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James Lovell to B. Franklin. Philadelphia, June 13th, 1779...71 ,

Enclosing a resolve relative to Beaumarchais's accounts.

James Lovell to B. Franklin. Philadelphia, July 9th, 1779....72

James Lovell to B. Franklin. Philadelphia, July 16th, 1779...72

Burning of Fairfield. Compensation of Ministers. Forwards letters to the

King of France. Invoices of supplies desired.

Instructions from Congress to B. Franklin. In Congress, August

14th, 1779...................

.....73

Proposing the mutual guaranty of the fisheries by France and the United

States.

To the Marquis de la Fayette. Passy, August 24th, 1779. ....76

Forwarding him a sword in the name of the Congress.

The Marquis de la Fayette to B. Franklin. Havre, August 29th,

1779...............................................76

Acknowledging the reception of the sword.

To James Lovell. Passy, September 30th, 1779.............77

Supplies. Receives nothing himself.

To Mr. Bridgen. Passy, October 2d, 1779. ................78

Devices on coins.

To John Jay, President of Congress. Passy, October 4th, 1779, 79

Beaumarchais's accounts. Supplies. M. Neufville's offers of a loan. De-

mands of Mr. Ross, Mr. Izard, and Mr. Lee. Inactivity of the combined

fleets. Relations of Holland and England. Favorable disposition of Por-

tugal. Exchange of prisoners. Jones's cruise in the English waters.
Complaints of French officers returning from America. Complaints against
American cruisers. Luxury of the Americans. Monument to General

Montgomery. Supplies from Spain.

To James Lovell. Passy, October 17th, 1779...............86

Jones's cruise. Mr. Lee and Mr. Deane. Prospect of peace. Return of

Commodore Jones.

To R. Bernstorf, Minister of Foreign Affairs in Denmark. Passy,

December 22d, 1779..

Remonstrates against the seizure of the American prizes in the ports of Nor-

To David Hartley. Passy, February 2d, 1780..............90

America will not treat without her allies. His former offers to pay for the tea
destroyed in Boston. Indisposition to peace on the part of England. Ex-

change of prisoners. British barbarities in America.

James Lovell to B. Franklin. Philadelphia, February 24th, 1780, 93

Drafts merely nominal.

To Samuel Huntington, President of Congress. Passy, March 4th,
1780...............................................93
Seizure of the prizes in Norway. Quarrel between Commodore Jones and

Captain Landais. Necessity of appointing a Consul. Exchange of pris-

oners. Prospects of England. Supplies of France.

R. Bernstorf, Minister of Foreign Affairs in Denmark, to B. Frank-

lin. Copenhagen, March 8th, 1780......................97

On the seizure of the American prizes.

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To C. W. F. Dumas. Passy, July 26th, 1780.............114

Messrs. Neufville. Capture of Charleston of little consequence.

To the President of Congress. Passy, August 9th, 1780.....116

Disputes of Landais and Jones. Necessity of appointing Consuls. Mr.

Adams offends the French Court. The armed neutrality.

To James Lovell. Passy, August 10th, 1780........

.......121

Little value of pretended confidential information of secrets of State. Trans-

mits copies of instruments annulling the eleventh and twelfth articles.

James Lovell to B. Franklin. Philadelphia, August 15th, 1780, 122

Notifying Dr. Franklin of bills to be drawn on him.

Jannes Lovell to B. Franklin. September 7th, 1780.........123

Enclosing proceedings of Congress relative to new drafts. Increase of taxes

for the improvement of the currency.

To C. W. F. Dumas. Passy, October 20, 1780............124

Relative to M. Dumas's appointment and services.

To C. W. F. Dumas. Passy, October 9th, 1780............124

Has recommended M. Dumas to Mr. Laurens as Secretary. Requests advice

as to the manner of applying to the States-General.

James Lovell to B. Franklin. Philadelphia, October 28th, 1780, 125

Requesting him to transmit certain papers to Mr. Jay at Madrid.

To Sir Grey Cooper, Baronet, Secretary to the Treasury of Great

Britain. Passy, November 7th, 1780. ..................126

Requesting relief for Mr. Laurens, prisoner in the Tower.

Charles Vernon, Lieutenant-Governor of the Tower of London, to

Sir Grey Cooper. Hampstead, November 27th, 1780......127

Mr. Laurens's treatment in the Tower.

Sir Grey Cooper to B. Franklin. London, November 29th, 1780, 127

Respecting Mr. Laurens; enclosing the preceding.

Instructions from Congress to B. Franklin. In Congress, November

29th, 1780. ............................... ........128

To James Lovell. Passy, December 2d, 1780..............130

Agrees to furnish the French troops in America with provisions, in order to

meet the drafts of Congress.

To the President of Congress. Passy, December 20, 1780....130

Recommending the furnishing of provisions to the French troops.

To the President of Congress. Passy, December 3d, 1780....131

Mr. Laurens's captivity. Memorial of Sir Joseph Yorke. Delays in sending

supplies. Capture of a Portuguese ship with English property by an Amer-

ican armed vessel. Recommends that neutral ships be not molested.

James Lovell to B. Franklin. Philadelphia, December 21st, 1780, 133

Mr. Palfrey appointed Consul to France.

Additional instructions from Congress to B. Franklin. In Congress,

December 27th, 1780. ......

.134

To Count de Vergennes. Passy, February 13th, 1781....... 135

Transmitting letters of Congress to the King. Communicates the instructions

of Congress. Critical situation of America. Quotes a letter of General

Washington on this subject. Disappointment in supplies expected from
Spain. Danger to Europe if America is recovered by England. Necessity

of immediate aid.

To Count de Vergennes. Passy, March 6th, 1781..........137

Instructed to apply for an early answer to the application of Congress for more

aid.

James Lovell to B. Franklin. March 9th, 1781.............137

Proceedings of Congress on several subjects.

To M. de Rayneval, Secretary to the Council of State. Passy,

March 11th, 1781.......

.........138

Relative to supplies.

To the President of Congress. Passy, March 12th, 1781.....139

Relating his proceedings in obedience to his instructions; the King of France

grants a further sum of six millions; France declines the mediation of Rus-

sia and Austria. Requests to be relieved from public duties on account of

his age and infirmities. Recommends his grandson, William Temple Frank-

lin, to Congress.

To Francis Lewis and the Board of Admiralty. Passy, March 17th,

1781......

........143

Account of the squadron and expedition of Captain Jones. Disposition of the

prizes. Affair with Captain Landais. The Ministry wished it to be con-

sidered an American expedition.

Agreement between Captain John Paul Jones and the officers of the

squadron...........................................149

James Lovell to B. Franklin. March 31st, 1781............150

Military operations.

James Lovell to B. Franklin. Philadelphia, May 9th, 1781...151

Desiring the exchange of Mr. Gouverneur and Dr. Witherspoon.

To M. de la Fayette. Passy, May 14th, 1781..............151

Expedition against Arnold. English policy. Appointment of his successor

to the Court of France.

To the President of Congress. Passy, May 14th, 1781......153

Supplies. Exchange of prisoners. Plans of the English Administration.

Supplies. Exchange promo
To Thomas Lewis. Passy, May 16th, 1781...............156

Supplies.

James Lovell to B. Franklin. Philadelphia, May 17th, 1781, 156

Introducing Dr. Putnam.

Count de Vergennes to B. Franklin. Versailles, June 8th, 1781, 157

Colonel Laurens's purchases in Holland. The grant of the King to be expended

partly in France.

To the President of Congress. Passy, June 11th, 1781......157

On the disposition of the French grant.

To John Adams. Passy, June 11th, 1781....... ..........158

Relative to certain expenses of Mr. Adams charged on the United States.

The President of Congress to B. Franklin. In Congress, June 19th,

1781.

Appointment of new Ministers for negociating a peace. Dr. Franklin's ser-

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To Major William Jackson. Passy, June 28th, 1781........160

Directing him to stop the shipment of money in Holland.

Major William Jackson to B. Franklin. Amsterdam, June 29th,

1781..............................................160

Reason of his delay at Amsterdam.

To David Hartley. Passy, June 30th, 1781 ...............161

Informing him that Vergennes declines granting him a passport.

Major William Jackson to B. Franklin. Amsterdam, July 2d,

1781..............................................162

Remonstrating against the detention of the money obtained from France by

Colonel Laurens, and deposited with M. Fizeaux and Company, Amsterdam.

Communicates his determination to retain the money in his own hands.

Reasons for retaining the money referred to in the preceding letters.

To Major William Jackson. Passy, July 5th, 1781, at six in the

morning................

........165

Reasons for ordering the detention of the money, which was part of the grant

obtained by Dr. Franklin.

To Major William Jackson. Passy, July 5th, 1781..........166

Adhering to his former determination relative to the detention of the money.

To Major William Jackson. Passy, July 6th, 1781 .........166

Account of the manner in which the money referred to in the preceding letters

was obtained. Exertions of Dr. Franklin in obtaining supplies.

To the President of Congress. Passy, July 11th, 1781.......168

Reasons for detaining the money intended to have been shipped at Amster-

dam.

James Lovell to B. Franklin. Philadelphia, July 21st, 1781..169

Forwarding duplicates of certain resolutions of Congress.

To C. W. F. Dumas. Passy, August 6th, 1781............169

Entertains little hope of aid from Holland. Coldness of that country.

To C. W. F. Dumas. Passy, August 10th, 1781...........170

Communicating intelligence from America. Apologises for expressions in his

former letter, and requests that it may not be shown.

To the President of Congress. Passy, September 13th, 1781, 171

Interview with the Count de Vergennes on communicating his instructions

relative to the negociations and the letter of Congress to the King. Accepts

the appointment of negociator. Desires that a Consul-General may be

appointed for France.

John Adams to B. Franklin. Amsterdam, October 4th, 1781, 172

Relative to certain expenses of the American Ministers.

Robert R. Livingston to B. Franklin. Philadelphia, October 20th,

1781.....
................

.........173

Mr. Livingston is appointed Secretary of Foreign Affairs. Military operations.

Preparations for another campaign.

Robert R. Livingston to B. Franklin. Philadelphia, October 24th,

1781......

.......175

Announcing the capitulation of Yorktown. Expresses a wish that Dr. Frank-

lin will accept his new appointment as negociator.

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