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INCREASE IN NUMBER OF CADETS, UNITED STATES

MILITARY ACADEMY.

APRIL 14, 1916.—Committed to the Committee of the Whole House on the state

of the Union and ordered to be printed.

Mr. DENT, from the Committee on Military Affairs, submitted the

following

'REPORT.

[To accompany S. 4876.)

The Committee on Military Affairs, to whom was referred Senate bill 4876, having considered the same, report thereon with a recommendation that it do pass with the following amendments:

Page 1, line 7, strike out the word "sixty" and insert the word “ eighty,” and after the word “large,” in line 8, insert a comma and the words “twenty of whom shall have been recommended to the President as honor graduates of an educational institution having an officer of the Regular Army detailed as professor of military science and tactics under existing law, or any law hereafter enacted for the detail of officers of the Regular Army to such institutions, and which institutions are designated in War Department orders as 'honor schools' upon the determination of its relative standing at the last preceding annual inspection regularly made by the War Department."

Page 1, line 9, strike out the word “sixty” and insert the word “ eighty.

Page 1, line 12, between the words “the” and “States," insert the following: “congressional district or of the.”

Page 2, line 11, after the word “Guard,” insert the words “in as near proportion as possible.”

Page 2, line 15, strike out the words “two hundred " and insert the words “ one hundred and eighty."

Amend also by adding the following section, to be known as section 4:

SEC. 4. That hereafter whenever all vacancies in cadetships at the United States Military Academy shall not have been filled as a result of the regular annual entrance examination, the President is hereby authorized to appoint candidates who were found qualified for admission at such entrance examination and for whom no vacancy would exist under present law: Provided, That the number of qualified candidates so appointed shall not be in excess of the number of such unfilled vacancies remaining at the time of such appointment : Provided further, That cadets adinitted under the provisions of this section shall be credited to the United States at large and their admission shall not interfere with nor affect in any manner any appointment authorized under existing law or under any of the provisions of this act. The authorized number of cadetships at the Military Academy is temporarily increased by the number of admissions made in any year under the provisions of this section : Provided further, That whenever by the operation of this or any other law the corps of cadets exceeds its authorized maximum strength the admission of candidates as prescribed in this section shall cease until such time as the corps of cadets may be reduced below its authorized strength.

In support of this bill the committee submit the following:

Estimate of cost to make the United States Military Academy able to accommodate 1,200 cadets. Ordnance and quartermaster equipment---

$56, 932 Changes in camp grounds---

41,000 Changes in academic buildings and additional furniture_

42,000 Changes in mess hall and new mess hall furniture

9, 663 Changes in barracks..

2,000 For temporary construction for cantonment barracks, hospitals, and other temporary structures--

108, 405 Total ---

-- 260, 000 There were 141 cadets admitted in 1911 and 82 were graduated; 128 cadets admitted in 1912 and 95 were graduated; 146 cadets admitted in 1913 and 92 were graduated; 146 cadets admitted in 1914 and 106 were graduated; 263 cadets admitted in 1915 and 163 graduated. In 1911, 58 per cent were graduated; 1912, 74 per cent were graduated : 1913, 63 per cent were graduated; 1914, 72 per cent were graduated; 1915, 61 per cent were graduated.

The following are extracts from the report of the Superintendent United States Military Academy, 1915, pages 4 and 5:

There were for the year 706 cadetships authorized and 611 cadets on the rolls, leaving 95 vacancies in the corps on July 1, 1915. This number of vacancies was reduced to 59 by the admission of 36 men on July 1, 1915.

The plant to-day can easily handle 700 cadets. The discharge of 20 cadets on July 9, 1915, for deficiency in studies at the annual examinations in June, 1915, which was delayed this year, brought the number of present cadet vacancies up to 79.

For the March and May entrance examinations this year 683 cadidates were examined. The following table shows the results:

Qualified alternates for whom no vacancies exist (including 2 United States at large candidates),

42. It will thus be seen that, at the beginning of the academic year, July 1, 1915, there were 79 vacant cadetships and 42 candidates who had taken the examination for admission to the United States Military Academy, and had been found qualified for admission thereto, but for whom no vacancies existed, they having been alternates, and their principals having been admitted.

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*

* $41,662.70 already estimated for (H. Doc. 432).

The proposed section 4 would have permitted the President to appoint these 42 qualified alternates as additional cadets at large; the Representatives, the Senators, and the President would still have the nominating of 79 candidates for the 79 vacancies for admission the ensuing years. There were 55 vacancies during the year ending July 1, 1915, which occurred from causes other than those caused by the graduating class, so that had

the 42 qualified alternates been admitted, there were more than a sufficient number of vacancies during the year to absorb them.

To summarize: The effect of section No. 4, will be, if enacted into a law:

(a) After two or three years to permit the academy to begin each academic year with its full authorized quota. In other words, the plant will be filled to its capacity.

(6) To give cadetships to alternates, who qualify at the entrance examination, without charging or crediting them to any State, Territory, or District, but to the United States at large.

(c) The last proviso will automatically check the appointment of the alternates as additional cadets at large whenever the appointment of alternates would cause the corps of cadets to exceed its authorized strength.

(d) The authorized strength will be attained July 1, each year. Reductions below the authorized strength will occur only by reason of losses during the year, from failures at examinations, resignations, etc.

(e) The effect, as a whole, is to increase the authorized number of cadetships each year up to the authorized strength of the corps of cadets; in other words, by the appointment of additional cadets at large not to exceed the number of unfilled vacancies from the States, Territories, Districts, etc., without filling the vacancies.

(f) It will immediately increase the number of cadets to be admitted July 1 of this year.

0

1st Session.

No. 545.

SALE OF LIGHTHOUSE RESERVATION AT SCITUATE,

MASS.

APRIL 14, 1916.- Committed to the Committee of the Whole House on the state

of the Union and ordered to be printed.

Mr. Coady, from the Committee on Interstate and Foreign Com

merce, submitted the following

REPORT.

[To accompany H. R. 13419.)

The Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce, to whom was referred the bill (H. R. 13419) authorizing the sale of the lighthouse reservation at Scituate, Mass., having considered the same, report thereon with a recommendation that it pass.

The bill has the approval of the Department of Commerce, as will appear by the letter attached, and which is made a part of this report.

DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE,

OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY,

Washington, March 25, 1916. MY DEAB CONGRESSMAN: Receipt is acknowledged of your letter of March 22, 1916, inclosing, with request for the views thereon by this department, a copy of House bill 13419, Sixty-fourth Congress, first session, authorizing the sale of the lighthouse reservation at Scituate, Mass.

I have to state that the property described in the bill constitutes a portion of the old Scituate Lighthouse Reservation, and contains thereon an old stone light tower which is connected by a covered way with a keeper's dwelling. The light on the tower has been discontinued, it being now shown from an iron spindle on the outer end of the breakwater. Since the removal of the light to the breakwater the lighthouse reservation, together with improvements thereon, has no longer been required for lighthouse purposes.

The town of Scituate desires to acquire the site for the purpose of incorporating it into its present park system and to preserve and maintain it, including the structures thereon, as an historical landmark.

It is recommended that the word “jurisdiction” in line 12, page 1, of the bill be spelled correctly. As thus modified, I recommend that the bill be passed. Very truly, yours,

WILLIAM C. REDFIELD, Secretary. Hon. W. C. ADAMSON, Chairman Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce,

House of Representatives, Washington, D. C.

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