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Siew of Mo. Nesbits ( late the Eart of Briptots Villa, near the Horns in Norwood.

Publishe ky I. Jowell

, in Cornhill 1780


[ With a PLAT E. .]

-HIS villa is pleasantly situated pear the held; and here many measures of great im.

Mrs. Nelbiti, a lady not unknown in the The owner of it is the widow of Mr. Nefpolitical world. Ac this place it is reported bitt, formerly a merchant. frequent ministerial congresses have been


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Although Memorials, Petitions, and Re- mystery, and derives its title from force alones

monftrances, have been lately fo common to a power exercised with impunity by the in France, we cannot help presenting our Ministers of State, their deputies, and the readers with the following Remon. agents of the Police; to a power, in short, STRANCE of the ParliAMENT of Paris which, from the head Minister to the very on the old subject, the Lettres de Cachet, inferior officers of the Police, lays over our and 'he exile of the Duke of Orleans and heads an endless chain of formidable opprelMellis. Freteau and Sabatier.

sors, before whom remain filent and inactive MAY it please your Majesty to consider the facred laws of nature, and thofe of the

that it is :he duty of your Parliament constitution, No, Sire, the laws of nature, to watch over the people's wants, and the and the laws of the constitution, shall never rights of the Sovereign : the people may be reproach your Parliament (the living law at mified by factious men, and Kings are too the feet of the Throne) with having stood much expo’ed to dangerous surprises. Par- shamefully inactive, and with having preliament, Sire, will speak to Monarchs re- served a guilty filerce. Specling liberty, and recommend to subjects “ Mari was born free, and his happiness submiilion.-They render that submission depends on justice. Liberty is an improhonourable by their example, and that au- scriptible riglit. It consists in the power of shority folid hy their principles. In short, living suitably to the tenur of the laws; jus. the most cliential function of your Majesty's tice is an universal dary, and this duty is an. Parliament is to fummon the Royal power to terior to the laws themselves, that acknowthe standard ci juttice, and public liberty to. Jedge it and ought to guide it, but never disthe oath of allegiance. Such, Sire, bave been pense with it in the Monarch or the subject. in the most hard and turbulent times their JUSTICE and LIBERTY — This, Sire, is the patriot views, and the object of their unre- principle and end of all society, the flable mitted zeal,

and womoveab!e foundation of all power : and “ Still animated by the fame sentiments, such is, for the happiness of mankind, the and ever jealous to deserve the good will of wonderful connection of these two inestima. our gracious Monarch, and iniure the liberty ble bleflings, that no reasonable authority, or ufour fellow citizens, we come to point out at solid obedience, can ever suboft without them. the feet of the Throne the most fatal errer The practice of Lettres de Cachet overturns that could reduce the heart of a Sovereign ; all this system. Justice, therehy, becomes we conie to invoke your Majesty's justice, meer illufion, and liberty retains but ile wisdom, and humanity, against clie pernici. ous practice of using Lettres de Cacher. At “ All lawful submission is voluntary in this terrible word all hearts thudder, all ideas its principle. The people's consent to the are clouded with horior.

The individuals, power of using Lettres de Cacbet is incompa. seized wi.h these dreadful symptoms, look tible with the use of reason ; reason is the with amazement at one acuther, and afraid natural state of man, as well as of society ; of explaining themselves, remain in a itate the practice, therefore, of such letters is reof inaction : the people in silence scarce pugnant to the nature of man, both as a ra. dare to lift their thoughts to that inconceivable tional and a fociable being. Will they fay, power which dispołes of men without heas that this practice is founded on the nature of ing or judging them ; that plunges and keeps Monarchical power? The answer could easily them, út pleasure, in total darkness, wlither be found. Kings reign either in virtue of the chearful light of day never enters, no conquest, or by law. If the conqueror more than the reviving aspect of the law, the ahuses hisconquest; if he strikes at the rights cry of nature, or the voice of friendship; to of man; if the is not changed into a That power that for existence depends on capitulation ; force, that disposes of the fruits

Vol. XIII,


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of victory, does not retain subjects at the none that can prevent his claims to justice ; conqueror's feet, but Naves. Whatever rea- neither his filence itsell, nor even his formal son forbids the people to consent to, Kings consent to the loss of his liberty, could be have it not in their power to ordain.-It is suficient to do it. evident that justice must equally hold the “ Your Majesty's answer in 1777 has scales between the poor and the rich ; 'and it given an indelible sanction to these national is evident that shame and puni ment are due maxims. You declare, Sire, that you will to the guilty, and to them alone.

never suffer any attacks on the liberty of “ It is a maxim in our monarchy, that no your subjects; but that there are circumcitizen can become a prisoner without an stances in which public safety requires that order from the judge. All the Kings of the your authority thould appear in support of two first races have acknowledged it. justice, to prevent a culprit's evafion. How Hugues Capet found it at his accession to the remarkable and how conforming were these throne. All orders and decrees issued under words for the cause of justice! They conci. the third race have confirmed it. It is this liated liberty with power, and it is thus that maxim that became the foundation of the your Majesty has fixed upon this point, and only distinction we find in our laws between with your own words, the principle, the obthe prisoners for crimes and those for debts; ject, and the limits of your power. and the clause in the edict of 1670, agreca. • The honour and tranquility of a family* ble, in this point, tó all the preceding ones, is the last objection to the abolishing the prachas stamped it with the seal of validity, by tice of Lettres de Cacbet; but they do not rerequiring, that prisoners for crimes should collect that this objection, the grand battery be examined within four and twenty hours of partisans for arbitrary power, owes all its after imprisonment: but how ineffectual such pretended consequence to the letters them. a wise diípoation; how ridiculous such a selves, the practice of which once admitted precaution, as long as the praélice of Letties deceives honour itself, and arms it against lide Cache: shall (uloa!

berty. “ Thus the rights of mankind, the fun- “ Many facts, pretty well known, can damental principles of society, the nioft brila prove to your Majesty, that the nation, more liant lights of reason, the dearest interests of lensible of their true interest, even in the lawful power, the elementary maxims of most elevated spberes, are disposed to receive morality, the laws of the conftitution-all, from your hand, the greatest blessing a Moin short, unanimously rise against the prac- narch can bestow on his subjects, the gift of tice of Lettres de Cachet. By uliat fatality, liberty : It is a bleting that renders authority Sire, has it been introduced and continued in more firm, and the laws more endearing. It your dominions? We are not astonished to is this belfling which nobly rewards Virtue, see that men, jealous of a transitory, but per- encourages the afpirmg genius, and puts a jonal power, and greedy ambitious courtiers, bridle on tui bulent licentiousness; this your regardless of time to come, thould colour this Parliament come to reclaim, Sire, in the practice with the specious motives of public name of a generous and faithful nation. Jafety, or of the tranquillity and honour of Trey most respectfully intreat you to abolish many families. The fervile mind follow's the for ever the life of Lettres de Cacbet. They trains of ambition with avidicy: but that conjure you effectually to reject all amfi ere should be citizeos, blind enough not to hitious counsels, and frivolous motives, and set, in every letter they folicit or acquiesce that perfidious iniciligence, which is as much in, the dreadful danger ihat awaits them, fills disowned by reason, as it is refuted by facts. ús really with the greatest aston:(iment, and How crucl, that your Majesty cannot enter causes in our breasts 'the deepest affliction. into ihe minute details of such intelligence, It is time to coinbat an error set off with the generally made up hy subaltern officers, on appearance of difinterestedness; it might fume pretenfons always kept secret, or on make an impresion on the mind and heart of informations always clandestine! Oh, Sire, your Maiefly.

could you but interrogate chose vidlims of “ W'nere nc personal security exists, roh- arbitrary power, confined, abandoned, and Pc safety is but an imaginary bliss; and where forgotten, in those impenetrable dungeons, the practice of Lerres de Cacbet fubfifts, per- where silence and injustice ever dwell, how fonal fecurity cannot fubiit. Public {afety is many of them would you find who never then but an imaginary hlils, where the prac- threatened to disturb the tranquility of the rice of Lettres de Cacter fubfifts. If there Itare, or ever meant to difhonour the respec: are circumstances, Sire, that require the sud- table name of their family! Unhappy Vico den exercise of your authority, there are timis ! foon would your Majesty be convinced, none that can authorize the fecret detention of that intrigue, avidity, aim at power, thirft a prisoner who folicits liis trial--there are

of revenge the dreau or bate of justice, huA Lettie de Cachet, for instance, can (creen a subj ct from a corporal or capital pa jih. m.en.


mour, caprice, and the meer whim of a man gistrates, that your Parliament claims now in of credit, preside by turns at the distribution the name of the laws, and of reason ; it is of Lettres de Cacbet. You would then know three French individuals--three men. to what torments is condemned the wretch His Majesly's Ansiver to the Remonftrance of for whom the sun rises without any hopes, bis Parliament, March 16, 1788. and the night returns without any repose for " I had forbidden you, Gentlemen, to conhim. Terrible uncertainty! despondency tinue your representations after the 9th of worse than death! And all these horrors in January; and it is not by disobeying my orthe name of Majesty! Yes, Sire, were you ders, that you will ever obtain the return of but to behold the dreadful mansions of for- the magistrates I have thought proper to purow, you would stand agliast at the cruel fate nish. I have nothing to add to my former of your subjects; you would shudder at the answer : I have told you, that my subjects condition of Princes themselves, and you liberty is as dear to me as to themselves ; would haften to destroy thule invisible arrows but I shall never fuffer my Parliament to opthat strike at justice, both when aiming at pose the exercise of a power, which families the innocent and guilty.

have been indebted to for the preservation of “ Animated by this hope, and founded on their honour, and the state for its tranquility. these principles, your Parliament, Sire, after My Parliament, with due respect and filence, baving sued for the liberty of the nation, must confide in my own wisdom. I forbid cannot help foliciting once more for that of you to have, or publish, any farther delibethe three citizens. We have authority to be- rations on the subject." lieve, that the Duke of Orleans and Meffrs. Constantinople, Feb. 22. The Grand Di. Freteau and Sabbatier are not guilty. Were van which was allembled here on the 11th they so, the right of judging them is reserved instant came to the resolution of releasing to your Parliament; and the charming pre. Mons. de Bulgakow, the Russian Minister, rogative of pardoning, to your Majesty. and the Ruflian subjects, detained in the Se

« Liberty is by no means a privilege, but ven Towers. Monf. de Bulgakow is prea right. It is the duty of all Governments paring to depart by sea, and has given orders to respect that right. The same force that to freight ships for himself, his Dragomani, deprives a deliberating assembly of their mem- and their families, for Leghorn, bers, affects the whole body. Some are ar- Baron d'Herberi, the Imperial Internunretted, the others are threatened, none are cio, and his interpreter, with all their famifree. A deliberating assembly deprived of lies, departed from Conftantinople the 15th their freedom, threatened by force, if they instant, on board two French merchantmeli, ftill continue to deliberate, and rise ahove bound for Leghorn. fear, can be supported only by their tidelity. Madrid, April 4. The inundations have

“ This virtue, Sire, has not forsaken your made dreadful ravages in all our provinces, Parliament.-- They will not cease to solicit, especially that of Valladolid, where they were in a very respectful manner, the bietling of in fear for some hours of that beautiful city's public liberty, by the abolition of Lcitres de being entirely carried away by the floods : Cacher, and the personal liberty of that august Besides which many strong shocks of carthPrince, the firtt of the Blood Royal, and of quakes have thrown down a number of public the two exiled magistrates. But it is no buildings and houses in Tolola and Biscay, longer a Prince of your Blood, nor two ma


THE following is a concise statement of Majeft;'s, and the Company's service should

the arrangement which his Majesty has rank indiscriminately from the dates of their heen graciously pleased to make for adjusting commilions. the claims of rank between the King's and the “ Secondly, That if it should happen that Company's officers, and settling them on a two commillions, now or hereafter, thould firm and lasting footing; and, we are happy be dated on the same day, the King's officer Lo add, it has given general fatisfaction. is to have the precedence. Much praise is justly due to the Court of “ Thirdly, That such king's officers as Directors and the Committee, for their steady hold commiflions dated prior to the cellation and vigorous conduét in this arduous busi- of noit:lities at Cuddalore, mould command nels.

all the Company's officers of the same rank. " First, That from the day when hosti- “ Fourthiy, That brevets thould be grantlicies ceased at Caddalore, the officers in his ed by his Majesty's authority to the Compa



ny's officers, dated from the cessation of hof- ahout 200 houses. How this melancholy cilities.

affair happened is not known. A poor un “ Fifthly, That in all future promotions fortunate lunatic, who was confined in a barn, the Company's officers Mall receive brevet fell a victim to the fury of the flames; this commissions from 1 is Majesty.

unhappy man was unluckily forgot in the sixthly, That no officer poffeffing bre. confufion. This is the only life loft that we vet local rank in India Thall remain, chere, hear of at present. unless he chuses to serve wiih bis actual rank 5. The following melancholy acciin the King's army.

dent happenedi-As Mr. Brown, of the “ Seventhly, That a period of eighteen Comptroller's Office, Horse Guards, in com months shou'd be allowed for the exchange of pany with two other gentlemen, were riding those officers who now hold local rank in in a chaise on a party of pleasure, they had India."

the curiosity to stop at a village called MarMarci 19. This day, at a half-yearly court tin in Surrey, to see a large mill for Aatting of the Fro orietors of the Bank Stock, the copper, when in going round to view the dif. Gove nor acquainted the Proprietors, that as ferent works, one of the wheels suddenly this was the time when he dividends are caught hold of Mr. Brown, carried him un usually declared, it was ile unanimous opic der water, and he was t ken up a shocking nion of the Directors, that the next half. spectacle, almost every bone in his skin being yearly dividend, ending the 25th inftant, bruken. Thould be three pounds ten thillings, which Another melancholy accident happened makes the increase of the dividend of that stock near Croydon, on the same day. Mr. Smith, at the rate of one per cent.

ir: the meal trade, near Croydon, having 24. This night's Gazette contains a pro- been to Croydon market, just as he bad cl. mation by the King, for recalling and mounted his horfe, about three o'clock, to prohibiting resmen from serving foreign come away, the animal immediately rearPrirc's and States.

ing up, fell down, and falling on Mr. Smith, 28. There is to be a reduction of the killed him on the spot. houshold troops, and thus fet:led : The Offi- 8. Came on the election of Govercers of the Horse-Grenadiers are to have their nor and Deputy Governor of the Bank of pay for life : The privates to form two troops England for the year ensuring, when Edward of Life-Gurels, under the present officers of Darrell, esq. was chosen Governor, and Mark the Horse-Guards, who are to remain is at Weyland, esq. Deputy Governor. And the prescut: The privates of the Horse Guards next day came on the election of 24 Direcare tu have their money returned, and to be cors, when the following gentlemen were reduced entirely: A number fufficient to chofen : Samuel Beachcroft, Daniel Booth,

miak: the two croops of Life-Guards, confift. Thomas Bodulingcon, Roger Boehm, Samuel ling, of 240 men cac!), are to be added!; the Bofauquet, Thomas Dea, William Ewer,

adeon i tlieir pay 6d. a day. The name Peter Gaussen, John Harrison, Beeston Long, of Morle-Gliards to fiok entirely, ani chut of Job Mathew, Richard Neave, Joseph Nuit, Life.Gurus lo continue.

Isaac Osborne, Edward Payne, George Peters, 30

Between the hours of nine Christopher Puller, Thomas Raikes, William and eleven at night, a most fhocking mur- Sell, Peter Isaac Theluffon, Samuel Thornder was committed on the body of Mi, fon, esqrs. Brook Watson, esq. and AlderM. cintosh, who kc;t i shoz warehouse at man, Benjamin Winthrop, and Muses Yelde lieria tage Bridge, W'apping. The sach:- ham, elqis. man, .111 crying the hour of elevco, obierving This evening's Gazette contains an account the strei-door open, alarmed the neighbours, of the investiture of the Dukes of Dorset and when, upon gong into the shop, they found Northumberland with the order and insignia him on the floor, with his throat cut, and of the Garter. many mortal ftabs .but his body : his watch, 9. Came on the ballot for fix Directors of huckles, and every thing the murderers could the East India Company, in the room of carry off, were taker. It is importhie to those who go out annually by rotation. ascertain what the deccaled has been robbed Abou: a quarter after eleven o'clock in the of, from the circumstance of his never having evening the scrutineers declared the numbers any perton to live with him in the house, to be, for Abraham Robarts, esq. 1045 i and always drest his orn victuals. - NodilJohn Mitchie, esq. 1021; George Tatem, covery is yel made of the murderer or mur- esq. 978; Thomas Parry, esy. 856; John .dier.

Woodhouic, efq. 830 ; Charles Mills, efq. April 3. A mort dreadful fire broke out 793; David Scott, cfq. 729. The firtt fix at Foxton, bout eight miles from Cambridge, Gentlemen, who are July elected, were on the iit inftant, which burnt with such upon the Proprietors list. David Scott, esq. fury, gs not to be got under cili the whole was chc cn'y new candidate. of ihe villige was doarly destroyed, supposed

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