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we These The left fore-arm is zoth EditøreftheChristian

Obserocas hela horizontally a little forward or aleross the body and the right hand, the last Number of your work; passing under it with a quick mou page 502, 5 eircumstance is by tion, seems to grasp) something and mistake artributed to the late Lord is suddenly withdrawn.' 3." W w Byron which does not belong to 9* Exchange. - The two fore- him ; 'and whieli, therefore, no lover fingers are extended perpendicularly, of truth would desire to add to the and the hands are then passed by already too awful list of delinquen each other transversely in front cies which cannot be détached from of the breast, so as nearly to ex: the name of that tinhappy man change positions."' 7" Bidiini

Svine relater of the anecdote has 14 Ridinys on horseback. The (in all probability unconsciously index and middle finger of the right transferred to Lord Byror that batid tarėlistraddled over the left which referred to a friend and asindex finger, representing the rider sociate of his; who was greatly inand the horse ; these are then jolted deed his inferior in genius and ina förward to represent the trotting tellectual qualities, but, it is to be motion of the horse.''

feared, of congenial opinions and Be gniet, or be not alarmed, moral dispositions. or have patience. The palm of the In Ju

In July 1816, an English party hand is held towards the person.' visited the mountains and glaciers -11

** Fish... Hold the upper edge' around the mighty Mont Blanc. In of the hand horizontally, and agini several of the albums or registers ať tate it in the manner of a fan, but the hotels, they had the pain of more rapidly, in imitation of the reading the autograph of Percy motion of the tail of the fish.' in Bysshe Shelley, with the uniform

9:06 Fool. The finger is pointed appendix of impious sentiments to the forehead, and the hand is then expressed in studious boldness of held vertically above the head, and phrase,' sometimes in 'dogmatical rotated on the wrist two or three brevity, and sometimes'with declatimes. '16

matory affectation. Some of these;" “Snake.The fore-finger is ex. so far as I can recollect, were in tended horizontally and passed along French, and others in English. ' In] forward in a serpentine line. This

This one of the books, and I think it was is also used to indicate the Snake that in the Hôtel d'Angleterre at nation of Indians.'»i — .'}" lor] Chamouni, Mr. Shelley had annexed

Esdi The Indian sign for a squnt is to his name, natural, but would not answer for a" tidn pokparıkos, pilavopw#oratod," universal sign for a woman: it is; ' και άθεος. however, applicable to the general Immediately under" this horrid habits of the natives' west of the avowal, the person who is now Mississippi. Tiril

addressing you wrote, " <Bepudw.. The hands are passed Et per t'anec Neyet

, ywpoco tempo from the top down each side of the "μη, ψευστης.

10 chi1991 head, indicating the parting of the Though I have no memorandum* hair on the top, and its flowing of these inscriptions, and am wrifing clown each side! II 2!!!). 1.3.1 from recollection, I have the im

to faithe two excellent volumes pression on my memory so strongly of travels, entitled, Long's Expe-2 fixed as to be persuaded that there? dition to the Rocky Mountains,' is no material error.' It can scarcely compiled by Dr, Edwin James, one be necessary to say, that the ahus of the party, lis found as collection - sion in the reply is to Psalm xiv. 1151 of 050 or more words defined by t «-The fool hath said in his heart

JI signs, as used by the Indians as tsub there is no God." grosu yo bataga

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Many of your readers will recol- their surplices such hoods as do lect that Mr. Shelley was drowned, severally appertain unto their desome months ago, by the sudden grees." oversetting of a pleasure boat in the It appears to me that every grasea near Leghorn.


duated clergyman who does not wear his hood, may with equal consistency lay aside his surplice, as

the canon makes no distinction in Tothe Editorofthe Christian Observer. favour of the one above the other. Observing that many clergyman most negligent observer of esta

It will not surely be urged by the never wear their university hoods, blished forms or formularies, that an I think it may not be improper to direct their attention to the 58th

exact conformity to the letter of canon ; which ordains, that “every attended with any inconvenience.

the law can in the present case be minister saying the public prayers, I hope therefore that those graduated or ministering the sacraments, or other rites of the church, shall wear

clergymen who have hitherto shewn a decent and comely surplice with

so little inclination to display the sleeves, to be provided at the charge badges of their relationship to their of the parish. Furthermore, such

" alma mater," will in future apministers as are graduates shall wear

pear in their proper habiliments. upon their surplices, at such times,

It can only be negligence that presuch hoods as by the orders of the

vents it; for no clergyman surely in universities are agreeable to their

the present age is actuated by the degrees.” And in the 17th canon

scruple of the old Nonconformists. it is enjoined, that “such as are

“ Non hic placet mihi ornatus." graduates shall agreeably wear with

T. N. P.


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1. The House of Bondage, a Dis. 2. Is the System of Slavery sane

sertation upon the Nature of tioned or condemned by ScripService or Slavery under the ture? With two Essays upon Levitical Law among the He- the State of the Canaanite and brews in the Earliest Ages, and Philistine Bondsmen under the in the Gentile World, until the Jewish Theocracy. 8vo. 38. Coming of Christ; the Import of the Words expressive of Service In our last Number we selected, or Slavery in the Holy Scrip- from the extensive list of recent pubtures, with Reflections on the lications on the subject of slavery, Change which Christianity has a few which we used for the purmade, and continues to make, in pose of elucidating some material the Condition of that Class of facts connected with it. We have People who are Servants. By reserved the two pamphlets which the Rev. B. BAILEY, A. M. stand at the head of the present Curate of Burton-upon-Trent, article, for the purpose of bestow

and Domestic Chaplain to the ing a more extended consideration .: Right Hon. Lord Torphichen. on the alleged sanetion given to London : Rivingtons. 1824. slavery in the sacred Scripturés.

For ourselves we feel no difficulties


pp. 74. 2s.

Whatever on the subjectilbut as the the present discussion within its very advocates forss slavery are forever limited sange compels us to pass pressing the point, as an excellent over many of these works and to argumentuni end hominem a to 184 the taken a single pamphletion, each side baints, with just about as much as a specimen of the controversyssa réasow'as'tliey might bring-fdrward

The other source tó which we the extermination of the Canaanites have alluded, as supplying us with to gantorionither French massacrés aid on this occasion, is a work pubin Bt. Domingo) ;sandrás some un lished in 1769, entitled Consi reflecting persons may possibly bě derations on the Abolition of Slavery swayedo bys this absurd arguments and the Slave Trade, upon Grounds or tothers may affect to be sdzi in of natural, religions, and political

order to gloss over their own indif Duty." Our attention was direeted férence or hostility to the cause of to this publication, in consequenee einmnicipation we thinks it right to of its having been recently acknow devoteca few pages to the subject. fedged by the venerable Bishop of Thela adroitly theological bearing St. David's, in a list which his korda which the question is made to as ship has lately published" of his Gantteo teens indeed almost to force works,

amounting tơ nearly one #upon our notice" as "Christian hundred in numbers ?After some Observers. Jo merit fl "I'407

résearch,''we' have bbtained the 91Tlie first pamphlet before us, we sight of a copy of this treatise, brieved to say, is from the pen of a which, though published five unti British clergymansa defender of thirty years ago, is so powerfully West-India slavery. But our readers applicable to the existing circum shall judge of his publication for stances of the slavery question, that themselves; and this they will be we think we shall serve the cause fully able to do from the notice of truth'and huruanity, by conveywhich we are about to give of it. Our ing to our readers an outline of its notice will be more particular than valuable contents. The arguments the pamphlet itself deserves, for the of. Mr. Bailey are answered in it by sake of the answers, which we shall the most triumphant anticipation, it

the pamphlet under review, and partly incidence of language, in quoting from another and most interesting the objections of the advocates of

OUTCE: 13 Our own opinions are too slavery, that we should suppect that -well known to render it necessary Mr. Bailey had borrowed his argusphat they should be very largely ex- ments from the forgotten and obsopressed oonn the present occasion ; lete work, by a Mr. Harris, to which sand we are not reluctant tolavail Ithe Bishop's treatise is an answer. ourselves of the armour of our col. We will present our readers, in leagues in this warfare to serve and passing, with a single illustration ettengthen the common cause. It of this coincidence. The rela-ig but justice, however, to other tive duties," says Mr. Bailey, "of authors to adds that the theological master and servant (meaning slave) part of the question has been touch- ate founded upon this religious prinIseid rapon with consíncióg effect in sciple, menamely, the principle of various other recent publications : being "servants of Christ. Mr. slanlangs which we vmayli mentionra Harris also had, it seems, talked

sermons by the Revs J. K. Hall; very gravely, like Mr. Bailey, of - anotherłoby otheq Rev. R. Watson, ihto the relative duties of master and ripeviewed in our last Nomben; and save." . But what says the Bishop otherri Plaservations of R. Lindo, of St David's of theçe reciprocal

aMu Diyosetting forth, j“ that tovbold duties ?.210 Reciprocal duties” he exhb prihoipid sof slaverysis to théhy exclaims, with Christ." But our wish to confine ciprocal duties!. To have an adeChrist. OBSERV. No. 274.

4 M

* Re

quate sense of the propriety of these the British Museum. The volume terms, we must forget the humane of tracts which contains it is letterprovisions of the Hebrew law, as ed, “ Political Tracts from 1780 to well as the liberal indulgence of 1799." Roman slavery, and think only of But we have not done with the WEST-INDIA SLAVERY! of unli- Bishop's mottos; for he has still a mited, uncompensated, brutal slavery, third, which we recommend for and then judge what reciprocity adoption both to the friends and there can be between absolute to the despisers or calumniators of authority and absolute subjection; the poor slaves. The former might and how the Divine rule of Chris- aptly prefix it as the heading of all tian charity can be said to enforce their benevolent anti-slavery trana the reciprocal duties of the West- sactions. “ Servi sunt? imo homiIndia slave and his master. Reci- nes. Servi? imo contubernales. procity is inconsistent with every Servi sunt? imo humiles amici. degree of real slavery." “ Slavery Servi sunt? imo conservi, si cogicannot be called one of the spec taveris tantundem in utrosque licere cies of civil subordination. A slave fortunæ.” (Seneca. Epist. 47.) This is a non-entity in civil society." is truly scriptural and Christian doc“ Law and slavery are contradictory trine, though in the mouth of a terms.".

heathen philosopher.' But let us begin with the be- The Bishop's treatise appears deginning. Mr. Bailey gives us a serving of being recalled to notice motto from Juvenal, which we might at the present moment, were it for perhaps freely translate, " There no other reason, yet for this, that are few men who, like Mr. Bailey, it clearly proves what was the opihave the sagacity to discover the nion, and what were the feelings, luxuries of slavery :"

of wise and honest and well-judging Omnibus in terris

men from the commencement of the pauci dignoscere possunt

slave-trade contest. We admit, Vera bona, atque illis multum diversa, indeed, that some of the Abolitionremotâ

ists might, in a judgment of charity, Erroris nebulâ.

have hoped for too much from the The Bishop too has some mottos, spontaneous exertions of the slavewith which we shall indulge Mr. holders: they judged also, that, proBailey in return for the one just vided a total stop could be put to transcribed. Mr. Bailey is an ad- the trade, illicit as well as legal, vocate for expediency: he dreads the master must, for his own inteperil to the colonies,” and so rest, ameliorate the condition of forth, Now the Bishop has in bis his slaves ; and these concessions title-page two mottos on expedi- have since been made use of against ency, which, though taken from a the Abolitionists, as if, provided heathen (Cicero de Officiis), would they could gain the abolition, they well become the pages of a Chris- had pledged themselves to pursue tian divine: “ Utilitatis specie in their object no further. Even had republicâ sæpissime peccatur. Nihil they done so, we do not think that quod crudele utile est ;” and, again, the present generation would be in Si enim cogitans est istud quidem bound to stop in the course of hu. honestum verum hoc expedit, res a manity, because their predecessors naturâ copulatas audebit errore di- had hoped that the goal was already vellere; qui fons est fraudium, male. attained. But the Bishop of St. ficiorum, scelerum omnium.” If David's treatise is one among many any apologist of slavery doubt the proofs that the Abolitionists from the honesty of our quotations, he may first contemplated the amelioration refer to a copy of the Bishop's trea- and ultimate extinction of slavery tise which is happily preserved in itself, to which they naturally expected that the suppression of the “ All the laws hitherto made have slave trade would almost necessari- produced little or no benefit to the ly lead the way. Mr., nów Bishop, slaves. But there are many reasons. Burgess holds as little compromise why it is very improbable that such with slavery as with the slave trade. provisions should produce any effecNay, he carries his views to an ex- tual benefit. The power which is tent to which the majority of the exercised over the slaves, and the friends of emancipation have not severe coercion necessary to keep yet ventured to follow him, but an immense superiority of numbers which the pertinacious opposition in absolute obedience to a few, and of the planters to a safe and gradual restrain them from insurrection extinction of the evil is likely to are incompatible with justice or render a more general opinion, that humanity, and are obnoxious to “ such oppression,” to be abolished abuses which no legal regulations at all, “ must be swept away at can counteract. The power which one blow ;” at least by such a de- a West-Indian master has over his cisive prospective enactment as may slaves, it is impossible for the geneprevent all possibility of future sub- rality of masters or managers not terfuge or evasion. This has been to abuse. It is too great to be the case in the South-American intrusted in the hands of men subStates, and in some of our own ject to human passions and infirmi. Southern and Eastern colonies: the ties. The best principles and most blow was one and decisive, though, generous natures are perverted to use Mr. Buxton's emphatic ex- by the influence of passion and pression, the nuisance was suffered habit *.” If these arguments of to die away, and burn down to the socket. Let us hear the Bishop's tertained much the samne opinion as the

The poet Cowper seems to have enreasoning on this subject :-“ Such Bishop of St. David's ; for in one of his oppression (meaning the state of lately published Letters, dated April 1788, slavery), and such traffic (meaning we find him saying : "Laws will, I supthe slave trade), must be swept pose, be enacted for the more humane away at one blow. Such horrid treatment of the Negroes; but who shall offences against God and nature

see to the execution of them? The plantcan admit of no medium. Yet some

ers will not, and the Negroes cannot. In of the more moderate apologists of fact, we kuow, that laws of this tendency

have not been wanting, enacted even slavery think that a medium may amongst themselves; but there has been be adopted. They think that sla- always a want of prosecutors, or righteous very ought not to be abolished, but judges, deficiencies which will not be modified and meliorated by good very easily supplied. The newspapers laws and regulations. It is well have lately told us, that these merciful observed by Cicero, that incidunt masters have, on this occasion, been oveumultæ sæpe causæ quæ conturbent pied in passing ordinances, by which the

lives and limbs of their slaves are to be animos utilitatis specie, non cum hoc deliberetur, Relinquendane sit But who does not immediately detect the

secured from wanton cruelty hereafter. honestas propter utilitatis magnitu- artifice, or can give them a moment's credit dinem (nam hoc quidem improbum for any thing more than a design, hy this est,) sed illud, Possitne id quod show of lenity, to avert the storm which utile videatur fieri non turpiter.' they think hangs over them.

On the But it is impossible for slavery •fieri whole, I fear there is reason to wish, for non turpiter.'"

the honour of England, that the nuisance The Bishop proceeds to shew had never been troubled ; lest we even

tually make ourselves justly chargeable why, in his opinion, mere laws, en.

with the whole offence by not removing joining the planters to improve the it. The enormity cannot be palliated condition of their slaves, can pro

we can no longer plead that we were not duce no effectual benefit while the

aware of it, or that our attention was slaves remain in their servile state. otherwise engaged; and shall be inex

pp. 82, 83.

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