Abbildungen der Seite
[graphic][subsumed][subsumed][merged small][ocr errors][merged small]
[graphic][subsumed][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small]


The studies of Metaphysics and Medicine science could have been chosen, more haphave more in common, both as to means and pily calculated than Medicine, to prepare ends, than may perhaps at first sight appear. such a mind for the prosecution of those John Locke and Thomas Sydenham,—the speculations which have immortalized his one the founder of our analytical philosophy name; the complicated and fugitive, and of mind, and the other of our practical med- often equivocal phenomena of disease, reicine,—were not only great personal friends, quiring in the observer a far greater proporbut were of essential use to each other in tion of discriminating sagacity than those of their respective departments; and we may Physics, strictly so called; resembling, in safely affirm, that for much in the Essay on this respect, much more nearly, the phenomHuman Understanding, we are indebted to ena about which Metaphysics, Ethics, and its author's intimacy with Sydenham, “one Politics are conversant. of the master builders at this time in the Hartley, Mackintosh, and Brown, were commonwealth of learning," as Locke calls physicians; and we know that medicine was him, in company with Boyle, Huygens, a favorite subject with Socrates, Aristotle, and the incomparable Mr. Newton:” And Bacon, Descartes, and Berkeley. We wish Sydenham, it is well known, in the third young

doctors kept more of the company edition of his “Observationes Medicæ,” ex- of these and such like men, and knew a little presses his deep obligation to Locke in his more of the laws of thought, of the nature dedicatory letter to their common friend Dr. and rules of evidence, of the general proceMapletoft, in these words :--"Nosti præte- dure of their own minds in the search after, rea, quam huic meæ methodo suffragantem the proof and the application of, what is true, habeam, qui eam intimius per omnia perspex- than, we fear, they generally do.* They erat, utrique nostrum conjunctissimum Dominum Johannem Lock; quo quidem viro, sive * Pinel states, with great precision, the necessity ingenio judicioque acri et subacto, sive etiam there is for physicians to make the mind of man, as antiquis (hoc est optimis) moribus, vix supe de l'entendement humain, pourroit-elle être ignorée

well as his body, their especial study. “L'histoire riorem quenquam inter eos qui nunc sunt par le médecin, qui a non-seulement à décrire les homines repertum iri confido, paucissimos vesanies ou inaladies morales, et à indiquer toutes certe pares: Referring to this passage,

leurs nuances, mais encore, qui a besoin de porter la when noticing the early training of this in- logique la plus sévère pour éviter de donner de la

réalité à termes abstraits pour procéder avec sagenium judiciumque acre el subaclun,” Du

des idées simples à des idées complexes, et qui gald Stewart says, with great truth, “No a sans cesse sous ses yeux des écrits, le défaut de VOL XIX. NO. II.



might do so without knowing less of their | to act as his own physician, on account of Auscultation, Histology, and other good his general feebleness of health and tendency things, than they do, and with knowing them to consumption. To show the incorrectness to much better purpose. We wonder, for of this statement, we give the following short instance, how many of the century of gradu- notice of his medical studies and practice; it ates sent forth from our University every is necessarily slight, but justifies, we think, year-armed with microscope, stethoscope, our assertion in regard to him quá medicus. uroscope,* pleximeter, &c., and omniscient LOCKE was born in 1632 at Wrington, of rules and rhonchi, sibilous and sonorous ; Somersetshire, on the 29th of August, the crepitations moist and dry; bruits de rape, anniversary, as Dr. Forster takes care to let de scie, et de soufflet ; blood plasmata cyto- us know, of the Decollation of St. John the blasts and nucleated cells, and great in the Baptist-eight years after Sydenham, and infinitely little-we wonder how many of ten before Newton. He left Westminster these eager and accomplished youths could school in 1651, and entered Christ Church, “ unsphere the spirit of Plato,” or read with distinguishing himself chiefly in the departmoderate relish and understanding one of ments of medicine and general physics, and the Tusculan Disputations, or who had ever greatly enamored of the brilliant and then heard of “ Butler's Three Sermons on Human new philosophy of Descartes. Nature,” “Berkeley's Minute Philosopher," In connection with Locke's university stuor of an “Essay on the Conduct of the Un- dies, Anthony Wood, in his autobiography, derstanding," of which Mr. Hallam says, “I has the following curious passage : "I began cannot think any parent or instructor justi- a course of chemistry under the noted chemist fied in neglecting to put this little treatise in and rosicrucian Peter Sthael of Strasburg, a the hands of a boy about the time that the scrict Lutheran, and a great hater of women. reasoning faculties become developed," and The club consisted of ten, whereof were whose admirable author we shall now en- Frank Turner, now Bishop of Ely, Benjamin deavor to prove to have been much more Woodroof, now Canon of Christ Church, and one of themselves than is generally supposed. John Locke of the same house, now a noted

In coming to this conclusion, we have been writer. This same John Locke was a man mainly indebted to the classical, eloquent, of a turbulent spirit, clamorous, and never and conclusive tract by Lord Grenville, en- contented; wbile the rest of our club took titled “Oxford and Locke;" to Lord King's notes from the mouth of their master, who life of his great kinsman ; to Wood's Athene sat at the upper end of a long table, the and Fasti Oxonienses ; to the letters from said Locke scorned to do this, but was for Locke to Drs. Mapletoft, Molyneux, Sirever prating and troublesome.” This misoHans Sloane and Boyle, published in the gynistical rosicrucian was brought over to collected edition of his works; to Ward's Oxford by Boyle, and had among his pupils Lives of the Gresham Professors; and to a Sir Christopher Wren, Dr. Wallis, and Sir very curious collection of letters of Locke, Thomas Millington. The fees were three Algernon Sidney, the second Lord Shaftes-pounds, one half paid in advance. bury, and others, edited and privately print- Locke continued through life greatly aded by the eccentric Dr. T. Forster.

dicted to medical and chemical researches. Le Clerc, in his Eloge upon Locke in the He kept the first regular journal of the Bibliotheque Choisie, (and in this he has been weather, and published it from time to time followed by all subsequent biographers,) in the Philosophical Transactions, and in states, that when a student at Christ Church, Boyle's History of the Air. He used in his Oxford, he devoted himself with great ear- observations à barometer, a thermometer, nestness to the study of Medicine, but that and a hygrometer. His letters to Boyle are he never practiced it as his profession, his full of experiments and speculations about chief object having been to qualify himself chemistry and medicine ; and in a journal

kept by him when traveling in France, is s'entendre, la séduction de l'esprit de système, et l'abus this remarkable entry : "M. Toinard prodes expressions vagues et indéterminées ont amené duced a large bottle of muscat; it was clear de milliers des volumes et des disputes intermina- when he set it on the table, but when the bles ?”— Méthodes d'Etudier en Médecine.

stopper was drawn a multitude of little bub* We suppose we shall soon arrive at that ex- bles arose. It comes from this, that the inquisite nicely predicted by Mandeville, when our cluded air had liberty to expand itself ;uroscope will enable us to “diagnose" in the duct of a Sunday the religion, and in that of a query, whether this be air new generaled. weekday the politics, of our patient.

Take a bottle of fermenting liquor, and tie a

« ZurückWeiter »