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To the EDITOR of the EUROPEAN MAGAZINE. SIR,
George Street, Hanover-square, April 12,. 1788. EARING lately of the great success tage in a stronger light. Many pay. attending inoculation for the small- pers
have since Thewed me the prepara. pox at Luton, in Bedfordshire ; I was tory medicines, which, notwithstandnaturally led to enquire into the several « ing all their promises to take, they had particulars relative to that
“ omitted ; and the extent of the parish Amongst other inforinations, some of them “ (it being nearly thirty-thre. miles in perhaps of doubtful authority, I have • circumference) rendered it impossible been favoured with the following authentic to prevent their procuring strong liaccount by the Hon. and Rev. Mr. Stuart, quors. Thele circumstances, that few rector of the parish. If you hould judge cí submitted to regimen, and that some the communication to be of sufficient im- “ did not even use their medicines, which portance to the public, I doubt not of « at the time increased my anxiety for your giving it a place in your Magazine ; “ the event, are surely convincing proofs in which cale it may be deemed a curiosity of the little danger attending inoculaby some of your readers to be informed, that Mr. Stuart is a grandson of the late " On my return to Luton, I mean to Right Hon. Lady Mary Wortley Mon- “ recommend annual inoculations at the tague, who first introduced inoculation “ parish charge. This may be supported into this country.
" un principles of economy, as well as To Sir WILLIAM FORDYCE. on principles of humanity. The health
“ and safety of the people ought ever to “SIR,
6. be the supreme object of parochial ma“ IN answer to your letter concerning nagement. The life of an industrious " the success of the inoculation at Luton, parent is absolutely invaluable; and " I take the liberty of troubling you with “ he who thinks it can be rated too high, “ the following facts.
" is no less ignorant of policy, than def. « Towards the end of last summer, « titute of feeling. “ a small-pox of the most malignant “ For nine years that I have held the “ kind prevailed at Luton. Notwithstand- living of Lutou, the average number of
ing every care that human prudence “ small-pox patients is 25. Thele at could suggest, as to cleanliness, medi- “ the lowest computation stand the parish
cine, and attendance, scarcely more at two guineas each, exclusive of me“ than half of our patients survived this " dical aslistance. The disease is lo ap“ dreadful dife ise; and though they were “ prehended in the country, that the “ kept at some distance from the town, “ nurses require double pay, and both " it was found impossible to prevent the “ they and the patients . re confined in an " infection from spreading. Alarmed at « airing-house leveral weeks after the re“ the danger, I endeavoured to overcome " covery. Should my plan of annual “ the prejudice and fears of the people, " inoculations take place, the expence “ and prevail op them to be inoculated. 16 would not amount to the fifty guineas, “ Accordingly, in the course of three “ which are novi paid for thole who have “ days, a surgeon of the neighbourhood “ the small.pos naturally. But, alas ! r cominunicated the infection to 928 pag- “ these fifty guineas are but a small part “ pers, who were judged incapable of “ of the real charge, and inconvenience, “ paying for themselves; and soon after
“ produced by this dreadful malady. Iis “ to 287 mure, mostly at their own salmoit constant effect is a permanent “ charge. Of these 1215 only five died, augmentation of the parish expenditure. “ and those under the age of four months ; “ It a labourer dies, his fainily must be
will see by the attested lift which “ fupported. If a mother is loft, the ** is inclosed.
“ children must be removed to a work. “ Mean time Mr. Kirhy and Mr. " house, as their father cannot spare time “ Chaie, the Surgeons resident at Luton, “ for employments that are merely do. « inoculated about 700 of the better fort " meftic. In a workhouse, they lote in« with an equal success.
nocence, reputation, and that sense of “ Even from this statement the advan. • independence, which is the lurest prine 6 tage of inocula'ion is manifelt; but the " ciple of ivdulti y. " following circumstances let this advan- “ I have troubled you with these obfer
“ vations, because I am confident they goirg letter, it appears at once, at how
are applicable to more parishes than Imall an expence a great many valuable " mine ; and because I am equally con- lives may be saved to the public, by a “ fident, that, were inoculation generally little attention on the part of the nobility, “ practifed, it would lessen human mi clergy, gentry, and others. " lery, fave many a useful life, and even In the very desirable event of their
promote that ceconomy, which many adopting the benevolent ideas of my Hon. .“ think the only object worthy of atten- and Rev. Friend, I would remark, that « tion. I am, Sir,
the properest seasons of inoculation are, * Your faithful servant, when the juices are least likely to be con.
“ WILLIAM STUART." taminated by infectious or contagious South Audley-Street,
diseases, which rage molt in the autumnal March 1, 1788.
months; begging leave at the same time Copy of the attested list referred to in the
to recommend the use of from go to sop preceding.
drops of the concentrated spirit of sea-salt A child of George Road had the diluted in barley-water, or any other muthruth at the time of being inoculated, cilaginous liquid, in the proportion of só and supposed to die in consequence there- drops to one quart, for preventing the of. Aged 9 weeks.
juices from falling into that putrid state, A child of Samuel Young died with which renders the small-pox so much the eruption on it. Aged 7 weeks.
I would farther advise an equally free A child of John Flitton died three days after inocnlation. Aged 12 weeks. use of the same spirit in every town and
A child of John Olney died in a fit village through the kingdom, as a prethe sixth day after inoculation. Aged servative against infection, as well as a 16 weeks.
great aid in curing the worst sorts of A child of Waller died with the erup- putrid fevers, which have been of late fo tion on it. Aged 5 weeks.
destructive in so many parts of England. FRA, NASH, Churchwarden.
I am, Sir,
Your moft obedient servant; 'Luton, Jan. 6, 1788.
WILLIAM FORDYCE. From the cicumstance of not more than two shillings being paid for inoculating This Letter was received too late cach of the paupers mentioned in the fore for insertion in our lafi Number.
S Τ Α Τ Ε
An ACCOUNT of the Net Produce of the Duties of Customs, EXCISE, STAM's, and
INCIDENTS, between the 5th of April, 1787, and the sth of April, 1788, as laid opon the Table of the House of Commons, for the perusal of the Members.
k. 2. CUSTOMS
3,817,628 15 EXCISE
6,368,189 3 84 STAMPS
5,211,878 10 IN CI D E N T S.
Rent of a Light House
Total of Customs, Excise, Stamps, and Incidents
13,163,257 12 11
Exchequer, the 28th day of April, 1788.
of the STAMPS, there is the following Account of the Particulars,
R. PITT first stated the several articles of supplies, which had been voted for the
Making a total of
tar, Half-pay to ihe British and American forces,
provisions supplied them from hence.
Annual allowance to American Loyalists
of Somerset House, African Forts, &c. &c.
419,000 34,000 74.000 46,000
90,000 63,000 3००,००० 311, 00
Amounting in the whole to
bills, and for deficiencies of several funds to the 5th of
W AY S
M E A N 3.
Mr. Pite then stated, that in order to defray these expences; Parliament had already yoted, Land and malt
2,750,000 That he Tould propose to the Committee to vote a further
sum to he taken as the growing produce of the consoli-
1,845,000 Imprift monies, to be repid in the course of the year
200,000 Army savings of the year 1736
200,000 And a further sum to be repaid by the India Company, on
account of troops, and'victualling the fieet in the East.
500,00 Premium on the lottery
258,000 Stoppages from the troops for provisions
5,796,000 Exchequer bills, and the fum voted for deficiencies, as stated in the supply
On * For the substance of Mr. Pitt's speech in opening the Budget, fee page 359.
For the EUROPEAN MAGAZINE. On SIGNORA PIOZZI's PUBLICATION of DR. JOHNSON'S LETTERS.
STRICTURE THE FIRST.
“L IFE (says Mr. Steevens, in a pre- Johnson, a supreme despiser of trilles,
face to fome of Shaketpeare's abhorrent from all propagation of fean“ Plass) does not often receive good un. dal, and inottenfive to the inoffensive, as “ mixed with evil. The benefits of the all his works ainpiy testify, would have “ art of printing are depraved by the faci- given his consent to her putting forth the "lity with which icandal may be diffuf- two volumes, wherein, independent of the
ed, and secrets revealed ; and by the many censurable parts, a poor reader must "temptation by which traffic foliciis ava. frequently trudge on until he is wearythro' “ rice to betray the weaknesses of passion, a hundred pages of truth and rubbish, to " or the confidence of friend thip. I can. meet with a dozen of lines that are worth S not forbear to think these posthumous his, perusal. But the cunning She has “ publications injurious to fociety. A delayed her lameless bargain till after " man contcions of literary reputation the Doctor's demise, and the two ill-fa" will grow in time afraid to write with vopred volumes are now brought into so tenderness to his hiter, or with fondness the world, to the no linall discontent and "' to his child; or to remit on the flight- indigration of all the Doctor's true “ eft occafious, or most pressing exigence, friends, who, long accustomed to see hiin " the rigour of critical choice, and
lead on the phalanx of literature, lee him “ matical severity. That eftcem which now riding iipon a broomstick; and to the « preserves his letters, will at last pro- great comfort and diversion of all the “Juce his disgrace, when that which be witlings and witsnappers of the Thames “ wrote to his friend or his danghter thall and of the Tweed, who behold him at “ be laid open to the public."
lalt brought down from that envied lum. When Mr. Steevens made this obser. mit to which the Rainb!er, the Lives of vation, little did he imagine that it would the Poets, and so many other of his works, foon be exemplified to the prejuciice of his had gloriously exalted him. Take warnfellow.commentator, and that the treach- ing, iake warning, ye heroes of the quill, crous trick would be played to Dr. Johnson and, upon seeing yourlelves delervedly by the very person whom he, in the fimpli- raised by the unanimous suffrages of mancity of his heart, had honoured above any kind to the highest posts of literary hoother of his acquaintance with a most fin. nour, keep in mind Mr. Steevens's phicere attachment during a long, long interval lanthropic observation, nor be so unguardof time. Yet so it has shockingly hap- ed as our good Johnson has been, left, pened, that the frontless female, who goes like him, you draw hereafter upon your now by the mean appelation of Piozzi, narries the farcastic and Nanderous obloactuated by no other incentive but tht of quies of indefatigable duinets and unexmere avarice, has dared to publith a large tinguithable malignity. number of letters, written 10 ber by the Among the many who have reason to Doctor during the long course of their be exafperated on account of those Letters, friendship, though she must be convinced, I will trankly own that I am one; and as and certainly is, that never would the fuch, am resolved to animadvert on cerhave obtained his fan&tion to their publi- tain paliages in them that have proved cation, had she asked for it in time; as 100 hari to my feelings, even though I many of thołe letters are by much too tri- should run the risque of being disapprov. fling, uninteresting, and even contemprible ed for roi treating their editor with any for such an eye as ihat of the British Nation; grear ceremony, as must be the cale in all and too many, in fuite of their numerous difcuffions priduced by the veceility of blanks, initials, and abbreviations, alleatily clearing our characters from calumnious interpreted, vex, difguit, and prove confia afferriens. But by what right can LA derably obnoxious not only to a great num.
Piozzi, as my fiddling countrymen now ber ot individuals, but even to whole fami- terin her, cia in cereniory and respect lies, without the coinpentation of their an. fruin any one of the many whom the has fwering the least good purpose ; which at offended by her publication, now that, in vorft ought to be the cale with any printed the great wisdom of her concupiscence, writing i hat anyway diminithes the good she has degraded herfelf into the wife of Dame of our itii living cotemporaries. an Italian tinging-maiter? And, as 10 It was not likely, indeed, that Ductor nykilt, what respect or ceronony do I VOL. XIII.