Social Indicators: The EU and Social Inclusion
Social indicators are an important tool for evaluating a country's level of social development and for assessing the impact of policy. Such indicators are already in use in investigating poverty and social exclusion in several European countries and have begun to play a significant role in advancing the social dimension of the European Union as a whole. The purpose of this book is to make a scientific contribution to the development of social indicators for the purposes of European policy-making. It considers the principles underlying the construction of policy-relevant indicators, the definition of indicators, and the issues that arise in their implementation, including that of the statistical data required. It seeks to bring together theoretical and methodological methods in the measurement of poverty/social exclusion with the empirical practice of social policy. The experience of Member States is reviewed, including an assessment of the National Action Plans on Social Inclusion submitted for the first time in June 2001 by the fifteen EU governments. The key areas covered by the book are poverty, including its intensity and persistence, income inequality, non-monetary deprivation, low educational attainment, unemployment, joblessness, poor health, poor housing and homelessness, functional illiteracy and innumeracy, and restricted social participation. In each case, the book assesses the strengths and weaknesses of different indicators relevant to social inclusion in the European Union, and makes recommendations for the indicators to be employed. Indicators for Social Inclusion in the European Union is being published at a critical stage in the evolution of the social agenda of the European Union. It is hoped that the report will play a role in widening public debate about the social dimension of Europe and that it will be of value to the social partners, to non-governmental and grass roots organizations, and to those living in poverty and social exclusion. It seeks to provide both a constructive background document at a crucial juncture in the evolution of the social dimension of the European Union and a reference work of continuing value.
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Indicators in Principle
Social Indicators from a Member State Perspective
Portfolio of Indicators as a Whole
Depth of Poverty and Income Inequality
Education Employment and Unemployment
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applied approach assessment basis Chapter comparable concerned consider context countries defined definition deprivation devrait dimensions ECHP educational attainment employment equivalence scale equivalized income être EU-SILC European Commission European Union Eurostat example exclusion financial poverty Frank Vandenbroucke Gini coefficient Government Government of Sweden groups homeless household income important indicateur de Niveau indicators proposed individual issue jobless households labour market Level 2 indicator literacy living in households Lorenz curve low income mean median income ménages method monitoring process NAPincl National Action Plans needs OECD overall panel pauvreté percentage persons Plan on Social poor population Portugal poverty and social poverty gap poverty line poverty measure poverty rates poverty threshold problems proportion quintile ratio Recommendation regional relative income risk social inclusion social indicators Social participation social policy socioeconomic specific standard statistical survey targets tion unemployed unemployment United Kingdom
Seite v - The number of people living below the poverty line and in social exclusion in the Union is unacceptable. Steps must be taken to make a decisive impact on the eradication of poverty by setting adequate targets to be agreed by the Council by the end of the year.
Seite 218 - ... priority was given to the eradication of poverty - and a better understanding of social exclusion on the basis of commonly agreed indicators was requested. As a consequence, there is an increasing need for comparable and timely data on income and social exclusion, particularly in the context of the 'Programme of Community action to encourage co-operation between Member States to combat social exclusion' and for the structural indicators to be produced annually for the Spring report to the European...
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