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Gon. Hear me, my Lord;
What need you hve and twenty, ten, or five,
To follow in a house, where twice so many
Have a command to tend you?

Rog. What needs one ?

Leer. O, reaion not the need; our baseft beggars Are in the poorest thing superfluous. Allow not nature more than nature needs, Man's life is cheap as beasts'. Thou art a lady; If only to go warm were gorgeous, Why, nature needs not what thou gorgeous wear'ft, Which fcarcely keeps thee warm. But for true need! You heav'ns, give me that patience which I need! You see me here, you Gods, a poor old man, As full of grief as age; wretched in both ! If it be you, that stir these daughters' hearts Against their father, fool me not so much To bear it tamely; ? touch me with noble anger; O let not women's weapons, water-cirops, Stain my man's cheeks. No, you unnat'ral hags, I will have such revenges on you both, That all the world shall-I will do such things, What they are, yet I know not; but they shall be The terrors of the earth.

You think, I'll weep;

The quarto has, foor, old anger of the Gods, for an 'act fellow.

of impiety, was raised against an 7 ---touch me wird noble onger.] offending house, their method It would puzzle one at firit to of punishment was, first to infind the sense, the drift, and the flame the breasts of the children coherence of this petition. For to unnatural acts against their if the Gods fear this evil for his Parents ; and then, of the papunishment, how could he ex. rents against their children, in

pect that they should defeat their order to destroy one another : i own design, and alit him to and that both these outrages

revenge his injuries. The folu- were the instigation of the Gods. tion is, that Shukespeare here To consider Lear as alluding to makes his speaker allude to what this divinity, makes his prayer the ancient poets tell us of the exceeding pertinent and fine. misfortunes of particular fami

WARBURTON. lies: Namely, that when the


No, I'll not weep. I have full cause of weeping.
This heart shall break into a thousand flaws
Or ere I weep. O fool, I shall

(Exeunt Lear, Glo'iter, Kent, and Fool.

go mad.

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Corn. Let us withdraw, 'twill be a storm.

[Storm and tempeft. Reg. This house is little; the old man and his people Cannot be well bestow'd.

! Gon. 'Tis his own blame hath put himself from rest, And must needs taste his folly.

Reg. For his particular, I'll receive hi'n gladly ; But not one follower.

Gon. So I am purpos’d. Where is my Lord of Gloster?

Enter Glo'ster.

Corn. Follow'd the old man forth. He is return'd. Glo. The King is in high rage, and will I know not

whither. Corn. 'Tis best to give him way, he leads himself. Gon. My Lord, intreat him by no means to stay. Glo. Alack, the night comes on, and the high

winds Do sorely russe, for many miles about There's scarce a bush.

Reg. O Sir, to wilful men, The injuries, that they themselves procure, Must be their school-masters. Shut up your doors ; He is attended with a desp'rate train, And what they may incense him to, being apt To have his ear abus'd, wisdom bids fear. Corn. Shut up your doors, my Lord, 'tis a wild

night. My Regan counsels well. Come out o'th'storm. [Exeunt.





Η Ε Α Τ Η.


A storm is beard, with thunder and lightning. Enter
Kent, and a Gentleman, severally.

HO's there, besides foul weather?
Gent. One minded like the weather, most

Kent. I know you. Where's the King ?

Gent. Contending with the fretful elements; Bids the wind blow the earth into the fea; Or swell the curled waters ’bove the main, That things might change, or cease, & tears his white

hair Which the impetuous blasts with eyeless rage Catch in their fury, and make nothing of; Strives in his little World of Man t'outscorn The to-and-fro-conflicting Wind and Rain. 9 This night, wherein the cub-drawn bear would couch, The lion, and the belly-pinched wolf Keep their furr dry, unbonnetted he runs, And bids what will, take all.

Kent. But who is with him ?


tears his white hair ;] 9 This night wherein the CubThe fix following verses were drawn bear would couch.] Cubomitted in all the late Editions: drawn has been explained to figI have replaced them from the nify drawn by nature to its young: first, for they are certainly Shake- whereas it means, whose dugs are Spear's.

Pope. drawn dry by its young. For no The first folio ends the speech animals leave their dens by night at change, or cease, and begins but for prey. So that the meanagain with Kent's question, but ing is," that even hunger, and who is with him ? * The whole “ the support of its young, speech is forcible, but too long “would not force the bear to for the occasion, and properly " leave his den in such a night.” retrenched,



Gent. None but the Fool, who labours to out-jest His heart-itruck injuries.

Kent. Sir, I do know you, And dare, upon the warrant of my 'note, Commend a dear thing to you. There's division, Although as yet the face of it is cover'd With mutual cunning, 'twixt Albany and Cornwall, 2 Who have, (as who have not, whom iheir great stars Throne and set high ? ) servants, who seem no less ; Wbich are to France the spies and speculations Intelligent of our state. What hath been seen, Either in snuffs and packings of the Dukes; C: the bard rein, which both of them have borne rigainst the old kind king; or something deeper, Whereof, perchance, these are but furnishings. 3 But true it is; 4 from France there comes a power



my note,] My observa. be left out in all the later edition of your character.

tions, I cannot tell : they de2 Who have, as suho have pend upon each other, and very

not —] The eight subse- much contribute to clear that quent Verses were degraded by incident.

РОРЕ. Mr. Popr, as unintelligible, and

- from France ibere comes to no purpose. For my part, I a peezer fce nothing in them but what is Into this scatter'd kingdom; very easy to be understood ; and

who alreaay, the Lines seem absolutely neces- Wije in our negligence, bave fary to clear up the Motives, upon cret ŚBA which France prepared his Inva- In some of our best ports--) fion; nor without them is the sense Scatter'd kingdom, if it have any of the Context compleat, fenfe, gives us the idea of a kingi

THEOBALD. dom fallen into an anarchy: But 3 But true it is, &c.] In the that was not the case. It subold editions are the five follow. mitted quietly to the government ing lines which I have inserted of Lear's two sons-in-law. It in the text, which seem neceffa- was divided, indeed, by this ry to the plot, as å preparatury means, and to hurt, and weakto the arrival of the French army en'd. And this was what Shakewith Cordelia in A? 4. How Speur neant to say, who, withboth these, and a whole scene out doubt, wrote, between Kort and this gentle- SCATHED kingdom, man in the fourth at, came to i. e. hurt, wounded, impaired,


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Into this scatter'd kingdom; who already,
Wise in our negligence, have secret fee
In fome of our best ports, and are at point
To thew their open banner-Now to you,
If on my credit you dare build so far
To make your speed to Dover, you shall find
And so he frequently uses feath cause it is formed by a coalition
for hurt or damage. Again, of both. The second edition is
what a strange phrafe is, haring generally belt, and was probably
sea in a fort, to signify a fleet's nearest to Shakespeare's last copy,
lying at anchor which is all but in this paffage the art is pre-
it can fignify. And what is ferable; for in the folio, the
Atranger itill, a jecret fia, that is, messenger is fent, he knows not
lying incognito, like the army at why, he knows not whither. I
Knight's-bridge in the Rehearsal. suppose Shakespeare t'ought his
Without doubt the poet wrote, plot opened rather too early, and
--kave jecret SEIZE

made che alteration to veil the
In jome of our best ports event from the audience;. but
i. e. they are secretly secure of trusting too much to himself, and
some of the best ports, by hav- full of a single purpose, he did
ing a party in the garrison ready not accommodate liis new lines
to second any attempt of their to the rest of the scene.
friends, &c. The exactness of The learned critick's emenda-
the expreslion is remarkable; he tions are now to be examined.
fays, jecret feize in jome, not of Scattered he has changed to
fome. For the first implies a con- feathed; for scattered, he says,
{piracy ready to seize a place on gives the idea of an anarchy',
warning, the other, a place al- which was not the case. It may
ready seized.

WARBURTON. be replied that ;carbod gives the The etue Ttate of this Tpeech idea of ruin, waite, and defolacannot from all these notes be tion, which was not the case. discovered. As it now stands it It is unworthy a lover of truth, is collected from two editions : in questions of great or little mothelines which I have distinguish- ment, to aggravate or extenuate ed by Itclicks are found in the for mere convenience, or for vafolio, not in the quarto ; the fol- nity yet less than convenience. lowing lines inclosed in crotchets Scattered naturally means divided, are in the quarto, not in the fo- unfittled, disunited. lio. So that if the speech be Next is offered with great read with omillions of the lia- pomp a change of sea to seize; licks, it will land according to but in the first edition the word the first edition ; and if the Ita- is fee, for bire, in the sense of havlicks are real, and the lines that ing any one in fie, that is, at devofollow them onicted, it will then tion for money. Fee is in the second stand according to the second. quarto changed to fee, from which The speech is now tedious, be- one made joaand another seize.


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