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for maintenance, repair, and minor alterations, and $516,000 for target practice.

And, in addition, it is also estimated that $70,000 will be annually required for maintenance, repair, and minor alterations, plus a proportionate increase due to the installation of new armament as it is supplied for the insular possessions.

FIELD ARTILLERY AND AMMUNITION THEREFOR.

The appropriations for field artillery material recommended by the committee for several years past have been in furtherance of a War Department project adopted in 1911, which was based upon the report of the Greble Board. As has been stated, the department during the past year convened a board of officers, known as the Treat Board, for the revision of the project of the Greble Board. The recommendations of the Treat Board have been submitted to, but have not been approved by, the War Department. These recommendations contemplate a very material enlargement of the program of the Greble Board, due to an increase from 6 to 11 in the number of field arms on which the project is based, an increased ratio of guns to troops, an increase in the power of the guns recommended, and an increase in the supply of ammunition per gun to be accumulated.

Under the second general classification, first noted, it is estimated that the sums remaining to be appropriated under the Greble Board project, for items under subdivision (a) are as follows: For new material, including funds for the alteration of 3.2-inch batteries, $3,241,718.07; for reserve ammunition, $4,187,812; making a total of $7,429,530.07. These sums are exclusive of the amount, $17,421,239.43, remaining to be appropriated for new material and ammunition for the militia, for which appropriations are carried from year to year in the Army bill. The total remaining to be appropriated under the project of the Greble Board, therefore, for new material and for reserve ammunition, is $24,850,769.50.

The corresponding sums remaining to be appropriated under the project of the Greble Board, modified to accord with a department plan for the Army as embodied in H. R. 12766, present session, are for new material, $3,513,881.80; for reserve ammunition, $3,514,312; and for the militia, $52,832,064.40; or a grand total of $59,860,258.20.

The corresponding sums to procure the material recommended by the Treat Board for both the Regular Army and the militia, are for new material, $158,800,000; for reserve ammunition, $292,000,000; or a grand total of $450,800,000. The corresponding sums required to carry out the recommendations of the Treat Board, if modified as recommended by the Chief of Ordnance, are for new material, $118,630,941.10; for reserve ammunition, $129,655,439; or a grand total of $248,286,380.10. In both of the latter two projects the totals given are exclusive of the sum of $10,500,000 estimated as required for the procurement of motor trucks to be furnished by the Quartermaster Corps when war is imminent, and of the cost of Signal Corps equipment.

In addition to the above, it is estimated that there will be required annually $100,000 for alteration, maintenance, and repair, and $400,000 for target practice.

In the present estimates there is asked, under the first general division for continental United States, subdivision a, new material, etc., $11,916,473.80, of which sum there is recommended in the accompanying bill $10,301,200; under subdivision b, maintenance, repair, etc.$1,210,750, of which amount the bill carries $967,750; and under subdivision c, target-practice ammunition, $490,000, and $26,000 for submarine-mine practice, all of which is recommended in the bill, making a total estimate of $13,643,223.80, of which the bill carries $11,784,950.

In the insular possessions, under subdivision a, there is asked for new material, ammunition, etc., $2,499,150, of which there is recommended in the bill $2,487,100; and under subdivision b, maintenance, repair, etc., $127,750, of which the sum of $98,500 is recommended; making total estimates of $2,626,900, of which $2,585,600, as above stated, is recommended; making a grand total of estimates of $16,270,123.80 for both continental United States and the insular possessions under the first general division, of which there is recommended $14,370,550.

Under the second general classification there is asked, under subdivision a, new material, etc., including alteration of 3.2-inch batteries, $5,727,500, of which $5,716,500 is recommended, with an authorization of $5,000,000; under subdivision b, maintenance, repairs, etc., $105,000, of which $100,000 is given; under subdivision c, target-practice ammunition, $862,500, of which $400,000 is given; making total estimates of $6,695,000, of which the bill carries $6,216,500, with authorization of $5,000,000 as above.

Under the third general division there are asked the following items: Current expenses, ordnance proving ground, Sandy Hook, N. J.,

$75,000 Expenses of officers at the proving ground and compensation of draftsmen... 35,000 Board of Ordnance and Fortification..

300,000 Total........

410,000 All of the estimates under the third general division $110,000 are recommended and in addition thereto the sum of $1,000,000 is included in the bill, as follows:

For the procurement of such gauges, dies, jigs, tools, fixtures, and other special aids and appliances, including such plans, specifications, and detailed drawings as may be necessary for the immediate manufacture of arms, ammunition, and other material necessary for the defense of the country and for plans for and the installation of such material in private plants in the United States under such contract and agreement as may be made by the Secretary of War, $1,000,000: Provided, That not exceeding twenty-five per centum of said sum may be used in obtaining from plants so equipped such war material as may be desired: Provided further, That not exceeding $50,000 worth of such material may be purchased from any one person or company, and in making such expenditures the laws prescribing competition in the procurement of supplies by purchase shall not govern.

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JURISDICTION OVER EXPENDITURES.

The funds appropriated under the fortification acts are expended by or under the supervision of the Chief of Ordnance, the Chief Signal Officer, and the Chief of Engineers. In general terms the Chief of Ordnance has charge of those items pertaining to seacoast cannon, including their carriages, sights, implements, and equipments; mountain, field, and siege cannon, including their carriages, sights, implements, and equipments; ammunition for seacoast cannon; ammunition for mountain, field, and siege cannon; ammunition, subcaliber guns, and other accessories for seacoast artillery practice; ammunition, subcaliber guns, and other accessories for mountain, field, and siege artillery practice; alteration and maintenance of seacoast artillery; alteration and maintenance of mobile artillery; current expenses of the ordnance proving ground, Sandy Hook, N. J.. necessary expenses of officers at the proving ground, and compensation of draftsmen. In addition he has charge of the accounts, although not of the disbursements, pertaining to submarine mines, and the Board of Ordnance and Fortification, and expends the funds allotted him by the Secretary of War for fire-control instruments.

The Chief Signal Officer has charge of the operation and maintenance of fire-control installation at seacoast defenses and the expenditure of such funds as may be allotted him by the Secretary of War for the procurement of wiring and instruments for communication service from the appropriations for fire control.

The Chief of Engineers has charge of the construction, maintenance, repair, and modernization of emplacements for seacoast armament; installation and replacement of electric light and power plants and searchlights at seacoast fortifications; procurement or reclamation of land for sites for fortifications; preparation of plans for fortifications; tools, electrical, and engine supplies for operating electric light and power plants in seacoast batteries, and reserve lights therefor; construction, maintenance, and repair of sea walls and embankments; construction, preservation, and repair of structures for torpedo defense; land defenses of seacoast fortifications, exclusive of electrical communications and armament; and the expenditure of such funds as may be allotted him by the Secretary of War from firecontrol appropriations for construction of fire-control stations and accessories and purchase of lands and rights of way.

The estimate for fire-control stations and accessories, electrical communications, and range finders, and other instruments for fire control at the fortifications is submitted by the Chief of Coast Artillery, and the appropriation when made is carried on the books of the disbursing officer of the War Department, expenditures being made by the Chief of Ordnance, the Chief Signal Officer, and the Chief of Engineers in accordance with allotments made them by the Secretary of War for particular purposes. The estimate for submarine mines is prepared by the Chief of Coast Artillery and disbursed under his supervision; the accounts are kept by the Chief of Ordnance.

LIMITATIONS.

The following provisions with respect to expenditures are recommended as follows:

On page 13:

Sec. 2. That all material purchased under the provisions of this act shall be of American manufacture, except in cases when, in the judgment of the Secretary of War, it is to the manifest interest of the United States to make purchases in limited quantities abroad, which material shall be admitted free of duty.

On page 14: Sec. 3. That appropriations in this act shall not be expended for powder other than small-arms powder at a price in excess of 53 cents a pound.

On page 14:

Sec. 4. That except as expressly otherwise authorized herein no part of the sums appropriated by this Act shall be expended in the purchase from private manufacturers of any material at a price in excess of twenty-five per centum more than the cost of manufacturing such material by the Government, or, where such material is not or has not been manufactured by the Government, at a price in excess of twenty-five per centum more than the estimated cost of manufacture by the Government.

On page 14:

Sec. 5. That expenditures for carrying out the provisions of this Act shall not be made in such manner as to prevent the operation of the Government arsenals at their most economical rate of production, except when a special erigency requires the operation of a portion of an arsenal's equipment at a different rate.

COMPARATIVE STATEMENT.

The following shows, by items, the appropriations made in the last fortification act, the amounts submitted at this session in the estimates, and the amounts recommended in the accompanying bill.

HR-64-1_vol 2-18

FORTIFICATIONS APPROPRIATION BILL, 1917.

Comparative statement showing the amounts appropriated for 1916, the estimates for 1917, and the amount recommended

in the accompanying bill for 1917.

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100,000.00

78,500.00

78,500.00

Modernizing older emplacements..
Fire-control stations and accessories, construction of.

130,000.00

617, 982. 80

600,000.00

Coast Artillery war instruction..

500.00

1, 250.00

1, 250.00

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Electric light and power plants at seacoast fortifications.
Searchlights for important harbors.
Protection, preservation, and repair of fortifications.
Plans for fortifications.

Supplemental estimate in H. Doc. 430.
Electric light and power equipment and searchlights, maintenance, repair, tools, etc.
Sea walls and embankments, construction of.
Fire-control stations, operation and maintenance.
Submarine mines, operation, preservation, and care of, including mining casemates, cable

galleries, etc..

15,000.00

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