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from her bolom, and seemed to examine it “ friend's room.-- Alas ! he was no longer with much attention.
" chere !-I found chis portrait on his table ; “ A moment after we heard a door open; “ I took it; ran away with it; and fince and a servant holding a light at the top of the
" that I am better” After saying this, tha balustrade enabled me to distinguish a young began to laugh ; talked of the public walks, man, who tripped lightly down stairs. of phaetons, and of horses; and I once more
“ As be passed, his hapless victim was perceived a total contufion in her ideas, feized with an universal trembling : and “ Some moments after, when the left off scarcely had he disappeared when the rest of speaking, I drew nearer to her; and asked, her strength forsook her, and the fell on the • Why Me preferved, with so much care, lower ftep, behind the pillar that concealed 'the portrait of the wicked woman above us. I was going to call for altistance, but fairs?" the fear of exposing her prevented me ; and “ How !" answered the, “ what I you I cook the poor creature senseless in my “ do not know I-Why, it is my only hope; árms. The shutting of the door above was "I take it every day, put it by the side of then heard. She started at the coile, and my looking-glass, and arrange my features seemed to revive a little. I held her hands “ like hers. I begin already to be a little in one of mine, agd with the other support. “ like her , and, by taking pains, I Mall ed her head. She tried to speak ; but the “ resemble her exictly. I will then go and founds the endeavoured to utter were stified “ see my friend, he will be satisfied with by her grief. We remained some time in a me, and will no longer be obliged to go to filence which I did not dare to interrupt ;
“ her above fairs. For, except ebat, I am when, at laft, having entirely recovered the « sure he likes me best. Only think in use of her senres, the said to me, in a foft « wbat tr.Acs our happiness depends I oa" and faultering voice.“ Al! I fee very well “ some features which he found no longer “ 1 ought to have warned you. The acci. disposed to his liking. Why did he not
dent that has just happened to me must Say lu? I would have done then what I I have made you unealy, for you are good “do now; and he would not have been " and kind ; you must have been afraid, and obliged to apply to a stranger. Nothing " I am not surprifed at it. I was like you ; was more easy, and it would have saved « I was afraid too when I found myself in both a great deal of trouble : but with " this fituation ; I thought I was going to
out doubt he did not think of it. « die. And I feared it, for that would have “ Every evening I wait at the foot of the " deprived me of the only means of seeing “ Atair-cate ; he never comes down before " him, which is all that I have left. But I “ the convent bell has struck (wo :-and " have found out, yes, I have found out that "then, as I cou'r see, I count 'the beatings of " I cannot die. Just now, when he passed my poor heart. Since I have been in pol. “by, I left myself to go to him! If he “selfion of tie portrait, I count every day • died, I Tould die too--but without that, " Some pullations lels 1-But it is late, and I “it is impossible. We only die where “ must go from hence, -Adieu ;' 1 accom" we live ; and it is not in myself, but in panied her to the street-door. As soon as * him, that I exift.
without, me turned to the left, and I walked " Some time ago I was mad !-Oh! yes, on some paces with her. She then suddenly “ very mad indeed! and that will not fur: fixed fier eyes on the stream of lighe which “ prise you, as it was in the beginning of his the lamps formed before us. " You see all "going up this stair care. My reason is now " these lamps," said the ; “they are agi. "" returned. Every thing goes and comes ; "cated * by every breath of air :-it is the " and to does that. This medallion, which " (ame with my heart-itburos like themi" you see, restored it to me: it is a portrait ; “ but they consume, and I burn for " but it is not that of my friend. What good " would that do ? He is very well already ;
“ I continued to follow her. “ Stop," “ he has no occafion to improve he has no. said the, again, "return home : "I carry a" thing to alter. If you did but know whose way
with me a part of your deep, and I "portrait it is! It is the wicked woman's " am to blame : for Necp is very sweet ; it "* above fairs--The cruel creature! What “ is even so lo me-l fee in it what is paft." “ trouble has the given me fince the ap- " I feared to afflict her by infiiting any "proached my heart ! - It was so content ! longer, and left her. However, my fear that " lo happy!--but she has deranged and de- Some accident might happen to her made me \ ftroyed all !-One day-I recollect it very follow lier with my eyes, as I walked on " well-I happened to go alone into my gently behind. Shic loon stopped at a little
: In France the Lamps are suspended on lines across the freets."
door, door, went in, and shut it after her. I then and the remembrance of foine past circumreturned home, my mind and heart equally Aances, were mingled with my tears. I was agilated, and this unfortunate creature ceni. too much affected to hope for reit ; and, sually before my eyes. I reflected on the while waiting for day-light, wroie dowa chis cause of her misfortune s and some regret scene to which I had been witness." The Fall of Scepticisin and Infidelity predicted. An Epistle to Doctor Beattie.
THIS gentleman, who has very Nender be inspired with the gift of prophecy) we
preienfions to the title of a Poet, fcruple not to pronounce infidelity to be seems to possess claims more disputable in no danger of a fall from such a relifill to the character of a prophet ; and gionist as the bardling before iis, er even for our part, to fceptical are we, in one as the ingenious but weak and unphiloso. point at least, that (without affecting to phic Dr. Beattie.
In Olentem Bellendeni Editorem, Carmen Antamæbäum. 4to. THE following
extract from the epifle and the Minister is execrated, as having the will fully explaiii the Writer's intention tuous, and the audaciousness to fave bis counby its publication.
try from the ruin in which these preface« To the free Tranfaior of the celebrated praised worthies were haftening to sink it. Preface to BELLENDENUS.
There are who make their heads at these
things; who look with contempt at this cele. « Worthy Sir,
brated preface, as a wretched bundle of indi. 6 I Have the honour to congratulate you gelted phrases, the impertinent pedantry of on your emerging from that dark abyss, in
an insulenc Pedagogue, making his indexwhich, like Milton's Satan, you trod the reading pander to his factious and dark maligcrude cookittence, that bogay Syrtis, neither pity; who hold in abhorrence thole virulent fea, por good dry land. Great are the ob- and invidious accusers, quibus reque propter ligations of the unleriered miltitude to your iracundiam fidem, neque propter infidelitatem learned labours in translating “ihe book bonor em babere debemus; wlio feel an honest which many cannot read ;" its mysteries are
indignation at seeing a pious and learned divine now unveiled to idiotick eyes, and the book depreciate and ridicule the noble severity of itself may well be configned to a dignified and virtue, palliate the grofleft debauchery, and oblivious repofe in the unmolested libraries set forth the most profligate characters in all of the great. Hail, great elucidator of the the exorbicance of pestilent praile. No realms of Chaos! The work is worthy of matter : Thefe are only the wise and good : your talents and your virtue.
Regard them not : Let the glory of appearing " Yet in one thing met inks you fail. You in print continue to weigh more with you, might have recolletied that the humour of than å regard to honour, justice, truth, and Harlequin confits in his agility, and his wit virtue. in his patch-work jacket; you have tram- " An honelt indignation has extorted this melted him to a solemn pace, and clothed him address from me ; etenim quis lum disolusa in a vest uniformly black ; bis gambols and
animo eft, qui, bæc cum videat, iacere ai neg. bis wit are now no more. Perhaps in the na. ligere poffit? I therefore beg leave to present ture of things it could not be otherwise ; that you with a few Latin verses : I can easily con, only shows the absurdity of your attempt: A jeclure how acceptable they will be to trife shis, as it most be allowed that you have
you." retained bis dagger of lath, that redoubled Perhaps it is needless to add, that the weapon with which he performs such wou
Verfis alluded to form a severe faire on ders. At the couch of this, virtue is degra- the Coalition Trium viri celebrated in the ded, and becomes a jeft; disfoluteness, Flow Preface to Bellendemus. After this quotaa Bigacy, and fallion ufurp her honours; the tion, however, we trust that our readers man who saved the Eail, is insulted by those will not in future suspect us of partiality reptiles, whose accurred politics rent thirteen in politics, provinces from the British Empire ; the wile
A Vieve and good are beld up as obj.ets o derision ;
A View of the English Interests in India. By William Fullarton, Efq. M. P. and late
Commander of the Southern Army on the Coast of Coromandeli" fro. 45. 6d.
Cadell. 1787. THE regulation of our Indian policy The great leading principle of all Ealtera
is an object of such immenfe mag. infticutions is permanency; but the princi. nitude and importance, more especially ple, or at least the practice, of all English in the present contracted state of the politics in India, has been productive of the British dominions, that any information most pernicious instability. By the first, regarding that topic, must be of utility laws, manners, rites, and regulations are and advantage. It is, perhaps, no more handed down from age to age undiminished than the duty of every man, who from and unaltered ;-by the second, the general his rank and appointments in the East order and arrangements of the country are may be possessed of materials for the torn asunder with capricious innovation : purpose, to point out the defects in our and to enforce a system so destructive of the administration there, and to suggest such dearest tenets of the natives, the continued improvements or remedies as may appear operation of violence is required. so bim necessary for the establishment The distribution of the Gentoos into Taand firm conservation of this last great lyngas, Malabars, Marattas, Canaras, and resource of England. Mr. Fullarton Malleallunis, as well as into the different has performed this duty in a very lauda. fe&ts of Bramins, Rajahpoots, Nyara, and into ble manner. High in command, and many inferior subdivisions of merchants, la-connected with the ruling Powers in In- bourers, and artificers, has remained inviolate dia, his lituation opened to him sources since the promulgation of the laws of Brimha, of information from which ordinary men whose Shafter contains the ordin Inces of are debarred. Of these he has availed their faith, and the pandects of their juris. himself with success; he has observed on prudence. These institutes have withstood the general posture of our interests there, the ravages of time, the irruptions of invaders, with discrimination and judgment; he and the revolutions to which, in all recorded has cenfured what he thought amiss periods, those countries have been exposed. with dignity and moderation, and pro
The wisdom of the Moorish conquerors of posed his own sentiments with modesty Indoftan failed not to preserve this ancient and candour. A considerable part of his fabric of Indian adoration. In fact, the Mabook is employed in the detail of his hometan governments apparently reverence own campaigns, which, though honour. the rites of the Gentoos, who still constitute able testimonies of his merit as a soldier, the mass of fubjects on the peninsula. Under are not so interesting to the general feel the Moors, they are liable to oppressions inings, as those parts wherein he speaks of cident to all arbitrary governments; yec the great system of English politics in In. their tyrants have mingled policy with force : dia. In treating the former fubject, we and, as the Goths adopted the manners of discover neither pride nor vain-glory ; those nations whom they conquered, so the in the latter, neither prejudice nor aspe- Muffulmen have affimilated with the cultoms rity.
of their Indian subjects. They encourage The public has heard much, and read them in hulbandry and manufacture-em, more, of misrule in India ; there have ploy them in their armies - entrust been declamations without end on the them with their finance and, above all, peculations of the Company's servants; preserve to them the purity of the Cost and acts without number to retrieve if the sanctity of their Bramins, and the pomp possible the Company's affairs; but these of their religion. declamations have only tended to efta- Happily for the English interests, intole. blish the oratorical character of the per- rance in matters of religion has not mingled fons who delivered them; and those acts with our Indian policy. But in our civil have too frequently confirmed the evils and military conduct, intolerance has united they were meant to remedy.
with inftability, to violate the most revered But it is not merely to the peculation inftitutions, and to force pacific powers into of the Company's servants that the mif- measures for our extermination. So fully chiefs in the East are owing-other are these assertions verified by every circum. causes concur materially Want of tyf- stanse attending the origin and growth of tem is worse there than even a bad lyf« our power in India, that on a conviction of tem. ito
our restless and unstable vicws, was founded Vow. XIII.
the the policy of the Mogul, the Nizam, the the Presidency of Fort St. George. The Marattas, and other states of India, who Governor and Council conftituted the regalar Lately affociated to accomplish our deftruc- authority of the settlement, and possessed the sion.
powers of Administration ; while the other This ruinous fluctuation of councils claimed fuperiority as representative of the and systeins, owes its origin in a great Sovereign. The Nabob and all the other measure to the vature of onr establishment native Princes were perplexed. They had in India. There is unhappily a discordant been taught, that in the Company was veitad principle in the political part, whence the supreme authority of England, as far as arise evils too inveterate to yield to respected India--that no other power had any palliative expedient. Individuals any right of interference there. Now they are out of the question in a great mea- are told, the Company is nothing more than a Ture ; for the disunion there, is not the private body of merchants, without conseallision of one man or set of men against quence or confideration in their own counanother ; it is not of one period, nor one try, and who are foon to lose all power and presidency; but it is a general conten- consequence in India. tion—a shock of situations, and a war of In this situation of affairs, what shall the departments.
unfortunate Nabob believe how shall be In order to account for the rise and act :-A host of needy adventurers pofsefs progress of these dissentions, and of that themselves of his confidence, impofe upon discordant principle from which they his credulity, and caint his miod with opinions originated, it must be remembered that that have fince proved his destruction. the spirit of our primary establisiment “ Your Higliness (say these adventurers) in India knew no power superior to the “ must Nake off your conne&tions with Company's government.
" those traders ;-you must now adhere to This authority, perplexed and wavering “ the sovereign power and majesty of Engas it might be rendered by the politics of the “ land :
-You, Sir, are an independent different Presidencies counteracting each “ Prince :--you are guaranteed in your terother, had yet someu hat of unity in the idea “ ricory of the Carnatic by the treaty of Pa. of its formation ; lo far at least, that the na- “ ris :--the Kings of France and Spain have tive powers, considering the Company as the " ratified that treaty, and the King of Engfountain of all English authority in the penin- “ land is your protector.-Throw off, there sula, regulated their conduct by such commu. " fore, all dependence on the mercantile af. nications as were conveyed through the me.
" rociation." dium of the Company's representatives. It is not surprizing that an Afiatic Prince, While this prevailed, the Nabub Mabomed who cannot reconcile the contradi&ion of a Ally, and other native Princes in our alliance, body of merchants poffeffing fovereignty, oonduced themselves with the utmost defer- Mould have been deceived by language fo ence towards the establithed Governments congenial to his natural propenfities; espe. and though at times they were severely prefl. cially when confirmed by the folemnity of ad by some rapacious members, they felt a public letters, and an embaffy from the Sovedegree of security, and enjoyed an intercourse reign. of good offices, that hordered on prosperity. From that moment, his attachment to the
The errors of the Company's management Company was fhaken :-he spoke lightly of having attracted the attention of Administra. their power, chefregarded their servants, and tion at home, an act of the Legiflature was counteraced their intentions, palled in 1773, by which the powers of fo. The Government of Madras resented this vereignty were continued in the Company ; defection, and forced him to conless that his but the authority of Parliament assumed an new allies were either negligent of their executive interference in those very powers promises, or unequal to resist the Company, of sovereignty, by the appointment, recom- in whose hands the executive control ftill remendation, or confirmation of certain offi- mained. cers of justice, and others to be established in Since that time, the Prefidency of Madras India. The power and dignity of the Crown has been a continued scene of counteraction. had, at an earlier period, been brought into The Senior Officer of the squadron has direct competition, though not on equal usually represented bis Majesty at the Dur: terms, with the power and sovereign autho. bar, and that situation tends to render him, rity of the Company. An embafly had been cx officio, an object of jealousy to the Compasent immediately from the Crown co the ny's Goyernment. The Commander in Nebob of Arcot, unavoidably in opposition Chief on shore has likewise held an authority to the power of the Company. Vehengent from the Crown, lo indefinitely exprelled, disputes arose between the Ambassador and that he could neither submit to the govern
pent without incurring professional unpopu. out to Renters, or Zemindars, and the larity, nor reģist without exciting ruinous collections, as well as all other business commotions.
relating to finance, are committed to a Thus the pretensions of Governor and Provincial Chief, who reports to the ComCommander still remain in collifion with mittee of Revenue. The Renter holds by each other, - the King and Company still a precarious tenure, while it costs him continue in that country to be contending so much to procure and maintain his fitupowers — while the Company and Nabobation, that it his exactions bear proportion are bound over to perpetual variance. Be- to his rick and advance of money, they tween the civil and military no line is traced; must be extremely fevere indeed. Neither no redress for the latter, no mode of coercion would it suit the views of a Chief to be for the former, and the warfare of the less industrious in the business of extortion. Prefidencies is extended and confirmed. They must therefore be unusually inexpert
The provinces of Bengal, Bahar, and if they do not between them contrive to Orifl., as poffeffed by the British, and distress the inhabitants, to ruin agriculture, including Benares, contain an area of and to defraud the Government of at least $62,000 square miles; their annual reves thirty or forty per cent of the ftipulated paynues are supposed to have amounted, in
This they manage by statements of happer times, to 5,000,coc!, Iterling, and approaching want, which they themselves their population ( 11,000,000 : the pro- Juave occasioned; by accounts of provincial v-nce of Orde and its dependencies compre- works, which are never perfermed; by head an art a of 53,:86 square miles, yielded unjustifiable deductions, and by connivance at a revenue of 3,500,000l. and maintained the dua cations of the managers. 20,000,000 of people.
The husbandmen and Ryors dependent on By this standard it appears that, the Coast these depredators (compared with whom of Coromandel being added, its extent being the feudal Seifs were in a state of freedom) 65,944 square miles, its ancient population are in their turn happy n.ortals, when con9, coo,coo, and revenue in former times trasted with the weavers and manufacturers, Zocco,cool. the aggregate of these teriitories If the former be plundered of their grain, will form a dominior nearly equal in revenue, the chaff at least is left for their sublistence ; and far superior in population as well as in but such is the system of commercial reguextent, to Great Britain, the richest and most lation that the wretched manufacturers have productive kingdom in proportion to its hardly a rt source. The Commercial Chief, area, that ever existed in the tempesate zones. to whom they are subject, and who, under Great Britain is supposed to contain an area the Committee of Trade and Manufacture, of 96,400 square miles, her population is is charged with the business of investment, computed at 8,000,000, and her revonues at asigns to all the portion of their labour-by 14,000,oocl. Our dominions in India con. a small advance pretends to an appropriation tain hy computation 281,230 square miles, of their industry, - denies their right to use the revenues are 11,500,000 l, and the popu- their ingenuity for their own advantage, lation 30,000,000!
establimes a ruinous monopoly, by the abuse In former times the Bengal countries were of power, and treats them as bondsmen toilthe granary of nations, and the repository of ing for his benefit. The consequence is, commerce, wealth and manufacture in the desertion among the weavers, a decreasing Eaft. Vettels from all quarters poured out investment for the Company, enormous actheir treasures on the banks of the Ganges, quisition for himself, and a fatal flagnition of and the numberless nations that people the all trade and manufacture throughout his northern regions of Indoftan, as far as district Cashmire, Lahore, and Thibet, including a In Ourie, Rohilcund, and all the upper range of several thousand miles, used to de- countries within our influence, the natives pofit their riches there, as the great mart are, ifjollible, fill more dittressed. Various ad cer tre of their traffick. But such has hordes have been driven to despair by hardbeen the restless energy of our misgovern. Thip and exaction. They have assembled in ment, that within the fort space of twenty formidable force, and menaced the whole years, many parts of those countries have country:
she husbandaan goes to the been reduced to the appearance of a desart. plough with a firelock over his roulder, The fields are no longer cukivated, -exten- while the Government is too feeble to restrain Kve tracts are already overgrown with there outrages, and too much depressed to thickers,-the husbandman is plundered, afford relief. the manufacturer oppressed, - famine has If we trust to our military on the Bengal been repeatedly codured, – and depopula. establishment for protection against chele tion has ensued. The districts are farmed warming enormities, we hall find that entire