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And spiteful Fates, to mock the more
The funeral games renown'd of yore,
* Bade modern bull. bairings be heard
Where the first Emperor was interr'u !
* Taking a superficial view
Of the old Romans and the new,
I find, in trivial things like these,
Odd con:rafts, odd resemblances.
The Ancients undismay'd by diri,
Ne'er kuew the loxury of a firt;
Of this advantage 'ois most plain
The Mouerns are extremely vaini;
For now, to my no small aniaze.nent,
They hang from every palace casement,
Conjuis and Diftators before
Stern Licors folemn faíces bore;
A Monsignor, with equal pride,
Now hy his rumbling chariot's fide
Beholds ttie spruce Volantes skir,
As if they felt the coachman's whip.
* In Bas reliefs the curicus eye
The facred vestments may descry
Which orce did Roman Priests adorn,
- The fame are now by butchers worn.
| And as of old ib' imperial dame
Was proud of that attendant flame,
Enfign of rank, and source of ftrife,
Which mark'd great Cæsar's haughty wife,
Fcur glaring torches now illume
The Princess through each dreary room ;
While, fick with envy at the view,
The humbler Countess walks with envo!

Great charms in Painting I discern,
But yet I find I've niuch w learn.
A Conncideur in talking thines,
Di clear-obfcures, and waving lines;
Gives on Perspective learned huts,
Defige and tints, and demi-rints,
Grouping, and forms pyramidal,
. And every thing that's berbnical:
Of most determia'd resolution
Only to judge the execution,
The choice of subject has no part
In transports purely caught from Art.
But my wild fancy still lakes fire
A. Dida's grief, Pelides' ire,

And sick of blind devotion Aies
From Monks and Holy Families ;
Nor can I stand whole days to view them,
Tho' Titian or Correggio drew them.
Nor Raphael's self can I approve,
If into ttrange conceits he rove.
Is hot, by such a man pourtray'd,
An Adam with an iron spade,
A ridirg Angel, fiddling Phxbus,
Like liomer lab'ing at a Rebus?

In Sculpture what avails the Science
That bids a!l common sense defiance?
Tho' the nice eye with wonder trace
Eich muscle in its proper place,
Spite o: Bernini's vaunted name,
Or Angelo's fuperior fame,
Let me with due:ubmission fas',
I ne'er without disguit survey
A blackguard David bite liis lips,
Or Moses' beard th: t shades his hips.
From there. I turn, and gladly seek
The simple graces of the Greek.
We know, their readers to surprize,
Old authors tell--- gregious lies;
But we may judge, from what remains,
Of their exaggerated strains,
Whien of Tarquinian lewers I'm told,
How o'er the wondrous void, of old,
The pensile city hung lubline,
Like Mah'met's tomb in later time,
1 laugh at all the proofs they bring,
And think Fleet-ditcb a finer thing.
But when Greek ftatues meet my right,
Whole hours I gaze with fix'd delight,
And can almost believe the tale,
How Sculpture's art could so prevail,
That once a youth, in manner heinou!,
Dar'd to asiault the Gnidian Venus.
(Tho' liberal of her tuneful aid,
Tlie Mufe is still a blushing maid,
And what in this event befell,
Is not quite fit for her to teli ;

To know the wholc, be pleas'd to look .+ In Pliny's six and thirtieth book.)

How Architecture's now disgrac u By Vanity and want of Taste!

In the remains of the Nicoleum of Augustus is a place lately male for bulls to be baited in ; it was before this iait alteration a garden, and is mentioned as such by Mr. While. tead in a beautiful Elegy in Drulley's Miscellany.

+ There is a whim.cal fimilitude between the long exterior garments worn by the ans cient priests, as particularly represented on the Arch of ile Goldsmiths, and those of the modern Roman butchers.

Herudian gives in his first book a very curious account of the custom of carrying fire before the Empresses, and of Cominodus dating allowed his fifter Lucilla, who had been the wife of the Emperor Lucius Verus, to preserve this distinction notwithstanding her second marriage with Pompeianu'.-Commouus afterwards marrying Crispina, the jealousy of Lucilla at her being obiiged to give place to the new Empress led her into a conspiracy againit her brother.- lc is only in the boules of Princesses that the modern dittinction of lights

xade, as above alluded to. ..+ Ferunt amore captium quendam, cuin delituillet noclu, fimulacro cohæhlie, ejufque eupiditatis effe indicem maculum. Cap. 5. Vol. XIII.

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If old Vitruvius liv'd again,
Could he from grief and rage refrain,
Tiv see the leafy honors fall
From each degraded capital,
And lov'd acan!hus' mode:t grace
1 To boaltful coats of arms give place!
Will no one lend au ax or rope
For such a Vandal of a Pope?
At least to it's peculiar Lord
Let every emblem be restor'd;
The fars again might deck the sky,
The eagle to the Emperor fly ;
The lily is the Gaul's alone,
The blast may still remain his own,
For it can only mean a wind
Of evil fame from trump behind !

At eve, by way of recreation,
I seek some crowded Conversation.
You know true Britons keep in mind
How they by ocean are disjoiu'd
From all the rest of human kind,
And still in foreign circles venture
To make an island in the centro,
While o‘er their heads the chandelier
Doch like 'heir Polar star appear:
S there I take my lawful station,
And strive with humorous contemplation
My morning studies to apply
To afternoon Society.
Some talk of wh-ring-some of sainting,
While I perhaps, intent on painting,
Amid the noise exclaim, “ Adagio !
* Wbat fubje&is bere for Caravagio !'

At old coquettes and shrivell'd beapx 1

cry, “ What live Antiques are those l”, As blended in the motley throng, Princes and Prelates Italk along, Whose buckram garments, round them

thrown, And awkwaru limbs scarce seem their

own ;
Dismember'd ftatues ill reflord
An apt comparison afford :
Or if a Cardinal I view,
+ Beneath whose skirts of fable hue
Peeps out a lining of red fattin,
A moral fimile comes pat in,
How thus beneath religious seeming
Full many a scarlet vice is teeming;
Such vices as from Petrarcb's lyre,
No longer tun'd to fost desire,
Callid tones of barsh reproof upon
This new and impius Babylon :
Such as, if Boccace tell us true,
Once made a Cbriflian of a few;
Who when th' enormous guilt he law,
Confess'd with wonder and with awe,
The Church could only hold existence
By supernatural affiftance.
O Rome! iu thy reverse I find
A dread example for mankind ;
For never was thine ancient ftate
One-half so virtuous and fo great,
As low and vicious are the race,
Which now thine alter'd scenes de base!

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Letters on the Slave Trade, first published in Wheeler's Manchester Chronicle, and
now republished, with Additions and Alterations, by Thomas Cooper, Esq.

Wheeler, Manchester. 1787.
Supplement to Mr. Cooper's Letters ow the Slave Trade. Eyre, Warrington. 72170.
T
HESE two juilications are a very this important matter cannot do better

skilful and vigorous attack on the than perute these tracts, which are evi.
Slave Trade: they are full of authentic dently written by a man of parts weių
information and masterly realoning. Those acquainted with his subject.
who are dcfirous of forming an opinion on

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IS.

The Form of Trial of Commoners, in Cases of Impeachment for High Crimes and

Miidemeanors, as established by the Peers of Great Britain. Illustra:et with an
accorate View of the Building erected in Westminster-Hall for the Trial of Mr.
Haitings. To which is annexed an authentic Narrative of the Conduct of Warren
Hastings, Elq. Folio.

Forbes.
THIS pamphlet may have been of use of Mr. Hastings, which is taken literally

to those who attended Weftıninsters and without acknowledgment froin ile Hall during the trial of Mr. Hastings. European Magazine for November 1782, 'The materials which compose it are en- where we have inserted a Portrait of hin, tirely borrowed ; particularly the account from an original Painting by Kettle.

The arms of the Braschi family, one of which now fits in the Papal Chair, are stars, eagles, a lily, and a head of Zephyr or Boreas blowing upon it, which are ridiculously in. troduced in the capitals of the columns in the sew Rotunda of the Vatican Museum. Every person of tafte must be shock'd to see such an absurdity in a work fo magnificent,

* Michael Angelo Caravagio, an excellent Painter of Caricatule.
+ The ubual drets of the Cardinals is black coats lined with red, and red stockings.

1

HISTORICAL AND BIOGRAPHICAL ANECDOTES,
From Mr. Gough's “ Sepulchral Monuments," &c. latcly published.

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Account of the FUNERAL Of WILLIAM make the best of their way home in no the CONQUEROR.

small fright.

William Rufus erected to his father's THOUGH the Conqueror had no grave or

monument in England, the circumstances memory a costly monument, executed by the skat Atended his death are remarkable. He goldsmith Otho, to whom he caused to be bad no rooner breathed his last at the abbey delivered a great quantity of gold, filver, of St. Gervale, on a hill out of Rouen to

and precious stones; and the following epithe welt, than all his domestics not only taph, composed by Thomas, arcl.bithup of for wok him, but plundered his apartments

York, was put on it in gold letters. so completely, that his corpse was left naked, Qui rexit rigidos Northmanos, arque Briand he would have wanted a grave, had it not been for the more grateful clergy and Audacter vicit, fortiter obtinuit, the archbishop of Rouen, who ordered the Et Cenomanenses virtute coercuit enfes, body tu he conveyed to Caen, and one Her. Imperiique sui legibus applicuit ; Juin, a gentleman of the place, (pagenjis Rex magnus pa va jacet hic GULIELMUS in eques) from pure goodness of heart (naturali bonitate) took upon himself the care of the Sufficit & magno parva domus domino. funeral, provided the proper persons (pollin- Ter septem gradibus se volverat atque duobus sores & vefpiliones) and hired a carriage to Virginis in gremio Phæbus, & hic obiit. convey it to the river, and thence quite to

In 1522, Peter de Marigny, bishop of Caen. There the abbot and convent, at

Castries, and abbot of St. Stephen at Caen, at tended by crouds of clergy and laicy, came the folicitation of a great cardinal, an archout to meet it. But as they were proceeding bijhop, and an Italian bishop, desirous to to pay the proper honours, they were alarm

see the remains of the Conqueror, opened ed by a sudden fire which broke out in a

his tomb, and found the body in the origihouse, and destroyed great part of the city. nal situation. The abbot caused a painting The distracted people went to give the ne- to be taken of it in wood just as it appeared, cessary assistance, and left the monks, willa

But in 1562, the Hugonots, not content a few bilbops and abbots, to go on with the

with destroying this painung, demolished the service; which being finished, and the fare combs of the Conqueror asid his wife, with copbagus laid in the ground, the body still

their effigies in relief to the life, and broke lying on the bier, Gilbert, bishop of Evreux,

in pieces with their daggers the Conqueror's pronounced a long panegyric on the deceased; biere made of pierre de volderil, and supportand, in conclusion, called on the audience !0

ed on three little white pilasters. They expray for his loul. On a sudden starts up from pected to have met with some treasure, but the croud Arcelin Firz-Arthur, and demands a

funod only his bones, ftill joined together, compensation fur the ground he stood on,

and covered with red taffery. Those of the which he said William had forcibly taken

arms and legs were thought longer than thote from his father to found his abbey on it;

of the calleit men of the present age. One and in God's name forbids the burying him on

of these facrilegious wretches, named Francis his property, or covering him with his curf.

de Gray de Bourg l'Abhe, gave them to The bishops and ocbles having facisfied theni

Dom Michael de Comalle, religious and selves about the truth of his demand, were

bailiff of the abbey, who kept them in his obliged to pay him immediately fixty thil

chamber, till Admiral Coligny and his reiffres lings for the grave, and promise an equiva- ruined and destroyed every thing there. lent for the rest of the ground, which they afterwards gave him. They then proceed. ed to the interment : but in laying the body in the farcophagus, it was found to have ANECDOT ES of EDWARD III. been made so small by the ignorance of the mason, that they were forced to press the THIS great prince, who wiped out the corpse with such violence, that the fat belly stain of his premature accession to the crown burst, and diffused an intolerable stench, of England by the unnatural intrigues of his which all the smoak of the censers and mother, with equal glory supported the king other spices could not overcome. The priests of Scots in his throne, on which liis grandere glad to burry over the service, and father bad placed bim, and his own claim to

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the crown of France, and after he had in Thus died this queen at Windsor, on the via two bloody battles exhausted the blood of its gil of our Lady, in the middle of August, best subjects, dismembered that kingdom of 1369." some of its best provinces. The first forty It is remarkable of this prince, as well as years of his reign were truly glorious. The his grandfather, that we hear of no natural decline of his life was diftreiled by the loss of children of his, though Walsingham seems to his consort and his gallant lon Edward prince ascribe his death to some amorous indulof Wales, and the ambition of his fourth son gences of his dotage with Alice Price. John of Gaunt; and sinking into dotage, The pleaure; of his youth were the chace his affections fixt on unworthy objects, he and building, in which he patfcd all the closed a life of sixty-four years, and a leiga

time he could spare from government and of fifty-fix (the longest of any of our love- conqueft. reigns since Henry III.) at Shene, June 21, 1377. His body was brought, by four of his ions and others of the mobility, through

DIRECTIONs given hy RICHARD II. aleut

his FUNERAL the city of London, with his face uncovered, and buried by his wife in Westminster abbey. FROM the will of this unfortunate king Dum vixit," says Walsingham, “ omnes (the first who had the permitiion of Parli.reges o bis gloria & magnificentia fuperavit ;" meni to make a will) it appears that he had which character in bis history he greatly en. erected this monument to himself and his larges, contrasting his magnanimity with his beloved confort in his life-zime. His direcaffability, discretion, moderation, munifi. tions about his funeral, tie arraying of his cence, and the mildness of his government. body, and the procesiion, are no less curious,

Hic era: (says an old Chronicle in the It was to be celebrated more regio, with four Cottonian library, cited by Weever) flos herses in four separate places; two with five mundane militie, fub quo militare erat regnare, lignies in the tivo principal churches to which proficifci proficere, confiigere, triumpbare. Hic his body might happen to be carried ; a vere Edwardus quamuis in bojies serribilis ex- third in St. P-ui's church; and the fourth, in titerat, in fubditos tamen mitiffimus fuerat & a style of superior m.gnificence, full of lights, graliojus, pietate & mifericordiæ omnes pene in the church of Weitmintter. The procetfuos præcellens antecesores.

sion was to travel fourteen, listcen, or fix. Milles says, “It is reported that his teen miles a day, as the itation, luiled, surQuern made it her dying requeit, that he rounded by twenty-four wax torches, day would choose none other sepulchre than that and night, to which an bundr.d more were wherein her body should be layed.” This to be acided when it pelled through London, he had frem. Fiofiart, who mentions two But if he chanced to die within fixteen, other dying requests made by her.

" When

fiftcen, ten, ortive miles of his palace the good lady knew that she must die, the at Wefminiter, these herles were to be Sent for the king, and when he came the set out for four days together, in four prindrew her right hand out of the bed, and cipal intermediate places; or if there were putting it into his right hand, the good lady no places that answered this description, then said, 'We liave lived all our time together in four other proper places, as bis executor's in peace, joy, and prosperity, I beg you at should determine; and if he died in his pathis parting to grant me three favours.' lace at Westminster, then one very fulemn The king in tears replied, Alk, madam, here for four days; but on the last day still and it shall be done and granted.' She then more honourable exequies. If his corpre requested, • that be would discharge the hould happen to be loft at sea, or by any money due from her to foreign merchants, other accident, which God forbid! ab bomin qhat he would pay her legicies to the several num afpeciibus rapiair; or should he die in charches both at home and abroad and to her a part of the world whence it could not ea. Tervanits, and that he would choose no other fily be brought to England, the fame direcplace of burial, but lie by lier in Westmin- tious touching bad the funeral and innuiter abbey.' All these he promised to ful. ment were nevertheless to be observed. His nl. The good lady then made the sign of corpse was to be arrayed in velvet or white the true crois on bim, and commended the fattin, ullare regis, with a gile crown and hing and her youngest son, Thomas, who fceptre, but without any Itunes, except the food by him, o God, and presently after precious Stone in the ring ou his finger, mora The resigned her soul; which, says the honest regio, of the value of twenty merks of Eng. writer, I firnsiy believe was received by the

Every catholic king was to re. boly angels, and conveyed to heaveniy bliss ! ceive on the occafiou a preient of a gold cup sur never in her life did the do or think any of the value of £ 45. English money; and ining which should endanger der salvation !” bis fuccellcr, providiu de fulfilled his will,

lith money,

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wne to have all the crowns, gold plate, fur- miracles; “ for God, continues my author, niture of his chapel, certain beds and hang- “ does not so justify one part of a man by ings; and the rest of his jewels and plate " these powers as to leave another pait w3s to be applied towards furnithing the << without the same." This chronicler, in buildings he had tegun at the n.ve of the his enthusiasm for the earl, com ares bim abbey church as Weltminfer.

with his namesake Simon Peter, celebralcs his exemplary vigilance and habit of rising

at midnight, bis abstinence, and luis modeDEATH OF SIMON de Mestr:BT, Earl

rition in dreis, always wearing haircloth of LEICESTER.

next bis skin, and over it at komme a ruller SIMON DE VOSTFCRT, E21 of Leice- habit; and in public, blovet or bui nct; and for, being namn at the b! 0: Ertham, 115 liis constant language wis, that he would head, bones, feet, and privities tot uff on the not defert tbe jutt defence of England, fiel!lRiger Vertimer, and the former fent which he had undertaken for God's sake, to vipmure cattle, he leave of the k

ng thie through thu love of life, or tie fear of death; trunk was canied away on 3 weak ola Liel. but would die for it. Juftly the efore did der, covered with a torn cli, to the abbey the religious prefer his thrine to the Holy church of Evetham, and, wrapt in a Meet, Land; and his f.zvonrites the friars minor cecommitted to the earth, hefcre the lower lebrated his life and miracles, and composed ftup of the higli aloir there, with his ellest a service for bim, u bicli, during the life of son Henry and Hugh lord D-pencer, who Edward, could not be generally introduced fell with him. But shortly after, fore of into the church. the monks allelsing that he died excommu- Matthew Paris and the author of the An, nicate and attinted of trea on, anú the clore nals of Waverly pretend, that at the inftaut did not deterve Chriftin burial, they to ik of his death there happened extraordinary up his corps, and buried it in a remote tarder and lightning, and general darkness. place, known in few.

“ Sicque labores finivit sucs vir ille magnifiOne of his hands being carried into Che. " cus Simon comes, qui non folum fua sed Thire hy the servant of one of the king's “ se in pendit pro oppressione pauperum, party, was, at the elevation of the host in

o affectione juftitiæ, & regni jure. Fuerac the parish church, miraculously lifted up “ utique literarum scientia commendabilis, higher than the heads of all the asliftants, • officiis divinis affidue inter elle gaudens, notwithstanding it had been sewed up in a bag, “ frugalitati dedicus, cuifamiliare fuic in and kept in the bearer's bofom. One of his " noctibus vigilare amplius quam dormire: feet was carried by John de Veícy, the " conftans fuit in verbo, leverus in vultu, founder, to Alnwic abhey, where continuing maxime fidus in orationibus religiosorum, several months racorrupted, the monks " ecclefiafticis magnam semper impendens made for it a silver Thoe. It had a wound reverentiam,” These are the words of between the little and the third toe, made Matthew Paris, who adds, that he had a either hy a knife or sword, in the mangling high opinion of bishop Groiteste. of the body. The distant fight of this fout " confilio tractu bat ardua, tentabat dubia, wrought infant cores. A canon of Alnwic, "i finivit inchoata, ea maxime per quæ mern, who swore the earl was a traitor, loft first " tum sibi lucrescere æftimabat:" that the liis eyes, and then his life.

“ Think, bishop promised him the crown of martyrs cries out the monk of Mailros, who relates com for his defence of the church, and forethis ftory, “ what will be the glory of this told that both he and his son would die the e foot at its rejunction to Simon's body after same day in the cause of justice and truth. "! the general judgment, from the compa. His professions of religion (tor he and all lvis 6 plan of this foot before that great event, army received the sacrament before they ** which displayed such healing powers took the field) and his opposition to the "s through the filver fue, out of which king's oppreslive measures, made bim the " went invisible virtue to heal the fick." idol of the monks and the populace. Tyrrel The other foot was seni, 26 a mark of con- says he had seen at the end of a Mis, in the tempt, by the victor to Llewellin prince of public library at Cambridge certain prayers Wales, who had formed an alliance with directed to him as saint, with many rhyibis earl, and married his daughter. Though ming verses in his praise, and the pope was it is not to be doubted that this also was en- obliged to repress these extravagances. He dowed with a power of working miracies, certainly was possessed of noble qualities; they were not sufficiently authenticated to be but amid the prejudices of ancient writers in recorded, His other hand was preserved his favor, and the violent declamations of the With great reverence at Eveniam, where it moderns against him, it is not easy to decide #tay fairly be presumed to leave wrought whether ambition or the public gcos was the

motive

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