Abbildungen der Seite
PDF
EPUB

Bill of Comprehension which was be substituted for those taken from then in agitation. The “Scheme the apocryphal books; that the of Comprehension," as it is com- Athanasian Creed, the damnatory monly termed, had been projected clause of which was pronounced to in 1668 by the lord-keeper of the be applicable only to those who de: great seal, Sir Orlando Bridgman, nied the substance of the Christian Bishop Wilkins, Lord Chief Justice faith, should be left to the option of Hale, and several other distin- the officiating minister ; that new guished persons, for relaxing the collects, more glowing in devotion, terms of conformity to the Estab- should be drawn up, and a new verlished Church in behalf of moderate sion of the Psalms prepared ; that Dissenters, and admitting them into the chanting of Divine service in cacommunion with the church. The thedral churches should be disconbill, which was drawn up by tinued, and legendary saints be exLord Chief Justice Hale, was dis- punged from the calendar ; that the allowed. The attempt was renewed cross in baptism, the surplice, and in 1674 by Dr. Tillotson and Dr. the posture of kneeling at the saStillingfeet; and, though the terms crament, should not in future be were settled to the satisfaction of insisted on ; that the absolution in the Non-conformists, the bishops the morning and evening service refused their assent. After the should be read by a deacon, the ever-memorable Revolution in 1688, word “ priest" being changed into the question was again agitated; " minister;" that the intention of and King William II., by the ad- the lent-fasts should be declared vice of Dr. Tillotson and Bishop to consist not in abstinence from Burnet, submitted the business of meats, but only in extraordinary comprehension to a synod of divines, acts of devotion; that sponsors in as being the method at once the baptism should not be held essenmost acceptable to the clergy and tial; and that re-ordination, where the best calculated to silence the presbyters had imposed hands, popish objectors, who sneered at a should be only conditional. These, religion established by Acts of Par- with many other alterations in the liament. Accordingly, a commis- Litany, Communion-service, and sion was issued to thirty of the most Canons, were designed to be subeininent divinęs, (ten of whom were mitted to the approbation of the bishops,) among whom we find the convocation, before which Dr. Benames of Tillotson, Burnet, Tenison, veridge was appointed to preach bis Patrick, Beveridge, Stillingfleet, “ Concio ad Clerum,” which was and Kidder, directing them to pre- published in the same year by compare such alterations as they should mand of the bishops. From the judge expedient in the liturgy and text (1 Cor. xi. 16), “If any man canons, together with proposals for seem to be contentious, we have no reformation in ecclesiastical courts, such custom, neither the churches and in other matters relative to the of God," it will readily be inferred, church. All these changes were that his opinion was against any first to be submitted to convocation, concessions or alterations. The vaand afterwards re-considered in Par- rious changes, however, above no Diament. After four members of ticed, were never adopted: the To, this committee had withdrawn in ries so far succeeded in alarming dissatisfaction, the remainder pro- the public mind, that little could be ceeded in the business referred to expected from the convocation by them; and, among many alterations the projectors of the conciliatory too tedious to be mentioned here, scheme of comprehension. As no proposed that lessons from the ca disposition was manifested by that nonical books of Scripture should body to innovate upon the forms of

the church, or to meet the con- church was enlarged: and, as he formists with concessions, they were had before faithfully discharged the prevented by the king from sitting duty of a pastor over a single parish, for ten successive years, by repeated so, when his authority was extended prorogations.

to larger districts, he still pursued Some time in the year 1690, Dr. the same pious and laborious meBeveridge was nominated chaplain thods of advancing the honour and to King William and Queen Mary; interest of religion, by watching and on the 12th of October, in the over both clergy and laity, and givsame year, he preached before her ing them all necessary direction and Majesty his sermon “ on the hap- assistance for the effectual performpiness of the saints in heaven," ance of their respective duties. Acwhich is deservedly accounted one cordingly, he was no sooner adof his best discourses. It was af- vanced to the episcopal chair, than terwards published by her Majesty's he addressed a pathetic letter to command.

the clergy of his diocese ; in which Dr. Beveridge was one of those he recommended to them the duty eminent divines whose learning, of catechising and instructing the wisdom, piety, and moderation, people of their charge in the princaused them to be selected to fill ciples of the Christian religion; and the sees vacated by the deprivation in order to enable them to do this of Archbishop Sancroft, and seven the more effectually, he, in the bishops of his province, for refusa course of the same year, sent them ing to take the oaths of allegiance a plain and easy exposition of the to King William and Queen Mary. Catechism of the Church of EngDr. Beveridge was nominated to the land. see of Bath and Wells. He took On the 5th of November 1704, three weeks to consider of the Bishop Beveridge preached before subject; during which time Bishop the House of Lords the anniverKenn, though deprived, continued sary sermon " on the Deliverance to exercise all the episcopal func- from the Gunpowder Treason;" and tions, preaching and confirming in on the 30th of January, in the folall parts of the diocese. Scrupulous, lowing year, another " on the Marhowever, of filling an office, from tyrdom of King Charles I.”-In which a conscientious, though per- that august assembly he attended haps mistaken, principle of obedi- as often as the duties of his bishopence bad excluded its former pos- ric would permit him. On every sessor, he at length declined the occasion he evinced himself a steady honour designed for him, and con- defender of the rights and privileges tinued for thirteen years to dis- of the Church of England ; and in charge his more private and labo- the debates on the Union of Engrious duties with an assiduity best land and Scotland, be opposed that evinced by the general success measure on account of the danger which attended his ministry. Nor, which he apprehended the church until within three years of his death, might sustain if it were carried into and when he had attained a very effect. The last time he was able advanced age, did he accept the to appear in the House of Lords episcopal chair, being consecrated was on the 20th of January 1707-8. bishop of St. Asaph, on the 16th of Bishop Beveridge held the see of July, 1704; which see was vacated St. Asaph only three years, seven by the translation of Dr. George months, and twenty days ; dying at Hooper to the bishopric of Bath his apartments in the cloisters in and Wells.

Westminster Abbey, on the 5th of Being placed in this exalted sta- March, 1707-8, in the seventy-first tion, his care and diligence increased year of his age. He was buried in in proportion as his power in the St. Paul's Cathedral. He had been

married; but of his lady nothing is temporaries in general in a most known, except that she was sister exemplary point of view. He was either to William Stanley, gentle- remarkable for his strict integrity, man, of Hinckley, in the county of his sincere piety, his exemplary Leicester, or to William Stanley's charity, and his great zeal for the wife, and that she died before him, diffusion of pure and undefiled reliwithout issue. This circumstance, gion. He appears also to have been probably, induced the Bishop, after not more highly than deservedly providing for his relatives, to leaye esteemed for the variety and extent a considerable part of his estate to of his learning, which he applied pious uses, which evinced his earnest wholly to promote the interests of solicitude for the spiritual interests his Divine Master. His reading of others. Among other bequests, seems to have been almost unihe gave his library in trust to Dr. versal : his deep acquaintance with William Stanley (his wife's nephew, ecclesiastical antiquity appears in who was afterwards master of Ben'et almost every page of his Latin college, and dean of St. Paul's), to works, as well as in some of his serbe placed in the cathedral of St. mons; his proficiency in the orienPaul, as the foundation of a library tal languages and in Jewish litera-for the benefit of the clergy of the ture is manifest in various parts of city of London. To the venerable his English writings; and the vaSociety for Propagating the Gospel riety and felicity of his quotations in Foreign Parts, he gave the sum from the Sciptures, particularly in of 1001.; and to the curacy of his sermons, attest how deeply conMount-Sorrel, and the vicarage of versant he was with the sacred Barrow, in the county of Leices- oracles. But it is chiefly as an exter, he bequeathed 201. a-year for emplary parish-minister that this ever,

on condition that prayers great and good man is to be reshould be read every day, morning garded. His character was preand evening, according to the Li- eminently pastoral. He owed noturgy of the Church of England, in thing of his celebrity to any secuthe chapel and parish church of lar exertions; nor does it appear those places respectively; together from history that he took an active with the sum of 40s. yearly, to be part in the ecclesiastical controverdivided equally, upon Christmas- sies of his time, though he seems to eve, among eight poor housekeepers have expressed his judgment upon of Barrow, as the minister and them as a minister of the Church churchwardens should agree, regard of England, with uncompromising being had especially to those who plainness and simplicity. In short, had most constantly attended the the advancement of his Divine Maspublic prayers of the church, and ter's glory appears to have been the the sacrament of the Lord's Supper, great object of his life; and he was in the preceding year. Should it, permitted to witness, in a very emihowever, happen that the Common nent degree, the effects of his faithPrayer could not be read in the ful services. above-mentioned church or chapel, in that case the amount of his bequest was to be, in each place, paid Tothe Editorofthe Christian Observer. to some one person, chosen by the vicar of Barrow, to keep a school, OBSERVING in your Number for Jaand to instruct youth in the princi- nuary, the communication of Cleples of the Christian religion, ac- RICUS, on 1 John v. 7, I thought it cording to the doctrines of the might gratify some of your readers Church of England.

to see the very words of Cyprian, on The character of Bishop Beve- which there has been so much discusridge is represented by his con- sion. They occur in his “ Treatise

near

HISTORICUS.

De simplicitate Prælatorum,"at fol.80 dale's Bible, printed in 1535, and of Rembolt and Waterloe's edition, read from it one of the Psalms; and printed at Paris, A. D. 1512; an besides the general similarity which edition which abounds with con- pervades the whole, in many verses tractions. The words are : “ Dicit he will find that every word is the Dns, Ego et Pr unû sum; et iterù, de same with what he reads in the Patre et Filio et Spiritu Sancto scrip- Prayer-book, as now printed and tû est, Et Tres Unû sunt." “ The used. Surely that rendering must Lord says, I and the Father are have been near the truth, which one: and, again, Of the Father, repeated examination has not made and the Son, and the Holy Spirit, it it appear necessary to alter ; that is written, And the Three are One." language must have been well choNo MS, now known comes sen, which could not only maintain the age of Cyprian by several cen- its ground amidst so many changes turies: the nearest are the Vatican, of style and of taste, but could the date of which is said to be be- continue to be generally intelligible tween the fourth and sixth century; after nearly three centuries have and the Alexandrian, between tlie elapsed, and when almost every close of the fourth and the sixth other composition of the same age The above quotation, therefore, has become enveloped in considerstrongly supports the authenticity able obscurity. of the verse.

For the present Number, I send a short series of extracts from the versions of the Old Testament; re

serving, for another, a corresponding Tothe Editorofthe Christian Observer. series from the New, beginning with

the first edition of Tindal. The interest which your biblical

D. readers must have taken in the information lately conveyed through your pages, respecting the first edition of the New Testament in the

Genesis xliii. 11, &c. English tongue, only one perfect Tyndale's Pentateuch, 1530. 12mo. copy of which appears to be in existence, induces me to think it may

Than their father Israel sayde not be unacceptable to them to be unto the. yf it must nedes be so presented with a brief specimen of now: than do thus, take of the best several of the earlier translations frutes of the land in youre vesselles, It would be a curious and pleasing and brynge the man a present *, a task, as Mr. Cotton has observed in his “ List of Editions,” to trace • The articles composing Jacob's prethe gradual change and improve- sent to Joseph are thus given in two MSS. ment which took place, as

in the Bodleian ; the former of which is light broke in upon the minds of said to be Wickliffe's translation, the sethe translators. It is pleasing also lation of Wickliffe,

cond is called by Lewis the revised transto observe how many of the earliest

1. “A lytle of precious liquor of sibote expressions have withstood repeated (the margin has ginne), " and of hony, revisals of the translation, and are and of the liquor of the tree of stórax, relained and approved at the pre- and of stactes, the liquor of myrrh tree, sent day. This last is a circum, and of therebynt, and of alınondes." stance, as the same accurate ob

2. “A little of gum and of honey, anul server has remarked, which cannot

of storax, and of myrrh, and of therobiath,

and of almonds." fail to strike forcibly any one who has been led to examine our earlier

The margin of this last has these rates;

“ Storax; that is, precious gum. printed Bibles. Let any person Myrrh ; that is, bitter gum. take up the first edition of Cover. " Therebynte ; that is, resyns beste."" CHRIST. OBSERV. No. 268.

2 F

TRANSLATIONS FROM THE OLD

TESTAMENT.

new

[ocr errors]

man.

agayne with

man.

curtesie bawlme, and a curtesie of you mercie in the syghte of the mā hony; spyces and myrre, dates and and send you youre other brother almondes. And take as moch mo- and also 'Ben-Jamin, and I wylbe ney more with you. And the money as a man robbed of his clıyldren. that was brought agayne in your

Cranmer's Bible. 1539. fol. sackes, take it agayne with you in And their father Israel sayd unto your handes, peradventure it was thē: If it must nedis be so now : some oversyghte.

than do thus. 'Take of the best Take also youre brother with you, frutes of the lāde in youre vesselles, and aryse and goo agayne to the and brynge the man a present, a

And God Almightie geve curtesye bawlme, and a curtesye of you mercie in the sighte of the man, hony, spices and myrre, nottes and and send you youre other brother almondes. And take dubble money and also Bē Jamin, and I wilbe as in youre hande. And the money a mā robbed of his childern *. that was brought agayne in your Coverdale's Bible. 1535. fol. sackes, take it

you,

lest Then sayde Israel their father peradventure it was some overunto thē: Yf it must nedes be so, syghte. then do this : Take of the best Take also youre brother with you, frutes of the lande in your sackes, and aryse and goo agayne to the and brynge the man a present: a

And God Almightie geve curtesy balme, and hony and spyces, you mercie in the syghte of the man, and

myrre, and dates, and almondes. y' he maye delyver you youre other "Take other money with you also, brother, and this Ben Jamin, and I and the money that was brought shalbe robbed of my chylde, as I agayne

in

youre sacke mouthes, have been. carry it agayne with you: perad- Taverner's Bible. 1539. fol. venture it was an oversight. And Then theyr father Israel said take youre brother, get you up, unto them. Yf it must nedes Le and

go agayne unto the man. The so now, then do thus, take of the Allmightie God geve you mercy in best frutes of the lande in your the sight of ye man, that he maye vessels, and cary the man a present, let you have youre other brother, a quantitie of bawlme, and a porcion and Ben Jamin. As for me, I must of hony, spyces and myrre, dates be as one, that is robbed of his chil. and almondes. And take as moch dren.

money more with you. And the Matthew's Bible. 1537. fol. money that was brought agayn in Than their fathēr Israel sayd your sackes, t::ke it agayn with you, unto them: Yf it must ned ? be so peradventure it was some oversyght. now; than do thus, take of the best Take also your brother with you, frutes of the lande in youre ves- and aryse and go agayne to the selles, and brynge the mă a present, man. And God Almyghtye gyve a curtesye bawlme, and a curtesye you mercy in the sight of the man of hony, spices and myrre, dates and sende you your other brother, and almoles. And take as moche and also Ben Jami and I wyl be as money more with you. And the a man robbed of his children. money that was brought agayne in Genevan Bible. 1560. 4to. your sackes, take it agayne with ll. Then their father Israél said you, peradventure it was some over- unto them, If it must nedes be so syghte.

nowe, do thus: take of the best Take also youre brother with frutes of the land in your vessels, you, & aryse and goo agayne to and bring the man a present, a litle the mā. And God Almightie geve rosen, and a litle honie, spices and

myrre, núttes, and almondes : The second edition, of 1531, agrees

12. And take double money in with the first.

your hand, and the money that

« ZurückWeiter »