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moderate their verdict. The jury therefore retired, and being willing to comply with the advices of the Censor, after an hour's consultation, declared their opinion as follows:
That in confideration this was Peter Plumb's first of: fence, and that there did not appear any malice prepenfe in it, as also that he lived in good reputation among his neighbours, and that his taking the wall was only se defendendo, the prosecutor should let him escape with life, cutting off ubimself with the fitting of his nose, and the the court, told them, that ne' Cru Rirker staff, finiling upon under its present mitigation, too severe; and wat son penalties might be of ill consequence in a trading nation. He therefore pronounced sentence against the criminal in the following manner: That his hat, which was the inftrument of offence, should be forfeited to the court; that the criminal should go to the warehouse from whence he came, and thence, as occasion should require, proceed to the Exchange, or Garraway's coffee-house, in what manner he pleased; but that neither he nor any of the family of the Plumbs should hereafter appear in the streets of London out of their coaches, that fo the footway might be left open and undisturbed for their betters.
Dathan, a pedling Jew, and T. R a Weldhman, were indicted by the keeper of an alehouse in Westminster for breaking the peace and two earthern mugs, in a dispute about the antiquity of their families, to the great detriment of the house, and disturbance of the whole neighbourhood. Dathan said for himself, that he was provoked to it by the Welshman, who pretended that the Welsh were an ancienter people than the Jews; whereas, says he, I can fhew by this genealogy in my hand, that I am the son of Mesheck, that was the son of Naboth, that was the son of Shalem, that was the son of
The Welshman here interrupted him, and told him, that he could produce shennalogy as well as himself; for that he was John ap Rice, ap Shenken, ap Shones. He then turned himself to the Censor, and told him in the same broken accent, and with much warmth, that the Jew
would needs uphold, that king Cadwalladar 'was younger than Iflachar. Mr. Bickerstaff seemed very much inclined to give sentence against Dathan, as being a Jew; but finding reasons, by fome expressions which the Welshman let fall in afferting the antiquity of his family, to suspect that the said Welshman was a Præ-Adamite, he suffered the jury to go out, without any previous admonition. After some time they returned, and gave their verdict, that it appearing the persons at the bar did neither of them wear a sword, and that consequently they had no svorous quarrel upon a point of honourto froth of them be appeals for the furaniket, and there adjust the superiority - errey could agree on it between themselves. The Cenfor confirmed the verdict.
Richard Newman was indicted by major Punto, for having used the words, Perhaps it may be fo' in a difpute with the faid major. The major urged, that the word perhaps was questioning his veracity, and that it was an indirect manner of giving him the lie. Richard Newman had nothing more to fay for himself, than that he intended no such thing; and threw himself upon the mercy
of the court. The jury brought in their verdict special.
Mr. Bickerstaff stood up, and after having cast his eyes over the whole assembly, hemmed thrice. He then acquainted them, that he had laid down a rule to himself, which he was resolved never to depart from, and which, as he conceived, would very much conduce to the fhortening the business of the court; I mean, says he, never to allow of the lie being given by construction, implication, or induction, but by the fole use of the word itself. He then proceeded to Mew the great mischiefs that had arisen to the English nation from that pernicious monofyllable ; that it had bred the most fatal quarrels between the dearest friends; that it had frequently thinned the guards and made great havoc in the army; that it had sometimes weakened the city trained bands; and, in a word, had deftroyed many of the bravest men in the isle of Great Britain. For the prevention of which evils for the future, he instructed the jury to present the word itself as a nui
sance in the English tongue; and further promised them, that he would, upon such their preferment, publish an edict of the court, for the entire banishment and exclu. fion of it out of the discourses and conversations of all civil societies.
This a true copy,
(N. B. The case of the hassock will come on between the hours of nine and ten.'
THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 30, 1710,
in nova fert animus mutatas dicere formas Corpora: Dii, coeptis, nam vis mutâftis & illas, Aspirate meis!
Ovid. Met. lib. 1. ver. I.
Of bodies changed to various forms I fing;
From my own Apartment, November 29. Every nation is distinguished by productions that are peculiar to it. Great Britain is particularly fruitful in religions, that shoot up and flourish in this climate more than in any other. We are so famous abroad for our great variety of feets and opinions, that an ingenious friend of mine, who is lately returned from his travels, as. sures me, there is a show at this time carried up and down in Germany, which represents all the religions of Great Britain in wax-work. Notwithstanding that the pli. ancy of the matter in which the images are wrought
makes it capable of being moulded into all shapes and figures, my friend tells me, that he did not think it posfible for it to be twisted and tortured into so many screwed faces, and wry features, as appeared in several of the figures that composed the show. I was indeed so pleased with the defign of the German artist, that I begged my friend to give me an account of it in all its particulars, which he did after the following manner.
I have often, fays he, been present at a fhow of elephants, camels, dromedaries, and other strange creatures, but I
tinguere fast fa great an aflembly of spectators as were work. We were all hung berohat we had paid for our seats : the curtain that who had woven it in the higuade by a master of tapestry, had several heads, which brandished out their tongues, and seemed to hiss at each other. Some of these heads were large and entire ; and where any of them had been lopped away, there sprouted up several in the room of them; infomuch, that for one head cut off, a man might see ten, twenty, or an hundred of a smaller size, creeping through the wound. In short, the whole picture was nothing but confufion and bloodshed. On a sudden, says my friend, I was startled with a flourish of many mufical instruments that I had never heard before, which was followed by a short tune, if it might be so called, wholly made up of jars and discords. Among the rest there was an organ, a bagpipe, a groaning board, a stentorophonic trumpet, with leveral wind instruments of a moft disagreeable sound, which I do not so much as know the names of. After a short fiourish the curtain was drawn up, and we were presented with the most extraordinary assembly of figures that ever entered into a man's imagination. The design of the workman was so well expressed in the dumb show before us, that it was not hard for an Englishman to comprehend the meaning of it.
The principal figures were placed in a row, consisting of seven persons. The middle figure, which immedia ately attracted the eyes of the whole company, and was
much bigger than the reft, was formed like a matron, dressed in the habit of an elderly woman of quality in queen Elizabeth's days. The most remarkable parts of her dress were the beaver with the steeple crown, the scarf that was darker than sable, and the lawn apron that was whiter than ermin. Her gown was of the richest black velvet, and just upon her heart the wore several large diamonds of an inestimable value, disposed in the form of a cross. She bore an inexpressible cheerfulness and dignity in her aspect; and though the seemned in years, appeared with so much spirit and vivacity, as gave her at the same time an air of old age and immortality. I found my heart touched with so much love and reverence at the fight of her, that the tears ran down my face as I looked upon her; and' ftill the more I looked upon her, the more my heart was melted with the sentimients of filial tenderness and duty. I discovered every moment fomething so charming in this figure, that I could scarce take my eyes off it. On its right hand there fat the figure of a woman so covered with ornaments, that her face, her body, and her hands, were almost entirely hid under them: The little you could see of her face was painted; and, what I thought very odd, had something in it like artificial wrinkles; but I was the less furprised at it, when I saw upon her forehead an old-fashioned tower of
hairs. Her head-dress rose very high by three several stories or degrees; her garments had a thousand colours in them, and were embroidered with crosses in gold, lilver, and silk : she had nothing on, so much as a glove or a flipper, which was not marked with this figure ; nay, so fuperftitiously fond did the appear of it, that she fat cross-legged. I was quickly fick of this tawdry composition of ribbands, filks, and jewels, and therefore cast my eye on a dame which was just the reverse of it. I need not tell my reader that the lady before described was Poverty, or that she I am going to describe is Presbytery. She fat on the left hand of the venerable matron, and so much resembled her in the features of her countenance, that she seemed her sister; but at the same time that one observed a likeness in her beauty, one could not but take notice, that there was 7