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the Labrador coast. The Red Knives, he commenced by tracing out a circle too, recognise the expression Teyma, used twelve feet in diameter. The snow in by the Esquimaux when they accost the interior of the circle was next divided strangers in a friendly manner, as similarly with a broad knife, having a long handle, pronounced by Augustus, and those of his into slabs three feet long, six inches thick, race who frequent the mouth of the Cop- and two feet deep, being the thickness of per-mine River.
the layer of snow. These slabs were te“ The tribe to which Augustus belongs nacious enough to admit of being moved resides generally a little to the northward about without breaking, or even losing the of Churchill. In the spring, before the sharpness of their angles, and they had a ice quits the shores, they kill seal, but slight degree of curvature, corresponding during winter they frequent the borders with that of the circle from which they were of the large lakes near the coast, where cut. They were piled upon each other they obtain fish, rein-deer, and musk- exactly like courses of hewn stone around oxen.
the circle which was traced out, and care “ There are eighty-four grown men in was taken to smooth the beds of the difthe tribe, only seven of whom are aged. ferent courses with the knife, and to cut Six chiefs have each two wives; the rest them so as to give the wall a slight incliof the men have only one: so that the nation inwards, by which contrivance number of married people may amount to
the building acquired the properties of a one hundred and seventy. He could give dome. The dome was closed somewhat me no certain data whereby I might esti- suddenly and flatly by cutting the upper mate the number of children.
slabs in a wedge-form, instead of the more “ Two great chiefs, or Ackhaiyoot, have , rectangular shape of those below. The complete authority in directing the move
roof was about eight feet high, and the ments of the party, and in distributing last aperture was shut up by a small coniprovisions. The Attoogawncuck, or
cal piece. The whole was built from lesser chiefs, are respected principally within, and each slab was cut so that it as senior men. The tribe seldom suffers retained its position without requiring supfrom want of food, if the chief moves to port until another was placed beside it, the different stations at the proper season.
the lightness of the slabs greatly facilitatThey seem to follow the eastern custom ing the operation. When the building was respecting marriage. As soon as the girl covered in, a little loose snow was thrown is born, the young lad who wishes to have over it, to close up every chink, and a low her for a wife goes to her father's tent, and door was cut through the walls with the proffers himself
. If accepted, a promise knife. A bed-place was next formed, and is given, which is considered binding, and neatly faced up with slabs of snow, which the girl is delivered to her betrothed hus
was then covered with a thin layer of pine band at the proper age.
branches to prevent them from melting by “ They consider their progenitors to
the heat of the body. At each end of the have come from the moon. Augustus
bed a pillar of snow was erected to place has no other idea of a Deity than some a lamp upon; and lastly, a porch was built confused notions which he has obtained at
before the door, and a piece of clear ice Churchill." Vol. II. pp. 40, 41.
was placed in an aperture cut in the wall
for a window. The description of the snow ! " The purity of the material of which houses of the Esquimaux, is too the house was framed, the elegance of its curious to be omitted.' Who would construction, and the translucency of its have thought that these savages were
walls, which transmitted a very pleasant
light, gave it an appearance far superior to capable of rearing a dome, an at.
a marble building, and one might survey it. tainment unknown in Egypt or an- with feelings somewhat akin to those procient Greece, according to the prin. duced by the contemplation of a Grecian ciples of architectural science? temple, reared by Phidias; both are tri
umplis of art, inimitable in their kinds." « The winter habitations of the Esqui. Vol. II. pp. 43–45. maux, who visit Churchill, are built of
The travellers, in this neighboursnow, and judging from one constructed by Augustus to-day, they are very com
hood, had an opportunity of obfortable dwellings. Having selected a spot serving the singular and successful on the river, where the snow was about mode of killing rein-deer which is two feet deep, and sufficiently compact, adopted by the Dog-rib Indians. CHRIST. OBSERV. No. 266.
It appears to be the very perfection fatal discharge. The consternation of the of a decoy.
deer increases, they run to and fro in the
utmost confusion, and sometimes a great “ The hunters go in pairs, the foremost part of the herd is destroyed within the man carrying in one hand the horns and
space of a few hundred yards.” Vol. II. part of the skin of the head of a deer, and pp. 10, 11. in the other a small bundle of twigs, against which he, from time to time, rubs
In these high latitudes of North the horns, imitating the gestures peculiar America, our travellers had freto the animal
. His comrade follows tread- quent opportunities of admiring "ing exactly in his footsteps, and holding “ the fantastic beauties of the Authe guns of both in a horizontal position, rora Borealis." They sometimes so that the muzzles project under the imagined its appearances to be atarms of him who carries the head. Both tended with “a rustling noise, like hunters have a fillet of white skin round
that of autumnal leaves stirred by their foreheads, and the foremost has a
the wind." strip of the same kind round his wrists.
But they afterwards They approach the herd by degrees, raising found reason to believe that this their legs very slowly, but setting them noise was occasioned by the sudden down somewhat suddenly, after the man- dislocation of masses of the frozen ner of a deer, and always taking care to lift their right or left feet simultaneously. Having now, in imagination, If any of the herd leave off feeding to
and we would rather do it in imagigaze upon this extraordinary phenomenon, nation than reality,—wintered with it instantly stops, and the head begins to play its part by licking its shoulders, and the travellers at Fort Enterprize, we performing other necessary movements.
must very briefly trace their progress In this way the hunters attain the very
to the mouth of the Copper-mine centre of the herd without exciting sus- River, and along the coast of the picion, and have leisure to single out the Arctic Ocean. But for this our fattest. The hindmost man then pushes readers must indulge us with a forward his comrade's guri, the head is month's truce ; for, interesting as dropt, and they both fire nearly at the
are these volumes, we are not wilsame instant. The herd scampers off, the hunters trot after them; in a short time ling to linger so long over them as the poor animals halt to ascertain the
other topics more immecause of their terror, their foes stop at diately within the scope of our puthe same instant, and having loaded as
blication. they ran, greet the gazers with a second
(To be continued.)
LITERARY AND PHILOSOPHICAL INTELLIGENCE,
judged to Mr. Cowling, of St. John's PREPARING for publication : The Privi- college ; and Mr. Bowstead, of Corpus leges of tbe University of Cambridge ; by Christi, the first and second Wranglers. G. Dyer ;– The Life of the late Dr. T. The subjects for the Members' Prizes are, Brown; by the Rev. D. Welsh ;-Travels Senior Bachelors—"An recentium ingenii among the Arabs, east of Syria ; by J. vim insitam veterum Poetarum exemplaria Buckingham ;-Christian Instruction; by promovent?” Middle Bachelors_-"Quæthe Rev. W. Morgan ;-A new translation nam potissimum causæ Tragicæ Camænæ, of Josephus.
apud Latinos, effecerint?" In the press :-Six Months' Residence Porson Prize--Shakespeare, Merchant of in Mexico; by W. Bullock;-Captain Venice, Act IV. Scene I. beginning with Parry's Second Arctic Voyage ;-Critical “Of a strange nature is the suit you folResearches on Philology and Geography. low,” and ending with “ The penalty and
forfeit of my bond.” Cambridge.-Dr. Smith's prizes are ad- An Annuitant Society has been esta
ates in 1822-3.
blished at Plymouth, under the patronage The number of males, to that of females, is of the Duke of Clarence, and Lord Mel. rated as twenty-six to twenty-five: the ville, for the widows and children of naval proportion of males under ten years, to officers. By a moderate annual sacrifice that of females of the same age, has been the members will have the satisfaction of found, at different periods, to be from providing a comfortable addition to the twenty to nineteen, and from nineteen to government pension for the benefit of their eighteen, families. We earnestly wish that savings An American journal presents the folbanks for seamen were established and lowing picture of the progress of Method encouraged throughout every part of the ism in the United States :-Mr. Embury, a king's and merchants' service.
local preacher from Ireland, was the first It has been ascertained, that by using a who landed in America. He began to small spirit-lamp under the rubber, and preach in the city of New York, and another under the prime conductor, of an formed a society in the year 1766. About electrical machine, their power is greatly the same time, Messrs. Boardman and increased, and they can be rendered effec-': Pilmore arrived as missionaries. At the tive in the dampest weather.
present moment, the Society reckons in Plants, it is said, may be protected from the United States, twelve annual confethe depredations of insects, by washing rences, twelve hundred and twenty-six them with a solution of bitter aloes, the travelling preachers, and a total of three use of which does not affect the health of hundred and twelve thousand five hundred the plants.
and forty members ; exhibiting, as the FRANCE.
last year's increase, the number of fourA Paris paper says, that among other teen thousand nine hundred and eight. raluable articles brought from Egypt by The following is a statistical view of the M. Caillaud, was a mummy of unusual colleges of the United States, in 1823:weight and size. The case in which it When
Gradu. was enveloped had a zodiac, like that of Denderah, painted on it, together with a
of Colleges. short Greek inscription, nearly effaced.
1789 North Caroliga.. Chapel Hill ........ 165
1783 Dickinson Another mummy opened by M. Caillaud
Carlisle, Pao ........ was interesting, from the peculiar mode of 1091 William and Mary Williamsburgh, Va.
Westeru U:ivers. Pittsburgh, Pa. ..... embalming. There was neither bitumen
1793 Transylvania Lexington, Ky.. nor salt of any kind in the preparation ; 1796 Union .......... Shenectady, N. Y... 234 but a thick coat of saw-dust or bark was
1755 Pennsylvania Un. Philadelpbia
1817 Alleghang Meadville, Pa, ..... placed between the different foldings of
173+ Columbia ....... New York City the linen, by which the moisture had been
Washiogton .... Chestertown, effectually absorbed.
1785 Franklin ........ Athens, Geo........ 119 RUSSIA.
180 St. Mary's Baltiinore, Md. .....
1791 Vermont Univer. Burlington, Vt. .... M. Martinoff is the first author who has
1818 Waterville ...... Waterville, Me. .... attempted to introduce into the Russian 1769 Dartmouth...... Hanover. N.H. language the classical beauties of the an- 1800 Middlebury .... Middlebury, V, T... cient Greeks. He is now publishing the
...... Cambridge, Mass .. 308 Niad of Homer, with a literal translation ;
1819 Hamilton ....... Clinton, Oueida, N Y: 107
1795 Bowdoin ........ Brunswick. Me. .... 120 and also the Tragedies of Sophocles, the
1764 Brown University Providence, R. I. Hymns of Callimachus, with philological 1793 Williams ........ Williamsłowo, Mass. 79, remarks, and the Fables of Esop.
New Haven, Conn... 371 GREECE.
1738 New. Jersey ..... Princeton .......... 148
1801 Jefferson........ Canonsburgh, Pa... A new gold coinage for Greece has been
1801 Pouth Carolina Columbia .. executed at Paris, under the direction of 1821 |Columbian ...... District of Columbia 51 Denon, the traveller. On one side is the The whole number of young men in the Archangel Michael, with a flaming sword United States, who have completed their and a dove; the latter the symbol of academical education during the last year, peace. On the reverse, the lion, the em- may be estimated at 650. As the number blem of strength, encircled by a serpent, of graduates is usually about one-fifth part meant to indicate eternity, and around, of the number of students, the whole the word “ Resurrection."
number of young men who have been purUNITED STATES.
suing their studies at these colleges durIn the United States, the proportion of ing the year, may be estimated at 3,200, marriages to the population is calculated or, on an average, one in every 3,000 of as one to thirty; that of births, as one to the population. The proportion is diffetwenty; and of deaths, as one to forty. rent, however, in different parts of the
15 .... 121
...., 1 40
82 .... 100
country. The States west of the Alleg- man, cattle, wild beasts, insects, birds, hany mountains, which contain more than and fish. I pray that departed mortals 2,000,000 inhabitants, do not furnish pro- may partake of eternal salvation with the bably 400 students, or one in 5,000 of their saints. I pray that those who do us evil population ; while Massachussets alone has may be visited by a just punishment. I 518 students in the New-England colleges pray for blessing and every abundance in or one for 1,000 inhabitants.
this life as in the life to come." TARTARY.
SIBERIA. The following are the ten chief com- Captain Cochrane, after two years' exmandments of the moral code of the Cal- ploration of the north-eastern coast of
Siberia, has ascertained that there is no “1. Revere God, obey the clergy, and junction between the continents of Asia fulfil the holy, religion. These three and America. blessed powers will preserve thee in all
INDIA. thy ways. 2. Honour thy father and mo- The Calcutta journals announce, that ther as visible divinities. 3. Comfort the the Government has formed a General sufferer, assist the poor, despise and judge Committee of Public Instruction, with a no one. 4. Shun pride as the destruction view both to extend and improve existing of the soul. 5. Kill no animals; for institutions, and also gradually to introduce know, that in them dwell the souls of European arts and sciences; with funds at the departed sufferers. 6. Shun adultery, its disposal for the object. The Government theft, and every crime; not only do no has also appropriated certainpublic revenues evil, do not even think of it. 7. Shun throughout the country to the purposes drunkenness, as the roct of wicked things. first of local, and afterwards of general, 8. Swear not, and thus be not subservient improvement. These funds are to be to the devil. 9. Repair with thy right placed under the control of committees hand the sin committed by the left. 10. to be appointed at the several towns and Endeavour to acquire eternal salvation by cities, with full powers to devote them to virtues practised in this life.”
works conducive to the health and comfort The following is the Calmuc form of of the people-such as opening new streets, prayer :
making new roads, paving and widening “I believe and revere the supreme old ones, clearing large unwholesome Lama. I believe and revere innumerable tanks, filling up stagnant pools, &c. Burchans. I bend my knees before the A savings' bank has been established at superior priests. I honour and revere the the rising settlement of Sincapore. We holy law. I pray with confidence to these shall be happy to learn that the exámple four beings to be gracious to the six kinds has been followed at Calcutta, and other of creatures living in this world ; namely, suitable parts of India.
LIST OF NEW PUBLICATIONS.
An Examination of “Palæoromaica;" A new edition of Saurin's Sermons, maintaining, in opposition thereto, that from the French; with additional Ser- the Text of the Elzevir Greek Testament is mons, now first translated, and the whole not a translation from the Latin, &c.; by revised by the Rev. S. Burder, D.D., the Rev. W. G. Broughton. Svo. 9s. author of Qriental Customs, &c. 6 vols. Observations on Christianity ; by W. 8vo. 31. 3s.
Mitford. 8vo. 9s. Sermons preached in St. John's Church, Thornton, on Prayer. 12mo. 58. Glasgow; by T. Chalmers, D.D. Svo. Private Thoughts on Religion, by the 10s. 6d.
Rev. T. Adam; with an introductory EsThoughts, chiefly designed as Prepara- say, by the
Rev. D. Wilson. 12mo. Zs. tive or Persuasive to Private Devotion; Sacred Dissertations on the Apostles' by J. Sheppard. 12mo. 5s.
Creed; by Herman Witsius, D.D., transThe Works of the late Rev. J. Hurrion. lated from the Latin ; with Notes, critical 3 vols. 12mo. 13s. 6d.
and explanatory, by D. Frazer. 2 vols. The Preacher, or Sketches of Original The Book of Psalms in an English MeSermons. 5 vols. 12mo. Il.
trical Version, founded on the Basis of the Twenty Sermons on the Apostolical Authorised Bible Translation, and comPreaching, as exhibited in the Acts of the pared with the original Hebrew, with Apostles, &c. Preached before the Uni- Notes; by the Right Rev. Richard Mant, versity of Cambridge in 1823, at the Hul- D.D., Lord Bishop of Down and Connor. sean Lecture; by the Rev. J. C. Franks, The Protestant Companion, or a SeaM.A. 8vo. 125.
sonable Preservative against the Errors,
Corruptions, and unfounded Claims of a. Practicability and Means of its ImproveSuperstitious and Idolatrous Church; by ment; by J. Campbell. -12mo. 2s. 6d. the Rev. C. Daubeny, LL.D., Archdeacon The Slavery of the British West-India of Sarum. 8vo. 9s.
Colonies, delineated, as it exists both in Three Letters to Mr. C. Wellbeloved; Law and Practice, and compared with the occasioned by his Epistolary Attack on Slavery of other Countries, ancient and Archdeacon Wrangham's Visitation Charge; modern; by James Stephen, Esq. vol. I. by the Rev. John Oxlee, Rector of Scaw. Being a Delineation of the State in point ton, and Curate of Stonegrave.
of Law. The Incarnation of the Son of God; a Legendre's Elements of Geometry, and Sermon ; by W. Okely, M.D. (The pro- Trigonometry; edited by D. Brewster, fics will be devoted to the benefit of the LL.D. 8vo. 10s. 6d. Moravian sufferers by fire at Sarepta.) Original Letters in the Times of Henry
Observations on the Religious Pecu- VI. to Henry VII. ; by persons of consiliarities of the Society of Friends; by J. deration, with portraits, facsimiles, &c. by J. Gurney:
the late Sir J. Fenn. 4to. 21. 2s. The Evidences of Christianity derived Appendix of Natural History, to Capfrom its Nature and Reception; by the tain Parry's first Voyage of Discovery, Rev, J. B. Sumner, M.A. 8vo. 108. 6d. with plates. 4to. 7s. 6d.
The Object of Revelation the Present Classical Arrangement of Coralline Poas well as Eternal Happiness of Mankind. lypidems, from the French of Lamouroux.
The Duty and Expediency of diffusing Philosophical Essays ; by E. Walker. Learning among all `Classes, a Sermon; 8vo. with plates. 10s. 6d. by the Rev. C. Eyre.
Koromantyn Slaves, or West-Indjan Paraphrase of the Epistles and Gospels Sketches. 12mo. 5s.6d. throughout the Year ; by Mary Ann Run- Batavian Anthology, or Specimens of dall.
the Dutch Poets; by J. Bowring and H.
S. Van Dyk. foolscap. 8vo. An Address on the State of Slavery in Statement in regard to the Pauperism the West-India Islands; from the Com- of Glasgow, from the Experience of the mittee of the Leicester Auxiliary Anti- last Eight Years; by T. Chalmers, D.D. Slavery Society. 8vo. Is.
The Netherlands; with eighteen coMemoirs of Ferdinand VII. translated loured engravings. 8s. from the original Spanish manuscripts ; Sicily and its Islands ; by Capt. W. H. by M. I. Quin. 8vo. 10$. 6d.
Smyth, R.N. 14 plates, 4to. 21. 12s. 6d. Private Correspondence of the Poet Letters from the Caucasus and Georgia, Cowper, now first published from the ori- with Maps and Plates. 8vo. 158. ginal letters; by J. Johnson, LL.D. 2 vols. Researches in the South of Ireland; by
A Praxis on the Latin Prepositions ; by T. Crofton Croker. Sixteen engravings. S. Butler, D.D., Archdeacon of Derby, A Tour through the Upper Provinces of and Head Master of Shrewsbury School. Hindostan; by E. D. 8vo. 9s. with a map. Observations on the Antichristian Ten
Tour through the Netherlands, Holland, dency of Modern Education, and on the &c. ; by C. Tennant, Esq. 2 vols. 8vo.
TRACT AND BOOK SOCIETY FOR sacred Scriptures as a whole, or in every IRELAND
form in which Divine truth has been disIn our volume for, 1820, page 202, we seminated, a powerful and increasing imannounced the formation of this Society, pression of its importance has been made on its present enlarged national plan, and upon the minds of all classes, from the . stated the grievous necessity which existed highest to the lowest in Ireland.” for such an institution in the sister king- Notwithstanding the general poverty of dom. We have since had occasional op- the country, the funds of the Society have portunities of referring to the proceedings suffered no diminution. In the former of the Society, which we shall now bring year the sum of 3801. was received as a down to a recent period from the last an- bequest, and though no bequest has been nual Report.
made to the Society within the past year, The Committee remark, that “ through this want has been nearly supplied by an the various means used for spreading the increase of donations and subscriptions, knowledge of religion, whether by religi- which exceed those of the former year by ous education, by the preaching of faith- 3781. The sale of tracts and books exful ministers, by the diffusion of the hibits an increase during the year of 328.