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fishes whatsoever the rivers and seas do produce. But no likeness of these is to be made for religious service.

But why so particular? This is deservedly inquired, when the first command, and most of the rest, are in so very few words. Ans. 1. Because the worship of God commanded here is not so much natural as in the first command, but instituted; and so nature's light can be of less service than in the first : for though the light of nature teacheth that God is to be worshipped, it cannot tell us how he will be worshipped, or in what particular way.

2. Because there is a special proneness in the nature of man to corrupt the worship and ordinances of God. Of old the worship of God was corrupted with vile idolatries and superstitions all the world over, but among the Jews, and frequently among them too. Ye will often read of the Jews falling in with the worship of the nations; but of any nation falling in with theirs, never, Jer. ii. 11. And so is it at this day ainong the Papists, yea, and other churches, as the church of England, and the Greek churches; and there are few Protestant churches, where these ordinances are not changed in greater or lesser measure.

3. There is a peculiar bias in corrupt nature to idolatry. It is natural for men to desire to see what they worship, Rom. i. 23. Exod. xxxii. 1. and to have a pompous worship. There is a natural weakness in the corrupt minds of men, whereby they are easily impressed by idols and images for religious service, ready to fancy 'something of divinity in them.

4. There is a peculiar hellish zeal that accompanies ido. latry, to multiply gods, and to be most keen in the worship of them; like as it is seen in corporal adultery in those who have once prostituted their honour, Jer. I. 38. If you ask, what can put Papists, being men and not devils, on those horrid practices, of which we spake on the fast-day?

* This part of the fubject was delivered Feb. 21. and the discourse here referred to was preached on occasion of a congregation fait, on the

7th, 1714, being the last year of Queen Anne's reign. It is well koowo that plots were then carrying on by Papists, Jacobites, and malignants, not without countenance from the then Tory ministry, to bring a Popish Pretender to the throne, on the demise of that much-abused Princess, in place of the late King George I. upon whom the crowo had been eptailed by A&t of Parliament, as the nearest Protestant heir ; that great

I answer, Their idolatrous religion inspires them with that hellish fury, 1 Kings xviii. 28. Psal. cvi. 36, 37, 38. So does it on multiplying of them; for this particularity shews that almost from every part of the universe the heathens fetched their idols. And as the heathens had, so the Papists have, their idols and images of things in heaven, of God, angels, saints; and want not their queen of heaven, as well as the Pagans had. The earth furnishes them with an image of the cross, and with reliques and images of the dead. Re. markable is that which the author of the apocryphal book of Wisdom, which to the Papists is canonical scripture, chap. xiv. 15. gives as the original of idolatry, to wit, That a fa. ther, in bitterness for his son's death, made an image of his

numbers of trafficking priests and Jesuits flocked into this kingdom ; that Popish meetings were held more openly than formerly ; that Presbyterian minifters were insulted in several places, and threatenings of vengeance ut. tered to be inflicted on firm and itaunch Proteftants. At this dangerous season, Mr BOSTON, with that freedom and boldness that became a true patriot and an ambassador of the King of kings, was not filent, but faithfully teftified against the abominations and cruelties of Papists, and the madness and extravagance of Jacobites and malignants, in the afore-men. tioned discourse; and others preached in those perilous times.

As the discourse referred to was seasonable at that time, so it appears to be equally so at this day, when Popery is evidently on the increase in many places of this kingdom, Edinburgh not excepted, wherein there are said to be three numerous Popish meetings, and endeavours are used, by writings and speeches, to represent Popery in a light quite different from what it really is, thereby to beguile unwary and unstable fouls ; and not only Papifts, but many infatuated and pretended Protestants, not Episco. palians only, but some who pretend to be Presbyterians, are as hearty and warm in the cause of a Popish pretender, as they were in any former period, and who, if their power were equal to their wishes and designs, would soon involve the nation in blood, and all the horrors of a civil war. These confiderations have determined the preparer of this work for the Press to give the discourse entire, as it may be useful, through the divine blessing, for preserving people from the abominations of Popery, and the snares of Jacobites and malignants, those declared enemies to the religion and laws of their country, who, alas ! are still very numerous amongł us, notwithftanding the Lord has signally teftified his displeasure of their unhappy cause, on two former occasions, which will be ever remembered with gratitude by all true Proteftants, and hearty friends to the illustrious house of Hanover, which God, in mercy to these kingdoms, has raised and maintained on the throne, and made the guardians of our religion, laws, and liberties. And it will be the hearty prayer of all who fear God, and hare a just sense of the invaluable liberties we enjoy under our happy confitucion, o deliver not the soul of thy turtle dove unto the multitude of the

dead son, and first honoured him as a dead man, at length as a god, &c. And as the Pagans had their gods to be applied to by persons of several callings, countries, diseases, &c. so

wicked, particularly the Antichriftian beast, and his tool, a Popish Pretend. er and his abettors.

THE CHURCH'S PRAYER AGAINST THE ANTICHRISTIAN BEAST,

AND HER OTHER ENEMIES, EXPLAINED AND ENFORCED."

[A sermon preached on a congregation faft-day at Ettrick, February 17,

1714.]

Psal. Ixxiv. 19.-0 deliver not the soul of thy turtle-dove

unto the multitude of the wicked.

THIS text represents to us the case of Britain and Ireland at this day

1 (which like Rebekah have two parties (truggling within them,) and thereupon an application made to the Lord about it. In the words confider,

1. The struggling parties : these are Zion and Babylon ; which derer could, and never will agree. The Chaldean Babylon and the Jewish Zion are the parties here immediately pointed at : for it is plain, that this psalm was composed on the lamentable occasion of the Babylonians over-running Judea, and destroying Jerusalem and the temple. The Chriftian Zion and the Antichristian Babylon are the parties now on the field, the former being both gone ; and so the text may be, without stretching, applied to. them. The one party is,

(1.) The turtle; i. e. the church. She is compared to the turtle dove for her fidelity to God. The turtle is a creature of admired chattity, has but one mate, and cleaves closely to that, and will take no other. So che true church of God preserves her chastity, worshipping none but the true God. But it is a bird that often becomes a prey, as being harmless and weak. Only it is pleaded on her behalf, that she is God's turik. On the other hand is;

(2.) The multitude. This is the Babylonians, ver. 7. An idolatrous cruel people, who of old were so heavy on the church of God. But among the multitude were others, nearer neighbours to the Jews, pare ticularly the Edomites, who, joining with the Babylonian army, were like firebrands among them, to fpur them on to do mischief, Obed. ll. Psal. cxxxvii. 7. This is the case of this church with Papifts, the brats of

Babylon, with whom join our malignants ; not considering, that after they · have helped Babylon to destroy us, they will fall on them nest : as Edom

the Papists are well nigh even with them in that. The Pagans had their gods for the seamen, shepherds, husbandmen, &c; so the Papists have St. Nicholas for the seamen, St Wendolin for the shepherd, St John Baptist for the husband

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was destroyed by Nebuchadnezzar some time after the destruction of Jeru. falem.

The word rendered multitude, in Hebrew fignifies the wild beast, that lives upon other beasts ; such as lions, wolves, &c; and so it may be read. And so it points at two qualities of Babylonian enemies. (1.) Their idolatry, being deligned a wild beast, in opposition to the chaste turtle, Such are our new, as the old Babylonians were. They are no more the spouse of Christ, but the great whore, that is mad on idols, and multitudes of them; and cannot be at ease with those that will not drink of the wine of their fornication (2) Their horrid cruelty; for having diverted God of his divine glory, and given it to others, they are diverted themselves of humanity, and rage like wild beasts, when they can get their prey, devour. ing their fellow-creatures. . . 2. The party holding the balance betwixt the struggling parties ; that is, God himself, to whom application is here made, Babylon has not all at will ; Zion's God has the balance of power in his own hand, and can cast the scales what way he pleaseth, and give up or preserve the turtle as he sees meet.

3. The address made to the great Arbitrator on the turtle's behalf, which is our work this day, 0 deliver not the soul of thy turtle dove unto the wild beast. Do not give up the turtle ; she will find no mercy from the multitude, the wild beast. They are not content with the mischief they have done to the turtle ; nothing less will satisfy them than her life, her foul. The wild beast is gaping for her, not to pluck off her feathers, and send her away wounded, but to swallow her up quite, to destroy her root and branch ; for behold the plot, ver. 8, Let us destroy them together. But, Lord, do not give her up to them. It is a most fervent address, intimated by two words in one in Hebrew. We may take up the import of the words in four points. • I. The church may be in hazard of falling a prey to her enemies, as a poor turtle to be swallowed up by a devouring beast. The church's lot has been in all ages like Paul's, lo “fight with wild beasts;" and she may well say, “ If ic had not been the Lord who was on our side ; if it had not been the Lord who was on our fide, when men rose up against us : then they had swallowed us up quick, when their wrath was kindled against us,' Psal. cxxiv. 1, 2, 3. God's enemies, seeing they are not good men, the scripture accounts them beasts. Christ was attacked by bulls and lions, Psal. xxii, 12, 13; for when men turn persecutors, they set up themselves against the Deity, and withal lay alide all humanity. There are five beafts which Gud's turtle has been specially in hazard to be swal. lowed up by.

1. The Egyptian beast, the great dragon,' Ezek. xxix. 3. This was a cruel beast, that made the Lord's people groan long under the greatest bondage. A bloody beast ; see the bloody edi&t, Exod. i. 16. • When ye do the office of a midwife to the Hebrew women,' said VOL. II.

3 E

dead son, and first honoured him as a dead man, at length as a god, &c. And as the Pagans had their gods to be applied to by persons of several callings, countries, diseases, &c. so

wicked, particularly the Antichriftian beast, and his tool, a Popish Pretend er and his abettors.

THE CHURCH's PRAYER AGAINST THE ANTICHRISTIAN BEAST,

AND HER OTHER ENEMIES, EXPLAINED AND ENFORCED..

[A sermon preached on a congregation fast-day at Ettrick, February 17,

1714.]

Psal. lxxiv. 19.-0 deliver not the soul of thy turtle dove

unto the multitude of the wicked.

M

H IS text represents to us the case of Britain and Ireland at this day

(which like Rebekah have two parties struggling within them,) and thereupori an application made to the Lord about it. In the words confider,

1. The struggling parties : these are Zion and Babylon ; which never could, and never will agree. The Chaldean Babylon and the Jewish Zion are the parties here immediately pointed at : for it is plain, that this psalm was composed on the lamentable occasion of the Babylonians over-running Judea, and destroying Jerusalem and the temple. The Chriftian Zion and the Antichristian Babylon are the parties now on the field, the former being both gone ; and so the text may be, without stretching, applied to. them. The one party is,

(1.) The turtle; i, e. the church. She is compared to the turtle-dove for her fidelity to God. The turtle is a creature of admired chafity, has but one mate, and cleaves closely to that, and will take no other. So the true church of God preserves her chastity, worshipping none but the true God. But it is a bird that often becomes a prey, as being harmlels and weak. Only it is pleaded on her behalf, that she is God's turile. On the other hand is,

(2.) The multitude. This is the Babylonians, ver. 7. An idolatrous cruel people, who of old were so heavy on the church of God. But among the multitude were others, nearer neighbours to the Jews, par. ticularly the Edomites, who, joining with the Babylonian army, were like firebrands among them, to fpur them on to do mischief, Obed. ll. Psal. cxxxvii. 7. This is the case of this church with Papists, the brats of Babylon, with whom join our malignants ; not considering, that after they have helped Babylon to destroy us, they will fall on them next : as Edom

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