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during the intermediate term to what may who did. No small portion of the diffifit us for living in this foreign land ; the culties which have always beset Christians, case is widely altered : we begin to in- arises from a similar cause : from the ge quire, Is it certain that there iš such a neral discountenance which earnest piety country? has this stranger unlimited power and Christian circumspection meet with. in it ? are his offers to be trusted without The dread of this keeps multitudes still scruple? And even if all this were prov- at a distance from God; and thus deprives ed to our entire satisfaction, how seldom them of the happiness resulting from the would the present sacrifice be submitted conscious possession of his favour, which to, as it was by the primitive Christians ? nothing short of an entire devotion to his For certainly those who first embraced the service can procure. And the feeling of religion of Jesus, had no notion of a gra- this discouragement cannot but occasiontuitous offer of eternal happiness.” pp. ally disturb the comfort of other more 357-359.

consistent believers. Again :

“ The remainder of corruption adhering “ It would be good, if all those who

to those who do cordially embrace Chrismay demur with regard to the difficulty tianity, is another cause of the imperfect of changing the moral habits of a commu

happiness it procures to them. They have nity, or of forming a sect which should received an impression, with a force which walk by faith and not by sight,' and pre- nothing but the Christian religion could fer things eternal to things temporal, would

have employed, of the dreadful consequen

ces of sin. They have declared war against try the experiment, and see how much it. costs to convert an individual. There are

it, and are striving for the mastery. But few who have not among their acquain

the enemy still makes head; is always tance some who are living in habits incon- restless; and will sometimes prevail

. This sistent with the Gospel, and which must

cannot but occasion disquietude. "A reexclude them, if persevered in, from the medy is proposed to a diseased constituhopes of the Gospel. Let them try to re

tion; is accepted, and tried. But from

the nature of the constitution, and inveclaim these acquaintances, by setting before them the threatenings and the pro

teracy of the disease, the effect of the remises of God, the offer of mercy, brought medy is incomplete. Still the patient, if by his Son Jesus, and all those truths

not in perfect health, is in a much better

condition than he would have been withwhich had such powerful effects in Greece and Asia. We would not say that they that the man who is struggling against his

out the remedy. And so none will deny may not prevail : it is an attempt which is constantly making, and not unfrequently

evil passions, and keeping them in subjecsuccessful ; but this we may safely affirm, tion, is in a much better moral state than that those who try it, will not pretend he would have been by giving loose to that they have had an easy conquest; and

them: though he cannot enjoy shat perthat those who are persuaded, will allow

fect tranquillity which might belong to a that no trifling victory has been gained heart brought into complete conformity

with the will of God. over them. And this in a country where Christianity is supported by all the exter

“ These are among the reasons why nal advantages which long establishment, Christians are often distinguished by a

seriousness of deportment, which is ill national profession, zealous and learned

understood by those who are strangers to ministers, and multitudes of sincere believers, can supply.” pp. 370, 371.

their feelings, and misinterpreted as me

lancholy and gloom. Some persons are The twelfth chapter treats of the acutely sensible of that open ridicule, or effects of Christianity on the pre- even that silent contempt, with which resent happiness of mankind. On the ligion is too often treated in the world. common objection, that religion is Others are tremblingly alive to those rean enemy to cheerfulness, and en- mains of corruption which they daily genders gloom and despondency, discover in their hearts, and afraid to take Mr. Sumner has the following pious fear it would be presumptuous to indulge. a lower depth will still remain ; multi- elevated standard of moral duty tudes will still be found, for whom the and practical religion, and his conmeanest standard of religion is too high.

home to themselves a comfort which they and sensible remarks.

What shall we say then? To escape the “ The first Christians, in particular, censure of the thoughtless and profane, were tanght to expect tribulation. And must principles be lowered down to a this tribulation was to come upon thiem, standard which none shall think too lofty ? because their brethren refused to listen to This will hardly be proposed; for we the Gospel, and chose to persecute those know, that to whatever depth we descend, (To be continued.)

cern for the best and highest inteOr will it be argued, that, because a nature

rests of mankind. originally sinful cannot be altogether pu

Mr. Sumner's style is in general rified, therefore it should not be meddled with? That, because evil propensities pure, correct, and luminous; but we cannot be entirely subdued, therefore have found it sometimes heavy, and they should not be opposed ? None will occasionally a little obscure. This avow this ; yet anxiety respecting the suc- ' obscurity arises not from any concess of a contest against sin must be in- fusion of ideas, but, we apprehend, separable from such a contest; and those from an error, not very uncommon alone can be without anxiety, who never resist their passions, or endeavour to re- ing them to imagine that what they

among deeply thinking men, leadgulate their hearts." pp. 383–386.

have clearly present before their The remainder of the chapter is own minds, they can, without difintended to shew, that Christianity ficulty, convey clearly to the minds promotes the present well-being of of others. We have sometimes obman, by “consoling affliction," by served a careless and ambiguous use “ providing for the establishment of of the pronoun it; a word of little religious principles," and by“ pro- dimensions, but of no little imporviding for the gradual improvement, tance and no easy management in intellectual and moral, of the whole writing. Our author, we are sure, human race."

will excuse this criticism, which Here we must close our review of perhaps he may deem too minute, Mr. Sumner's volume. Our gene- and believe us, when we express ral opinion of it will be readily col- our wish and hope that his pen may lected from the foregoing remarks not lie idle, but may long continue and extracts. We consider it both its able and most beneficial exera valuable and a seasonable addition tions in the great cause of Chris to the Christian library. The au- tianity, by fresh endeavours to illusthor's reasoning is conducted with trate its evidences, or to explain great fairness. His matter is almost and recommend its doctrines. always sensible and judicious : oc- We must now reluctantly take our casionally, it is striking, original, leave of the first work on our list, or profound. He impresses his reserving our notice of the other reader with that respect which al- two for the next Number. Mr. ways arises from a union of sound. Sumner has exhibited the internal ness in argument, and decision in strength of Christianity; Mr. Benprinciple, with sobriety of tone and son has obviated its alleged difficul

The unbeliever will have ties; while Mr. Faber has boldly no reason to complain of any want made an incursion into the enemy's of due courtesy or Christian bene- country, and shewn the “ difficulvolence. And, with regard to the ties of infidelity." This three-fold true Christian, what will chiefly re- cord, we are persuaded, cannot be commend this volume to him, is the broken by the force, or untwined vein of unaffected piety which runs by the sophistry, of scepticism and through it; the seriousness and cor- infidelity. rectness of the author's views; his

manner.

LITERARY AND PHILOSOPHICAL INTELLIGENCE,

&c. &c.

GREAT BRITAIN.

Works of Sir William Temple. --The PREPARING for publication :- The Doc- Miscellaneous Works of Addison. The trine of Election, by the Rev. W. Ha. Works of Jonathan Swift." milton, D.D. ;-The Historical Works of A late Act, to amend the several Acts for Sir James Balfour ;-Bishop Middleton the Encouragement of Banks for Savings of Calcutta's Sermons and Charges ;- in England and Ireland, enacts, That afA Course of Sermons for the Year, byter the 20th of November, 1824, no sums the Rev. J. Pitman.

shall be paid into any savings' bank in In the Press :-The Fourth Volume of England of Ireland, by any person, withthe Rev. Mr. Grant's History of the Eng- out disclosing his or her name to the truslish Church and Sects, to 1810;—The tees of such bank; and it shall not be Rev. Mr. Fry's Dictionary of the Chris- lawful for trustees to receive from any one tian Church,

depositor, any sum or sums exceeding 50%.

in the whole during the year next ensuing; By his Majesty's special command, will or exceeding 301. in the whole, exclusive bo published, early in the ensuing year, in of interest, in any one year afterwards, one volume 400., " Joannis Miltoni Angli ending on the 20th of November ; nor to De Doctrina Christiana, Libri duo post- receive from any depositor any sum or humi, nunc primum Typis Mandati, edente sums whatever, which shall make the sum, C. R. Sumner, M.A." At the same to which such depositor shall be entitled, time will be published, uniform with the exceed 2001. in the whole, exclusive of above, a Treatise on Christian Doctrine interest : but depositors may withdraw by John Milton, translated from the ori- such sums, and again deposit the same, or ginal, by Charles R. Sumner, M.A., Lib- other sums, not exceeding the amounts rarian and Historiographer to his Majesty, aforesaid, during any such year. And and Prebendary of Worcester.

persons entitled to any benefit from any In the year 1795, when his late Majesty, savings' bank shall not make any deposit was about to visit Weymouth, and wished in any other savings' bank, and shall make to have what he called " a closet library" a declaration to that effect; and in case for a watering place, he wrote to his any such declaration shall not be true, bookseller for the following works. The every such person shall forfeit all right to list was written from memory, and is any deposit in every such savings' bank. copied from the original document in the Sir Humphrey Davy has been engaged King's own hand-writing, by Mr. Dibden in during the months of July and August, in his last publication. We omit the dates, pursuing various philosophical researches editions, and number of volumes, which along the coasts of Norway, Sweden, and are appended by his Majesty with the Denmark. He has ascertained that his greatest bibliographical accuracy.

principle of preserving the copper sheath“ The Holy Bible, 2 vols. 8vo. Cam. ing of ships by the contact of 1-200th of bridge. -New Whole Duty of Man.- iron succeeds perfectly in the most rapid The Annual Register. The History of sailing, and in the roughest sea. England, by Rapin.-Elémeng' de l’Hig- A source of danger from the use of culitoire de France, par Millot.--Siêcle de nary vessels of copper, is alluded to by Louis XIV. par Voltaire.-Siècle de Louis Sir H. Davy; namely, that weak solutions of XV. par Voltaire.-Commentaries on the common salt, such as are made by adding Laws of England, by William Black- & little salt for boiling vegetables, act

-The Justice of Peace, and Parish strongly upon copper, although strong ones Officer, by R. Burn.-An Abridgement do not affect it. of Samuel Johnson's Dictionary.--Dic- The marble bust of the lamented Dr. E. tionnaire François et Anglois, par M. A. D. Clarke, by Chantrey, is now placed Boyer. The works of the English Poets, in the vestibule of the University Library, by Sam. Johnson.-A Collection of Poems, Cambridge, among those fine specimens of by Dodsley, Pearch, and Mendez. A ancient architecture which that celebrated Select Collection of Poems, by J. Nichols. traveller brought from Greece. Shakespeare's Plays, by Steevens. A philosophical lamp has been lately inEuvres de Destouches, 5 vols. The vented on the following principle :- A stream of hydrogen gas, passing over finely the following extract, from the report on granulated platinum, inflames it. The which it was grounded. contrivance consists in retaining a quan- “ The individual zeal of the laborious tity of hydrogen gas over water; which is men who have devoted themselves to these perpetually produced by a mixture of a arid studies is not enough: it requires to small quantity of zinc and sulphuric acid, be favoured and seeonded by a powerful and which, being suffered to escape by’a hand. Why should that not be done now small stop-cock, passes over a little scoop, for Oriental literature, which was done in containing the platinum, which it instantly the 16th and 17th centuries, for the study infiaines. From this a candle or lamp of antiquity and classical literature ? may be lighted, and the metal extinguished Might not a collection of the principal by a small cap being put over it.

stone.

Oriental works be undertaken, which The climate of London, as dependent should be published under the auspices of on its atmospheric phenomena, hrs bcen your majesty; also the great Byzantine illustrated as follows, by Mr. J. F. Daniels, collection, the collection of the council and in his " Metecrological Essays." The of the historians of France, formerly exemear pressure of the atmosphere, as de- cuted at the royal printing-office? It noted by the barometer, is 29-881 inches would be easy for the royal printing-ofice of mercury. The range being from 30-82 to execute this undertaking without inters to 28-12 inches, and mean daily fluctua- ruptirg the ordinary course of its labours, tion .015 inch. The mean temperature and even without incurring any consideraderived from the daily maxima (its mean abie expense. Pupils are maintained in being 56 deg. 1 min.) and the minima that establishment to be instructed in the (its mean being 42 deg. 5 min.) of the typographical management of Oriental thermometer of Parenheit, is 49 deg. characters. 5 min.: the range from 90 to 11 deg, “ The French literati will, I doubt not, The force of radiation from the sun ave- be eager to concur in this important enterrages 23 deg. 3 min. in the day, and that prise, and to contribute, by their attention from the earth at night 4 deg. 6 min.: and their councils, to the new monuments the highest temperature of the sun's rays which your majesty will consecrate to the 154 deg., and the lowest temperature on glory of letters and of France.” the surface of the earth 5 deg. The mean Twenty-eight curious Armenian inscripdew point 44 deg. 5 min., and the range tions, collected by an Armenian priest, of the dew point from 70 to 11 deg. : the have been translated by M. Klaproth. pressure of the vapour varying with it The following is a specimen: Above from 0.770 inch to 0.103 inch. The great. Mount Araz stands an ancient church, est degree of dryness, or least degree of upon one of whose columns, on the right moisture, as indicated by the author's hy- hand, we read the following: “ Christ, gromatic seale of 389, was 29 deg. Creator, remember Grigor, Lord of Ken

Not less than 30,000 power looms are touniatz." In the Armenian province of now in use in the district that surrounds Chirag is a very large and handsome Manchester. According to a calculation, chureh, with a beaatiful dome. On the that every person employed in spinning north side is the following inscription :produces 900lbs. per annum, the number “ By the favour and grace of the mereiful of persons employed is 161,111; the num- God, I, Zak'haré, Mandatour Takhoutses, ber of spindles employed is 9,666,666; Amir Sbassalar of the Armenians and and the capital invested in buildings and Georgians, son of the great Sarkis, have machinery 10,000,0001.

enriched, to the astonishment of all the FRANCE.

world, and at my own expense, the church The French Institute have offered a of St. Haridjaï, for the preservation of the gold medal of the value of 1500 francs, life of my mistress, the pious Queen Thafor the best paper on the following subject: mar, as well as for my salvation, and that “ What were the provinces, towns, cas- of my brother Iwané, our sons Chahanchah tles, and estates acquired in France by Phi- and Awak, and of my parents. I have lip-Augustus ? how did he acquire them? built in it a fortress, domes, and towers, which of those domaios he disposed of by at a great expense. I have endowed it gift, by sale, and by exchange ; and which with all that is necessary for its embellishhe retained and united to the crown." ment. I have given to this church one of

Great attention is now paid in France my villages, named Mak’haris, situated to the cultivation of Oriental studies. The in the vicinity of this holy place, which I king has recently given his sanction to a have concentrated to the holy Virgin, toplan, the nature of which will appear from gether with all the appurtevances, such as mills, moantains, waters. I have insti- society.' The natives seem disposed to tuted a daily service before the principal enter very generally into the cultivation of altar, where mass is to be read for me. a root which they see is so productive with Those who shall corne efter me shall be little trouble, and to the use of which none obliged to observe this institution to the of their customs or prejudices offer any memory of my family, and they will be impediment. blest of God and all his saints. But those NEW SOUTH WALES. who shail oppose and wish to weaken this A tread-mill for grinding flour has lately institution more or less, shall be cursed been erected in Sydney by Government, like Cain and Judas, and be condemned which answers só well as an object of of God, if they take by force aught of the terror to criminals, and as a means of makproperty of the church, and of the 318 ing their punishment a source of profitable holy fathers and all other saints."

labour, that others were about to be estaINDIA.

blished on a more extensive scale. A quanIt is proposed to publish in Calcutta, tity of New Zealand flax had also been iman engraved map of tkat city, Eve feet four ported, which the female convicts in inches long, by two feet ten inches broad; the factory were taught to dress in the comprehending an area of about twenty New Zealand manner by two natives of square miles ; and shewing every street, that country, after which it is spun and lane, and road in the town, and the in- manufactured by the female convicts into eluded parts of the suburbs; and every various descriptions of cloth. Should this public office and private dweling, with manufacture be properly encouraged and their courts and offices. It is also in con- conducted, it may not only prove a profittempa tian to establish wet docks in the able way of employing the female convicts, pieighbourhood of Calcutta.

whose bad characters unfit them for family CEYLON.

servants, but, by encouraging the New At a late meeting of the literary and Zealanders to raise a commodity which agricultural society of Ceylon, very fa- they can barter for useful European artivourable reports were read stating the pro- cles, may, in the end, allure them from gress of the plantations of potatoes esta- acts of murder and cannibalism to that of blished in the Kandyap provinces under raising an article by which all their various the direction and at the expense of the wants may be supplied.

THEOLOGY.

MISCELLANEOUS.

LIST OF NEW PUBLICATIONS.

Unitarianism, philosophically and theoMorning Meditations, or a Series of Re- logically examined; by the Rev. A. Kohflections, on various Passages of Scripture tinan. “I vol. 125. and Scriptural Poetry; by the Author of Sermons on the Fifty-first Psalm; by the Retrospect. 12mo. 45.

the Rev. J. Bull. Svo. 10s. Nouveaux Cantiques Chrétiens pour les A Letter to the Author of an Inquiry Assemblées des Enfans de Dieu ; com- into the Studies and Discipline in the two posés par César Malan, Ministre de Universities preparatory to Holy Orders Christ. 32mo. 23.

in the Established Church; by a Graduate An Assize Sermon, preachel at Vin- of Oxford. ls. 6d. chester, Aug. 3, 1824 ; by the Rev. John Christ's Victory and Triumph in HeaHaygarth, Rector of Upham, Hants, and ven and Earth over and after Death; by Chaplain to the High Sheriff.

Giles Fletcher; with a Biographical Sketch The Hebrew Bible, with points. 1l. Is. of the Author; printed from the edition

The Kebrew Bible, with English op- of 1610. 3s. posite. 12. Ils. 6d.

The Greek Testament, Text of Mills, Zoological Researches in Jaya and the with the Readings of Griesbach. 8s. Neighbouring Islands; by T. Horsfield,

Do. with English opposite. 12s. M.D. 1 vol. royal 4to. 81. &s.

The Bible, New Testament, and Com- Ancient Poetry and Romances of Spain; mon Prayer, in Greek, Latin, Italian, by John Bowring. I vol. post 8vo. 10s. 6d. Spanish, French, and German.

Cicero de Republica; recovered treaA Sermon preached at the Consecration tise of Cicero. 8vo. 12s. of the Lord Bishop of Jamaica and of the View of the Literature of the South of Lord Bishop of Barbadoes; by A. M. Europe ; by M. de Sismondi, translated Campbell, M. A. 2s. 4to.

with Notes, by Thomas Roscoe, Esq. 4 A Manual of Family Prayerg. 1s. 6d. large vols. 8vo. 2. 16s. bound, or fine paper. 38.

Heton's Pilgrimage of Jerusalem, from The Substance of Two Discourses upon the German of F. Stranss. 2 vols. 8vo. 16s. the Nature of Faith ; by a Prelate of the Flora Domestica. I vol. 8vo. 128. last Century. 4to. Is. 6d.

Report of the Committee of the Society, Bibliotheca Biblica, a select Listof Books for the Mitigation and Gradual A Polition on Sacred Literature; by William Orme. of Slavery, on June 25, 1824. 25. I vol. 8vo. 12s.

The Life of the Rev. John Wesley,

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