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strict in requiring obedience to laws it shall come to pass, if thou shalt and statutes so difficult to be ab- hearken diligently unto the voice of served.
the Lord thy God, to observe and In applying this subject, let us to do all his commandments, that egch ask ourselves, What reception all these blessings shall come upon bave we given to the great things thee, and overtake thee : the Lord of, God's law? We cannot plead shall bless thee in all that thou setthat we have not had the fullest op- test thine hand unto, and the Lord portunities of becoming acquainted shall establish thee a holy people with, them; but have we duly re- unto himself.” ceived them? Have they powerfully influenced our hearts and cons duct? Are we babitually impress- Tothe Editorofthe Christian Observer. ed with their importance? Do we daily live, as in the sight of our I TAKE the freedom of offering some great Legislator and Judge? Is thoughts upon the passage in the his law our guide; are his com- eighth chapter of the Romans, verses mandments, our delight?
18 to 25. It appears to me, that Feverence his name; do we keep the Apostle, in that part of the holy his Sabbaths ; do we walk in Epistle, is speaking particularly of hiş ways; do we love him with our the salvation of the members of whole hearts, and account it, our Christ as respects their deliverance highest privilege to know and do from trial and suffering; and that his will, whether as concerns the the term “ creature" is used by him duties we owe more immediately to in a similar way with other like bimself, or to our fellow creatures for terms, as body and flesh, &c.; in his sake,? Are we eeply impressed contradistinction to the term “new with a sense of his great mercy creature," on the one hand, and to and condescension in writing his the term “natural man,” on the laws for our direction; and not only other, and as expressive of the body so, but in also making our highest and animal nature of the Christian. welfare as well as our duty to con- To illustrate more particularly my sist in obeying them? Do we mourn view of the spirit of the passage, I over our innumerable violations of venture to submit the following them? Do we earnestly purpose, sketch of a commentary. I am not by his grace assisting us, to endea- without hope that the interpretation vour in future to make it the great will appear to place the passage business of our lives to know and very naturally in connexion with follow them? Do we deeply feel the context; or, if this should be the necessity of the atonement of proved not to be the case, will, Christ, as the only way of pardon, at least, excite a useful discussion for our grievous offences in breaking respecting the signification of a them; and of the influences of his passage which has been the subject Holy Spirit, to renew in us a new of much controversy, heart, that from henceforth we may 18 I reckon that the sufferings of account it,our honour and our hap- this present time are not worihy to be piness to study and obey them?, compared with the glory which shall Blessed, unspeakably blessed, the be revealed in us. I reckon that the lot of those who have the law, of sufferings of this present time are God thus written, not merely in not worthy to be compared with the their understandings and memories, glory which shall be revealed in us ; but in their hearts ! “ Great peace for the Lord Jesus shall change our have they who love thy law;"-peace vile bodies, and make them like of conscience, and peace with God; unto his glorious body. The whole peace in life, peace in death, and man shall be assimilated to the glopeace throughout eternity. « And risied and holy Saviour ; we shall be
bikeshiro; for we shall see him as he of the chåldren of God. Behold, the isa 1999 al 11 sidizaga bali Javi hour of deliverance is atrhand!
19 For the evernest le opectation of our body,cop carnal nature,shalbbe dhe creuture bautiteth for the manifes- delivered from the bondage of cortation is
the sons of God. To this sruption, and all its consequences:
consummation of salvation, this corruptible shall patcon incorin which the sons of God shall ap- ruption, and this mortal shall put on pear for ever delivered from their immortality. Therrshall we attain to
enemies, sorrows, and sufferings, the the inconceivable blessedness pre1 creature (see verse 1]], even our pared for the children of God. i Then
carnal animal nature, turns with ear- shall we expatiate unrestrained nest expectation, under the pressure amidst the glories of heaven, in the of temptation and suffering ; ardently blissful presenée of God; and our longing for deliverance, and for its God shall do for us exceeding abunshare in the holy rest: wbich re- sidantly above all that we ever asked maineth for the people of God. or thought. wwert in 15't 19.) 10 mart 20 For the creature was made : 22 For we know that the rohole isubject to vanity, not willingly, but : creation groaneth and travaileth in by reason of him who hath subjected pain together until now. But, for the same in hopes+For, notwith the present, no creature-is exempt tistanding we are become new crea- from suffering : the whole creation 1 tures in Christ Jesus; the creature-groaneth and travaileth in pain tothe Christian, as the child of Adam-gether; labouring, as it were, for
is still subjected to the changes, deliverance-& deliverance which 11 borrows, and temptations of this vain those who possess and believe in
and sinful world. Not that God loves Divine revelation know to be pro- $o-afilict his children, or that isintis - mised to it. * The Lord will dwell
not hateful to him, and to those who with men. God himself shall be - are born of him the law in the with them, and be their God; and
members/wars against the law of God shall wipe away all tears from r. the mind, and causes the Christian their eyes : and there shall be ino lito exelaim 910 wretched man that more death, neither sorrow nor
I am, who shall deliver me from the crying ; neither shall there be any 1 body of this death!” The various more pain ; for the former things are
sufferings also to which the body is passed away. Behold, I make all exposed, are not joyous, but griev. things new." OUS On this tabernacle we groan, 23 And not only they, but ourbeing burdened ; and nature (the selves also, which have the first-fruits creature) longeth for deliverance of the Spirit, even we ourselves groan from this state of vanity and sorrow. within ourselves, waiting for the But Christians are thus subjected, adoption, to wit, the redemption of rin order that, by patient endurance our body.But, during the conti1 of the heavenly discipline, they may nuance of the present state, even
attain to completeness in the will we, who are a kind of first-fruits of - of God, and, like their Lord, be made his creatures, and now enjoy the first3 perfect through suffering. There- fruits of the Spirit, are left to take
fore may they lift up their heads our part in the sufferings of this o with joy amidst all their tribulations; ruined world. But, though we have os hasting as it were, to the coming frequent.foccasion to groan within 07 of the day of God; looking for that ourselves, we sorrow not as those -- blessed hope, and the glorious ap- who are without hope ; assured that te pearing of the great God and our our light affliction, which is, as it to Saviour Jesus Christ:
were, but for a moment, worketh yun21 Because the creature itself out for us a far more exceeding and shall be delivered from the bondage eternal weight of glory; and that figorruption into the glorious liberty the day approagbes when we shall
be put in fullipossession of all the Calvinistice. It appears to me.. so ! blessings of our adoption ; when the just and sensible, and so well cal
body shall be rendered pure and culated to do good, that I should immortal zh and we shall be prie- wish to see it inserted in your pubsented faultless before the presence lication. , *; IBM, WO
0. J. K. of his glory, with exceeding -joy. , 79,5 Br 199.1944. Viliabristo Then shall be brought to pass the ff. Dear Sir, The engagements of saying that is written, “ Death is the last and present week have binswallowed up in victory."
dered my replying to your letter till 24 For we are saved by hope ; but this moment: nor do I know that I hope that is seen is not hope ; for I should have troubled you with any what a man seeth, why doth he yet reply, but that the spirit in which hope for: 25 But if we hope for you write (which I am happy to that we see not, then do we with pa- acknowledge) obliges, me in courtience wait for it. It is the design tesy to notice your communication. of God that we should be saved by It is, however, far from my inhope ;--that the object of complete tention to enter into a long discusand eternal salvation should be sion of the several points upon which placed at a distance, and, with re- we are at issue. - Each of these gard to sense, be quite invisible; would almost require as extended a that, by chastening and discipline, consideration as the three sheets of we may be prepared for the heaven- paper with which you have favoured ly inheritance ; counted worthy of me. And why should I embroil mythe kingdom for which we also suf- self in a controversy of this kind ? fer. But there would be no room My nature and inclination revolt for the exercise of this Divine grace, from it. We live in an age in which which is necessary to our prepara- moderate men of all persuasions are tion for that state of perfection, if particularly sickened with controthe regeneration of the soul were versy. Besides, the cui bono haunts to be immediately followed by the What good is this to do? glorification of the body. But while Whom am I addressing ? Not a we have hope to animate us in press- layman; not a person under spiritual ing toward the mark for the prize of depression; not a person calling
our high calling, then are we ena- in question the evidences of our bled to endure, as seeing Him who most holy faith. Under such ciris invisible: patience has its per- cumstances I should consider it an fect work : we are gradually sub- imperative duty to enter into minute dued to the will and conformed to particulars with my correspondent. the image of the Saviour. The You, sir, are surely well acquainted trial of our faith, being much more with the grounds on which moderate precious than of gold that perisheth, Calvinists stand. These grounds though it be tried with fire, will be have been gone over again and again. found unto praise, and honour, and No theologian can be ignorant in glory at the appearing of Jesus this respect; and the repetition of Christ. If we suffer, we shall also the arguments by me would most reign with him: for unto them that probably only diminish their effect look for him shall he appear the and force. . second time, without sin, unto salva- " Allow me, at the same time,' to, tion. Even so ! come, Lord Jesus. observe, that I am no stranger to
J. M. W.
the sentiments which you seem to advocate. I was for some years in
timately connected with a most Tothe Editorofthe Christian Observer. able minister who held them. But • THE following letter was sent in I do from my heart abjure these 1 answer to another, the strain of sentiments. I consider an ultrawhich was in no small degree super- Gospel equally false, dangerous,
-buttons or carve
and delusive with a defective Gospel, Effect, and not micely, is mye aim. such as the doctrine of salvation by H I can give the just contoury the works, or by works and grace to proper air and attitude and general gether. I tremble as much at the proportion, to my statue, let who as at the doctrines of the low Ar- the finger-nails. minian. The incessant preaching All systems of human device, which of privilege, I consider as improper I liave ever studied, seem to me and unscriptural. It never will lead to break down somewhere, and shew to the results which persons of your "their humanity. I endeavour to views suppose, I have invariably preach according to the letter of found such teachers less spiritual Scripture, and leave Infinite and and devoted to God, less humble, Unsearchable Wisdom to be his own and less solid, than others,
interpreter. If a man steps forward I do not wonder at your taxing and cavils, let him eavil: what I me with inconsistency in my state. know not now, I expect to know ments. When a preacher goes all, hereafter.
! Risque 1) lengths with Scripture, his teaching But do not mistake me, sir. A will always appear teeming with plan, a glorious, harmonious system, contradictions, in the estimation of doubtless there is in the Divine rigid systematizers of every school. word. But have you, sir, disegverYou possibly will meet me with that ed it, or traced it in all its bearings? Scripture-If the trumpet give an Has Calvin ? Has Arminius2 Has uncertain sound, who will prepare Huntington? Every one of them himself to the battle? But I am not has marred the Scripture. And are alarmed. What you probably may we to be surprised that the word of term the uncertain sound, is a mode. God will not submit to the rule and of preaching which has always been square of human systems? Turn blest to the
conversion of souls more your mind, and contemplate she than any other. It was by a preach- operations of your Maker elsewhere, ing like this, that such men as Look at the dealings of his Pron. Whitefield, and Venn, and Newton, vidence. How mazy, and intricate! and Cecil, “ slew their thousands," how appalling, and apparently uns, I am content to take my stand with like God! how mysterious vand, them; and why? Not from attach- chaotic! Can you unravel, can all, ment to the men ; for what had the earth unravel, the windings of they which they had not received ?, God's Providence? And, iyet, has but because the Spirit bure them He not a PLAN 2-Survey again the witness.
works of Creation. These meet, Men may refine and speculate your very senses. You can examines upon nice points in Divinity: they handle, and reflect upon them, and may sit in judgment upon their bre- watch them in their evolutions and thren, saying, “ This man does not progress. These seem to come come up to the standard ; that man more within the comprehension and.. is not accurate in exhibiting the sphere of man, but, sir, can you truth :" but I am influenced, sir, by thread this labyrinth? Can you what our Lord tells us, By their dive to the bottom only of the secrets fruits ye shall know them. This is of nature? Is it not a fathomless my system. I bring doctrines and abyss? How little did Buffon, or doctors to this touch-stone. I'am Derham, or Reaumur, or any other no other systematist. I do not re- professed Naturalist, discover of the gard the charge of inconsistency. system of nature ? --It is like God, I speak one while to man as a ra- my dear sir, to be unsearchable. tional, responsible being; and pre- The open books of Nature and Prosently I speak of God as a sove.., vidence prove it; and so does the s !
Word of His grace... 1. svt
. It has long, therefore, been my termed a consistent preacher, he conviction, that if a preacher of mast' necessarily sacrifice Truth to that blessed word will be wliat is System.-I am, dear sir, &c. &c.
aut 1. NEGRO SLAVERY.
which has less claim to accuracy of '11No. XII. 1
statement, and more contemptu. ** THE QUARTERLY REVIEW ON ously sets at defiance every rely10 SLAVERY.
ceived maxim of political econoThe Sixtieth Number of the Quar-“ my, which, on other occasions, the terly Review, which has recently same work so' ably defends. We been published, contains an article do not accuse the respectable indientitled, “ West India Colonies,” vidual whose pen traced that article, in which the Reviewer has, uncon- of a studied attempt to mislead the sciously without doubt, given cur- public. Others have, no doubt, rency to some very fallacious state- abused his confidence, and made ments on the subject. We propose him the unconscious instrument of to examine them.
misrepresentation. The Reviewer begins with refer- In a similar strain of unfairness ing his readers to a former article and false reasoning, an article, en, on the same subject, which appeared titled “ Mexico," has been employin the Fifty-eighth Number of his ed, in a subsequent Number of the work, as containing “ a detailed same work, tó institute a comparisketch;" and he means, of course, son between the productions and that it should be considered as an trade of Mexico and those of Jaauthentic sketch,“ of the actual maica, in order to establish, what condition and treatment of the slaves seems a favourite hypothesis in our West-India colonies." Who the conductors of this work, that ever will take the trouble of turn- slave labour is more productive than ing to that article, will find that it free labour. The attempt, in the consists of assertions without a present era of light and knowledge, shadow of proof. The Reviewer, would be ridiculous enougli from who, it is plain, never visited the the pens of the meanest scribblers; West Indies himself; instead of cit- ' but when it appears in the pages of ing authentic documents, or adduce the Quarterly Review it' merits reing Punimpeachable testimony; in' probation rather than ridicule. The support of his assertionis, gives ex- Reviewer actually seems to perceive tracts from anonynous letters, and no difference in the two cases of details obviously taken from the Mexico and Jamaica, except that mouths of West-India planters, anxi- cultivation in the one is conducted Ok to vindicate themselves in the by freemen, and in the other by eyes of the public. ? And these ex slaves ; just as if the miserable porn tracts and details he seems to ex- licy and oppressive institutions of pect will obtain credit, in considera Spain, its restrictive laws,'its ruin. tion of the dispassionate tone in ous exactions, the absence of all which they are communicated, and encouragement to industry, the total" the kind of demi-official character' want of security to property-as if which the work enjoys. At the all these were nothing in the scale. same time, it would be difficult to Nay, he even overlooks, in his estiselect from the immense mass of mate of the causes which have de-? our periodical criticism, an article pressed the productive industry of