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tións ? ti Ifi this be the effect, even some of the stories, of equal weight ito al voty slight degreer and that with any of the formers Lonean, this would be the effect with some, their tendency to impair those feels I have little doubt then will this ings of filial tenderness and respect work, with all its merits, have lent which many circumstances in the a helping hand to one of the pres present condition of the poor are vailing corruptions of our nature: but too much calculated to underit will have drawn of the attention mine. In consequence of the high from God to fix it upon man, and wages and early employment of the may have been accessary to bring children amongst the manufacturing ing many under the condemnation, poor, they soon become independent « They loved the praise of men, of their parents ; and, if not gratis rather than the praise of God." fied in all their desires, they make There is likewise in the forced and no scruple of quitting them to seek artificial manner in which, in this a lodging elsewhere, where they may story, religious topics are indiscri- be freer from restraint, and more minately introduced on all occa- their own masters. The ridea, that sions, something quite opposed to the any gratitude or return is due "fot simple, unbstentatious, mode which the care and support of their int Jesus Christ continually recommend- fancy, never appears to occur to ed both by his precepts and ex- them. The effect of this, on their ample. It is true, religion cannot manners and morals, is injurious in too constantly occupy the thoughts a degree to be estimated only by or actuate the conduct, but by its those who have witnessed it. Und dwelling continually on the lips, and der these circumstances, which renby the introduction of Scripture der a strong counteracting influence language into common use, in re- peculiarly necessary, it is with conference to the every day occurrences siderable uneasiness that I have ob of life, that feeling of sacredness served so many authors of tracts, and awe which has proved so con- and other works written expressly genial to the spirit of genuine reli- for the poorer classes, rather aggragion, and so conducive to its purity, vate than mitigate the evil, by conmust, from the very constitution of tinually representing children as the the human mind, be essentially in- instruments of their parents' conjured. Surely this feeling of holy version, and by rendering the ignow fear ought always, in some degree, rance and vice of the parents a foil to exist between creatures and their by which to set off the child's su Creator : nor should we forget the perior piety. In this view thererigi admonition it once prompted; “ The much that is objectionable in Little Lord is in heaven, and thou upon Jane. It is also too much the cus earthl: therefore let thy words be tom in such publications as those few."','*');
to which I have alluded, to recoma » The above serious objections to mend Sunday schools, by advertis ? this little work are the more to being them as places of refuge from lamented, because it has in it much bad parents and wicked homes that is excellent, and much that is : One tract actually has for its title, substantially useful. The principal " A good Sunday-school Child the lesson it inculcates is quite invalu. Means of reforming a whole Family. able, and was greatly needed to be Sarely they have advantages sutir impressed in and many other minor cient to recommend them without duties are enforced by the way, with resorting to such invidious compan a minuteness of detail, and a parrisons ; a mode of promoting their ticularity of tinte and circumstance, success that cannot be too strongly which will sender them peculiarly deprecated. The natural, the known ensy and inviting in application. 9 effect of this motle of writing is to 9 Anatlerisi objection remains to lesseneparents in the bres of their
children, Into diminish the child's re- clearness of conception, till it finalis specigoccasionally to justify its dis=1 ly succeeds in divesting death of i obedience, and to excite in its mind its terrors, and renders her last modi a feeling of superiority and self-i ments tranquil and full of thopesed I complacency, utterly inconsistent tid i have now laid before your with that humility which is a first readers the principal considerationis essential of Christianity. The story which have made me afraid to círov of Margaret Whyte, though more culate even the least objectionable i than usually free from any of the among these stories, lestevil former objections, is not altogether should result where good only wası exempt from this. The morality is intended. My object, in so doing, false throughout. Margaret's in- has been to suggest to the authors tentions were good, and she acted of such works, whose sole object L mphlycup to them; but her idea of believe to be the desire of instruct duty was quite erroneous. A child's ing and assisting their fellow-creafiat duty, after its duty to God, isi tures, whether, by a little alteration to its parents, (which indeed is only in their mode of writing, they might i a branch of its duty to God,) and not better secure the end they have. thật duty should instruct it to con- in view, effect equal good, without ceal- nothing from them which it danger of strengthening or giving may concern them to know. It rise to any thing of evil tendency, , should also make the child feel that and render their works almost oru it has no right to inflict suffering on altogether unobjectionable. They its parents, in order to promote the contain so much that would affordo good of others. Had Margaret innocent pleasure ; so much that is been the only sufferer from the con- calculated to cultivate the affections, cealment of the truth respecting the soften the feelings, and civilize the i corn, it would have been all well; but manners; and the doctrines and prein her desire to save poor Dickey, cepts of Christianity are so repeat) she overlooked a more clear and edly brought home to the feelings imperative duty.
that it is earnestly to be desired: - in the admirable story of Jessie they should contain nothing which. Alan, the superiority of the child renders it matter of doubt whether to its parents, which, as it does their tendency bé, on the whole, sometimes exist in common life, I beneficial. 111* 0,12.0, bali am far from intending to imply
7";'. Dan 10 jt should never be assumed in fiction,
*! ( 1K5 OJ is managed less objectionably than Tothe Editorofthe Christian Observer. in most others : sorrow and distress appear to have been the only feel.. I beg leave to inclose a paper i enel ings which it excited in Jessie's titled«. Observations on the Lane's mind a indeed, this story is but lit- guage of Signs," read last year before tle sobdoxious to any of the fore the New York Lyceum of Natural mentioned objections. The scene History, by Samuel Akerly, M.D. is laid, not in an ornamented and which I think will prove interesting beautifully situated cottage, but in to your readers. pobol'' C. C. ! an indifferent dwelling in the town
Timoda of Glasgow; the incidents are in- .". In compliance with the duty i teresting, but also natural and pro- which you have assigned to me fore bable in the religion is plain and this evening, I was about to consi simple, and is seen to influence the tinue the inquiry in relation to thath daily conduct and thappiness of the class of animals, called Zoophytes,s heroines-supporting her under pain which I commencedrat av formers fak trials guiding bersafely through meeting; putoas my attention has situations of greatordifficulty, in- been forcibly arrested by thats parts Criending gradually in strength and! of Major Long's Expedition to the
Rocky Mountain, Nach Preåts of become universal.la The fatigtinge
the tangu awr 1918 omkled by of signs' is so true to linature, that the aborigines of our western tetri. the deaf and dumb 'from different "tory, I'her you findulge ime in parts of the globe, will immediately some observations on the snbject!' en meeting understand each otder.
«« The elucidation of a signorant- Their language, However, iti anunmuåge' is peruliarly'attractive to me, feteltivated state, is limited to the as connected with the interest of expression of their immediate wants the Institution 'in' this city for the and the few ideas which they have instruction of the Deaf and Damh, acquired by their silent' interesurse over which I'lrave a 'superintending with their fellow-beings. As this care. I therefore 'hope to fix your manner of expressing their thoughts attention for a few minutes on a Mas ärisen from necessity, it is sursubject which, although novel in prising to me how the Indians have this society, 'may be made" agree. 'adopted a similar language, when able, and I'hope, interesting to its the intercourse between mations di members.; }
different tongues fisi most usually "O « The Indians, Tartars,' or abori. carried on by interpreters of spoken ginal inhabitants of the country language.
Tin "TB west of the Mississippi, consist of " "If we examine the signs emdifferent nations or tribes, speaking played by the Indians, it will be several different languages,' or dia- found that some are peculiar and Hits of the same language. Some arise from their savage customis, and of these tribes have stationary vil- are not so universal'as sign language Aages or settlements, while others in general"; but others are natural wander about the country, testing and universally applicable, and are "In their skin terits 'or Podges, and the same as those employed - in the following the herds' bf bisons or schools for the deaf and dumb, after buffaloes, upon which they'prindi. the method of the celebrated Abbé
pally depend for support. These Sicard: l'in bisnis vi bussili *tribes are not able to hold com- “ In comparing a few of these munication with each other 'by signs, it will be seen wherein they
spoken language: but this difficulty agree." "Among them is found the is overcome by their having adopted sign for truth.? con 0 91:a sils hlanguage of signs, which they all * Truth, in spoken language, is Sunderstand, and by means of which à representation of the real state the different tribes hold converse of things, or an exactness in words without speaking. "
conformable' to 'reality. 1 In Athe -J6534. This circunstance may be con- language of signs, truth is represidered as something novel in the sented by words passing from the history of man; for although tem- mouth in a straight line without "porary signs have been occasionally deviation. This isi natural and
resorted to by travellers andvoyngers, universal: it is the same as was where spoken language was inade adopted by the Abbé Sicard, and & quate, yet we know of no nation, is used in the schools for the deaf Itribe, or class of human beings, and 'dunth in the United States.
possessed of the faculty of speech, It is thus described in Major Long's besides the Indians of tivis country, Expedition, as practised by the In
who have adopted any thing like dians :2247 sunt Hijin iborrods . a-system of signs, by which they 19 Truth The fore-finger pass
Teould'freely express their ideas. or ed in the attitude of pointing from Sria do Philosophers have discussed the the mouth forward in a line curving ?bject of a teniversal language, but a little upward, the other fingers
kive Failea te invent one, while the Being carefally closed ad poft savages of America have adopted « Alie, on the other hand, ista the only one which can possibly departure from rectitude, a deviation
from that straight course which in Seen or discovered. The sigp eulcates truth. The Indians repre- of a man or other animal is made; sent a lie by the following signs;t after which, the finger is pointed
Lie. The fore and middle towards and approached to your fingers extended, passed two or own eye: it is the preceding sign three times from the mouth forward, reversed.' they are joined at the mouth, but “ The Indian sign for a man, i is separate as they depart from it, in- a finger held vertically, which differs dicating that the words go in differ from the deaf and dumb sign. Their ent directions
sign for a bison is the same as the deaf cij“ This sign is true to nature, and and dumb sign for a cow; namely, radically correct, though in the in- « « Thetwo fore fingers are placed -striction of deaf mutes, we simplify near the ears, projecting so as to
the sign, by the fore finger passed represent the horns of the animal.' from the mouth obliquely or side: Now when a party of Indians are ways, indicating a departure from out on a hunting or warlike expethe correct course.
dition, they may discover a man, 1 House or lodge. The two the scout of a hostile party, or hands are reared together in the an herd of buffaloes. The sign for form of the roof of a house, the discovery, in such a case, will be difends of the fingers upward.' ferent from that of the simple act
" This sign is true and natural, of seeing. though we add to it by placing the "In general we cast our eyes ends of the fingers on each other upon an object with indifference, before they are elevated in the and in seeing simply distinguish a position of the roof, to indicate the
man from an animal, a tree from stories of wbich a house in civilized a shrub, a house from a barn; or life is composed.
we determine the relative shape, 26". Entering a house or lodge. size, or distance of an object. This The left hand is held with the back is done by thecoup d'oeil; and there. upward, and the right hand, also fore the act of seeing, in the univerwith the back up, is passed in a sal language of signs, is to direct the curvilinear direction down under finger from the eyes to the object, the other, so as to rub against its “ But when we discover an ob>palm, then up on the other side of ject, we look and look again, and it. The left hand here represents then in the true natural language the low door of the skin lodge, and of signs it comes to our eyes, las the'right the man stooping down to the Indians have correctly repre
sented it, because we have repeat, “ This sign, though peculiar, is edly directed the eyes to the spot i natural as respects the mode of where the discovery is made; and living of the Indians, but is not uni- not seeing it the first, second, or versally applicable. It corresponds third time, the object clearly comes with the sign for the preposition to our eyes; and hence the distinci undere:
tion between sight and discovery, is .-014 The sign for an object dis- foumded in the universality of sign
covered, as distinguished from the language. simple act of seeing, is made by the “ To see, is a radical. word, in aborigines with much nicety and sign language; from which may be -precision, and may with propriety derived the words to look, to gaze, be adopted in a universal language. to behold, as well as to discover.
uivat Seeing.--The forei finger, in These are all sensible actions of the the attitude of pointing, is passed visual organs, or, in the language of from the eye-towards the real or Sicard, operations of the prganic simaginary object, it !
think foi bayram roitsiy9h 6 ,ght 97 yurttafuta
and Heening, are uneix and Sn the course of the sun's declination versally the same, and cannot be solstice, and back again,d But that mistaken. They are thus described which is easiest understood and the in the account of the expedition - most natural, is by the sign for one
Eating. The fingers and hot and one cold season. ile there i thumbs are brought together in Spring is represented by the opposition to each other, and passed springing up of the grass, and the to, and from the mouth four or expanding of blossoms ; summer bys five times, within the distance of the heat; autumn by the ripening of three or four inches of it, to imitate fruits; and winter by the cold to the action of food passing to the " A week is represented by seven mouth
pipi days; or the hands placed together 4. Drinking or water.—The hand before the breast in the attitude, of is partially clenched, so as to have prayer, indicating the return of the something of a cup shape, and the Sabbath.
Time 18:41, 1,vyprit yalni opening between the thumb and " To indicate a day, the left arm. finger is raised to the mouth as in is bent, and held before the body: 107 the act of drinking. If the idea of represent the horizon, and a semini water is only to be conveyed, the circle is traced above it, beginning hand does not stop at the mouth, at the elbow and ending at the band but is continued above it.',,, An artificial horizon being formed,
" Night or sleeping ---The head, it is easy to designate the parts of with the eyes closed, is laterally the day by shewing where the sun inclined for a moment upon the would be at such periods, as daug hand. Ag many times as this is suprise, morning, noon, afternoongi repeated, so many nights are indit sunset, evening, night, midnight cated: very frequently the sign of "The sign for a month is one the sun is traced over the heavens moon, and the Indians, use, the çoros from east to west, to indicate the rest natural sign.'
031719" hond lapse of a day, and precedes the “• M001. The thunb and finger: motion.'
open are elevated towards the right: “ In the work from which the car. : preceding signs, are taken, no “ The Indian sign for good, for: other divisions of time are ex. death, and pretty, are nearly the plained except different periods of same as those of the deaf mute. 'n day, by the passage of the sun « « Good. The hand; held horie, through an arch in the heavens zontally back upwards, describes
nder the word sun, in which the with the arm a horizontal curve fore-finger and thumb are brought outwards.? together at the tip, so as to form « • Death. By throwing the forei a circles and held up towards the finger from the perpendicular, into sun's track. In the school for the. a horizontal position towards ther deaf and dumb, we distinguish the earth with the back downwards.'» periods of a year, the seasons, a "Pretty. The fingers : and 1 month, a week, a day, a night, and thumb so opposed as
iform 21 parts of a day or night, as dawn, curve fare passed over the tofager sunrise,l, morning, noon, evening, nearly touching it, from the foreheadi midnight. A vear, may be repre. , to the ching then add thei siga of sented by a great circle in the air, goody't go balita elsveu 10 indicating a reyolution of the earth The signs for thefaneschangaib about the sun ; y but this sign, is d riding, ongkorseback, fishwebe prieto rather, philosophical than anatyrabia foaband, snakennare the same aso It may more paturally be repre-. thoge semplayed in the tuition of theo sented by tracing with the fingerideaf and durabs 9 yd bou 26 anyia