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the principles of Christianity, and impart- under new and milder associations; and ed what they have received of its sacred parents and children have been connected truths to their families and associates. in all the unchecked strength of a moral

« The habits of immorality which for- and hallowed relationship. Polygamy is merly prevailed without a check, have entirely and without exception forbidden to been in a great number of instances en- all our Negro members and catechumens ; tirely removed ; and honesty, sobriety, no man having two wives is admitted into and industry have been fixed in them as society; he must choose one, and be foropposite habits, and have operated, as all mally married to her; and any deviation good examples must do, to raise the from this purity is, by our rules, followed standard of morals, and to promote a by expulsion. With this formidable evil somewhat better morality in even the un- the missionaries have had long and seriously instructed. Punishments have unques- to struggle. If the doors of our society tionably been lessened, wherever religious were opened to the Negroes who have two instruction has prevailed. Of this the or more wives, or who change one at pleatestimonies which the Committee have re- sure, the number of our members might ceived are numerous.

be doubled in a few months; but the “ The institution of marriage has been a Committee have acted on the principle of great and constant object with the Com- not lowering the rule of the Gospel to cirmittee, and through difficulties which none

cumstances, in any degree; being persuad. but those who are intimately acquainted ed, that, by keeping this up to its true with the West Indies can estimate, it has standard, happiness and morality, and been enforced, till in our old societies it every strong and healthful virtue, would has become a settled practice, and ac- rise with it. Their attention is now still counted an honourable estate.' Where

more sedulously directed to meet the difit has gone hand in hand with the inculca- ficult cases, and the opposition to marriage tion of religious principles, though unsanc- which arise occasionally from different tioned by law, and of course a religious quarters." ceremony only, it has been observed in the

The Committee append various commumajority of cases with sanctity, and has nications of a most satisfactory kind, from had the same moralizing effect as in all official and other respectable persons conChristian societies. The domestic affec- versant with the West Indies and intetions have been awakened; home, though rested in slave property, in confirmation the hut of a Negro, has been regarded of their statements.

VIEW OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS.

FOREIGN

the death of the king, has not allowed France.—The object of the restitu- of any discussions which might have tion of the censorship, at a time of elicited popular feeling in a way more than usual apparent quietude, hazardous to the present schemes of is now explained, as was indeed ta- court policy. The King, we need citly understood at the time, from the scarcely add, died in full communion critical circumstances of the King's with the church of which he had been health, which have since terminated a most staunch member. in his decease, after a painful and pro- SPAIN.—The indications of discontracted struggle with his complicated tent in Spain continue most unequivomaladies. His Majesty is succeded on cal, in spite of the arbitrary decrees the throne by his brother, now Charles of the King, the restraints of the press, the Tenth, who expresses himself as and the presence of the French army. determined to adhere to the line of Relying probably upon this spirit, and policy adopted by his predecessor. the latent attachment of a large por. The succession has taken place with- tion of the people to the constitutional out disturbance, and apparently with system, a body of constitutionalists, but a very moderate degree of public composed chiefly of refugees from sensation; at least the strictness of Gibraltar, under the command of the the censorship, both before and since ex-colonel Valdez, prepared an ex

to

pedition against the town and island tian, in his respective station of life, of Tarifa, and, surprising the garrison, endeavour, by every means in his took possession of the place. They power, to hasten on the approach of were subsequently expelled by the a consummation so devoutly to be deFrench and Government troops, and sired, considerable numbers of the prison- GREECE.-The intelligence of the ers have fallen by the hands of the ex- recapture of Ipsara by the Greeks has ecutioner. Blood continues still to been confirmed. The Turks, in addi flow, and the hour of peace to that tion to their expulsion, suffered greatly, unhappy country appears to be still and their invading armament is said very distant. The strictest search to be so crippled as not to be in a continues to made for malcon- condition speedily to give the Greeks tents, especially Freemasons, or mem- much trouble. Greece seems reanibers of secret societies, on whom are mated by this new victory. denounced the penalties due.“ Mexico.—The ex-emperor Iturbide, treason against God and the king!” who lately sailed from this country And, what is even still more to be for the scene of his former successes lamented, the country continues to be and defeats, was arrested immediately shut against the entrance of that sacred upon his landing, and shot without light which would “ make manifest" ceremony, as a traitor and an outlaw. and “ reprove" its deeds of anarchy It was considered by the existing goand blood. We hear nothing of the vernment that Iturbide's return to circulation of the Bible, or the institu. Mexico was either in the pursuit of tion of schools, or of any other mea- objects of personal ambition, or as an sures calculated to lessen the preva- agentof the friends of the Holy Alliance lence of religious bigotry or political in Europe; and that, if suffered to set despotism. Happily such a state of his foot within the limits of the Mexiaffairs cannot, either in the nature of can empire, he would be the means things, or in the obvious aspect of of renewing those scenes of civil warsociety, or consistently with the de- fare which had begun to close, and clarations of Inspired Truth, be perhaps of crushing their nascent liany where of perpetual duration. A

berties. better, a brighter day, will sooner or later arrive, when the kingdoms of this

DOMESTIC. world shall become “ the kingdoms There is no subject of domestic inof our Lord and of his Christ," and, telligence which occurs to us as deunder the principles of his holy reli- serving particular notice. The country gion (we speak not of a literal millen- enjoys profound tranquillity, and a nium), kings and nations shall mutu- large measure of prosperity. Let us ally recognise and practise all that can be grateful for our privileges, and sotend to the welfare of the community, licitous to make use of them for the and the well-ordered liberty and hap- high ends for which they were grapiness of individuals. Let every Chris- ciously afforded.

ECCLESIASTICAL PREFERMENTS.

Rev. C. J. Blomfield, D.D. to be Rev. James Donne, jun. M.A. St. Bp. of Chester, vice Dr. Law, Bp. of Paul's V. Bedford. Bath and Wells.

Rev. Charles Drury, M.A. second porHon. and Rev. James Somers Cocks, tion of Pontesbury R. Salop. M.A. a Prebendary of Hereford.

Rev. Dr. French, Master of Jesus ColRev. Wm. Vansittart, Prebendary of lege, Cambridge, Creetingham V. Suffolk. Carlisle, vice Bp. Law.

Rev. W. S. Gilly, one of the Preachers Rev. Edw. Fane, M. A. a Prebendary to the Philanthropic Society, London. of Salisbury, vice Bp. Carr.

Rev. Henry Gipps, B. C. L. St. Peter's Rev. C. Benson, St. Giles's in the V. and St. Owen's R. Hereford. Fields R. Middlesex.

Rev. T. S. Gossett, Old Windsor V. Rev. Mr. Sherlock Cacey, Peter Javy Rev. Cornelius Pitt, Hasleton R. with R. Devon.

Enworth Chap. co. Gloucester. Rev. Augustus Campbell, Childwall V. Rev. H. G. Liddell, Kenaldkirk R. Lancashire.

Yorkshire.

Rev. J. P. Grant, Butlerlagh R. Devon. Rev. J. B. Smith, Martin R. near Horn

Rev. Alexander Stewart to the Church castle, Line. and Parish of Cromarty,

Rev. Mr. Spry of Birmingham, to be Rev. Robert Tredcroft

, West Itcbnor Minister of the New Church, LanghamR. Sussex.

place, Middlesex. Rev. Hen. Michael Wagner, Brighton Rev. W. Wilson, D.D. Oakely R. V. Sussex.

Hants, and St. Cross V. in town of Rev. W. E. L. Faulkner, Domestic Southampton. Chaplain to Duke of Sussex.

Rev. H. Donne, Chaplain to Dowager Rev. Wm. Hart Coleridge, D.D. Bishop Marchioness of Salisbury. of Barbadoes and the Leeward Islands. Rev. James Blomfield, one of Domestic

Rev. T. H. Mirehouse, South Grant- Chaplains to the Bp. Chester. ham Prebend at Salisbury, vice Rennell. Rey. Robert Hodgson, D.D. Dean of

Rev. John Hen. Sparke, Prebendary of Carlisle, is appointed Chaplain-General Ely, to be Chancellor of Ely.

to the Forces. Rev. G. P. Marriot, (Vicar of Eynes- Rev. Henry Law, to be Archdeacon of ford, Kent, and Rector of Haseleigh, Richmond, in the diocese of Chester.' Essex), a Minor Canon of Canterbury Rev. T. H. Biggs, Dormington V. with Cathedral.

Bartestree Chap. annexed, co. Hereford. Rev. R.'Empson, B.A. West Butter- Rev. Edward Gwyn Blyth, Burnham wick Perpetual Curacy, Lincolnshire. Deepdale R. Norfolk.

Rev. Mr. Gale, Taunton St. James V, Rey. H. Law, West Camell R. Somers.

Rev. James Holmes, Compton Abdale Rev. Geo. Macfarlan, Gainford V. Perp. Cur. Gloucestershire.

Durham. Rev. Leonard Jenyns, West Dereham Rev. R. Moore, Cley next the Sea' R. Perp. Cur. Norfolk.

Norfolk. Hon, and Rev. Mr. King, Chesterford Rev. James Dewhurst Spriggs, Brockley R. Essex.

R. Suffolk. Rev. William Logie, Kirkwall and St. Rev. H. Stebbing, Ilketshall, St. LauOlay Church, in the presbytery of Kirk- rence, Perp. Cur. Norfolk. wall, and county of Orkney.

Rev. Henıy

. Taylor, Stoke near GrantRev. Francis Metcalf, Rigton V. co. ham V. Lincolnshire. York. Rev. Archdeacon Pott, Kensington V.

DISPENSATION. Middlesex.

Rey. J. S. Hewett, D. D. to hold EwRey. John Owen Parr, Durnford V. hurst R. with Rotherhithe R. Surrey. Wilts.

ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS. R. H.; CURATOR; PUBLIUS; R. K.; A. B.; J. P.; C. W.; P. M. H.; Y. S.;

T. N. P.; W. M. ; E. M. B. ; J. G. H.; are under consideration. A. Ş. L. had better send his receipt to one of the Medical Journals. We admit, with our reprover R. L., that Mr. Wilson's account of the elocution of

« the resident English Chaplain at Geneva" might have been spared in the published Letters, or at least had better have been given only in blank. We certainly should not have quoted it, had it occurred to us that it might wound the feelings of any individual. We rather felt pleased at the “excellence" of our countryman's sermon, notwithstanding his alleged “ feebleness and unimpressiveness” of style and manner; and our only reason for inserting the passage was, as, we said in the review, “ to convey a useful hint to our own Clerical Countrymen, of whom it has been repeatedly remarked, that, as a body, they fall as short of the Continental preachers in pathos and energy, as they usually excel them in solidity and scriptural

correctness of sentiment. It is not our plan to insert deaths, births, or marriages. We see no advantage in entering further upon the discussion to which C. 6. C.'s

communication relates. If he meant no more than that a deaf and dumb person should not be merely taught manual signs, without also learning (not attempting to articulate) a language, we can only ask C. C. C. in return, if he ever heard of any

person advocating or attempting such a process. There can be no doubt whethet -> a deaf and dumb person shall learn to understand a language, and also to read and

write it, but only whether he shall attempt to speak it; and this, which our correspondent now professes to be a point of “very minor import," is, in our view, the very point of greatest importance, indeed the only one in discussion. Let

him fairly meet this part of the question if he can; and we will candidly weigh 1, his arguments. We are much obliged by the American communication which he

has forwarded to us; and are also happy to learn that he by no means objects to vif the plan of teaching the deaf and dumb in National Schools being tried, though he | 'continues to doubt its practicability":

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THE

CHRISTIAN OBSERVER.

No. 274.]

OCTOBER, 1824. [No. 10. Vol. XXIV.

RELIGIOUS COMMUNICATIONS.

MEMOIR OF THE REV. THOMAS and work.” For a time his characCOTTERILL.

ter was by some persons ill under

stood, and his motives were sus(Concluded from p. 535.)

pected; so that he met with conI N 1808 Mr. Cotterill married; and siderable opposition, especially on

when his family increased he account of his having introduced a was compelled to add to his other new Book of Psalms and Hymns. labours the care of pupils : for his This dispute was, however, at length income, while at Lane End, never amicably adjusted by a reference exceeded a hundred pounds a-year. to his Grace the Archbishop of He could not consequently now York, who, with great kindness and devote every evening in the week conciliation, engaged to revise a seto his parochial labours : but he had lection subsequently prepared by an extraordinary art of finding time Mr. Cotterill, which he allowed to for all his duties; and he debarred be dedicated to himself * ;'and he himself even of necessary rest, in liberally supplied the congregation order to prepare a volume of family of St. Paul's with copies at his prayers, which have met with gene- own expense. Of the kind and ju. ral approbation.

dicious conduct of the Archbishop At the commencement of 1817, in this affair, as well as on various he obtained the perpetual curacy other occasions, Mr. Cotterill always of St. Paul's, Sheffield, in a manner spoke with feelings of the liveliest as honourable to the worthy vicar gratitude. on whom the appointment devolved After the favourable termination as to himself. That gentleman of the misunderstanding alluded to, having formed a favourable opinion the voice of opposition was heard of Mr. Cotterill's character and no longer, and the strongest bond talents from general report, and of union was formed between Mr. from the perusal of a visitation ser- Cotterill and the flock committed mon which he had published, was

to his care. His ministerial duties so anxious to ascertain how far his (till a few months before his death) qualifications as a preacher fitted consisted of two services at his own him for so important a situation, church, and a sermon once a month that he went over to Lanè End for at the parish church on the Sunday, the purpose of being present during and also on the Wednesday evendivine service. Every thing which ing, besides occasional services. In he there heard and saw convinced turn with the other clergy of the him of Mr. Cotterill's ministerial place, he visited the infirmary and excellence, and the result was the workhouse. He also regularly gave removal of the latter to Sheffield in instruction of a more private nature the following summer. In this new to some of the poor who, from old situation, which was in every re

• A large edition of these Psalms and spect one of increased importance, Hymns, whieh have been very extensively he shewed himself, as he had ever adopted, was lately published by Messrs, done,“ ready to every good word Cadell

. CHRIST, OBSERV. No. 7

4 1

age or other circumstances, stood regularly in the church, and exerted in peculiar need of it; and once himself in various ways with such a-week he assembled the teachers unaffected modesty and humility and scholars of the Sunday school that he will be long remembered at connected with his church. It needs Bridlington as a faithful and affecscarcely be remarked, that he was tionate minister of “ Christ's flock also in the constant habit of visiting scattered throughout the world." the sick and afflicted. Being no On his return to Sheffield, his less able than willing to give suit- friends were grieved to find that he able advice in most exigencies, had derived little benefit from change either of a temporal or spiritual of air, yet he continued the pernature, a considerable portion of formance of his usual duties, till his time was occupied in attending Sunday, November 23d, when he to such applications. He delighted was so much exhausted after the in the office of a peace-maker, and morning service, that he gladly ache was peculiarly fitted for it by his cepted an offer of assistance in the quick discrimination of character afternoon. In a few days he was and his unfailing sweetness of tem- attacked by a fever, which appearper. He never thought of himself ed soon to yield to the remedies when an opportunity occurred of employed ; but, attempting to redoing good to others. Every one sume his labours with his pupils, he could read in his countenance, brought on a relapse, which assum“ Here I am : employ me as you ed a very alarming aspect. From will for your benefit, provided the this time he was evidently impressobject be a lawful one.” With such ed with the idea that he should not a disposition and such unusual recover; and even during his delipowers of usefulness, his employ. rium eternity seems constantly to ments, amidst so large a population as have occupied his mind. Often that of Sheffield, would have been would he imagine his beloved flock quite as much as his strength would before him, and address to them allow, even if he had not unhappily the most affectionate and awakenbeen obliged, from the smallness of ing expostulations on the vanity of his income, to receive pupils into his the world, the nearness of eternity, house, wlio occupied seven or eight and the necessity of a heavenly hours of his laborious day. The mind for the enjoyment of future consequence was, that he seldom blessedness. Sometimes he would had leisure for the preparation of call successively for his children; his sermons, an occupation which and, reminding them of their pecuafforded him the highest enjoyment, liar failings and dangers, he would till late in the evening; and some. address them on that great subject times he devoted whole nights to which filled his mind, with all the that object. No constitution could authority of a father, yet with a long bear up under such a pres- sweetness of voice and manner which sure of engagements; and, about was peculiar to him, and never forsix ‘months before his death, his sook him. “ Upon more than one friends saw with anxiety that his occasion,” Mr. Price states in his health was gradually declining. sermon, “ in the earlier part of his At their earnest solicitation he illness, when he was quite himself, reluctantly gave up preaching at calling me by my name, he said, the parish church, and about the with great affection and solemnity. same time spent a few weeks for * The day, the day is nearer than the benefit of the sea air at Brid- you conceive.' Mr. Price adds lington, chiefly, however, on account several remarks which he made of the ill health of his wife. But during his mental wanderings, but this was a season only of compara which he mentions merely as shewtive rest. While there, he preached ing the habitual bent of his thoughts,

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