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companion but qualified ably to of accomplishments. If she succeed discharge all the active duties of in her labours, she plays finely on life? By no means. These are not more than one instrument; she the objects for which this sacrifice draws beautifully, perhaps in more is demanded. I do not indeed mean styles than one ; she writes several to insinuate, that they are not the kinds of fine hands; she speaks objects proposed and pursued in French fluently, knows something numerous families; but I must again of Italian, and has her memory affirm, that the pursuit of these great loaded with grammar, geography, and primary ends of all right edu- history, and it may be with botany cation is not the cause of the de- and many other things. But are the terioration of health and strength mental powers really enlarged and now under consideration. This is improved ? Is she rendered an so far from being the case, that these observant entertaining companion ? grand objects are greatly impeded Has she, generally speaking, any by the very process which proves inclination to pursue the culture of so hurtful to the bodily constitution. her mind, and devote her now lei. The evil arises from this source, sure hours to any thing like a patient that our daughters must be taught application to study? 11 Does she every thing that is elegant in the not, on the contrary, as soon as the whole circle of accomplishments ; restraints of tutorship are removed, and not merely be taught them, usually fall into all those habits of but must also acquire them, and in sauntering and lounging in which a high degree of perfection, in early time is so frequently spent, or rather life. Too much is crowded into lost, no one knows how, in the prethose few years during which the sent day? To escape from ennui, the foundation of bodily vigour should inseparable companion of idleness, be laid. Persons are not satisfied she may have recourse to her music, that their daughters should arrive at her pencil, or her needle ; any some proficiency in languages, music, thing new and fashionable in these and drawing, but they must also be departments readily interesting her linguists and artists. Sir Astley mind, and attracting her attention. Cooper remarks, that “they are It is by the acquisition of these that frequently compelled to sit from she expects to obtain notice, and to morning till night engaged in learn- keep her place among her contem' ing music, drawing, geography, poraries. To as great an extent; French, and I know not what else, therefore, as languor and disease without paying the slightest atten- will admit
, she may for a season be tion to the preservation of their far from neglecting any of these health, and thus impairing consti- accomplishments. But oare they tutions which might have been ren- calculated to prove the resource dered strong and robust.”: The or even the attraction of advancing • learned professor has here given a life? They will scarcely prove a very moderate enumeration of the distinction to her in the period of multiplicity of pursuits which detain middle age, and still tess as she in their complex trammels the poor advances in years; for wisdore and girl from air and exercise, and, what pietý are the only ornaments that is perhaps no less essential to pto. can adorn grey hairs.' si stii ... duce vigour of body and mind, from I by no means mean, that any of liberty of thought and action. .,' these acquirements should be de :
Leaving for the present the great spised or neglected; but they should question of health, let us consider be so pursued as not to endanger the advantages which are actually the loss of what is of far superior obtained from this early drudgeryı value. " There is a time for all of the elegant galley slavé, "fasu: things, and a place also ; and it tened" as she is ' to the galling oar" ! is by the just appropriation of all gt: 136
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the parts to their proper time and no ear.” And is not his remark place that the excellency of the strengthened by the consideration, whole will be secured. But it will that the acquisition of an accom: be replied, “ Is not youth the plishment, where there is no talent time for education ?" Most true; for it, is greatly more laborious, and but the great business of education consequently more likely to be in should be to teach us to think and jurious, than where it is voluntarily aet, and so to strengthen, cultivate, pursued. More time and atten. and direct the mental and bodily tion are required, much more powers, that we may both think and coercion is necessary, and many a act to good purpose. The pursuit disobedient fit, with its consequent of improvement and knowledge also punishment, is thereby produced. ought to be commensurate with our Even if a child have a musical lives; and early education should turn, she must begin to learn early, in be so conducted as to lay a good order to arrive at excellence ; but foundation for this constant endea- it is not necessary that she should vour. · No opinion can be more in- learn to play on more than one in. jurious to the mind, either of the strument at once: a second may as mother or the daughter, than that well furnish a new pursuit for a more education is completed at the age leisurely season. The same necessity of eighteen. The necessary materials for beginning early does not exist ought by that time to be obtained, with regard to the pencil: many a and the faculties of the mind pre- fair hand has exhibited its bewitchpared for the acquisition of useful ing skill which never drew a stroke knowledge; and this with a view to in the school-room. Nor can it be the future duties of life, and not requisite to teach more than one that the young person may come language at a very early period of forth merely to display her skill in the child's education. French, act accomplishments.
cording to modern custom, seems The injury to health, and proba- almost essential in genteel life; and bly to the mental powers also, arises where the circumstances of the from too many things being taught parents will admit of a foreign assisin a given time. Why should it be tant to the governess, it is acquired necessary for a girl, more than for a with comparative ease. Italian boy, to be taught every thing she is might surely be postponed till a to know before she is eighteen years vacant hour: and so on with respect of age? Without entering into the to German, Spanish, and the whole question, whether or not, in the circle of modern and ancient laneducation of boys, too much time is guages, till the fair student, if she assigned to the acquisition of clas- have leisure, capacity, and inclinad sical learning, the results of male tion, may acquire as many as renand female education authorise us dered Elizabeth Smith herself so to affirm, that it is not indispensible eminent. that all branches of knowledge We might probably find many should be taught before that period. other things which might as well, or And let the brother and the sister, even better, be deferred to a later usually speaking, be compared in period ; but so much at least ought after life in their respective lines, to be laid aside as to leave sufficient and then let the estimate be fairly time for air, exercise, and liberty. made, as to which has most profited Even air and exercise, if taken in a by education."
prescribed form or a constrained Is not Sir Astley Cooper justified, manner, will produce but little benefit when he terms iti" the extreme of in comparison with that which will folly" to compel children to pass result from freedom being added to hours over "- pursuits for which they them. When sét at liberty the have no taste," such as is making bilarity of children revives, the ania them learn music when they have mal spirits flow, and cheerfulness
stimulates both body and mind to and mind in her pupils to mere healthful exertion. Something is sickly ornament, should dismiss planned, means are devised to carry them in possession of the foundation it into execution, and the difficulties and means of acquiring knowledge, which are to be overcome, as well rather than as having actually be as the dangers which incidentally come highly accomplished profiarise, are all so many useful trainings cients. to the character. A cricket-ball But let us not blame the conducu may injure one's son; but would we tors of schools, while we require on that account wish or advise, that more things to be taught at them all manly athletic sports should be than the time will properly allow; prohibited in the boy's play-ground? nor, while our girls, even at home, Let us carry nothing to excess. are seldom loosed from the tramThere should be a due proportion mels of incessant tuition, let us be of restraint and discipline, of liberty displeased at the want of sufficient and play. Nor, because the girl is exercise at school, since the diffinot to acquire the robust masculine culty of giving liberty will always habits of her brother, is she to be bear a direct proportion to the deprived of that exercise of youth- numbers subjected to control..., ful gaiety and freedom which may, An aged and retired individual most probably, ensure to her good · might have felt some hesitation in health and strong nerves, and con- thus attempting to stem the strong duce, at the same time, to the ex- current of custom, had she not been pansion of the powers of her mind. supported by such an authority as
While the fetters of custom, the that of Sir Astley Cooper. She inducements of vanity, and the ex- is still conscious of the weakness of pectation of being able more suita. her attempt ; but should her paper bly to fix our daughters in life, all be the means of bringing his opiconcur to perpetuate the modern nions into wider circulation, or system of education, we can scarcely should it call forth the observations expect that reason alone should of some more able pen, it will not break these shackles among people have been written in vain. of the world. But may we not hope
ΝΗΦΑΛΙΟΣ. better things from religious parents? Will they not, in points so essential to the real well-being of their offspring, come forward and “ be separate?" Tothe Editorofthe Christian Observer. be separate in saving their little ones from the risk of becoming It would be gratifying to one of sickly, enervated creatures, and in your constant readers, if you would qualifying them, by the blessing of extend the circulation of the folGod on their rational endeavours, lowing useful remarks by allowing for the right, and even dignified them a place in your miscellany discharge of the duties of every They are copied, in substance, from station which it belongs to the a late Number of a cotemporary female to fill.is,
periodical work. The incident to Still less can we expect a better which they relate forms a striking mode to be adopted in seminaries for contrast to thosc disingenuous ar girls, unless the example is set in tifices by which a precarious credit private families, and stipulated for by is often sustained, till at length the the parents who send their children individual and those who have res to them. How can any one teach posed confidence in him are in who has no pupils ? and what school- volved in a common 'ruini How mistress would procure scholars in much more truly honourable was the present day who, by the adop- the conduct of the humble tradestion of more enlarged views, and man alluded to in the following preferring health and vigour of body anecdote, both in the early dis
may meet the
closure of his difficulties, and in his doubt, whether, in these cases, there subsequent proceedings, than if, like was much sacrifice of comfort, or, some who affect a high standard of perhaps, even much departure from worldly reputation, and the nicest the ordinary style of living : cersense of honour, he had unjustly tainly there were not the long-conand unfeelingly persisted to the last tinued and severe privations to which in living on the property of others, the subject of this notice submitted. and stood prepared with the deadly It is thought proper, therefore, that weapons of the duellist to
prove his such an instance of true nobleness title to the distinction of a gentle- of mind in humble life should not man !
be. withheld from public view. It In the year 1805, a small trades
of some who may man, in a country town in Somerset. learn from it a useful lesson ; of shire, became so much embarrassed some perhaps, who, with an ardent in luis affairs, that he thought it no desire to act in a similar manner, more than an honest part to make are discouraged by the extent of known his situation to his credi. their obligations, or by continued tors. The consequent investigation incumbrances, from entertaining a which took place terminated in an hope that this desirable result will assignment of bis effects, which, ever be placed within their reach. , when sold, produced a dividend of The mere man of the world will nine shillings and four pence in the think, that when he has given up pound, and be received a discharge his all amongst his creditors, and from all further claims. But, al. has obtained their discharge, he though thus legally acquitted, and needs give himself no further conwith little prospect of realizing his cern about them.
But the çon intention, this honest man formed scientious Christian will judge very the honourable resolution of at- differently. He surely cannot contempting at least, to satisfy what sider any property strictly his appeared to him to be the obligations own, whilst he is conscious that of unalterable justice, by making there are others to whose misplaced up the deficiency to all his creditors. confidence it must be imputed that It is true, the sum required was they are deprived of what he now small, not quite 901.: but his means possesses.
Although disengaged were proportionably inadequate, from further responsibility by hụhaving now nothing but his daily man laws, he must acknowledge the labour from which it could be ob- authority of a higher tribunal. To tained, after defraying his necessary satisfy claims founded in justice, yet expenses; and his wages were dis beyond the reach of civil coercion, couragingly low, not having averag- is truly honourable, and may be ed, to the present time, more than considered as a most important test twelve shillings a-week. Poor ac- of sincerity, and of the influence of commodations and elothing, coarse religious principle upon the heart. fare, and hard work, have at length, Yet, if this be admitted as a fair in the present year (1824), 'enabled criterion, what must be said of any him, through the Divine blessing, to who, though prominent for their accomplish his purpose. The cre- attention to religious duties, do no ditors have all been paid in full, and more than what human courts of have estimated bis integrity so high- judicature teach, leaving the claims ly, that they have thought proper of impartial justice neglected, and to acknowledge their sense of it by unsatisfied?
Z. W. A. a handsome present.
The writer of this article is ac, quainted with more than one in stance of like honourable conduct; Tothe EditoroftheChristian Observer. and he means not to derogate from I have seen many papers in your the merit of others by expressing a work on the subject of Musical
Performances, and am desirous of calm, animates the Christian Warrior drawing the attention of your readers in his confict, and refreshes his to a custom which, I think, is too drooping spirit when clogged or common in nearly all musical cir. withering amidst the vexations of a cles; I mean, that of mixing sacred sinful world. music and music not sacred in the
“ Devotion borrows music's tone, same performance.
And music takes devotion's wing; Music, simple music, differs ma- And as the bird that hails the sun terially from music employed as a They soar to heaven, and soaring sing." vehicle for the expression of senti- I would not obtrusively interfere ments; but sacred music belongs with the rational enjoyments of to the latter class, and of course is others, or pretend to dictate too entitled to that name only when minutely how they should be reconveying words of sacred origin or gulated, or in what quantities apsacred import
. If this definition portioned; but I trust I shall be be correct, it must be indecorous, permitted to urge this main suggesand even profane, to mix up in the tion, to avoid irreverence in Divine same performance musical pieces of subjects, and also an uncongenial sacred, of heathen, and of worldly mixture of them with things of character, and to pass promiscuously trifling import. from one to the other, without
C. W. any distinction but what arises from their musical interest ; to celebrate, for Tothe Editorofthe Christian Observer. instance, the achievements of the Deity, or chaunt the victories of the In advocating the cause of Infant Messiah, and then to sing the in- Schools, there is one objection which constancy of a lover, or exult in I have frequently heard brought the death of Acis.
against them, and which, if wellI am not about to enter any pro- founded, would be of serious contest against good and chaste music, sequence; namely, that they too merely because it is not sacred, early stimulate the minds of chil. when enjoyed at proper seasons, and dren, while at the same time they to a proper extent, and when its impede the development of their votaries are not led after it into physical powers, and lay a foundaplaces or companies they could not tion for bodily inactivity and loss of otherwise consistently enter. health. Every person, however, who
But the performance of sacred has witnessed the routine of these music is either a religious service, or institutions, must bear testimony it is taking in vain that Name, and that this is not the fact. The effect irreverently using those words, which of well-conducted Infant Schools belong exclusively to the Almighty is not only to improve the minds of and the revelation of his will, and tñe children, but also to benefit which must not be trifled with, or their health and constitution. While uttered without a specific meaning. they are taught the first elements of If it would be irreverent to read or knowledge, and are trained to virrecitę such passages in a thought. tuous and Christian habits, they are less or indifferent manner, the ad. also kept out of the way of many dition of suitable music to them of the ailments and accidents which cannot neutralise their character. are incident to the children of the
It is earnestly to be hoped, that poor in crowded towns they are truly sacred music will be kept up treated with kindness and affection; and cultivated by all who desire to their little sports and exercises are sing the songs of the redeemed on encouraged ; and even their lessons earth, or to unite in the eternal and school discipline are associated chorus of heaven. Such music with ideas of liberty and amuseawakens feelings of a celestial cha- ment.. racter, breathes into the soul a holy I feel much satisfaction in con