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naked, any man, woman, or child em- supervisors of Cornwall' may say ployed under them, and either pub- what they will; we cannot permit licly or privately inflict upon the them to retain such tremendous bared body 39 lacerations of the cart- means of arbitrarily inflicting evil whip, and might then subject the suf- on their fellow-subjects. They must ferer with his bleeding wounds to con- cease to use the whip at their disfinement and hard labour at plea- cretion, either in the field, or in sure ; and, moreover, that all of the mines, or in the work-shops, or these descriptions of persons might in the workhouses, or in the gaols. in their own absence delegate to The law, and the law alone, shall in their underlings or turnkeys the future regulate its application ?" same privilege of flogging, but only And what are the owners, and overto a more limited extent;,let us seers, and bookkeepers, and drivers further suppose that the whole of of Jamaica and the other colonies the labouring class was debarred by the owners, indeed, are generally law from giving evidence in the case absent,) that we should defer more of any abuse of power committed by to their claim of inflicting the whip their superiors; and that, though at their discretion, than we should permitted, in such case, to prefer a to those of our Cornish brethren ? complaint before a magistrate (the Shall we be restrained from saying magistrate himself being liable to to them also, that this vile practice have similar complaints preferred shall cease? And cease it must. against him before his brother magi. Instead of one company with a strates), yet, if they failed in proving capital of four millions, they may their complaints to be well found. erect, if they please, ten such comed, they might be punished with panies, to uphold this most iniquitous 39 lashes for the very act of com- and barbarous system. All will plaining;—what should we think of not do. The voice of the people the state of the county of Cornwall? of England, to which we find that And yet if some benevolent in-. some cold hearts in high places are dividuals, deeply affected with the disposed to pay so little regard, will cruelty and brutalising effect of such and must prevail. a system, were to propose to ame- And now let it not be forgotten liorate the condition of their Cornish that the whip is but one feature of brethren, and to raise them “ to a this accursed system, one of the participation in those civil rights many abominations which have conand privileges which are enjoyed by verted some of the fairest regions other classes of his Majesty's sub- of the earth, in the hands of Englishjects," our ears would probably be men, into habitations of cruelty and dinned with representations of the oppression, into the charnelhouse of humanity of the owners, and bailiffs, a whole quarter of the globe. It is and supervisors, and gaolers of Corn- true that Government have comwall, and of the superlative happi- menced the work of reformation in ness of its labouring population. Trinidad, and we are grateful even See how fat and sleek they are, how for this. But Trinidad contains only well fed, how well lodged; how the fortieth part of our slave popumuch better off than the wretched lation; and if the West Indians, inlabourers in other parts of England, Auential as recent discoveries have who have no kind masters to look shewn them to be, continue to resist, after them !! Should we listen to as they have done, the progress of such representations for a moment ? improvement, centuries of misery Should we not say—“It is impos. may still roll over the heads of the sible that such power should not be hapless victims of British cupidity. abused : we cannot allow it to con- Parliament, and Parliament alone, tinue for a single hour. The own

can avert this. With whatever ers, and bailiffs, and gaolers, and sneers, therefore, their petitions mar


be met, the people of the United (pitiable, whether hardened impos-
Kingdom we trast will neglect no tors or destitute sufferers,) may be
opportunity of convincing their re- directed to the Bread which came
presentatives that they at least are down from heaven, and which whoso
in earnest.

eateth shall never die. I am aware
that by some such a proposal would

be branded as fanatical and absurd ; Tothe Editorofthe Christian Observer. but let us not forget, that when the

multitude followed our blessed SaWe live at a period when, through viour for the loaves and fishes, as the medium of various benevolent stated in the sixth chapter of John, societies, extensive efforts are being that Divine Instructor took the opmade to benefit mankind. By the portunity of thus directing their atactive exertions of Christian philan- tention to higher objects. “ Lathropists, almost every species of bour not,” said he, “ for the meat human misery is in some degree al- that perisheth, but for that meat leviated, and while many of these which endureth unto everlasting life.” valuable institutions afford temporal In this highly favoured country, berelief to our destitute fellow-crea- nevolent institutions abound; shelter tures, they aim at what is of still is provided for the houseless, food higher importance, the welfare of for the hungry, and clothing for the their immortal souls. But, might naked; but where temporal relief not more be done with reference to alone is afforded, without any atthis last object, and at the same tempt, so far as is practicable and time with a most beneficial effect as prudent, to include in the boon a respects their own immediate design, still higher species of benefit, may by many of our charitable institu

we not apply our Saviour's words tions, not of a directly religious on another occasion ? “ This ought nature? I will instance this in the ye to have done, and not leave the case of the Mendicity Society.-A other undone." . The condescendfew weeks since, a friend put into ing consideration of our Lord tomy hand several of the Society's wards the man who sat by the waytickets : now, it occurs to me, that, side begging, when he said, “ What if a striking and appropriate text of wilt thou that I shall do unto thee?" Scripture were printed on the back presents to us an example which of these tickets, it might, in some well deserves our imitation. Much cases, by the blessing of God, ar- has been done to extirpate mendirest the attention of some thought- city from the land ; but has all that less or hardened mendicant, and is possible been done to reclaim its give rise to serious and useful re. miserable and degraded vietims from flections. It must be considered, the error of their ways, by means that these tickets are put into the of those exalted motives and prinhands not only of some of the most ciples which Christianity alone can destitute, but perhaps also of some exhibit, to soften the obdurate, to of the most depraved characters in reclaim the wanderer, and to comexistence; persons who probably fort the distressed? never possessed a Bible, and much

A-A less were disposed to read it. By the simple method proposed, some momentous declaration of holy writ Tolhe EditoroftheChristian Observer. may reach their hearts, directed by Enough has been said and written the merciful interposition of Him to prove the danger of a Christian's who has said, that “ his word shall conforming to the manners of the not return unto him void.” Thus, world, and especially of joining in while seeking “ the bread which many of its current pastimes and perisheth,” these pitiable objects, recreations. There may be no moral

guilt, abstractedly considered, in this writer with the compliment of many things, the habitual pursuit his being fit to ride for the Derby of which, nevertheless, gives to the stakes. He also takes the opportucharacter a stamp at utter variance nity of introducing what he conwith the Spirit of Christ; so much siders a most happy anecdote, very so, that no person who has made probably coined by the writer for any great advances in the Christian the occasion, of a bishop who once life, 'needs to be reasoned out of on a journey fell in with the hunters, them. If, however, any of your and, having formerly been a noted readers should be “halting between sportsman, could not resist giving two opinions," hesitating between them a view halloa. The huntsinclination and duty, the following man, remembering the well-known observations, designed to prove the voice, uttered with an oath an exlawfulness and propriety of a Chris- clamation which it is not necessary tian's joining in hunting and kindred to repeat. pursuits, may as effectually shew

These remarks have probably the necessity of a decided separa. been warmly applauded by numbers tion from such engagements, and of the gay and thoughtless who the company they necessarily lead to, peruse such publications; but must as any express arguments which not every Christian instinctively excould be used for that purpose. claim, “My soul, come not thou They are taken from a recent Num- into their secret, and to their asber, which accidentally fell in my sembly mine honour be not thou way, of “the Sporting Magazine." united.” I shall not trouble your The writer, in describing a sporting readers with any animadversions tour he made in Sussex, and in upon the lamentable religious ignogiving a particular account of the rance of the writer of this sporting Brookside Hunt, remarks: “ There sketch; but, I would ask, must not is a Reverend Doctor of Divinity, a a Christian suffer irreparable loss, very constant attendant on these and much positive mischief, from bounds, and whose venerable pre- such pursuits and such society? Besence adds much to the respectabi- sides which, so far as those who lity of their field. The Doctor is profess godliness (as all, it must be not one of those gloomy sectaries presumed, do who bear the miniwho think that man is only sent into sterial office) conform to the practhis world to mortify himself into tices of the world, so far they condition for the next. His reading strengthen the hands of the enemies has informed bim that Christianity of religion, and place a stumblingforbids no reasonable indulgences block in the way of such as are no innocent relaxations. If life be “ seeking the kingdom of God and the gift of Heaven, it must be reli- his righteousness. gion to enjoy it; and, as has been It is indeed freely admitted, that so beautifully told us, the mind “ Christianity forbids no reasonable goes a great way towards praise and indulgences, no innocent relaxathanksgiving, when filled with glad- tions:" the Christian knows how ness; for such a disposition conse- to use the bounties of Divine Procrates every field and wood, and turns vidence, so profusely poured around a morning ride into a morning sacri- him; and though the chace, the fice.' Milton makes even the devil revel, and the dance, have no charms pleased with the beauties of nature. for him, yet every day has its pleaNothing is more delightful than a sures, and affords him fresh cause green old age ; and I confess I was for praise. not a little pleased with the appear. The morning beam that wakes the skies ance of Dr.

Shall see his matin incense rise ; Another clergyman who was The evening seraphs as they rove hunting with them is honoured by Shall catch the notes of joy and love; CHRIST. OBSery. No. 270.

3 B

And sullen night, with drowsy ear, soever things are pure, whatsoever
The still repeated anthem hear,

things are lovely, whatsoever things
But the quotation introduced by are of good report ; if there be any
the sportsman, in the extract I have virtue, and if there be any praise,
given, is strangely misplaced in its think on these things.”
connexion with hunting: the pious

MONITOR. Christian can enjoy the beauties of nature with a zest inferior to none, Tothe Editorofthe Christian Observer. and it is he only who can “ turn a morning ride into a morning sacri- In the Bishop of Limerick's Prifice."

mary Charge, lately reviewed in He looks abroad into the varied field

your publication, there occurs the Of nature, and

following remark respecting clerical Calls the delightful scenery all his own;

recreations :

:-“ Nor is a clergyman His are the mountains, and the valleys his, circumscribed in the choice of safe And the resplendent rivers. His to enjoy and even profitable amusements. With a propriety none else can feel, The delights of social intercourse, For he can say—“ My Father made them the creative wonders of the pencil, all!"

the moral inspiration of the poet, But how this pure and elevated and that voice of melody which enjoyment, which truly conse- transports the spirit from the visible crates every field and wood,” can to the invisible world, these are all be identified with the noisy and tu- within his range, and these may

all multuous excitement of hunting, it be made subservient to the highest is difficult to imaginè; and I am duties of his calling." equally at a loss to conceive what The conduct of the late Rev. kind of “praise and thanksgiving” William Gilpin, vicar of Boldre, in that must be which is so closely the New Forest, and well known as connected with the wanton torture the author of many useful publicaand death of an innocent animal. tions, furnishes a striking illustra

My object, however, in the pre- tion of the truth of this remark. sent paper, is not to allude to this Mr. Gilpin was in the habit of deindividual “ sport” in particular, voting a part of his leisure time to but to point out generally the evil drawing; and he published several tendency of worldly society and of his sketches, which were well pursuits. Should my remarks meet received by the public, as also a the eye of any who, while they join work on the beauties of forest in the pursuits and society of the scenery. His residence in the New world, still wish to serve God—at Forest afforded him many opportuleast to be numbered with his peo- nities of sketching the majestic oaks, ple, and to partake of their lot at the growth of centuries, with which he last day, I would affectionately the forest abounded till the late war ask, looking at the whole tenor of demanded them to recruit our navy. their conduct, whether so to live is With the profits of his drawings, to “ walk in wisdom towards them and solely from them, as I have unthat are without,” or to "shine as a derstood, he endowed a school in light in the world, holding forth the his parish, for the instruction of the word of life;" whether it is to “put children of poor labourers, which on the Lord Jesus Christ,” and to he lived to see completed, and the “ walk in his steps,"—to be “not parish is now deriving very great of the world, but chosen out of the advantages from his benevolence. world,” — “a royal priesthood, a There is a school-house with a perholy nation, a peculiar people.manent salary for a master. Thus Without multiplying similar pas- did he render a delightful amusesages, I hope it will be sufficientment the means of benefiting his to add the apostolic admonition- flock for generations yet to come. “ Whatsoever things are just, what


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Tothe Editorofthe Christian Observer.

and preaching, not being, strictly

speaking, allowed for the adminiIn reply to some allusions of your stration of either of the sacraments. correspondents to the constitution The curate is usually removable by of the new churches and chapels, I the parochial minister. The intrespass on your pages with a few cumbent of the parish nominates lines, to lay before your readers a the minister, unless by special agreeconcise and general idea of the ment to the contrary, with compenseveral classes to which our Epis- sation to the incumbent. Chapels copal Chapels belong. It is very of ease have usually the same.offidesirable that all persons who feel cers as churches, and are visitable interested in promoting subscrip- by the ordinary. 4. Free chapels tions for building new churches are such as are built by voluntary should be aware of the several mo- bounty ; they are exempt from all difications of our anomalous chapel ordinary jurisdiction, and maintain system, in order to ascertain what their own minister without charge particular plan is best calculated to to the parish. I believe, however, secure their intended objects. that there are amphibious cases, in

A chapel built by the bounty of which it would be difficult to say an individual, may be either a pri- precisely to which class the chapel vate chapel, a parochial chapel, a belongs, its regulations combining chapel of ease, or a free chapel. some of the characteristic provi1. A private chapel is a chapel built sions of two or more classes. The by the king, or by his license, and Church-building Act of 1818 has may be erected and used without also decreed various important reconsecration or permission from the gulations, with which it is desirable bishop. 2. A parochial chapel may that every clergyman, and every be used for burying and baptizing, layman who takes an interest in the and differs from a church only in the stability and progress of the Estawant of a rectory and endowment: blished Church, should be well acthe offerings made to it go to the quainted. (A copious abstract of mother church, unless by custom this Act will be found in the Christ. the chaplain have them. 3. A Observer for 1818, p. 844.) chapel of ease is only for prayers

A. B. C.


Memoirs of the Public and Privato faults, almost fatal to its becom

Life of John Howard, the Phi- ing a widely-circulated and popular lanthropist, compiled from his own book,—a habit of incessant moralizDiary in the Possession of his ing, and a most wearisome prolixity Family,his confidential Letters,the in the narration of facts. Our auCommunications of his surviving thor seems to have exercised little Relatives and Friends, and other or no judgment in the selection of authentic Sources of Information. his materials: every incident and By JAMES BALDWIN Brown, memorandum that he could collect, Esq. LL.D. of the Inner Temple, every particle of a saying, every Barrister at Law. Second Edition. fragment of a leaf of a pocketUnderwood. 1823.

book, thạt seemed to bear the most

indirect stamp of a connexion with The volume, the title of which we John Howard, is heaped up with have just transcribed, has two great an industry of which some idea

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