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64TH CONGRESS, | HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. 1st Session.

COAST GUARD STATION NEAR BARATARIA BAY, LA.

APRIL 14, 1916.--Committed to the Committee of the Whole House on the state

of the Union and ordered to be printed.

Mr. Dewalt, from the Committee on Interstate and Foreign Com

merce, submitted the following

REPORT.

[To accompany H. R. 12282.]

The Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce, to whom was referred the bill (H. R. 12282) to establish a Coast Guard station on the coast of Louisiana in the vicinity of Barataria Bay, having considered the same, report thereon with a recommendation that it pass.

The bill has the approval of the Treasury Department, as will appear by the letter attached and which is made a part of this report.

TREASURY DEPARTMENT,
OFFICE OF THE SECRETABY,

Washington, March 1, 1916. The CHAIRMAN COMMITTEE ON INTERSTATE AND FOREIGN COMMERCE,

House of Representatives. SIR: I am in receipt of your letter of the 26th ultimo inclosing a copy of bill (H. R. 12282) to establish a Coast Guard station on the coast of Louisiana in the vicinity of Barataria Bay, and requesting the views of the department concerning the bill.

The following is the description of Barataria Bay given in the United States Coast Pilot:

"Barataria Bay is a large, shallow body of water lying 35 miles northwestward of Southwest Pass Lighthouse; its entrance, known as Grand Pass, is marked on its eastern side by Barataria Bay Lighthouse. The bay has a general depth of 4 to 5 feet and is navigated chiefly by fishermen and oystermen. The carrying is done by steamers and luggers of 3 to 4 feet draft, which trade through the baysus and canals connecting the bay with the Mississippi.

“A bar, through which the best water is about 7 feet, extends about 21 miles off the entrance."

The bar referred to is a shifting one, and the attempt to cross it by strangers is dangerous; and in case of trouble there are only local aids of minor importance and not very efficient.

At Grand Isle is the principal settlement in the bay and there is the only post office. There are several plants for the prosecution of the oyster and shrimp business and facilities for the pursuit of the fishing industry, and the fishermen are liable to more or less frequent disasters to their craft.

The neighborhood is subject to tropical storms. sometimes of great violence, endangering life and property by tempest and inundation. Vessels of large size passing in the Gulf off the locality have sometimes been wrecked on the bar. The place is isolated from other places of any size and communication with the outside world is difficult and slow. The obtaining of assistance, therefore, in case of disaster is a matter involving a loss of time which may prove fatal.

On the occasion of the stranding of the steamer Algiers off the bar in January last, with a crew of 20 men, the first news received of her distress from whence adequate assistance could be sent was brought by the first officer of the vessel, who reached the shore in a rowboat and made his way on foot through mud and mire for 25 miles to Harveys Canal, where he obtained a motorboat for New Orleans. An expedition was undertaken from there for the relief of the stranded vessel.

The nearest Coast Guard station is at Sabine Pass, Tex., nearly 250 miles to the westward, and I am, therefore, of the opinion that the establishment of a Coast Guard station, as provided for in the bill under notice, is needed in the interest of commerce and humanity. Respectfully,

B. R. NEWTON, cting Secretary.

64TH CONGRESS, | HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. 18t Session

LIFE-SAVING STATIONS ON THE COAST OF GEORGIA.

APRIL 14, 1916.-Committed to the Committee of the Whole House on the state

of the Union and ordered to be printed.

Mr. DEWALT, from the Committee on Interstate and Foreign Com

merce, submitted the following

REPORT.

[To accompany H. R. 6903.)

The Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce, to whom was referred the bill (H. R. 6903) providing for the establishment of life-saving stations on Tybee Ísland, coast of Chatham County; on Warsaw Island, coast of Chatham County; on Ossabaw Island, coast of Bryan County; on St. Catherines Ísland, coast of Liberty County; on Blackbeard Island and on Sapelo Island, coasts of McIntosh County, Ga., having considered the same, report thereon with amendment, and as so amended recommend that it pass.

Amend the bill as follows:

Strike out all after the enacting clause and insert in lieu thereof the following:

That the Secretary of the Treasury be, and he is hereby, authorized to establish a Coast Guard station on the coast of Georgia in the vicinity of Tybee Island, at such point as the Captain Commandant of the Coast Guard may recommend, and the station shall be manned during the entire year.

Amend the title so as to read: A bill to to authorize the establishment of a Coast Guard station in the vicinity of Tybee Island, coast of Georgia.

The bill as amended has the approval of the Treasury Department, as will appear by the letter attached and which is made a part of this report.

TREASURY DEPARTMENT,
OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY,

Washington, January 24, 1916. The CHAIRMAN COMMITTEE ON INTERSTATE AND FOREIGN COMMERCE,

House of Representatives. SIR: I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your letter of the 10th instant, transmitting bill H. R. 6903, Sixty-fourth Congress, first session, “ Providing for the establishment of life-saving stations on Tybee Island, coast of Chatham County ; on Warsaw Island, coast of Chatham County; on Ossabaw Island, coast of Bryan County; on Saint Catherines Island, coast of Liberty County ; on Blackbeard Island and on Sapelo Island, coasts of McIntosh County ; Georgia,” and asking for the views of the department concerning the bill.

The matter was referred to the Captain Commandant of the Coast Guard for report, which has been received and is herewith transmitted with my concurrence. Respectfully,

BYRON R. NEWTON,

Acting Secretary.

TREASURY DEPARTMENT,
UNITED STATES Coast GUARD,

Washington, January 24, 1916. The SECRETARY OF THE TREASURY.

SIB: I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your reference, for report, of the letter of the chairman of the Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce of the House of Representatives, transmitting bill H. R. 6903, “ Providing for the establishment of life-saving stations on Tybee Island, coast of Chatham County; on Warsaw Island, coast of Chatham County; on Ossabaw Island, coast of Bryan County ; on Saint Catherines Island, coast of Liberty County; on Blackbeard Island, and on Sapelo Island, coasts of McIntosh County, Georgia," and asking for the views of the department concerning the bill.

In reply I would state that I have caused an examination to be made of the records of marine disasters which have occurred upon the coast of Georgia, and it has been found that that coast has been remarkably free from casualties to shipping, and that the number of casualties in the past has not been such as would appear to justify the cost of establishing and maintaining a Coast Guard station at any of the places specified in the bill, except at Tybee Island, where the number of casualties that have occurred during the last 20 years exceeds_those of all the other places combined. In view of this and the fact that Tybee Island lies at the mouth of the Savannah River, by which all vessels enter and leave Savannah, the principal shipping port of the State, it is believed a Coast Guard station should be established in that vicinity.

In case the committee concludes to report a bill for that purpose, I would recommend that the following be substituted for the bill under consideration:

“A BILL To authorize the establishment of a Coast Guard station in the vicinity of

Tybee Island, coast of Georgia.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the Secretary of the Treasury be, and he is hereby, authorized and directed to establish a Coast Guard station on the coast of Georgia in the vicinity of Tybee Island, at such a point as the Captain Commandant of the Coast Guard may recommend, and that the station shall be manned during the entire year." Respectfully,

E. P. BERTHOLF, Captain Commandant.

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