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dren; the poor, needy, sorrow-stricken, and sick, , arteries, and veins, being as strings, and each find a benefactor in this Christian woman; the with its peculiar pulse. Many are their former receive pecuniary relief and consolation, works on - The Secret of the Pulse," and the latter medical advice; for this ornament of her sex understands the use and application of they maintain that the same pulse which drugs."

marks disease in a male, would indicate quite

a different complaint in a female. With such Miss Aldersey had been previously enga- fanciful theories, it may be easily conceived, ged in like labors in Java. It is singular that that while the books on medicine are endless, the Chinese, amongst whom, notwithstanding disease is almost unchecked. Their least irwhat Mr. Fortune says to the contrary, in- rational modes of treatment are by acupuncfanticide prevails to an extent not known in ture, the moxas, and in the use of styptics. any part of India, or anywhere else that we They have been long acquainted with inocuhave heard of, will only entrust their little lation, but practice it in a circuitous way, ingirls to unmarried female missionaries, and troducing the virus, not directly by incision, not even to them, as Dr. Smith assures us, but by pledgets in the nostril. They have a without some hesitation. Miss Aldersey has decided repugnance to vaccination, and the thus made out a missionary path which is consequence is, that small-pox continues to exclusively her own.

be a great scourge. Where puerile practices Ancillary to the promulgation of religion, prevail

, and complaints known to be within and directly connected with our other topics the control of science are unchecked, there of health and civilization, is the subject of is, perhaps, no way in which the Chinese medical missionaries. One of the most strik. could be so rapidly served, or their good-will ing circumstances in a country which seems so easily gained, as through the means of to us to be full of anomalies is, the fact that medical missions. These have been already the Chinese, although they have long attain- commenced at Canton, Hong-Kong, and ed to a certain high degree of civilization, Shang-hai, where their success has proved so and are, generally speaking, a sickly people, immediate and so clear, that we should reand, consequently, great dabblers in drugs, joice to hear of their being extended to the and takers of physic, are in cimmerian dark- other consular cities, as well as of their numness in regard to medicine, knowing nothing ber being increased. The Bishop of Hongof it as a science, and very little empirically. Kong mentions that at Shang-hai, “ 14,500 Surgery can hardly be said to exist amongst cases of medical relief have tended to mitithem. They never practice dissection, not gate the sufferings of our fellow-beirs even on the lower animals. “When a limb of sin, and helped to diffuse amongst the is irrecoverably injured, it is left,” says Dr. native community a respect for the religion Wilson, “barring poultices and plasters, to of the benevolent foreigner.” Dr. Wilson, kill the patient, or to drop off by mortifica- speaking of the medical mission at Hongtion.” Their implements, he adds, are rough Kong, which is under the direction of Dr. tools, rather resembling the collection of a Hobson, statescobbler than the instruments of a surgeon. Du Halde affirms, that the theory of

“Into it Chinese subjects, with every form of the circulation of the blood was known disease and injury, are admitted on the sole plea amongst them about four centuries after the of bodily affliction ; but as affections of the eye

are very prevalent, and so ineffectually or injuDeluge. This must be one of his mistakes, riously treated by the native practitioners, as to as Mr. Sirr states that they have no knowl- occasion much more than the usual proportion of edge of it at the present day. They con- helplessness and distress, a large amount of ophceive-like Pythagoras—that the human thalmic cases is received and successfully manbody is composed of and influenced by the aged. Such persons as can afford it subsist elements. * Thus,” says Mr. Sirr," fire themselves; those who cannot, are provided for reigns in the heart, and the principal viscera from the Hospital funds,

“ Then, everything which benevolence can dewhich lie near it, air has peculiar influence on vise, and which care and skill can accomplish, is the liver, whilst water reigns lord paramount effected for the patients ; and thence, a large proover some adjacent parts. Metals preside portion of those admitted return to their native over the lungs and larger intestines, and earth towns and hamlets, to tell their neighbors what influences the stomach and spleen.” The the natives have done for them. They have to Greek philosophers, it may be remembered, speak only of benefits received. Their cherished counted four elements, while the Chinese stitious follies and pagan perversions, were not

habits were not vijlently attacked ; their superhave five. They hold that the body is a made the subject of ridicule or contemptuous kind of musical instrument-nerves, muscles, | pity; but they were led to their abandonment, by showing them a better system of things, and his native city of Canton, and we hope that proving its vast superiority, through its practical many such others will be soon dispersed results. Persons who went in, wasted, maimed, throughout this dark but mighty empire. or blind, came out with renovated vigor and restored sight. Can the Chinese continue long to

We have now discussed, at such length as resist such teaching? Blind, and in love with

we could venture on, the three topics we darkness,' as they are, is it conceivable that they had selected, and might, with the assistance can go on hardening their hearts, and shutting of Mr. Sirr, find matter and novelty enough the eyes of their understanding against such em to make a larger paper, but our limits are alphatic pleading in behalf of their own best inter- ready passed, and we can only refer our ests ? 'Will not the reiteration of such good acts, readers to the many new, untouched, and especially restoration of sight by operation, of well-filled chapters of his " China and the which, till lately, they could no more form an idea than of a miracle, lead them to inquire Chinese;" and, especially, to one on the culwhether the system which produces these effects tivation and preparation of teas, to those on is not better than their own ?"

the arts and manufactures of China, and to

that on the revenue. Mr. Sirr may not posThe medical missionaries are further de- sess the charm of manner, his style being sirous of imparting their knowledge to native careless at times, and, at times, ambitious : pupils; and Dr. Wilson speaks of a young but these failings are compensated by his inChinese, named Apoon, instructed by Dr. dustry in collecting materials, by the exHobson, who was skillful in performing va ceeding interest of his topics, and the clearrious operations on the eye, including that ness with which they are arranged. He is, for cataract, and was well acquainted with also, somewhat given to fault-finding; but the structure of the eye, its diseases, and this, too, is more than atoned for by the their treatment. He was about to return to 'honesty with which he speaks bis mind.

LAST OF THE INCAS.

SEE PLATE.

The striking plate accompanying this number / master, to embrace the Christian religion. Upon reproduces one of the saddest and most memorable his asking their authority for this request, the incidents in the history of the conquest of Peru— friar Valverde, who accompanied the Spanish exthe parting of Atabalipa, or, as he is more com- pedition, gave the king a breviary as authority. monly called, Atahualpa, with his family, prior to Atahualpa put it to his ear, and said, “It tells his cruel execution by the Spaniards. Atahualpa me nothing". then threw it away. This was succeeded his father, on the throne of Quito, in 1529, pretext enough for Spanish cupidity. A terrible while his brother Huascar obtained the kingdom of massacre of the unsuspecting and unprepared Peru. They soon made war upon each other, when multitude was undertaken, and the king thrown into the latter was defeated, and his kingdom fell into prison. He offered an immense sum of gold as the bands of Atahualpa. The Spaniards taking a ransom. The gold was accepted, but the prisadvantage of these internal disturbances, with Pi- was not released.

After enduring every zarro at their head, invaded Peru, where they were indignity, he was torn from his family, and burnt entertained with great hospitality by the king and alive in 1633, by the orders of Pizarro. With him people. The reward of this generosity was the foul the line of Incas came to an end, and the Spanish and treacherous arrest of Atahualpa, with the de- usurpation was complete. mand of allegiance to the king of Spain as his

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his heart tous 7 were, aad. Here were sellist, must be ready to bring -neither can exclude Shoes possible lo cxercise 12 ARANY out reason for 30-exercise out exercising reason where the faith, *—as it is to a persona

ww.vaga seaovu may we taci uscu wucie * Let it not be said that we are here playing there is no giving of reasons, there can be no givupon an ambiguity in the word Reason ;-considered | ing of reasons without the exercise of Reason.

VOL XIX. NO. III.

19

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