Energy Policy Implications (economic and Budgetary) of the Middle East Oil Crisis: Hearing Before the Task Force on Community Development and Natural Resources of the Committee on the Budget, House of Representatives, One Hundred First Congress, Second Session, October 24, 1990, Band 4

Cover
 

Andere Ausgaben - Alle anzeigen

Häufige Begriffe und Wortgruppen

Beliebte Passagen

Seite 145 - Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation US Energy Efficiency: Past Trends and Future Opportunities (R) The United States has achieved significant improvements in energy efficiency over the past decade-and-a half, prompting some observers to speculate that additional improvements will be much more difficult to obtain, especially in an era of relatively low energy prices. Nevertheless, many technologists argue that the potential for improved energy efficiency in virtually all sectors...
Seite 140 - Scenario II: New Supply and Efficiency Improvements. Figure 6 illustrates the impacts of three new sources of supply assumed to begin coming on line in the year 2000 and three levels of transportation efficiency improvements phased in gradually through the year 2020. The line labeled "Alternative Fuels I...
Seite 137 - AREAS The rapid decline in US oil production and the scarcity of new opportunities for finding large new oil fields within the lower 48 leads some to suggest that the federal government open to exploratory drilling and development a number of promising areas currently off-limits to these activities. The oil industry considers the coastal plain of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR) to be the United States...
Seite 144 - Increased Automobile Fuel Efficiency and Synthetic Fuels: Alternatives for Reducing Oil Imports.
Seite 141 - Alaska II" assumes that a large new field is found in Alaska and an accelerated development effort is assumed to result in production levels rising to 500,000 B/D by the year 2005. Figure 6 also depicts three different transportation efficiency improvement strategies, shown as "28 mpg" (base case), "38 mpg," 50 mpg,
Seite 135 - Longer term progress, beyond the year 2000, could be much larger if strong continual incentives for fuel economy are brought to bear on the industry. If Congress believes that even larger gains in fuel economy are necessary beyond that which can be achieved with strictly technical fixes, then it could mandate a basic shift in the size and performance of the fleet either through regulatory or economic means. Because today's auto purchasers feel free to choose among both the automobile fleet and the...
Seite 140 - States were extended to 2020 by continuing the 2005 to 2010 trend projected by the EIA, Natural gas liquids (NGL) were similarly left at the EIA projected levels to 2010, and then extended to 2020 following the same trend as 2005 to 2010. The category "Other...
Seite 131 - US oil import dependence only if we establish long-term efficiency and supply goals, and stick to the plan to achieve those goals through periods of both crisis and calm, and through periods of high and low oil prices. During the past decade, steady supplies, easy efficiency gains, and a retreat in the price of oil seduced us into largely abandoning efforts to push research in energy efficiency and supply.
Seite 141 - The 50 mpg case assumes that by 2020 both new cars and new light trucks have an overall weighted average fuel efficiency of 50 mpg, resulting in an average on-the-road total fleet fuel efficiency of 36 mpg by 2020 (allowing for turnover of the fleet stock and for the 20-percent reduction in actual on-the-road efficiencies from CAFE-type standards). The case "Trucks...
Seite 134 - With more vigorous research on energy efficiency, coupled with leadership and investment, this goal can be met or exceeded-and with options that are no more costly than pursuing the supply-side path. Moreover, pursuing such a goal appeals to all three policy interests of economic health, environmental quality, and energy security.

Bibliografische Informationen