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Dr. Swift, the common friend of that the English had commenced a both, to eradicate; although, per- negotiation for peace, than they haps, he might tend to moderate it. themselves wished to renew the con

A pacification was at this period ferences for a treaty; but their mi. the grand object of the new admi- nisters were repulsed, and obliged nistration, and for that purpose they to solicit a participation in the diimmediately convoked a parliament plomatick engagements of England. more devoted to them, and less at- Meanwhile the queen was so well tached to the whigs, than the pre- pleased with the conduct of her ini. ceding one. “ St. John now publickly nisters, that Harley was created an declared, that the glory of taking earl, and nominated first lord of the cities, and gaining battles, ought to treasury, in addition to his former be measured by the degree of utili- office of chancellor of the exchety resulting from these splendid quer. Although St. John had been achievements, which at one and overlooked on this occasion, yet he the same time might reflect ho- determined to press the business of nour on the arms, and shame on peace, and accordingly sent Prior, the councils, of a nation; that the the poet, once more to the court of

visdom of a government consists Versailles, with a memorial, in which in regulating its projects by its he laid down the principles on interests and its strength, and in which it could alone be obtained. proportioning the means of execu- That gentleman accordingly repairtion to the object which it proposes, ed to Fontainbleau at the latter end and the vigour it is to display. He of July, 1711, and, having ascertaindeclared that England had lost sight ed that Louis XIV. had received of those rules, and that motives of full powers from his grandson, selfishness and ambition had seduced Philip V. returned immediately the grand part of the alliance to with Monsieur Mesnager, to whom depart from the principles which the English secretary for foreign af, had been agreed upon. He added, fairs observed: “ We desire peace, that all ideas of conquering Spain and France stands in need of it; to ought to be renounced and relin- obtain this, all intrigue and finesse quished, as general Stanhope had must be banished. England will not just declared, that the people were either resume or renew the insup-, so attached to Philip V. and pro- portable pretensions maintained by fessed such a degree of aversion to the Dutch at the former conferthe archduke, that the country might ences, but she expects a reasonable be overrun until the day of judg. compensation for herself on account ment,' without being conquered. of her expenses, and equitable adAs Spain was the object of the war, vantages for her allies; in fine, such and its subversion hopeless, it was, terms as may be required for their therefore, his opinion, that peace own security, and such, indeed, as ought to be instantly thought of.” the present situation of affairs enti.

· St. John perceiving that the new title them to. parliament was favourable to his A provisional negotiation was the views, sent over the abbé Gaultier consequence; and preliminaries of to Paris in 1711, and by means of peace between England and France his agency, and that of Mr. Prior, were signed soon after, on the part he carried on a correspondence of St. John and the earl of Dartwith M. de Torcy, and signified to mouth on one side, and the French the French minister, that England envoy on the other. Next day Meswould treat independently of, and nager was introduced to the queen, without the concurrence, of Hole who received him in a private manland.

ner at Windsor. No sooner did the Dutch learn On the 30th of November, the VOL,

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secretary for foreign affairs notified majesty." It is here also stated, that to the different ministers at the her majesty's constitution was racourt of London, that negotiations dically 'sapped and ruined by the for peace were about to take place use of strong liquors. The editor is at Utrecht; and, notwithstanding the at some pains to insinuate, that her violent opposition that ensued on the majesty did not die a natural death; part of the count de Gallasch, the but for this suspicion there never Austrian minister, and the Baunde was any solid foundation whatsoBothmar envoy from the court of ever. Hanover; nay, although the duke

On the accession of George I. and dutchess of Marlborongh, with Bolingbroke addressed a letter of all the whigs, together with the congratulation to his majesty; but states general, resolutely opposed instead of being treated the better the measure, yet Anne and her for this mark of respect, his papers ministers, as is well known, suc- were sealed up, and he himself ceeded in the project for a peace. taught to expect the utmost severity

The services of St. John upon of royal enmity. The subject of this this occasion were not forgotten memoir, on perceiving the storm, and accordingly her majesty, on the retired for awhile into the country; 14th of July, 1712, vas pleased to but on receiving secret intelligence create him a peer of England, by from the duke of Marlborough, that the style and title of baron of Ly- it was not in his power to protect dia Fregoze in the county of Wilts, him from the rage of the whigs, and viscount Bolinbroke. This re- who had determined to punish him ward was considered as his due, in as the author of the late pacificaconsequence of the basis of a new tion, he determined to fly. His lord. political balance established by him ship accordingly embarked privatein Europe, which subsisted during ly at Dover on the 7th of April, a period of about fuurscore years; carrying with him property to the and, notwithstanding the frequent amount of about 500,000 francs, wars that intervened, was which was intended to support him wholly changed until the late revo. during his exile. lution.

On his arrival at Paris, the vis. Meanwhile, a consequence of a count waited on the English ambas. variety of intrigues, the earl of Ox- sadour [the earl of Stair) and asford, who is here accused of keep- sured him that he did not intend to ing up a double correspondence enter into any connexion whatsowith the pretender and the house of ever with the jacobites; and he Hanover, at the same time, was wrote several letters to the same about to be disgraced, and his ene- purpose to general Stanhope, then my, Bolingbroke, to be elevated to secretary of state. Soon after this, the highest dignities in the state, his lordship retired to St. Clair, in when Anne died. This princess, ac- Dauphiny; and, during his residence cording to the editor, who obtained there, was accused, together with his information from the late Mrs. the earl of Oxford, of high treason. Mallet, was greatly beloved by Bo- The latter was accordingly sent to lingbroke, who exclaimed in her the tower; while against the forpresence:

66 That the unfortunate mer, a bill of attainder was carried. queen was a model of all the vir

The tories in England, greatly tues; that the unhappy house of Stu- displeased at the conduct of the art had never produced a better so whigs, who, in their turn, considervereign; and that no princess ever ed them all as suspected, now sent deserved so little to be cruelly be- an agent to the continent, who had trayed, as was the case with her late an interview with the pretender at


Commerci, whence he repaired to that the prince just alluded to, had St. Clair, with a letter signed James neither plans nor views, and that the III. containing an invitation to Bo. tories themselves did not seem to lingbroke to assist at his councils. act with more sagacity. He also This once more awakened the am- perceived, too, that although the bition of the viscount, who set out pretender lived in daily expectafor Commerci, although in a bad tion of repairing either to England state of health, and thus threw an or Scotland, yet efficacious means air of duplicity over his character, had not as yet been taken for the from which, notwithstanding his countenance and support of France, splendid talents, it could never after without the aid of which, in respect entirely recover.

both to arms and money, all his fu“ He was convinced," we are ture enterprises must prove protold, “ soon after his first interview, blematicas.




Of rags and rusty iron, a monstrous load,

And eke a beggar's brat on either side, ON THE AMELIORATION OF THE

Forth from a greasy bag their long SPECIES.

necks throwing, [By Dr. Trotter.]

Just like two well-fed geese to marPOOR ass ! it joys me much to see thee

ket going; glad,

Gabbling and gulping down from And with that saddle new upon thy

wooden dish, back;

Sour curds and leeks, or mess of stinkNo longer dost thou look demure and sad,

ing fish. For thou hast been of late a fav'rite

Yet meek wert thou beneath the load, hack.

Gentle as when you bore a God, Yet humbly still thou tread'st the

While all around Hosannas loud did ring, ground,

And bade the impious Jews behold their Thy modest front with riband bound,

Shaking thy silver bit along:

But though despised of man, and mocked Smooth is thy hide as any down,

to scorn, Not cudgeled now by lusty clown,

Just like thy master, he of Bethlehem

born. Or by a dusky tinker's thong. Poor brute ! so lately doomed to fag, Still bounteous Nature had a mind,

To toil and sweat from day to day; Thy fortune was not all unkind, Thy life near Famine's hut to drag, Some cause you had to be content. On stones thy wearied trunk to lay. Thou ne'er hast heard the din of arms,

What lucky star has changed thy lot ? Thy breast no trumpet's sound alarms, Are all those rugged times forgot ? A peaceful drudge thy days were spent. From misery's rub!

Go weigh the charger's fate with thine, Nor trudging down the dusty street, Drest and caparisoned so fine; Nibbling

each dirty weed you meet, Now to martial musick dancing, In pools or dub.

Snorting, rearing, bounding, prancing,

Now the field of glory treading, Oft have I met thee waddling on the roads Lame and legless, fainting, bleeding. Bending beneath thy panniers, stuffed Ah! I have seen him born beyond the and tied,


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the wave,

an ass.

ger fiew;

in store,

Each toil forgotten and each danger Nor glory seek beside the slaughtered braved,

horse. On foreign shores by free-born Britons slain,

But while I hail thee on this glad promoStarved and destroyed by those his va- tion, lour saved.

Still let me just advise thee as a friend; Yes, where yon towering cape divides Perhaps you donkies have not learn'd the

notion, Where bled the noblest host of loyal That happy hours and flowering seasons Gauls,

end. And where yon tides two humbler islands We mortals find while skies are smile lave,

ing, Inglorious there, the English charger Some sullen cloud our hopes beguilfalls.*

ing; Then curse with me this age of steel, Above our heads the thunders burst, Till w

_'s heart shall own and That lay us level with the dust. feel;

What if they tax thy bit and saddle, And should one sigh his bosom pass, Thou must again with beggars wad. Go thank thy stars that thou wert doomed

Be beat till every rib is sore,

And beg thy scrip from door to door. Once I beheld thee by the stable door, Alas! thou oft mayest want a bit of grass,

And down thy face the showers of hun. Nor pity find from any human ass. While the stalled horse had oats and hay Yes, trust me, I delight to see thee gay,

And lovely Laura seated on thy back!

She, like the forest's queen in flowery May, A thistle's top was all thou hadst to chew.

The envy thou of every other hack. Harsh was the bite, the prickles sting

And while you pace to Laura's song,

Or drag your little car along, ing, The blood at every gnash was spring

May fear and shame o'erspread the

face, ing;

That dares t’insult thy honest race::. There thou like Laz’rus, he like Dives

Erskine himself shall nobly rise, stood Cramming his pampered maw with

Again a listening senate charm,

Teach mankind how to sympathize, dainty food.

And half creation's wrath disarm:t But cease thou gentle ass to fret and whine; And pity for the ass o'er all the world

Thou too shalt rise in being's scale, Nor envious be to view the well-fed

prevail. steed; Though grooms attend him clad in liv'ries fine,

RETROSPECTION. And man records with pride his noble [From Elton's Tales of Romance.] breed;

IS there who, when long years have past Go turn to Talavera's plain,

away, And see the mighty warriour slain, Revisits, in his manhood's prime, the spot Covered with dust and blood on life's

Where strayed his careless boyhood, not in last brink,

trance He calls a Spanish ass to bring him drink. Of recollection lost, feels silent joy So Dives laid in hell, 'midst torments Flow in upon his heart? Whatever cares dire,

Enthral his weary spirit, let him feel Cried: “Water, Laz’rus, for I burn with The gale upon his cheek, that whispering

fire !” Then tell thy kind, their case might still The well-known tuft of trees, and dimples


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be worse,

A short time after the massacre of the army of French loyalists at cape Quiberon, in 1795, a body of cavalry amounting to 1200, were sent out, but with only three months' provender in the transports. Not being able to effect a junction with the roval army, the greater part died of hunger on board: and 300 were carried on shore to the little islands Hedick and Houat, where they were killed off by musketry.

† Alluding to his bill in the peers, to prevent cruelty to domestick animals.

The recollected stream, thought's busy As yon gray turrets rest in trembling train

shade Shall glance like pictured shadows o'er On its transparent depth, the days long his mind;

past Each airy castle of enthusiast youth Press on awakened fancy; when, averse Shall dawn upon his fancy, like the towers From sport, I wandered on its loneliest That sparkle in some forest of romance; banks, Each shade of circumstance that marked Where not a sound disturbed the quiet air the scene

But such as fitly blends with silentness; Of young existence, touched with fairy tint

The whispering sedge--the ripple of the Sheds beauty not its own; that life of hope

stream, And generous expectation, when the man Or bird's faint note; and not a human trace, Was teeming in the boy, and the young Save of some hamlet-spire in woods immind

merst, Pleased with its own exertion, and acted Spake to the sight of earth's inhabiters. o'er

Then have I rushed, prone from the top Each future impulse, and put forth the most bank, germs

And given my limbs to struggle with the Of native character. It cannot be

stream, Unless his heart is deadened by the touch And ’midst those waters felt a keener life. Of that mere worldliness, which hugs it. How soft the milky temperature of wave, self

Salubrious Thames! associate with delight In a factitious apathy of soul;

Thy stream to thrilling fancy flows, when Unless, in vain and vacant ignorance,

faint He wondering smiles at those high sympa. I languish in the sun blaze; and with thee thies,

Ingenuous friendships, feats of liberty Those pure, unworldly feelings, which That recked not stern control, and gravely. exalt

sweet Our nature o’er the sphere of actual things; The toils of lettered lore, and the kind Which lend the poet's gaze its ecstacy,

smile And bid the trembling note of musick steal Of Him,* who e'en unbraiding, could be Tears down the listener's cheek;--it can- kind, not be

On soothed remembrance throng. I would But his whole heart must soften and re. not feign lent

A fond repining which I did not feel; Amid these peaceful scenes; but the deep I would not have the intermediate years, griefs

Roll back to second infancy, nor live Which time has stamped upon his furrow. Again the life that haunts my memory ed brow

thus Must, for a moment, smooth their thought. With sweet sensations; for the simple child ful trace;

Is all unconscious of his pleasant lot; And e'en the long remorse wild passion His little world, like man's vast universe, leaves,

Is darkened by its storms; and he, like Rest from the goading of its secret sting. man, Scene of my boyish years ! I not disown Creates his own disquietudes and fears; These natural feelings. Let me rest awhile And oft with murmuring's vain of disconHere on this grassy bank; beneath these tent, elms

Or bursts of idle passion, personates Whose high boughs murmur with the His future part; the character of man. leafy sound

No—'tis the cant of mock misanthropy That soothed me when a child: when, That dwells on childish pleasures; which,

the child Of the dull chime that summoned me afar With light insensibility enjoys, Nought heeding, by the river-wave 1 lay, or rather scorns; while on his eager view Of liberty enamoured, and the muse. The future prospect opens, still in sight,

* Of Mr. Savage, whose name must ever be associated with the blandi doctores of Horace, let me be permitted to indulge the remembrance. His system of tuition was calculated to exemplify the theory of the admirable Locke. He made instruction pleasant; and was therefore listened to and obeyed on a principle of love. Should these insignifi. cant pages ever meet his eye, he may not be displeased to find that

The muse attends him to the silent shade. I trust I shall be forgiven the excusable egotism, of paying this tribute of gratitude and respect to an elegant scholar, and most amiable man.

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