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admit his premises, I had the task imposed upon me of combating his conclusion : and this I did through the medium of the geological discussion, which some, who have not attended so closely as yourself to the course of my argument, have thought might have been better omitted than retained. The truth is, to a certain degree at least, it was necessary to my argument. 11 might, indeed, by a summary process, have rid myself of the Bishop'a conclusìon, while I retained his premises, if I had maintained, that the seeds, when committed to the ground, sprang to perfection with a miraculous rapidity; and, should my whole geological chapter prove to be untenable, I would still resort to this expedient, rather than admit a conclusion which strikes me as altogether unscriptural: but I adopted a different plan, which for various reasons I deemed preferable. Such being the case, it is abundantly clear, that to any person, who denies the Bishop's premises, (as, in fact, many have done,) my entire geological chapter is superfluous. A reader, therefore, of this description may, if he pleases, leap over the whole of that chapter without perusal : for, in his particular case, it will be unnecessary; nor will the rest of the work at all suffer by the omission. On the other hand, if a reader agree with me that the Bishop's premises are valid, and if yet he dislike my said geological chapter, let him also freely omit it, and satisfy himself with the solution propounded above; namely, the miraculous growth of the seeds when committed to the earth. Let the worst come to the worst, this resource still remains, even if my unlucky chapter should turn out to be no better than a fairy dream. At the same time, I must be permitted to say, that I doubt the wisdom of combating infidels in the very teeth of matters of fact : and, so far as I can judge, there are matters which cannot be reconciled with the . opinion, that the Noëtic Deluge is the sole grand catastrophe or revolation which this our globe has experienced. As for the evening and morning were the first day, which has been so repeatedly quoted against my arguinent, I should wish to be informed, how there could be a literal morning and evening of a literal day, BEFORE the creation of the sun. But I forget my resolution of entering into no

controversy on this topic, and forbear." A Correspondent wishes us to submit the following hints to the Committees of Cha

ritable Societies and Associations, on the subject of their floating balances. There are, for instance, at present upwards of 800 Bible Societies, and 2000 Associations, in this country. If each of these keep in hand, on an average, only the small sun of 51., 31. of which respectively are more than they have occasion for in order to supply their current wants, 10,000/. are thus lying useless, whieh, if sent to the Parent Committee, would either be employed in the objects of the Society, or vested in exchequer bills, and produce 3001. a-year. Similar calculations apply to other societies, according to their extent. Our Correspondent, therefore, earnestly suggests to all persons engaged in this Christian work, the expediency of abstaining from keeping larger balances in hand than is actually necessary; and he partieulacly wishes that we should not defer inserting his suggestions in our present Number, as the committees of various charitable societies are about to forward their remittances to London, to be entered in the annual accounts. Our Correspondent also urges the propriety of reducing incidental expenses as much as possible; especially by the adoption of sheet, instead of book, Reports. With regard to the Bible Society, the Monthly Extracts give constant information of the general operations of the Society; so that the local Reports, our Correspondent thinks, may very properly be confined to a brief statement of local proceedings. A small yearly saving of 31. or 41. by each Society and Association, will amount in the whole to many thou- ,

sand pounds per annum. The Committee of the British and Foreign Bible Society request us to acknowledge

on their behalf the receipt of one half of a bank note for 1001. No. 11,032. A Correspondent informs us, that at a late general meeting of the

Subscribers to the Fund formed at Leeds for the distressed Irish Peasantry, T. Tennant, Esq., the Mayor, in the chair, a balance being found to remain in the hands of the treasurer, it was resolved, that one third part of its amount, exceeding 312. should be remitted to the London Hibernian Society "for the establishment of Schools and the dispersion of the holy Scriptures in Ireland.Our Correspondent wishes the graut to be publicly known, as worthy of imitation in other places.

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MEMOIR OF THE LATE CHARLES

GRANT, ESQ.

East-India Company's rights or interests, could not but acknowledge

the conscientious integrity of his (Concluded from page 76.)

conviction, as well as the vigour of

his capacity, and his unwearied zeal THE only parliamentary measures and perseverance in the discharge

of a date subsequent to the of what he considered to be his passing of the East-India Company's official responsibilities. Charter Act, to which we shall ad- Mr. Grant's correspondence and vert, in consequence of the part Mr. intercourse were unusually extensive, Grant took in them, are, the India and with persons of the first rank Circuitous Trade Bill, which passed and consideration. Upon almost in December 1813, and the proposal all occasions he received the fullest to lay open the China Trade, in proofs of public as well as of private 1820, 1821. On both these occa- confidence, and, upon many, expressions, Mr. Grant's exertions for the sions of unusual respect. The opidefence of the Company's interests Dion of Lord Cornwallis respecting were incessant. He had retired him, at an early period of his public from the House of Commons, on ac- life, has been already adverted to. count of his advancing age, in 1819. It is also generally understood that He was nevertheless several times Lord Melville, while President of examined, at his own request, upon the Board of Commissioners for the the China trade, before the Commit. Affairs of India, recommended him tees of both Houses in 1820 and to the choice of the Proprietors of 1821. The testimony which he India Stock, and afterwards invited gave upon these occasions was of him to become a Member of the considerable importance to the Bengal Council, which he declined, Company's interests; and it was from motives the most disinterested supported by documents collected and patriotic. The Proprietors of and prepared by himself, or under India Stock very soon after they his immediate superintendance. In had placed him in the Direction, consequence of the evidence, and suspended one of their own byethe remonstrances, of Mr. Grant, laws, to enable him to retain a comand the other friends and officers of mercial establishment which he had the Company, no report was made formed in India. In April 1807 by the Committee in the first session; they placed him in the Direction and to this moment the projected by a very unusual majority of votes; innovation on the China trade re- Mr. Grant's name standing at the mains unaccomplished. It is highly head of a list of twelve candidates, to Mr. Grant's honour that those with 1,523 votes out of a Proprietary who least agree with him in the of less than 1,900 persons: and view which he took of this question, since his decease they have resolved and of similar ones, affecting, or to commemorate his distinguished considered by him to affect, the services by the erection of a monuCARIST. OBSERV. No. 267.

T

ment, at the Company's expense, in anxious labour, Mr. Grant had the St. George's church, Bloomsbury. satisfaction, in one of his latest visits

The House of Commons, in which to the Highlands, of superintending Mr. Grant sat for about seventeen in person the formal opening of this years, namely, from 1802 to 1819, navigation. The Act for cutting (being two years for the town, and the Caledonian Canal was followed fifteen for the county, of Inverness), by another for the formation of Highrepeatedly elected him on commit- land roads and bridges. Mr. Grant, tees, some of which were not con- it is understood, was among the first nected with India affairs. He was projectors of this measure, and, for appointed by Act of Parliament a period of twenty years, he stre(31 Geo. III. cap. 34, sect. 6.) one of nuously exerted himself to advance the Commissioners for the issue of it. The completion of this measure Exchequer Bills, and in 1818 was embraced the formation of fourteen elected Chairman of those Commis- hundred bridges, and above a thousioners. He was also included in sand of the finest roads in Scotland. the Commission for the appropria- These works have been accomplished tion of the sum of 1,000,0001. ster- by an expenditure of above a milling granted by Parliament for the lion sterling. Among other meaerection of new churches.

sures of local improvement in his Amidst the multiplicity of his native country in which Mr. Grant occupations, his parliamentary con- co-operated, one of the latest efforts stituents and his native country en- of his public life was the promotion joyed a large share of his anxious of the Act for building and endowattention. At the date of his elec- ing fifty new churches in the extention to a seat in Parliament, the sive parishes of the Highlands. The Highlands of Scotland were, as re- establishments formed of late years gards the means of internal commu- in Edinburgh and in Inverness for nication, in a state of almost pri- the extension of education in the mitive destitution. Adequately to Highlands, which, by means of 150 supply these deficiencies, in a coun- schools supported by them, have try so poor, so extensive, so thinly done much to disperse the moral peopled, and abounding with phy- darkness of the remote parts of sical obstacles, was an undertaking Scotland, constantly found in him too gigantic for the efforts of local a warm and efficient friend. Mr. combination. Such being the un- Grant was also among the first to deniable condition of the Highlands, introduce Sunday-schools into this Government resolved to undertake quarter. Two of these he supported various magnificent works, which, by giving salaries to the teachers now in a state of completion, add at his own private expense, which greatly to the convenience and wel. he continued to do during the last fare of the country. The Caledo- twenty years of his life. nian Canal was the first which was Among many private testimonies commenced. The original concep- to his worth it may be sufficient to tion of this navigation was of very refer to two, being those of political early date ; but Mr. Grant, though opponents. The late Sir Philip he did not originate it, stood forth Francis, at the close of a debate on at once as its indefatigable pro- India affairs, in which he had been moter : and to his ceaseless im- decidedly opposed to Mr. Grant, portunities to Government, and his declared, that no man in England devoted services as a Commissioner, had a higher opinion of bis moral the country perhaps mainly owes it character than he had. “Upon that the progress of this noble work the facts in question,” Sir Philip was not in times of national danger added, “there cannot be a more and difficulty delayed, or completely competent witness, nor any human frustrated. After twenty years of evidence less to be suspected.”

Another opponent, Mr. Scott War- was also connected with the Church ing, declared that Mr. Grant was Missionary Society. To many other “ incapable of asserting what he associations, of a religious or chadid not believe to be true, or of de- ritable description, he afforded the livering his sentiments on a subject sanction of his name and the aid of which he did not understand.” his contribution.

Although Mr. Grant ever consi- In the service of the oppressed dered the affairs of India as his pe- Africans he joined his friend Mr. culiar province, and as a sufficient Wilberforce, in 1807, as a member occupation for his mind, he allowed of the temporary committee of gen. himself to have some other public tlemen then associated with a view engagements; but chiefly in con- to the establishment of the African nection with religious or benevolent Institution. To their labours and objects. He appears to have been efficiency he essentially contributed, for many years a Director of the and was afterwards chosen one of South-Sea Company

He was a

the Directors. member of the Society in London The eminent qualifications of Mr. for promoting Christian Knowledge, Grant, as a statesman and a man as well as of another society of the occupied in public affairs, must have same name, connected exclusively been sufficiently apparent to every with the Highlands and Islands of reader of this memoir. It may not, Scotland. He was elected a Vice- however, be improper to observe, president of the British and Foreign that as a public speaker he comBible Society upon its institution, in manded attention in debate by an 1804, and was at different subsequent periods chosen Vice-president British India, its spiritual interests lay

connected as he was, from early life, with of the Bloomsbury and North-East peculiarly near his heart, and his efforts to London Auxiliary Societies *. He promote them only ceased at the moment

when he was called to his eternal reward. The following honourable resolution, It pleased Divine Providence to honour passed unanimously by the Committee of him with numerous opportunities of exthe British and Foreign Bible Society, tensive usefulness in that quarter of the Nov. 17, 1823, on the intelligence of his globe ; and those opportunities he both lamented death, will shew how highly and eagerly embraced and successfully imjustly his value was estimated, not only by proved. In particular, he was greatly inthe members of that incomparable institu- strumental in promoting and protecting tion, but by all who had an opportunity of those beneficent institutions for the diffuwitnessing his wise, zealous, and pious sion of the holy Scriptures, which sprang exertions in this and other works of up in India itself, and which have so coChristian mercy :

piously enriched our Asiatic dominions “ With feelings of the deepest interest, with the treasures of Divine Truth. Sethe Committee have listened to the me- verely as his loss will be felt by this and lancholy intelligence of the death of Charles every other society which has for its obGrant, Esq. one of the Vice-Presidents of ject the glory of God or the happiness of this Society ;-and while they desire to man, to British India it might be deemed express their heartfelt sympathy with his almost irreparable, were it not for she perafflicted family, they feel it incumbent on suasion that the great cause to which he them to record their sense of the eminent devoted the unceasing labours of his life, services he was enabled to render, not and the powerful faculties of his mind, was only to this Society, but to the cause of emphatically the cause of Him who has religion throughout the world. In this the hearts of all men in his hands. It is cause, during the long period of half a the hope and earnest prayer of the Comcentury, he laboured with unwearied zeal; mittee, that He may graciously raise up, and his active and persevering exertions, in the place of this venerated individual, proceeding from Christian principle, and other instruments, possessing the rare endirected by talents of the highest order, dowments and the large and liberal views and by a judgment singularly enlightened, by which he was distinguished, and equally profound, and penetrating, were productive disposed with him to consecrate them all of the most beneficial effects. Closely to their Saviour's service.”

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erect, majestic, and, in the latter dowments, employing his great
years of his life, venerable figure ; by powers to the best of purposes ; a
a voice deep and sonorous, an enun- man of whom it may be truly said,
ciation clear and deliberate, and, that, while he was laborious in the
above all, by arguments perspicuous affairs of this life, “ all his serious
and convincing. He accustomed thoughts had rest in heaven.”
himself to deliver his sentiments We have spoken in the preceding
with gravity, and appeared to expect sketch generally of his eminent
the same temper in his auditory. piety; but we should not satisfy
His style in writing corresponded our own feelings, or do justice to the
with that of his eloquence. Cau- character of this devout man, if we
tious and deliberative in the exami. did not add a more distinct and spe-
nation of his authorities, his refe- cific reference to this important part
rences to written or printed docu- of the subject : and we are happy
ments were generally unanswerable. to be able to do so in the language
As a friend, he was ardent and con- of the clergyman whose ministra-
stant. In no part of his conduct tions he was in the habit of attend-
was the firmness of his mind more ing; and whose testimony is amply
apparent than in the inviolability of borne out by the suffrages of all
his friendships. To the numerous who had the opportunity of witness-
individuals who enjoyed his patro- ing Mr. Grant's habitual piety, of
nage, he was always accessible, and which his characteristic humility
frank in his communications; and and teachableness in the house of
his kindness to them rarely termi- God were expressive indications.
nated with a single instance. As a Mr. Wilson thus depicts the cha-
philanthropist, and more especially racter of his revered friend:-
as a Christian, Mr. Grant is entitled “ This distinguished person, in
to the praise of eminent consis- point of natural endowments, was
tency and zeal. The decision of highly gifted. He had a vigorous
his character respecting religion understanding, a clear and sound
enabled him often to surmount such judgment, a sagacity and penetra-
opposition to his benevolent projects tion, particularly in the discern-
as would have overturned the pur- ment of character, which were sel-
poses of many other men. But Mr. dom deceived or eluded, a singular
Grant, to the last moment of his faculty of patient, impartial, and
life, retained, and illustrated in his comprehensive investigation, an ac-
conduct, the religious principles and tivity of spirit, and a power of con-
philanthropical views which he had tinued and persevering application,
imbibed in India.

which difficulties could not damp,
The great subjects of Christian nor labour exhaust. These quali-
benevolence were ever present to ties, united with quick sensibility
his understanding, and near his of feeling, delicacy of sentiment,
heart, and appeared to have a pow- and a strong sense of moral recti-
erful influence upon his actions, tude, constituted, even independent-
leading him in the prosecution of ly of religion, that which is gene-
his multifarious occupations to tra- rally understood by the term great-
vel in paths into which the ordinary ness of character.
details of business would never have “ It was not, however, the pos.
led him. Under some aspect or session, but the direction and the
other they were almost constantly improvement, of these endowments
before him, and are believed to and qualifications; it was the use
have occupied his close attention which he made of his powers and
within a few days, and probably faculties; it. was the sincere and
within a few hours, of his decease. honest dedication of every talent

Such was the late Mr. Grant ; a and acquirement to the service and man of extraordinary natural en- glory of God, which constituted

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