a blessing on his far-distant re- pal officer of the customs requested latives. We then sung a funeral copies of the different books: we acanthem, taken from the Martyr of cordingly waited on him the next day, Antioch' by the Rev. H. H. Mil. and gave him a New-Testament, a
Psalter, and a copy of Genesis, which Brother, thou art gone before us,
he received very favourably. A few And thy saintly soul is flown, Mussulmans purchased copies of Where tears are wiped from every eye, Genesis, and to a few others we And sorrow is unknown.'
gave gratis. To Jews we sold a few “ We visited the Coptic convent. copies of the Bible and of the New The priest told us that there are only Testament, in Hebrew, French, and thirteen Coptic families in Alexan- Italian. We distributed, however, dria. We inquired about their time principally among nominal Chrisof beginning and manner of keeping tians. The master of a very interthe Sabbath : he said that they be- esting school purchased fifteen Tesgin it when they rise in the morn- taments for the use of his scholars, ing, and spend it in prayer and re- nd we made him a present of fifteen ligious exercises. They believe that more for the same purpose. A Cainfants who are baptized will be tholic-Armenian priest called on us, saved, and that those who are not and received very readily an Armewill perish. The man who sins after nian Bible. Among other applicants baptism must confess to the priest, for the word of God was a Catholic and receive the communion, which from Bethlehem, the birth-place of is the body and blood of Christ, our Saviour. The Greeks, as usual, and he will be forgiven. We in- received the New-Testament reaquired whether they approve of giv- dily; but they always ask for the ing the Bible to all the people. He Old as well as for a better translareplied, 'Certainly; for all Christians tion of the New. -Copts, Abyssinians, Catholics, “ At Rosetta we first visited the Greeks-all bave but one Bible.' Greek convent: it is a large building, On parting, we gave him an Arabic but only one priest now resides in it, Genesis, an extract from Grotius nor is there any other in Rosetta: he on the Truth of Christianity, and a told us, that there are at present not Homily on Reading the Scriptures. above ten or twelve Greeks residing
“ Dr. Marpurgo, the Jewish phy- in the town—nearly that number sician, told us that there is much talk called on us for Testaments. From about us in the town. The Catholic the Greek we went to the Coptic priests are violent against us, and convent : there are two priests in are not willing that we should either it, both of whom are married. Ad. preach or distribute the Scriptures; joining this convent was a Coptic but the people are generally in our school of thirteen boys. We went favour.
next, accompanied by the Coptic “ We had taken lodgings in the priests, to the Jewish synagogue : house of a Jew, opened our boxes iwo or three Jews were present ; of sacred books, and began to dis- and the great subject of Christianity tribute them : many came to our was discussed with a Jew in the apartments to purchase. Sometimes synagogue. One of the Copts we went abroad, with books under shewed us an Arabic Bible, which he our arms, and sold them in the streets bought of Mr. Belzoni. We remainand in the shops : we also employed ed in Rosetta only two days; during a man to go about the town and sell which time we gave away six copies for us. During a residence of ten of the Scriptures, and sold thirty.
“ On the passage from Rosetta “ The Director of the Pacha's to Caïro, there was an eclipse of the Institute shewed us the printing moon. The moon's disk was com- establishment. When Mr. Fisk pletely obscured for an hour and visited this establishment last year, thirty-seven minutes. The Arabs he found them setting the types to were dreadfully alarmed. We could reprint a tract which he had given hear nothing but the screams and away a few days before. It was an prayers of men, women, and chil- account of the system of Mutual dren. They supposed it denoted a Education, prepared in Arabic by revolution, and was in consequence Professor Macbride of Oxford. The of the pacha's oppressing the Arabs, superintendant of the press now told and taking so much money from us that 100 copies were printed, them.
which the pacha had given to his “ At Caïro, we received from Mr. friends. Salt, the Consul-General, and from “ When we arrived at Caïro, we Mr. Lee, all those encouraging at intended going thence to Suez and tentions, which their previous good Mount Sinai; but, learning that offices in favour of the Bible Society there were some disturbance in that had given us ground to hope for. In quarter, we relinquished that part the benevolent efforts of these gentle- of our plan, and resolved on a jourmen, we see how greatly consuls, ney into upper Egypt. We emmerchants, and travellers in foreign barked in a small boat; committing countries, have it in their power to our past labours and future proceedassist in the distribution of the Scrip- ings to the Divine blessing tures. Mr. Salt's dragoman has sold " At Minie we visited the bishop. 119 of different kinds for 7234 Our way to his house was through a piastres, which he paid to Mr. Fisk. dirty narrow lane, and all the people It is gratifying to see the work thus whom we saw looked miserably. advancing, when none of the public Though so old, he can see to read agents of the Society are in the even small print without glasses. country. It shows that such a de- He shewed us several Arabic and mand exists for the Scriptures, as Coptic books, all manuscripts, exrequires a constant supply.
cept an Arabic Bible. We inquired i We remained in Caïro only one where he obtained that: he said, week; but, during that time, we • A friend, like yourselves, brought gave away sixty-two copies of the it to us.' This was no doubt Mr. Scriptures, and sold seventy-seven. Jowett, who, during his journey In this instance, the proportion of into Upper Egypt, four years ago, copies distributed gratis is unusually distributed upwards of twenty Ara. large. This remains to be explained. bic Bibles, all that he had with him. We in reality gave away only twelve We offered to purchase some of the in Caïro; but we gave also fifty to manuscripts, but he refused. We Mr. Warton, an English gentleman, shewed him several of our books, with whom we formed a very inter- and offered them as a present; but esting acquaintance at Caïro, and he said they had an abundance of who was going to Persia: these books already. When we were afifty were Hebrew New Testaments, bout taking our leave, he invited us and the Testament and Genesis in to remain and dine with him, which Arabic, designed for gratuitous dis- we did. It was interesting to see tribution in Persia, and between the simplicity of his fare. Of liquor here and there among Jews and there was only one kind, the water Mussulmans. Mr. Warton has als of the Nile; and we all drank from ready been several years in Persia, the same brown earthen jug. and has given several copies to " Bladia. This place consists alMussulmans: he was very glad to most entirely of Copts. On enterreceive this supply.
ing the village, we saw a boy with