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PRAYER-BOOK AND HOMILY more for your encouragement. At preSOCIETY.
sent I conclude with praying, that the In our last Number we noticed the proceed- blessing of Almighty God, Father, Son, ings of this Society during the past year, in and Holy Ghost, may be with you, in thus translating and distributing the Formularies extending the religion of the Bible, and of the Church of England in foreign lan- the true worship of Him, who is a Spirit, guages :
: we shall now lay before our readers in a manner so consistent with his revealits operations, as respects the circulation ed word and will.” of copies in the vernacular tongue.
The number of bound books--that is, A correspondent resident in Turkey Prayer-books, Psalters, and Homilies-writes; “ The English Prayer-books are issued by this Society during the last very acceptable indeed to the sailors and year, is '9245; and of tracesnamely, other poor persons who come to our cha- Homilies, Articles of Religion, and Orpel; and, anticipating a fresh supply from dination Services,-102,705; besides 2000 you, I am already pledged to several. I copies of Prayers and Thanksgivings, sefind that those to whom I give books never lected from the Liturgy, in the Irish tongue fail to attend Divine Service when they and character. The measure also was again return to this port; and I am glad recommended, as furnishing a small tract to hold out any proper inducement to them peculiarly suitable to those who understand for this purpose."--In another letter, the Irish only, particularly the prisoners in juils, same clergyman states; “ On Sunday last, “ Many such have been brought,” says a we had a large congregation of sailors, correspondent, “ by the blessing of God recently arrived at this port, and among vouchsafed to the exertions of some exthem all there was but one Prayer-book. cellent men, to a certain sense of sin; and
Soon after the Rev. Mr. Düring, mis- it may be hoped that these prayers in their sionary to Africa, left this country for the own language will furnish them with that last time, 1000 Prayer-books were sent to which their understandings may follow him, to be disposed of in such a manner with facility, and which their hearts may as circumstances should render, most ad- feel. None but an Irishman," he says, visable. It had been hoped by the Chris- can fully estimate the importance of tian converts under his care-our fellow- presenting to the Irish people truly devont subjects, though not our countrymen- and scriptural prayers, and that in the that he would have brought these books language with which their feelings and prewith him; and, on the very day of his ar- judices are entwined.” This selection of rival, the general cry was, Master, have Prayers and Thanksgivings, however, was you brought plenty of Prayer-books?” by no means intended to supersede the When the ship came to port, on board of distribution of the Prayer-book itself in which the case with the Prayer-books was, the Irish tongue and character; and an and the circumstance had been announced, edition of 1500 copies was being printed great joy was occasioned; for the want of for the Society at Dublin. During the them had been much felt. In a letter to year, many copies of the Irish Prayerthe Secretary, Mr. Düring observed, “ The book have been distributed in a very judimanner in which the books were purchased cious manner. is a sufficient proof of the value put upon At home, in addition to supplying subthem. When I had opened the case con- scribers with books--which forms by far taining them, more than sixty were sold the most considerable part of the Society's at full cost price in less than an hour." proceedings,--they have endeavoured, as The conclusion of this letter, especially as far as the funds of the institution would written by one who has now entered into allow, to answer all such applications to rest, is very pleasing, “ Perhaps, at a the Society as brought before them urgent future period, I may be enabled to say cases of need which were not likely to be
relieved by other means. One object, crease of crime, but had very materially which has frequently been submitted to lessened it among those classes which, them, they strongly desire to prosecute, without the education therein afforded if funds at all adequate to demands so ex- them, are usually found to be among the tensive could be raised; namely, the sup- most profligate. ply of Merchant Seamen with Prayer- The Bishop of Exeter wished to add to books, upon the same or some similar plan this testimony, the fact which had been to that by means of which they are sup- stated, and remained uncontradicted
that plied with Bibles. The Committee were not one child educated in a National School making an experiment of this kind. The had been brought to justice : it had, infollowing extract from a letter, written by deed, happened, that, in a very few ina correspondent in Cornwall, will give an stances, children had been committed, who idea of the beneficial effects which might were said to be froin National Schools ; he expected from the more general circula- but it had been ascertained, that these tion of Prayer-books and Homilies among children had either been dismissed as inseafaring men. I have disposed of the corrigible; or had been so very short a whole contents of your parcel; and at this time in the school, as neither to have jmmoment all the Psalters and Homilies are bibed the principles there instilled, nor to in houses or ships, where they were great- have cast off the lawless habits which they ly needed. I presented an enlarged Psal. had acquired before their admission. ter to a poor man, and have been inform- Lord Calihorpe, in moving thanks to ed that it was made very useful in giving the president, adverted, in the following consolation to a fishermen on his dying manner, to the question which had been bed. A poor sailor, who had read the under discussion :Homily • On the Misery of Mankind by “ I cannot be insensible to the dangers Sin,' came to my house a week afterwards, to which the rising generation is exposed, and assured me, in his plain way, that it in an age of luxury and dissipation. It is had caused him to think of the value of a melancholy fact, that, in the calendars his soul. "I assure you,' said he, that of offences and in the prisons, so great a book made me weep. I am a great sin. number of juvenile delinquents is to be ner: I see that now plain enough.' A seen; but, were it not for this institution, shipmaster also met me in the street
, and I am perfectly persuaded, the number thanked me for the books I had given to would be far greater. The Church of Engone of his men.
land would have been unfaithful to her The Committee, in conclusion, earnest- character, and would have acted inconsistly beseech their friends never to forget ently with the cordial spirit of humanity that fundamental law of the institution, and Christian zeal which she is wont at all “ It is recommended to every member of times to display, if she had abstained from the Society to pray to Almighty God for a using her best endeavours to rescue the blessing on its designs, under the full con- rising generation from the danger to which viction, that, as all holy desires, all good it is exposed. The labours of the insti. counsels, and all just works, proceed from tution are to be the more highly appreciatHim; so all human exertion is vain, un- ed, because the schools under its direction less Ke prevent us in all our doings with are, in general, peculiarly well managed : his most gracious favour, and further us the instruction which is furnished in them with his continual help.”..
is most judiciously adapted to the age, the
mind, and the abilities of the scholars : NATIONAL-SCHOOL SOCIETY. the improvement is gradual and certain :
At the last annual meeting of this So- the system tends to cherish no principle of ciety, his Grace the Archbishop, the presi- irregular and mischievous exertion, no undent, in the chair, a discussion arose, the governed impulse; but rather a sober and substance of which we shall report as a re- chastised principle of action, giving the ply to an oft repeated but most extraordi- character, by degrees, a steady, consistent, nary allegation, that the education of the moral, and religious tone. We may surely poor tends to increase the mass of youth- anticipate that children, so brought up, ful criminality. General Thornton, on will preserve their earliest impressions ; that occasion, expressed his apprehension, and that it will be found that the Society that to the omission of some mode of enlists into the service of the Church the teaching the children to earn a subsistence operations of their mature judgment, and after they left the schools, was to be at- that their feelings and habits will contritributed the deplorable increase of juve- bute essentially to its stability and strength. nile delinquency; and suggested that half We may, indeed, already observe, that this the time of both boys and girls should be effect is produced. Besides, the benefit of occupied in some sort of laboour.
these schools is not a single one : it is not The President assured the Meeting, on confined to the first and immediate object; the authority of those best qualified to as- but is diffused on every side, and through certain the fact, as having been profession- various channels: the connexion which the ally enabled to pay the strictest attention system tends to establish between the to the subject, that the National Schools clergyman and his flock, in bringing him had not only not contributed to the in- into contact with the younger members of
it, is of incalculable advantage to both has been so long enveloped, and when the parties. We may therefore look forward, inestimable benefits of religious knowledge with full assurance, to the benefit to be de- will be diffused over that interesting secrived from the establishment of National tion of the world.” Schools throughout the kingdom.”
NEW-YORK AFRICAN FREE AMERICAN BIBLE SOCIETY.
SCHOOL. From the last Report of the American At a recent examination of the children Bible Society we copy the following inter- of the African Free School in New York, esting statements, respecting the increasing the members of the Common Council atcirculation of the Scriptures in the Spanish tended, by invitation of the Trustees of language.
the institution, and were highly gratified • The issues of Scriptures in the Spa- with the evidences of improvement exhinish language have materially increased. bited by the pupils. In a printed Report The Board have much pleasure in adding, of their visit, they say,
66 The answers of that there are strong reasons to believe, both boys and girls to questions in ariththat, in a short time, there will be a far metie and geography, especially that of greater demand for the Spanish Scriptures, our own country, were prompt and satisand more numerous opportunities of dif- factory: the performances in writing were fusing them.
neat, and in many instances highly orna« Already, individuals have been found, mental : the behaviour of the children was in many places in South America, and in orderly, and creditable to them and their other quarters, where the Spanish language teachers. The whole together furnished a is spoken-individuals of undoubted dis- clear and striking proof of the value of the eretion and fidelity-who have undertaken monitorial system of education, and of the to act as agents in receiving and circulating public spirit, and useful labours of those of the Seriptures. Already, some, of high our fellow-citizens, who have been able to standing, holding civil or ecclesiastical produce such specimens of improvement, offices, have expressed their warm appro- in the hitherto neglected and despised debation of the design and plans of the So scendants of Africa." ciety, and their readiness to co-operate in
The results have been similar in every its foreign transactions. Already, some part of the world where suitable efforts hundreds of copies of the Scriptures have have been made to instruct these “ negbeen confided to such gentlemen, and are lected and despised descendants of Afin a course of distribution. The Managers rica," whom some would doom to perpehave been assured, that, in many parts of tual ignorance and slavery. the Spanish possessions, the introduction of the Holy Oracles is unattended with BOMBAYNATIVE FREESCHOOLS. difficulty or danger-that the need is very The following is the present state of the great, even among the ministers of religion Native Free Schools in Bombay, and its --that the desire of possessing the pre- vicinity, under the direction of the Amecious volume is manifested to be ardent rican Missionaries. The schools are 26 by multitudes, who are able to read it in number. The number of children bethat the copies sent to several places have longing to them is 1,454; but their habits, been purchased or received, with much and light esteem for education, render their alacrity and gladness, by persons of rank attendance so irregular that but 1,135 are in church and state, as well as many customarily present at the same time. others and that numbers, particularly The children are taught in the Mahratta ladies, have been observed reading the language only, reading, writing, arithmetic, Scriptures placed in their hands, with avi- grammar, geography, and some of the most dity and with fixed attention.
simple parts of astronomy, and other scien« With such accounts before them, with tific and general knowledge. Great pains the prospect of such opportunities of use- have been taken, and with very encouraging fulness, and of such assistance from men success, to draw their attention to the art of respectability, of intelligence, and of of reading, and to give it that importance piety, the Managers have determined to in the scale of education which it merits, extend the scale of their labours, as to but of which the natives themselves have no those countries where the Spanish language adequate conception. The Christian Scripis spoken. The Spanish Bible, in the version approved by the Roman Catholics schools, and such other ethical compen
tures are a principal class-book in all those is preparing; and só soon as the stereotype diums as are commonly used in English plates are finished, considerable suins will schools. The elements of Divine revelabecome requisite to pay for them, and for tion are taught in these schools in the most the publication of editions of the Scrip- plain and simple manner; and, though the tures from them. The Board feel their hope, children are not required to yield their asexpressed in the last Report, very strongly sent to them, yet the insensible and ulticonfirmed, that the time is near when the mate influence of those principles on their light of Divine truth will have dispelled youthful minds can hardly be doubtful. the darkness in which Spanish America These schools contain 136 Jewish children, CHRIST, OBSERV. No, 274.
and 34 femelés, of whom 29 are Jewestes. ceeded their expectations. The whole exIt is but very lately that the Missionaries pense of schools, with the exception of 500 have made particular exertions to bring rupees, has been defrayed by the friends female children into a course of instruction, of the mission in Americas and the success of their efforts has far ex
too plainly the abject and degraded FRANCE. --The first public act of the state to which this unhappy country is new king bas been to rescind the cen- reduced. Undisguised despotism and sorship of the press, which had been servile obedience are the avowed prinrevived only for a temporary purpose. ciples upon which the existing governThe country presents an aspect of apo ment is founded ; and the mass of the parent tranquillity; but the spirit of people, except in the commercial hostility to the diffusion of liberal towns, seem satisfied that such a state education and scriptural knowledge of affairs should continue, or at least has not diminished. The Jesuits, in are afraid to risk any expression of a particular, who are acquiring great contrary opinion. influence, are said to be exerting GREECE.--Accounts have arrived, themselves indefatigably to restore from various quarters, of the signal dethe reign of ignorance and bigotry. feat of the Turkish expedition against
SPAIN.-The temper in which the Samos. The bravery and success of agents of government conduct their the Greeks on this occasion are reportmeasures for the suppression of the ed to have been very conspicuous.--We principles of the late Constitution, and deeply regret to find that a misunder; their latent fears that those principles standing had occurred between our are far from being extinct, are strik- governor in the lonian islands and ingly evinced in a recent circular from the Greek authorities. It appears that the general superintendent of the por some European captains had let out lice, to all the agents in that depart their vessels to the Turks for the tranment throughout the country. The sport of troops, ammunition, and prosuperintendent complains, that " be visions, in their expedition against the tween the police and the other public Greeks; in consequence of which the bodies there are nothing but odious Greek Provisional Government issued rivalries and open and scandalous op a proclamation, declaring that vessels positions;" and that a great part of and crews thus circumstaneed should those agents, far from considering be considered as not belonging to themselves paid to defend the throne, neutral powers, but be proceeded serve only to weaken it by their divi against as enemies, and as such be sions. The superintendent reminds attacked, captured, or destroyed. them, that " religion and the king”. Among those who had thus disgraceshould be their exclusive motto;, and fully chartered their vessels to the that it is their duty to search out, and Turks, in this barbarous and anti: utterly to exterminate, all the friends Christian war, it is to be lamented that of the late Constitution. Nothing some of the subjects of the British short of this, he affirms, can tranquil government were included; in favour lize the kingdom; and in case any of of whom, and on the principle of neu: those to whom his circular is address- trality, Sir Frederick Adam, our comed shall appear in the slightest de missioner at the lonian isles, demandgree lukewarm in prosecuting this ed a revocation of the proclamation; paramount object, he threatens them which being refused, instructions that punishment shall burstupon them were issued to capture all armed veswith the force and celerity of a thun- sels equipped under the authority of derbolt from a dark cloud. “ The the Greek' Provisional Government. sword hangs over the head of all who We have no apprehensions, with the dare even to think otherwise " than is warm feelings which happily exist in prescribed in this diandatory circular. this country in favour of the oppress. Such an official document shews buted Greeks, that our government will be at all inclined to sanction so hostile A powerful sensation has been exa proceeding; and indeed already it is cited throughout the country during reported that an accommodation has the last few weeks by the arrest and taken place; but we regret that even commitment of Mr. Fauntleroy, à for a moment any misunderstanding gentleman moving in a highly respectshould occur, which might tend to able rank in life, on several charges damp the energies of a nation con- of extensive forgery. Till his case tending for life, for liberty, for relis has passed under the decision of a gion, for all that is dear to the parties jury, we are unwilling to allude to it themselves, or calculated to excite re- more pointedly than circumstances so spect and sympathy in the spectators extraordinary seem to require. Mr. of the contest.' We feel most warmly Fauntleroy, who was a partner in a for the honour of the British flag; but banking-house of opulence and crewe do not think that it would have dit, is charged with forging several been at all tarnished, by refusing its powers of attorney, by means of which protection to those who prostitute it he received and applied to his own in so disgraceful'a serviceas that which use very large sums of money. His called forth the Greek Proclamation. conduct has led to the bankruptcy of The strict principle of neutrality, we the firm with which he is connected, conceive, would have required that and to the ruin of numerous indivithose who engaged in this service duals for whom he was engaged in should at least do it at their own risk, pecuniary transactions. The particueven if it was not thought expedient lar manner in which the sums which to adopt the more decisive measure of passed through his hands have been prohibiting their engaging in it at all. squandered can only be matter of
public conjecture ; but we should not DOMESTIC.
do justice to the warning which his We have now to report the success case holds out to society, if we did not of the British arms in two quarters, in add, that what are generally styled which we had at first met with some “ dissipated habits” are stated to have partial reverses. In the East Indies, been the cause of his alleged guilt and our troops have taken possession of misfortunes. How loudly does such the town of Rangoon, and are thus an example address persons moving masters of the principal harbour of in opulent and public circles to bethe Burmese empire. The town was ware of the temptations often incident evacuated by the enemy without blood to their station! They instinctively shed: the members of the govern- recoil at the brutal and atrocious ment fled at the approach of our troops, crimes of a Thurtell; while perhaps, and left in our possession the prisoners they indulge, with little consideration whom they had seized at the com- of iheir criminality, in some of those mencement of hostilities, among whom !eniently named “dissipations” which, were Mr. Wade and Mr. Hough, the in the instance under consideration, American Missionaries. The priso- are alleged to have issued in a course hers were found heavily chained, and of systematic fraud and rapiñe. Most expecting instant death. In 'Africa, justly do the sacred Scriptures warn the Ashantees are said to have been us to “ beware of covetousness," to routed. They had collected in large “ flee youthful lusts," and to close up numbers nearCapeCoastCastle, where, every inlet to vice and temptation. being attacked by the British com- The more difficult it seems to account mander, they appear to have experi- for the conduct charged against Mr. enced a defeat, and been obliged to Fauntleroy, or to conjecture motives retreat. We trust that this event may sufficiently powerful to have induced hasten on the termination of hostili- a person in an easy and affluent staties with these poor pagans, who, 'we tion of life thus to expose himself to fear, in too many instances, have cause almost inevitable ignominy and ruin, to consider their more enlightened the stronger will the necessity appear Christian neighbours as aggressors of guarding against the first approaches on their rights and independence, and of temptation, and of keeping at the think themselves justified in prevent-, utmost distance from scenes of vanity ing, by whatever means, their further and dissipation. encroachments.