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VIEW OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS.
and it is probable the affair was conSpain.-The king of Spain has at certed in order to pave the way for the length issued what is called a general restoration of pure ultra royalism. We amuesty, but which expressly excepts the more deeply regret these encroachthe chief persons concerned in the in- ments of bigotry and arbitrary power surrection of the isle of Leon; those among the nations of Europe, not only members of Cortes who proclaimed from their immediale evil effects, but the deposition of the king at Seville; also from an anticipation of the feuds the chiefs of the military insurrections and bloodshed which may ensue, when in various parts of Spain; the assas- the progress of knowledge and public sins of Vennesa; the judges of Elio, opinion shall again demand, as ultiand the authors of the massacres in the mately it must, the full restoration of prisons of Grenada. The chief per- public liberty, and the extinction of sons, therefore, who needed pardon all inordinate and irresponsible power. are excluded from the grant; and converted into perpetual enemies to the
DOMESTIC. existing order of affairs. Had, how- It is with extreme pain we allude to ever, the amnesty been universal, tew ruinours which have been received individuals, we presume, who had rea- from our settlements on the Gold son to dread the royal displeasure, Coast of Africa of a very afflicting nawould venture their lives on its pro- ture. Our readers will recullect, that mises, after the memorable examples in 1821, on the dissolution of the Afribefore the world of the readiness with can Company, the British settlements which Ferdinand can either bestow or on the Gold Coast were annexed to rescind pledges, as may suit his incli- Sierra Leone, and placed under the nation or convenience.
controul of the Governor of that coPORTUGAL.–The deceptive facility lony. That excellent man, Sir Charles with which the late Constitution was M'Carthy, whose services in Africa, admitted in Portugal, and its equally in the cause of humanity and civilizaprompt subversion, shew how 'little tion, cannot be too highly appreciated, there is of public spirit in that coun- 100k the earliest opportunity of intry, the measures of which appear 10 specting this new scene of his governle the result of mere court intrigue, ment, and of planning and proinoting in which the people at large hare nó the necessary measures of improvevoice, and apparently take little or no ment and defence. The neighbourinterest. Under these circumstances, ing warlike and predatory chief of it is not surprising that the queen, Ashantee probably felt the check which who is sister to Ferdinand of Spain, the salutary measures of the Governor and her son, the Infant Don Miguel, placed on his ambitious projects, and who has been educated in the arbitrary particularly the barrier which they principles of his mother, and whose raised to his prosecution of the slave efforts, with hers, effected the counter- trade; and he is alleged, on strong revolution, should have cherished grounds, to have been further stimuhopes of subverting whatever small lated in his hostility to the British portion of liberal principles might name, by the intrigues of European have been retained either by the fears slave-traders, who had a fellow-feeling or the policy of the king and his mi- with him on this subject. At length, nisters. Accordingly, under the pre- having seized on a Negro serjeant in tence of putting down freemasonry, a the British service, and put him to plot has been constructed, and carried death, Sir Charles considered it no into effect, by the queen and her son; longer right to delay noticing his conthe latter usurping the command of duct; and, in consequence, repaired the army, arresting his father's minis- again to the Gold Coast, to conduct ters and others suspected of liberalism, the necessary operations against him. and even confining the king himself The rumours to which we have alludwithin the limits of his palace. By ed state, that, on the 21st of last Jathe intervention chiefly, it is said, of nuary, Sir Charles, with a few British the foreign ambassadors in Lisbon, officers, 400 Black regulars and militia, the king was promptly liberated ; but and 2000 native troops, had been athe has seen fit to excuse, and in fact tacked by 10,000 Ashantees, and deto countenance, his son's proceedings, feated, eleven officers being killed,
wounded, or missing. Sir Charles lic. Instead of 1001. as a first year's himself, it is added, was both wound- deposit, and 50l. per annum aftered and missing. As these rumours wards, which the law now allows, the have not yet received the sanction of first deposit is intended not to exceed official authority, and as circumstances 501. and the annual investments 301. have excited a suspicion that they may Intelligence has arrived of the death have been exaggerated, we forbear of Lord Byron. His lordship had from subjoining any of those reflec- en barked with great zeal in the cause tions to which an occurrence so dis- of the suffering Greeks; and his death astrous, and so deeply to be deplored, appears to have excited among them would naturally have led. in the sensations of very deep regret. He mean time, we think it right to re- expired at Missolonghi, A prii 19, after mark, tbal, whatever may have been an illness of only a few days. Thus the course of events on the Gold Coast, short was the warning which sumthe settlement of Sierra Leone is too moped to another world, in the prime far renioved from the scene of action of life, and in the midst of his busy to be affected or endangered by them. projects, a nobleman born to the
Ireland has continued to engross wealth and honours of a splendid much of the attention of Parliament, earthly condition, and still more disbut no measures of a comprehensive tinguished for those high mental enkiud have hitherto been matured dowments which the Supreme Creator Among other proceedings, Mr. Hume designed to be devoted to his own has moved for a committee to inquire glory, and the benefil of human 80into the state of the Irish church-es- ciety. In what manner those talents tablishment; and Lord Althorp, for were too often employed, we would another to inquire into the general willingly furget; and we would most condition of the country. The former, gladly impute to the defects of a lawe need scarcely say, was outvoted mentably unbappy education, to a by a large majority. For the latter most unfavourably long minority, or was substituted, by Mr. Goulburn, the to mental obliquity itself, all that has appointment of a committee for the pained and astonished his o
s countrymen more limited object of inquiring into in the history and writings of this the causes of the disturbatices of those highly gifted but singularly unhappy districts which have been subjected to man. But, amidst the tenderness the Insurrection Act.
due to the memory of an erring indi. The Unitarian marriage - bill has vidual, let not the lesson conveyed by been negatived in the House of Lords. his sad exanıple be lost upon survivors. The episcopal bench, as well as the From the mournful tomb of one who lay lords, were strongly at variance possessed all that earth could bestow on its merits. Among its most stre- to make lite happy, we hear re-echo nuous opposers were the Lord Chan- the memorable warning, that birth, cellor and the Bishops of Chester and riches, genius, and public fane, are St. David's; and, among its advocates, but empty sounds to sooth a conscience the Archbishop of Canterbury, the ill at ease with itself; and that " to Bishops of London and Exeter, Lord fear God and keep his commandments, Lansdowne, Lord Calthorpe, Lord Li- is the whole of man,” his privilege, verpool, Lord Harrowby, &c. as well as his duty, bis honour, his
We are happy to state, that the happiness, and his best reward. It Chancellor of the Exchequer adheres has been affirined, that on the latest to his pledge to abolish ihe whole of lucid day of his life, his lordship menthe salt duties.
tioned to a friend, that “ his last The chief new topics in the annual thoughts were with his wife, bis sister, budget, the other points having been and his child." This circumstance, already before the public, are the in- and the honourable cause in which he teuded reduction of the interest on may be said to have fallen, have reEschequerBills from twopence to three kindled in his favour some of those balfpence per day; and a limitation of sympathies once so lavishly bestowed annual deposits in savings banks,- upon him by his admiring countrymen, the rate of interest which they secure, and which nothing but his own acts and which is now considerably above and writings could for a moment have the market price, affording an induce. weakened. We could have wished to ment to persons of larger property have heard, that among the objects than those for 'whose benefit these in- of interest in his dying moments his stitutions were designed, to invest their thoughits had been directed to his God money in them, to the loss of the pub. and Saviour.
The Rev. Christopher Lipscombe, Rev. Mr. Childers, Preb. of Ely. M.A., Fellow of New College, Oxford, Rev. W. Holland, Cold Norton R. has been appointed, under the new ecele- Essex. siastical arrangements for the West In- Rev. Francis Lear, B.D. Chilmark R. dies, Bishop of Jamaica ; and the Rev. Wilts. Willianı Hart Coleridge, M.A. Student of Rev. Wm. Mackenzie, Hascomb R. Christ Church, Oxford, and one of the Surrey; and reinstituted to Burgish alias Secretaries of the Society for promoting Burwash R. and V. Sussex. Christian Knowledge, Bishop of Barbadoes. Rev. D. M'Gillycuddy, Killough Liv
Rev. Sam. Slude, D, D.' Dean of Chi- ing, co. Down. chester.
Rev. M. Manly, Westwell, GodmersHon. and Rev. George Pelleiv, Preben- ham, and Chatlock VV. Kent. dary of Osbaldwick, in York.
Rev. J. Mitford, Stratford St. Andrew Rev. Archdeacon Wrangham, Preb. of R. Suffolk, York.
Rev. Rob. Nicholl, Lanmace R. Gla• Rev. R. Loekwood, Prebendary of Pe- morganshire. terborough.
Rev. J. Pannell, Ludgershall R. Wilts. Rev. J. Brocklebank, B.D. Willingham Rev. Dr. Phelan, Wexford Living, IreR. co. Cambridge.
land. Rev. J. Brooke, Kilmahou R. in dio- Rev. B. Pope, Nether Stowey V. Socese of Cloyne.
merset. Rev. Edw. Butt, Toller Fratrum R. Rev. Richard Fortescue Purvis, WhitsDorset.
bury V. Wilts. Rev. Wm. Dowell, Home Lacy V. Rev. Windsor Richards, St. Nicholas Herefordshire.
Rev. R. Stephens, Belgrave V. Leic. Rev. T. S. Escott, Combe Florey R. Rev. R. S. Stevens, South Petherwyn Somerset.
and Irewen V. Cornwall. Rev. R. Gibson, Bolton-by-the-Sands Rev. F. Swan, B.D. Swerford R. with V. Westmorland.
Showel Chapelry annexed, co. Oxford. Rev. John Graham, Magilligan Living, Rev. C. 'Tookey, Oddingley R. co. in diocese of Derry.
Worcester. Rev. R. Hamond, Beechamwell St. Rev. S. Turner, Chaplain to Lord YarJohn R. Norfolk, with St. Mary annexed. borough.
Rev. T. T. Harrison, Thorp Morieux Rev. G. Deane, Chaplain to D. of BuckR. Suffolk.
ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS.
T. K.; F. W.; L. L. D. ; CLERICUS; H. G.; J. M. W.; G. B. ; H. ; T. B. i
S. S. ; J. B. ; OUTIS; MONITOR ; and several “ Constant Readers”
without signature, are under consideration. We are much obliged to various friends of several religious charitable societies who have favoured us with accounts of their late anniversary meetings. We hope, as usual, on the publication of their annual Reports, to give an abtract of their proceedings ; but a meagre list, which is the utmost that our pages would allow, of the speakers and resolutions at their anniversaries, could be of little benefit to the
institutions, or interest to the public. If A. Z. were a “ Constant Reader," as well as an Occasional Borrower of our
work, he would find that we had often replied by anticipation to his query. If J. W. will refer to the Preface to our volume for 1821, he will find a solution of
his difficulty. C. is respectfully informed that "indignissimus” does not mean “most indignaut,"
but “ most unworthy."
For the Christian Observer. racteristic is not the adoption of SCRIPTURE PARALLELISM.
metre, properly so called, and ana.
logous to the metre of the heathen IT T was the felicity of Bishop classics ; for the efforts of the learn
Lowth to discover and to ex- ed to discover such metre in any bibit to the biblical student that one poem of the Hebrews, have remarkable peculiarity of Hebrew universally failed; and, while we are poetry to which has been given the morally certain, that, even though name of " parallelism.” According it were known and employed by the to this writer, there were four prin- Jews, while their language was a cipal characteristics of Hebrew living one, it is quite beyond repoesy: first, the acrostical or al- covery in the dead and unpronouncephabetical commencement of lines able state of that language, there or stanzas ; secondly, the admission are also strong reasons for believing, of foreign words, and of certain that even in the most flourishing state particles which seldom occur in of their literature, the Hebrew poets prose composition, and which form never used this decoration. Further, a distinct poetical dialect; thirdly, he considers it is equally certain, sententious, figurative, and sublime that the proper characteristic of language ; and, lastly, parallelism, Hebrew poetry is not elation, granBishop Jebb, however, in his ela- deur, or sublimity, either of thought borate work on “ Sacred Litera- or diction. In these qualities, inture," contends, that it is not the deed, a large portion of the poetical acrostical, or regularly alphabetical, Scriptures is not only distinguished, commencement of lines or stanzas but unrivalled: but the Right Revethat characterises Hebrew poetry; rend author maintains, that there for this occurs but in twelve poems are also many compositions, indisof the Old Testament: it is not the putably poetical, which, in thought introduction of foreign words, and and expression, do not rise above of what grammarians call the para- the ordinary tone of just and clear gogic, or redundant particles ; for conceptions, calmly, yet pointedly these licences, though frequent, are delivered. He contends, that the by no means universal, in the po- grand, and indeed the sole, characetical books of Scripture; and they teristic of Hebrew poetry is what are occasionally admitted in pas- Bishop Lowth calls Parallelism ; sages merely historical and prosaic: that is, a certain equality, resemit is not the rhyming termination of blance, or relationship, between the lines ; for no trace of this artifice members of each period; so that in is discoverable in the alphabetical two lines, or members of the same poems, the lines or stanzas of which period, things shall answer to things, are defined with infallible precision; and words to words, as if fitted to and every attempt to force it on the each other by a kind of rule or text, has been accompanied by the measure. This is certainly the gemost licentious mutilation of Scrip- neral strain of Hebrew poetry ; inture : and, finally, this grand cha- stances of which occur in almost CHRIST. OBSERV. No. 270.
every part of the Old Testament, par- such a style requires elaboration : ticularly in the ninety-sixth Psalm; we are not accustomed to think or and it is in a great measure owing to write in the manner of Dodsley's this form of composition that our ad- Economy of Human Life, or the mirable Authorised Version, though Oriental Tales in our Ramblers executed in prose, retains so much and Spectators, which are but caria of a poetical cast: for that version, cature imitations of this species being strictly word for word after of composition ; but, to the Jews, the original, the form and order of whether under the Old or the New the original sentences are preserved; Testament dispensation, this style and this artificial structure, this re.. was familiar, and was connected gularalternation and correspondence with many solemn and interesting of parts, make the ear sensible of associations. The chief point, therea departure from the common style fore, on which I should venture to and tone of prose.
disagree with the learned prelate, This principle of composition as- is only as to the extent to which he serted by Bishop Lowth in the poetry seems to suppose this system of of the Old Testament, Bishop Jebb writing intentionally carried, espeapplies to the New. It is the opi- cially by the New Testament wrinion of the most judicious biblical ters. I can conceive a general ancritics of the age, that his lordship's tithetical feeling pervading the mind hypothesis is in the main founded of a sacred penman, in some of the in truth, and is also of considerable poetical parts of his composition; utility for understanding the struc- but it appears too much to imagine ture of the more poetical parts of the him drawing up rank and file a whole New Testament: but it seems also series of thoughts or expressions for to be felt that the Right Reverend the sake of opposing them one by author has carried it, in some in- one in well-set parallelisms. He stances, to say the least, to the might, with a very natural antitheextreme verge of probability; and sis, write, that a single step further, by an in- My son, despise not thou the chastening of cautious follower, would be at the the Lord, imminent risk of precipitation into Nor faint when thou art rebuked of him; a gulph of incongruities. Whether For whom the Lord loveth he chasteneth, even the learned prelate himself may
But scourgeth every son whom he renot have urged his theory some
ceiveth. what too far, is a point which I will Or, again : not undertake to determine; though He hath destroyed the gates of brass, I confess that I never rise from the And the bars of iron he hath smitten
asunder : perusal of his fascinating pages without soberly asking myself, whether, and so on of innumerable simple after all, I have not, in part at
instances of parallelism; but, I least, been indulging a delightful would ask, is it probable that he reverie,—and whether in truth the elaborately introduces a series of Evangelists and Apostles seriously preconcerted parallelisms, or drew sat down to write parallelisms, or
out such a scheme as the following did more in this respect than occa- given by Bishop Jebb? sionally fall into the antithetical Psalm ü.
Acts iv. habits to which they had been ac
Herod. customed in the poetry of the Old The kings of the Pontius Pilate.
earth. Testament. Indeed, the Bishop himself accounts for this peculiarity of The Lord Jehovah. Thine Holy Child
The peoples of Israel. their writings, on the very ground
Jesuis. of its being almost their natural The Lord's anoint. Whom thou hast style of composition; a style which ed.
anointed. they could scarcely have laid aside There was most clearly a running without an effort. To Europeans, parallel of a most interesting kind