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VIEW OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS. .
cations, is necessarily partial and unSpaix.- No apparent progress seems certain. The following are among the to have been made, during another recent reports :---that Odysseus was month, towards the internal arrange- master of Carystos in Eubea, and was ments and tranquillity of this afflicted besieging. Erythre ;-that Negropont country. The long-promised amoesty was closely blockaded, if not captured, has not yet been issued,-a sufficient by the Greeks; that the castle of proof in itself of the difficulties which Patros was so pressed that many are felt in balancing hostile parties. Turkish families were leaving the place, The presence of the French army of and that the Greek prisoners in it had occupation secures a temporary cessa- been liberated; - that Maurocordato tion from active civil warfare; but the had begun the siege of Lepanto, and elements of discontent and disturbance of the castle of Cape Autirrion ;-and remain just where they were-or, that the highest degree of enthusiasm rather, they seem to be silently
in- prevailed among the Greeks, particucreasing, instead of diminishing: The Jarly on account of the assistance government finds it impracticable to they had received from Great Britain, procure either money or soldiers; and France, and Germany. Two printingeven their own friends appear to be presses have been established at Miscontending as warmly among them- solongo, to promulgate the acts of the selves as with their commun enemies. Governmeni; and a journal was to
The king has at length been induced be commenced, entitled the Hellenic to issue a decree in favour of the free Chronicle. The Turks, on the other dom of commerce with the Spanish Co- hand, seem greatly reduced in power, lopies. Spain still retains her alleged whether by land or sea; being unable right of sovereignty over thenı, but to procure funds sufficient to carry on allows all nations in friendly relations any important operations. with the mother country to trade with them on the footing of cqual recipro
DOMESTIC. cal duties. France will now obtain its Parliament was opened on the 3d share of access to the South-American of February. The King's Speech was continent. As for the powers already delivered by commission, his Majesty in habits of commerce with that con- being unwell
. We shall give the dotinent, nothing is gained, except a for- cument entire, though it be somewhat mal recognition, which may for the long, as it contains a comprehensive time obviate a few technical incon- and most satisfactory view of the great veniences, but will rather tend to interests and relations of the country. embarrass than settle the ultimate question. It cannot be supposed that
“ My Lords and Gentlemeneither the colonies, or any power which
6 We are commanded by his Majesty may chance to be at war with Spain,
to express to you his Majesty's deep re. will allow that hostile relations with gret, that, in consequence of indisposithe mother country shall exclude the tion, he is prevented from meeting you
in Parliament upon the present occasion. parties from the South-American
“ It would have been a peculiar satismarket.
faction to his Majesty, to be enabled in The king has also issued another person to congratulate you on the prosdecree, prohibiting the introduction perous condition of the country. of all foreign publications into Spain,
“ Trade and Commerce are extending except such as shall be approved by themselves both at liome and abroad. the government censors. The prohi
“ An increasing activity pervades albition extends to all languages, and most every branch of manufacture.
• The growth of the Revenue is such every species of writing. Copies of
as not only to sustain public credit, and the sacred Scriptures, we fear, will not readily be allowed to pass this bigoted of our resources, but (what is yet more
to prove the unimpaired productiveness barrier.
gratifying to his Majesty's feelings) to
evince a diffusion of comfort among the GREECE.—The intelligence respect- great body of the people. ing the affairs of Greece and Turkey, “ Agriculture is rising from the defor want of regular official communi- pression under which it laboured, and,
by the steady operation of natural jesty has reserved to himself an afetcauses, is gradually re-assuming the sta. tered discretion, to be exercised as the tion to which its importance entitles it, circumstances of those countries and among the great interests of the nation, the interests of his own people may ap
“ At no former period has there pre. pear to his dlajesty to require. vailed, thronghout all classes of the com- “ Gentlemen of the House of muvity in this island, a more cheerful
Commons, spirit of order, or a more just sense of “ His Majesty has directed us to inthe advantages whiclı, under the bless. form yon, that the Estimates for the year ing of Providence, they enjoy.
are prepared, and shall be fortli with “ In Ireland, which has for some time laid before you. past been the object of liis Majesty's “ The numerous points at which, unparticular solicitude, there are many der present circumstances, his Majesty's indications of amendment, and his Ma. naval force is necessarily distributed, jesty relies upon your continued endea- and the occasion which has arisen for vours to secure the welfare and happistreugthening his garrisons in the West ness of that part of the kingdom. Indies, have rendered unavoidable some
“ His Majesty commanded us further augmentation of his establishments by to inform you, that he has every reason sea and land. to believe that the progress of our in- “ His Majesty has, however, the grati. ternal prosperity and improvement will fication of believing, that, notwithstandnot be disturbed by any interruption of ing the increase of expense, incident to tranquillity abroad.
these augmentations, it will still be in “ His Majesty continues to receive your power, after providing for the serfrom the Powers his Allies, and gene- vices of the year, to make arravgements sally from all Princes and States, as- in some parts of our system of taxation, surances of their earnest desire to main- which may afford relief to certain impor. tain and cultivate the relations of friend.. tant branches of the national industry. ship with bis Majesty, and vothing is' “ My Lords and Gentlemen, omitted on his Majesty's part, as well to “ His Majesty has commanded us to preserve general peace, as to remove acquaint you, that he was not been inany causes of disagreement, and to draw attentive to the desire expressed by the closer tle bonds of amity between other House of Commons in the last session of Nations and Great Britain.
Parliament, that means should be de. “ Tbe Negotiations which have been vised for ameliorating the condition of so long carried on through his Majesty's the Negro Slaves in the West Indies. Ambassador at Constantinople, for the “ His Majesty has directed the necesarrangement of differences between sary information relative to this subject Russia and the Ottoman Porte, are, to be laid before you. as his Majesty flatters himself, drawing “ His Majesty is confident that you near to a favourable termination. will afford your best attention and as
“A Convention has been concluded sistance to any proposition which may between bis Majesty and the Emperor be subinitted 10 yon, for promoting the of Austria, for the settlement of the pe. vioral improvement of the Negroes, by cuniary claims of the country upon ile au extended plan of religious instrucCourt of Vienna.
tion, and by such other measures as may “ His Majesty has directed that a copy gradually conduce to the same end. of this Convention shall be laid before " But bis Majesty earnestly recomyou, and he relies on your assistance tormends to you to treal the whole subject ihe execution of some of its provisions. with the calniness and discretion which
“ Anxiously as his Majesty depre- it demands. cated the commencement of the war “ To excitc exaggerated expectations in Spain, he is every day more satisfied in those who are the objecis of your that in the strict neutrality which he benevolence, would be as fatal to their determined to observe in that contest welfare as to that of their employers. (and which you so cordially approved), And his Majesty assures himself you he best consulted the true interests of will bear in mind, that where the correc. his people.
tion of a long-standiug and complicated "With respect to the provinces of system, and ihe safety of large classes of America which have declared their se- his Majesty's subjecis are involved, that paration from Spain, bis Majesty's con- course of proceeding, is alone likely to duct has been open and consistent; and attain practical good, and to avoid ag. his opinions bave beep at all times fairly gravation of evil, in which regard shall avowed 10 Spain and to other Powers. be paid to considerations of justice, and
“His Majesty has appointed Consuls in which caution shall temper zeal.” to reside at the principal ports and places of those provinces, for the protection of
The topics of the Speech being on the trade of his subjects.
all bands allowed to be so generally “ As to any further measures, his Ma- of a satisfactory kind, no amendment. was moved to the Address. The chief we would trust, not without some point of disapprobation insisted upon advance towards a safe and effectual by the Opposition, was the conduct amelioration, or rather extinction, of of Government towards Spain, which the present injurious system--Mr. they considered had been marked by Martin is zealously proceeding in his too cautious and vacillating a course efforts to repress the crime of Cruelty of policy. Lord Liverpool and Mr. to Animals, and to a considerable deCanning defended the measures of gree with success, though not to so Government, particularly on the ground wide a range as his humane feelings of the rashness of provoking hostilities, would honourably desire.--Mr. Stuart in which we must have soon become Wortley has renewed his claim to pubprincipals, at great risk, expense, and lic gratitude by a bill to amend the bloodshed, and without any probabi- Game Laws, which we most earnestly lity of ultimate honour or advantage. hope may not be lost in the House of
The proceeding of the session will Lords. The present code is buth unjust afford us opportunity of adverting to and most unwise; and to its operation several topics alluded to in the Speech, we owe a large portion of the crimes as they arise in the course of public which fill our jails and afflict the counbusiness. For the present, we must try. Mr. Wortley proposes to protect the content ourselves with the expression game, to benefit the owner of it, and to of our joy-and we would add, our abolish poaching, by making the arhumble gratitude 10 God, the Father ticle legally saleable, under due reof all mercies personal and national - strictions. for the strongly marked improvement But one of the most important topics which has taken place in the general which is likely to occupy the attention condition of the country, and for of Parliament, is the state of Ireland, the peace, prosperity, and satisfaction and particularly of the Church of Irewhich it is at the present moment our land. Mr. Goulbourn is bringing in a lot to enjoy. May we never deserve bill to promote the residence of the to forfeit these blessings!
Irish clergy on their benefices. The The business of the session has bill will be upon the model of the Conscarcely yet fully commenced; but se- solidation Act in the Church of Eugveral discussions of some importance land (the Act of 1817, George III. anno have occurred, counected chiefly with 57, cap. xcix.) One of its chief features the domestic policy and improvement will be to increase the stipends of of the kingdom. The aspect of the curates. We forbear to offer the retimes is peculiarly favourable for the marks which present themselves to investigation of subjects of this kind, our minds on this intended bill till which, in more busy sessions, and at we know more fully its provisions. seasons of warmer party feeling, have There is yet one topic more, which been too much in danger of being neg- we must mention as likely to engage, lected. The repeal of the Usury Laws and deservedly, a very large share of is proceeding favourably through the the attention of Parliament and of the House of Commons.--Another mea- country,—the state of Slavery in the sure also of enlightened policy, the West Indies. We rejoice to see that, repeal of the penalties for the Ex- it occupies so large a share of the portation of Machinery and the Emi- King's Speech. The concurrence of gration of Mechanics, is commenced the Government with the general feelunder favourable auspices. The Com- ing of the Public on this point, canmittee appointed to examine into the not fail to issue in the adoption of such bearings of these questions, is also wise and prudent measures as may to report on the operation of the safely and certainly put a period to perplexed code of our Combination that monstrous system of oppression, Laws, with a view to ascertain whether in spite of the furious clamours of ihé it is not desirable to get rid of this colonial taskmasters, and the mendacumbrous machinery, and to allow la- cious statements of their hired advobour to find its proper level, without' cates in this country. It is now in legal interference between the employ- our power to shew, and we hope to do er and his workman, The matter, if it fully in our next Number, that even left to itself, would in the end fair- the insurrections, which have alarmly adjust its own average, to the ed the timid and irresolute among us, mutual benefit of both parties.-The have either had po existence, and been subject of the Poor Laws, also, is likely actually fabricated to serve a purpose; lo attract parliamentary attention, and, or, like that ia Demerara, have been
the result of cruelty and oppression, our West-Indian anuals, we know not of immoderate labour, of severity of if a fouler and more odious instance treatment, of religious persecution, of injustice and oppression can be and of a most wanton disregard of singled out, than that of the treatthe feelings of the Slaves. Smith the ment and trial of that good man. But Missionary has been pardoned by the the country shall know it all. Government;- pardoned, not because his guilt was unproved, but because A rupture has taken place between his innocence was clear as the noon- this country and Algiers, in conseday. He has indeed been a most deep- quence of which convoys are to be ly injured individual; and, amid all sent to the Mediterranean. No partithe transactions which have polluted culars have yet transpired.
The Hon. and Right Rev. Dr. Ryder, ton in Salisbury Cathedral, vice Hon, and Bishop of Gloucester, to the Bishoprick Rev. T. Alfred Harris, dec. of Lichfield and Coventry, vice Dr. Corn- Rev. G. G. Beadon, Axbridge R. Sowallis.
merset. Rev. H. C. Jones, Rector of Westham, Rev. Frederick Browning, M. A. Titchto be Archdeacon of Essex.
well R. in Norfolk, vice his father. Rev. Thomas John Burgh, M. A. to be Rev. T. W. Champnes, Fulmer R. Dean of Cloyne.
Bucks. Rev. Thos. Wilkinson, a Minor Canon Rev. J. Davies, Pauntley V. and Upof Carlisle Cathedral.
leadon Perp. Cur. Gloucestershire. Rev. J. Hanbury, Vicar Choral of Here- Rev. Noel Ellison, Huntspill R. Soford Cathedral.
merset. Rev. G. Ingram Fisher, Subchanter of Rev. Daniel Evans, Jordanstone R, Salisbury Cathedral.
Pembrokeshire. Rev. Charles Austin, Tollard Royal R. Rev. W. Gower, Little Hempstone R. Wilts.
Devon, vice Weston, resigned. Rev. T. Brown, St. Andrew's Lecture- Rev. James Harriman Hutton, Leckship Plymouth.
ford V. Hants. Rev. F. Calvert, Whatfield R. Suffolk. Rev. R. Lampin, St. Enoder V. Corn
Rev. John Rt. Casberd, Posthkerry wall. R. co. Glamorgan.
Rev. John Morse, Oxenhall V. GlouRev. T. B. Clerk, Strafford All Saints' cester. R. Norfolk.
Rev. T. Salway, Oswestry V. Salop. Rev. Rich. Lynch Cotton, Denchworth Rev. J. S. Scholefield, Luddington V. V. Berks.
Lincolnshire. Rev. S. Downes, Kilham V. co. York. Rev. S. Turner, Nettleton R. Lincoln
Rev. Mr. Gleed, Northmoor Curacy, shire. Oxon.
Rev. Richard Waldy, Turnerspuddle Rev. W. Gooch, Benacre R. Suffolk. R. and Affspuddle V. Dorset. Rev. Robert Green, Long Horsley V. Rev. P. Walthall, Wistaston R. ChcNorthumberland.
shire. Rev. T. Gronow, Languke Curacy, Rev. J. B. Williams, Lantwit Major, Glamorganshire.
or Llan Iltyd Fawr; with Liswerni vv. Rev. J. Jones, St. Thomas Curacy, co. Glamorgan. Oxford.
Rev. T. Burroughes, Chaplain to Duke Rev. John Mavor, Forest Hill Curacy, of York. Oxon.
Rev. T. Wilkinson, Chaplain to MarRev. R. Prowde, Hinderwell R. York- quis of Londonderry. shire.
Rev. James Hartley Dunsford, Chaplain Rev. Hastings Robinson, St. Sepulchre to the Earl of Suffolk. Curacy, Cambridge.
Rev. Joseph Berkeley, Holy Trinity V. Rev. E. Thorold, Hougham cum Mar- Cork. ston R. Linc.
Rev. James Duffy, S.S. of Craughwell Rev. Frederick Browning, Uffculmbe and Ballymena, Vicar Capitular for United Prebend, in Salisbury Cathedral, vice his Diocese of Kilmaeduagh and Kilfenora. father, late Dr. Browning.
Rev. T. Lowndes, B. D. Worldham Rev. John Still, Rector of Fonthill cum Tested V. Hants. Gifford, to the Prebendal Stall of Strat. Rev. H. T. Tucker, Uplime R. Devon.
Rev. T. Melhuish, jun. Ashwater R. Rev. E. Morshead, Chaplain to Duke Devon.
of York. Rev. J. T. O'Neil, Portlemon and Port- Rev. R. F. Elwin, Chaplain to Earl of hangan RR. Ireland.
Albermarle. Rev. Somers Payne, Ardagh R. Ire- Rev. W. Bradley, Chaplain to Earl land.
Rev. C. L. Poer Trench, Dunleare, Winterton.
Rev. Marmaduke Sealy, Chaplain to Rev. F. J. C. Trenow, Langton Her- Lord Bayning. ring R. near Weymouth.
Rev. C. H. Lethbridge, Chaplain to Rev. J. W. Trevor, East Dereham R. H. M. ship Isis. Norfolk.
DISPENSATIONS. Rev. William Verelst, Rector of Gray- Rev. Dr. Richards, to hold the Peringham, Rauceby V. vice Geo. Thorold, petual Cure of East Teignmouth, with deceased.
ihe Rectory of Stoke Abbot, Dorset. Rev. Henry Wheatley, Bramley V. Rev. Sir R. Fleming, Bart. to hold the Hanis.
Rectory of Wildermere with that of GrasRev. H. E. Steward, Chaplain to Earl mere, Cumberland. of Warwick.
Rev. J. T. Casberd, LL.D. Preb. of Rev. John Lowndes, Chaplain to Earl Llandaff, to hold the living of Lanover, ef Glasgow.
co. Monmouth, with Penmark V. co. Rev. Fred. Patteson, Preacher of Hall's Glamorgan. Sacramental Lecture at Norwich.
ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS.
C. 1. A. ; D. R. N.; A MAGISTRATE ; M. W.; T. W.; EUGENII; A CLERGYMAN;
E. P. S. ; 2; D. I. ; Z.; J. M. W.; Y. ; EUBULUS; and A CONSTANT READER
are under consideration, We are much obliged by the transcript from Tyndal's Preface. C. will perceive that his intention has been anticipated. J. D. will find upon inquiry that the Canons of 1603, never having been confirmed by
Parliament, have not the force of law, and are not binding upon the lasty; but
being agreed upon in Convocation, and confirmed by the King, they bind the clergy. J. C. C. will render his communication more satisfactory and interesting, by con
densing his materials, as be mentions, into one connected narrațive. The continuation of the review of Mr. Faber's work has been unavoidably postponed.
In the mean time, we have received a letter from A CONSTANT READER, and another from Mr. Faber himself
, wishing an explanation of a remark, in which we spoke of Mr. Faber as uniting the disinterestedness of lay services with the sobriety and seriousness of clerical writing. We meant only, that Mr. Faber, having conscientiously devoted his studies and his pen to subjects not very likely, in the usual flow of patronage, to lead to the enjoyment of high dignities and preferment, might, like the late revered Mr. Scott, and other eminent clergymen, be said to join the disinterestedness of a layman to the religious services of a divine. The rest of Mr. Faber's letter is as follows :
“On the subject of the scriptural week of creation, I am fully determined to enter into no controversy. I shall simply state the reason of my being led into that episodical discussion, which seems to have excited more attention, and provoked more animadversion, than it deserves: though indeed any such statement is rendered almost superfluous, by the very clear manner in which you have propounded my argument.
“ Bishop Warburton contends, that vegetables were first created in the form of seeds, and that these seeds afterwards gradually sprang up to maturity. This point being laid down, he builds upon it an argument for the anteparadisiacal state of our first parents.
“Now I have always thought, and I still think, him right as to his opinion in regard to the creation of vegetables. Hence, while as an honest man I felt myself bound to