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notwithstanding they have been impeded to this, 30,585 books have been sold in by the unhappy state of the country. The the depository. Committee have published twenty-five We have not seen a set of the Society's new tracts, either original compositions, or publications; but we have a list of them compilations which have never before been up to the close of last year, including not presented to the public in the form of much short of four hundred books, tracts, tracts

. To supply the demand for public and broad sheets, among which we recogcations formerly in circulation, the Com- nise many well-known and truly valuable mittee have re-printed sixty-four of their publications, admirably adapted to the own and other tracts, several of which Society's purpose. The Committee state, have comprehended editions of 10,000 that having experienced, in the course of copies, making a total of 522,000 printed their labours, much difficulty in selecting during the last year. The books publish- religious books which can be safely placed ed in the French language are intended in the hands of young persons, they were chiefly for the benefit of the children of anxious to form some standard for their the higher classes. The Committee state, own guidance,and for the assistance of their that the publications of the Society meet friends, in the composition of such publiwith general approbation, not only in Ire- cations. They have accordingly issued land but also in England and Scotland. the following hints, not as perfect, or perThey have been the means of inducing fectly satisfactory to their own minds, but those to read the word of God, who had, as forming some ground for a more comprobably, never before perused its sacred plete and regularly digested system for pages; and have been made the means of this species of composition. Their sugturning the wandering and almost hopeless gestions appear to us so judicious and usesinner from the evil of his ways to serve ful, that we feel great pleasure in tranthe living God ;, have smoothed the pillow scribing them for the benefit of our readers. of afliction, and cheered the dying hours They deserve to be maturely weighed by of many a child of poverty. In proof of all who undertake to minister to the public the necessity for such an institution, the edification, whether from the press or the Committee advert to the evidence adduced pulpit.before the Commissioners of Inquiry into “ The title of the tract or book should the Revenue of Ireland. In their Report, be short, simple, and as far as possible, ordered to be printed by the House of explanatory of the design of the composiCommons, on the 26th of July, 1822, one tion. When the subject will admit of it, of the witnesses states, that there is “ the work should open in the narrative or prevalent scarcity of books in all the con- descriptive style, that at first view it may siderable towns of Ireland ;" and another attract the attention of the reader. Reliinforms them, that “eleven counties are gious reflections should be short, animatactually without a single bookseller's shop, ed, and forcible. They should not be and that generally the trade is confined placed entirely at the commencement, or within narrow limits, and to a few hands." entirely at the end, but should be interWith the exception of the capital, there spersed throughout the work. The essenare not more than fifty-three book- tial doctrines of the Gospel, together with sellers in Ireland. Nearly one-third of all the practical principles flowing from the kingdom is completely destitute of them, should be boldly and pron:inently such establishments, and the supply put forward. No direct or indirect oaths, of the others is deficient in a melancholy even as quotations, no light or familiar degree!

use of the name of any of the Divine The Committee are happy to find, that Persons in the Godhead, no fanciful or the Society's suggestions, with regard to irreverent use of Scripture language should Lending Libraries, have met with consider- be introduced. All expletive language, able attention. Besides those mentioned needless repetitions, indecent and vulgar in the last Report, twenty have been esta sentiments or allusions, or affected phrases, blished during the past year, together with and all overstrained metaphors should be seven depositories, in addition to those omitted. The names of fictitious persons formed by the Ladies' Tract Association; should be such as are in common use, not making a total of thirty-eight libraries and such as Mr. Gracious, Master Sensible, ten depositories. They also report, that &c. &c. The language of the composi443,686 tracts have been sold at full or tion should be simple, chaste, pious, and reduced prices, and that 18,983 tracts striking, and adapted to the character and have been issued gratuitously, making a circumstances of the person represented. total issue of 462,669 tracts. In addition Advice should be expressed in earnests


unassuming, and affectionate language. an Episcopal College in the State of Con. The prevailing taste, feelings, and pre- necticut, for which Mr. Wheaton, a clerjudices of the different ranks of society gyman at Hartford, in that State, has been should not be needlessly offended. No deputed to this country to procure donacomposition should contain fairy tales, or tions. From a circular letter, explanatory dreams, or stories of ghosts. Care should of the nature of the object, we select the be taken to avoid the light style of novels following particulars, which, besides their or romances. A preference should be primary reference, will be found interestgiven to matter of fact above fiction. ing, from the information which they conEvery composition should be entered upon tain relative to the history, the present with some definite object in view—to condition, and the prospects of the Angloillustrate, perhaps, some doctrine, as the American Church.corruption of man, faith, good works, or “ Before the event which severed the to improve some class of individuals, as United States from the mother country, a masters, servants, or children. Decency, number of churches had been planted propriety, and simplicity should be stu. there by the missionaries of the Society in died in such pictures as may be attached England for the Propagation of the Gospel to publications, and all representations of in Foreign Parts. These were of course the Deity should be avoided. Quotations withdrawn, when the dependence of the from authors of profligate character, or of States on the parent country ceased, and anti-Christian principles, should not be the church in America was reduced to a used, without great care, lest it should languishing and precarious state of exisappear to the ignorant that thereby a sanc

The attachment of its members tion was given to their works. Animad- was, however, too deeply rooted, to suffer versions on the political institutions of the them to witness its decay without an effort country should be avoided ; and all reflec- to arrest it, and their first care was ditions which may tend to bring persons in rected to the provision of a valid ministry. authority, and the higher orders, into disre- In the year 1784, the Rev. Samuel Seapute with the lower orders, should be guard- bury was appointed by the Episcopalians ed against. No reflection should be made in Connecticut, to proceed to England, to on living characters, especially ministers solicit consecration at the hands of the of religion ; and all necessary disapproba- English bishops ; but as no civil provision tion should be expressed in the language had then been made for the consecration of Christian charity and forbearance. De- of bishops out of his Majesty's dominions, dications of a work to God, or to deceas- and as the necessities of the American ed persons, addresses or apostrophes to Church were pressing, he was induced to saints or to the dead, and all fulsome or apply to the bishops of the Scottish Church, adulatory eulogiums on the living, should where, it was understood, no obstructions be avoided. In works of controversy, a of a civil nature existed; and was set mild and charitable spirit should be pre- apart to the Episcopal office by. Bishop served. In all compositions, particular Kilgour, of Aberdeen, assisted by Bishops delicacy should be studied in making men- Petrie and Skinner. Three years later, tion of sinful actions. If it is not deem- when the obstructions in England had ed adviseable to omit altogether stories and been removed by an Act of Parliament, facts relating to seduetion, it should be the Rev. Dr. White of Pennsylvania, and plainly intimated in the name or title of the Rev. Samuel Provost, of New York, the work, that such matter is contained both of whom had been ordained in Engin it. A strict guard should be placed land, were consecrated at Lambeth, by upon the fancy, lest the writer, while the Archbishop of Canterbury; and in seeking to check the progress of vice, 1790, the Rev. Dr. Madison, of Virginia, should become inadvertently the means of was also consecrated, by the same authoincreasing it.' Lastly, whoever sits down rity. Bishop White is now the only surto compose a work to promote the honour vivor of those who received their con


conseand glory of God, ought above all things cration in England, and the remaining nine to seek His direction and blessing, and American bishops have all been conseproceed to the conclusion in a continued crated by him. These circumstances are spirit of prayer.”

related, that it may be seen how directly

the American Church is descended from AMERICAN EPISCOPAL COL- that in England. The former claims to LEGE.

be considered as a genuine branch of Oar readers are already apprised of the the holy, catholic, and apostolic church; plan now in progress for the formation of and it gratefully ascribes its existence,

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under God, to the unwearied efforts and fit of their western brethren must be susmaternal care of the Established Church "pended. This lamentable deficiency in the in England. Its formulary of public numbers of the Episcopal clergy is to be worship is almost identically the same : ascribed principally to the fact that there it believes in the same Articles of the does not exist in the United States a colChristian Faith; and acknowledges the lege generally accessible to students, where same Book of Homilies to contain sound they may receive a classical education, expositions of Christian doctrine and prac- without danger to the religious predilectice.

tions in which they have been brought up. “ Such is the civil constitution of the It ought, however, to be mentioned, that United States, that neither bishops nor Columbia College, in the city of New clergy derive the least assistance from the York is conducted principally by members Government: they are in every case sup- of the Episcopal Church; but such is the ported by the voluntary contributions of expense attending a four years' residence the people over whom they preside. The in a large city, that the benefits of the inlargest salaries of the clergy do not exceed stitution are in a great measure confined 7001. sterling ; while the average of their to the city itself. The theological instiincomes may be estimated at 1201. or 1301. tution lately established in the . same The bishops are also rectors of churches, place, is devoted to the object of preparing and generally derive their support from young men for the ministry, who have first that source.

received a classical education elsewhere. “ The number of organised Episcopal Unhappily for the cause of religious congregations in the States falls but little truth, the best endowed literary institushort of six hundred; while the clergymention in the country, the Harvard Univerengaged in actual parochial duty do not sity, near Boston, is wholly Unitarian. at present, exceed half that number. It is Few young men of talents leave that instipleasing to record the gradual extinction tution, without having imbibed more or of those inveterate prejudices against less of the spirit of bold religious specuEpiscopacy which distinguished the first lation, which has already spread to a most settlers of the country, especially in those alarming extent among the opulent and parts where the church has been advan- 'intellectual, particularly in the eastern part tageously made known by her more intel- of the Union. Yet it is highly gratifying ligent ministers. The candid and mode- to reflect, that in no instance has an Episrate belonging to the various sects, appalled 'copal clergyman been known to abandon at the enormous strides of heresy, are visi- 'the faith of his fathers, and lead his people bly becoming more reconciled to a church over to the ranks of Unitarian heresy and whose temperate doctrines, consistent go- dissent. The Liturgy has hitherto proved, vernment, and edifying mode of worship, under God, an effectual bulwark of the present a common ground of union, not to faith once delivered to the saints ;' and be found within the pale of any of the hence it has been lately made the object classes of Dissenters. Nothing indeed of repeated and severe attacks from Uniseems to be wanting to a general extension tarian pens. The Harvard university is in of the Episcopal Church, but a body of possession of funds to the amount of more zealous, well-educated clergy, far more than half a million of dollars-principally numerous than, with her present advan- the accumulated donations of individuals, tages, it is possible for her to possess. and enjoys moreover a large annual stipend

“ In the range of States to the westward from the State treasury: it has a library of the Alleghany mountains, whose popu- of 30,000 volumes; and the various lation is already computed by millions, a branches of science, and classical literalarge portion of whom are attached from ture, are taught by twenty professors, principle to the forms of this church, it is aided by a number of tutors. With means a melancholy fact, that but fourteen Epis- so extensive, it must operate a material copal clergymen are employed! Nor is change on the religious views of the comthere the least prospect of their receiving munity; and particularly so, as its proa supply for years to come, unless a more fessors occupy the first rank among the adequate provision is made for the educa- learned in America. The North-American tion of ministers. The churches in the

be adduced as a specimen of States bordering on the Atlantic, where their literary ability. all the literary institutions of note are "" The other important classical institufound, are only supplied in part; and tions also, without exception, are conwhile they labour under their present pri- trouled by denominations not Episcopal ; vations, all missionary efforts for the bene- and in all of them, the peculiar principles

Review may

of their respective sects are more or less aid beyond what lies in their own resources, ineulcated. The consequences to the particularly in the provision of a library, church may easily be imagined. Many and apparatus for experiments in natural young men of fair promise have been philosophy, many years must elapse, beannually lost to the church, who might fore the church will experience any matehave been dedicated to the service of her rial benefit from the institution. Under altars, had they not been compelled to these embarrassments, the trustees are seek a classical education in institutions induced to turn to that enlightened body unfriendly to her government and mode of in England, from which it is the boast of worship.

the American Church that she derives her * The second place among American origin. They rely on a simple exposure colleges is occupied by Yale College, which of their circumstances, their wants and is exclusively directed by Congregational- their prospects, to procure them a favourists. It is worthy of remark, that its li- able hearing. They do not wish to appear brary is not a little indebted to the mu- in the character of suppliants for charity; nificence of members of the Established they only desire to be put in possession Church in England. Soon after its foun- of the means of emulating, though with dation, manyauthors, then living, enriched humbler efforts, the career of their breit with donations of their works; and thren in England, in extending and buildMr. Dummer, the agent for the colony, ing up the cause they love."-Subscrippresented it with 800 choice volumes. tions, donations in books and philosophiBut it found its most munificent patron in cal instruments, will be thankfully received Dr. Berkley, Bishop of Cloyne, who added by Messrs. Rivington, St. Paul's Churchnear 1000 volumes, 260 of which were yard, and the Rev. Dr. Gaskin, at Stoke folio editions of the best authors. The Newington, near London. college is also indebted to him for a valu. able tract of land in the State of Rhode AMERICAN BOARD OF MISSIONS. Island, the annual rent of which is appro- The Thirteenth Report of the American priated to the encouragement of classical Board of Missions states, that the Foreign learning. A Baptist college, lately orga- Mission School now contains thirty-five nised in the district of Columbia, has also members ; namely, eight from the Sandderived essential aid from England, in wich Islands, one Tahitian, one New donations of money, and books for its Zealander, one Malay, eight Cherokees, library.

two Choctaws, two of the Stockbridge “ Thus has it happened, that, while the Tribe, one of the Oneidas, two Tuscaroras, literary institutions of other denominations one Narragansett, two Caughnawagas, and in America have been essentially aided by an Indian youth from Pennsylvania, a the liberality of English Episcopalians, the Chinese, and four youths of the United Episcopal Church in that country remains States. From this list it will be seen, destitute. Its members in the State of that, of the thirty-one youths of heathen Connecticut have been endeavouring, for parentage, nineteen belong to eight tribes the last twelve or fifteen years, to obtain of the American aborigines, nine are from from the Legislature a charter for an Epis- Polynesia, one is from Asia, one from the copal College; but so powerful has been Asiatic Islands, and one from Australasia. the operation of popular prejudice, that it is becoming a subject of serious inquiry their efforts have been without success till among the friends of missions in the Unitthe present year. This difficulty being at ed States, whether more extensive mealength overcome, they have now to con- sures cannot be adopted to educate young tend with the evils of poverty; while their foreigners, who are cast upon their shores scattered situation renders even the sup- ignorant and destitute ; but who, in many port of their clergy burdensome.

instances, are susceptible of great improve“ It is the intention of the trustees to 'ment, and might hereafter prove great render the college, as far as possible, a blessings to their countrymen.

Should place of resort for the sons of all the Epis- such a measure obtain the sanction of the copalians throughout the Union, and a public, a selection of the most promising nursery of ministers for the infant church. youths would be made for the Foreign The patronage of all the friends of the Mission School; and thus a succession of cause will accordingly be solicited; and well instructed Missionaries might be sent agents for collecting funds are now ac- forth to many distant communities now tively engaged, with very encouraging sitting in darkness and the shadow of prospects of success. But without some death. CHRIST. OBSERV. No. 266.


A late circular announces, that there cern. They wish it should be considered are seventy-one persons employed by the as a kindness to females of good character, Board among the Heathen; of whom and of the required description, by introtwenty-eight are ordained ministers of the ducing them, without expense, to families Gospel, and seven licensed preachers. of respectability; but on no acccount as Besides these there are fifty-four female the medium of a contract on the part of assistants.

the Society to provide servants for the

sake of the guinea any stranger may de. SOCIETY FOR FEMALE SER- posit. VANTS.

During the past year 653 applications The Tenth Report of the Society states, , have been made by subscribers for serthat the Committee have distributed, since vants : and 1262 servants have been registhe last general meeting, ninety Bibles as tered as wanting situations. Of these, rewards to as many servants; as also the 520 have been engaged. sum of three guineas to six servants, instead Since the last Report was made, the of a second copy of the Scriptures, in cases Committee have distributed in annual where the servant had already received a rewards and bestowments the sum of 39H. Bible from the Society. They have also to 242 servants for long service and good distributed, gratuitously and by sale, at conduct. During the past year, one hunleast fifteen hundred copies of the Friendly dred and eighty new nominations have Hints, and two thousand Maxims of Pru- been made. Six servants during the year dence, among servants, besides a consi- have received donations on their marriages. derable number of useful and appropriate Reviewing the whole of the Society's be. tracts, furnished by a private hand. stowments on servants since its commence

With respect to the general state of ment in 1813, the Committee report, that morals in humble life, as well as the mis- upwards of 40,000 tracts of a useful sort chiefs that bad principles occasion, when have been put into the hands of domestics; introduced into respectable families, it is that six hundred and twelve servants have most painful to the Committee to state, been rewarded with Bibles; that one that a host of females assail the Registrar, thousand one hundred and eighty rewards so ill clad as indeed to be objects of com- and donations have been assigned, to the miseration; and most of them, appa- amount of one thousand nine hundred and rently, so destitute of character (disco- twenty-eight pounds six shillings, and vered even from their own description of 3,919 engagements have been made bethemselves) that the Registrar would not tween subscribers and servants through be justified in sending them to any of the the medium of the Registry. subscribers. It is thought, that not above Applications have been made by beneone female in four that apply for situa- volent persons from Newcastle, Edinburgh, tions is at all eligible to have her name and Paris, for a particular account of the inserted in the books. The Committee Society's proceedings, with a view to condeprecate, that the Registry should be sider the propriety of extending the plan viewed by the public, or by any of the to those or other places. subscribers, as an ordinary business con

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