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in proper' places. The posts assigned to Doubt, Delay, and Danger, are admirable. The gate of Good Defert has something noble and instructive in it. But, above all, I am most pleased with the beautiful groupe of figures in the corner of the temple. Among there, Womanhood is drawn like what the philosophers call an Universal Nature, and is attended with beautiful representatives of all those virtues that are the ornaments of the female sex, considered in its natural perfection and innocence.

NO. 195. SATURDAY, JULY 8, 1710.

Grecian Coffee-house, July 7. The learned world are very much offended at many of my ratiocinations, and have but a very mean opinion of me as a politician. The reason of this is, that some erroneously conceive a talent for politics to confift in the regard to a man's own interest; but I am of quite another mind, and think the first and effential quality towards being a statesman is, to have a public spirit. One of the gentlemen, who are out of humour with me, imputes my falling into a way, wherein I am so very awkward, to a barrenness of invention; and has the charity to lay new matter before me for the future,

He is at the bottom my friend; but is at a loss to know, whether I am a fool or a physician ; and is pleased to expoftulate with me with relation to the latter. He falls heavy upon licentiates, and seems to paint more particularly at us who are not regularly of the faculty. But since he has been so civil to me, as to meddle only with those who are employed no further than about men's lives, and not reflected upon me as of the aftrological fect, who concern ourselves about lives and fortunes also, I am not so much hurt as to stifle any part of his fond letter.

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"I Am afraid there is something in the suspie. cions of some people, that you begin to be short of mat, i ter for your Lucubrations. Though several of them now

and then did appear somewhat dull and insipid to me, I was always charitably inclined to believe the fault lay in myself, and that I wanted the true key to decypher your mysteries; and remember your advertisement upon this account. But since I have seen you fall into an unpardonable error, yea, with a relapse; I mean, since I have seen you turn politician in the present unhappy dile fenfions, I have begun to stagger, and could not choose but lessen the great value. I had for the censor of our ille. How is it possible that a man, whom intereft did naturally lead to a constant impartiality in these matters, and who hath wit enough to judge that his opinion was not like to make many profelytes; how is it poflible, I

fay, that a little passion, for I have still too good an opiin nion of you to think you was bribed by the staggering É party, could blind you so far as to offend the very better

half of the nation, and to lessen off so much the number of your friends? Mr. Morphew will not have cause to

unless you give over, and endeavour to regain what you have lost. There are still a great many themes you have left untouched ; such as the ill

managea sment of matters relating to law and physic; the setting

down rules for knowing the quacks in both professions. What a large field is there left in discovering the abuses of the college, who had a charter and privileges granted them to hinder the creeping in and prevailing of quacks

and pretenders; and yet grant licences to barbers, and, By write letters of recommendation in the country towns,

out of the reach of their practice, in favour of mere in boys; valuing the health and lives of their countrymen

no farther than they get money by them. You have faid ne very little or nothing about the dispensation of justice in

town and country, where clerks are the counsellors to their masters.

thank you,

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But as I cannot expect that the censor of Great Britain fhould publish a letter wherein he is censured with too much reason himself; yet I hope you will be the better for it, and think upon the themes I have mentioned, which mult certainly be of greater service to the world, yourself, and Mr. Morphew, than to let us know whether you are a whig or a tory. I am still

Your admirer and servant,

Cato JUNIOR.

This gentleman and I differ about the words, staggering and better part; but, instead of answering to the particulars of this epistle, I shall only acquaint my correspondent, that I am at present forming my thoughts upon the foundation of Sir Scudamore's progress in Spene. fer, which has led me, from all other amusements, to consider the state of love in this island; and, from the corruptions in the government of that; to deduce the chief evils of life. In the mean time that I am thus emploved, I have given positive orders to Don Saltero of Chelsea, the tooth-drawer, and Doctor Thomas Smith, the corn-cutter, of King-ftreet, Westminster, who have the modefty to confine their pretensions to manual operations, to bring me in, with all convenient speed, complete lifts of all who are but of equal learning with themfelves, and yet administer physic beyond the feet and gums. These advices I shall reserve for my future leisure ; but have now taken a resolution to dedicate the remaining part of this instant July to the service of the fair sex, and have almoft finished a scheme for settling the whole remainder of that sex who are unmarried, and above the age of twenty-five.

In order to this good and public service, I shall confider the passion of love in its full extent, as it is attended both with joys and inquietudes; and lay down, for the conduct of my lovers, such rules as fall banish the cares, and heighten the pleasures, which flow from that amiable spring of life and happiness. There is no less

than

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than an absolute necessity, that some provision be made to take off the dead stock of women in city, town, and country. Let there happen but the least disorder in the streets, and in an instant you see the inequality of the numbers of males and females. Besides that the femi. nine crowd, on such occasions, is more numerous in the open way, you may observe them also to the very garrets huddled together, four at least at a casement. to this, that, by an exact calculation of all that have come to town by stage-coach or waggon for this twelvemonth last, three times in four the treated persons have been males. This over-stock of beauty, for which there are so few bidders, calls for an immediate fupply of lovers and husbands; and I am the studious knight-errant, who have suffered long nocturnal contemplations to find out methods for the relief of all British females, who at present seem to be devoted to involuntary virginity. The scheme, upon which I design to act, I have communicated to none but a beauteous young lady, who has for some time left the town, in the following letter,

TE AMANDA in Konta

MADAM,

"I SEND, with this, my discourse of ways and means for encouraging marriage, and repeopling the island. You will soon observe, that, according to these rules, the mean considerations, which make beauty, and merit cease to be the objects of love and courtship, will be fully exploded. I have unanswerably proved, that jointures and fectlements are the bane of happia ness; and not only so, but the ruin even of their for tunes who enter into them. I beg of you, therefore, to come to town upon the receipt of this, where I promise you you shall have as many lovers as toasters; for there needed nothing but to make men's interests fall in with their inclinations, to render you the most courted of your fex. As many as love you will now be willing to VOL. IV.

C

marry

marry you. Haften, then, and be the honourable mictress of mankind. Caffander, and many others, stand in the gate of Good Desert to receive you.

I am, Madam,

Your moft obedient,
most humble servant,

Isaac BICKERSTAFF.'

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Dulcis inexperto cultura potentis amici,
Expertus metuit

Hor. Ep. 18. lib. 2. ver. 86.
Untry'd, how sweet a court attendance !
When try'd, how dreadful the dependance !

FRANCIS.

From my own Apartment, July 10. The intended course of my ftudies was altered this evening bý a visit from an old acquaintance, who complained to me, mentioning one upon whom he had long depended, that he found his labour and perseverance in his patron's service and interests wholly ineffectual; and he thought now, after his best years were spent in a profeffed adherence to him and his fortunes, he fhould, in the end, be forced to break with him, and give over all further expectations from him. He fighed, and ended his discourse by saying, You, Mr. Cenfor, fome time ago, gave us your thoughts of the behaviour of great men to their creditors.

This sort of demand upon them, for what they invite men 'to expect, is a debt of honour ; which, according to custom, they ought to be

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