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mayor shall be chosen annually by the electors thereof, qualified to vote for the other charter officers of the said city, and at the time of the election of such officers.”

[The following amendment was proposed in 1834, agreed to by two-thirds of the members elected to each house in 1835, submitted to the people, and approved and ratified at the election held in November, 1835.]

when restored

AMENDMENT No. V. Whenever a sufficient amount of money shall be Duties on salt collected and safely invested for the reimbursement sold at auction, of such part as may then be unpaid of the money to general fund. borrowed for the construction of the Erie and Champlain canals, the tenth section of the seventh article of the constitution of this state, as far as it relates to the amount of duties on the manufacture of salt, and the amount of duties on goods sold at auction, shall cease and determine ; and thereafter the duties on goods sold at auction, excepting therefrom the sum of thirty-three thousand five hundred dollars otherwise appropriated by the act of the fifteenth of April, one thousand eight hundred and seventeen, and the duties on the manufacture of salt, shall be restored to the general fund.

[The following amendment was proposed in 1837, agreed to by two-thirds of the members elected to each house in the year 1838, submitted to the people, and approved and ratified at the election in 1839. ]

AMENDMENT No. VI. Mayors of the several cities of this state may be Mayors of cities elected annually by the male inhabitants entitled to by inhabitants. vote for members of the common council of such cities respectively, in such manner as the legislature shall by law provide ; and the legislature may, from time to time, make such provisions by law for the election of any one or more of such mayors; but until such

provisions shall be made by law, such mayors (excepting the mayor of the city of New York) shall be appointed in the manner now provided by the constitution of this state; and so much of the tenth section of article fourth of the constitution of this state, as is inconsistent with this amendment, is hereby abrogated.

[The following amendment was proposed in 1844, agreed to by two-thirds of the members elected to each house in 1845, submitted to the people, and approved and ratified at the election in 1845.]

AMENDMENT No. VII. No judicial officer shall be removed by the joint resolution of the two houses of the legislature, or by the senate on the recommendation of the governor, unless the cause of such removal shall be entered on the journal of both houses, or of the senate, as the case may be ; and such officer, against whom the legislature or the senate may be about to proceed, shall be served with notice thereof, accompanied with a copy of the causes alleged for his removal, at least twenty days before the day on which either house shall act thereupon, and shall have an opportunity to be heard in his defence before any question shall be taken upon such removal; and the yeas

and

nays shall be entered upon the journals of the senate, or house, as the case may be.

[The following amendment was proposed in 1844, agreed to by two-thirds of the members elected to each house in 1845, submitted to the people, and approved and ratified at the election in 1845.]

AMENDMENT NO. VIII. No property qualification shall be required to render a person eligible to or capable of holding any office or public trust in this state.

CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES,

COPIED FROM, AND COMPARED WITH, THE ROLL IN THE

DEPARTMENT OF STATE.

Preamble. We the people of the United States, in order to form a more per

fect union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquillity, provide for the common defence, promote the general welfare, secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity, do ordain and establish this constitution for the United States of America.

ARTICLE I.

Of the Legislative Power. SECTION 1. All legislative powers herein granted shall be vested in a Congress of the United States, which shall consist of a senate and house of representatives.

Of the House of Representatives. Section 2. The house of representatives shall be composed of members chosen every second year by the people of the several states, and the electors in each state shall have the qualifications requisite for electors of the most numerous branch of the state legislature. No

person shall be a representative who shall not have attained to the age of twenty-five years, and been seven years a citizen of the United States, and who shall not, when elected, be an inhabitant of that State in which he shall be chosen.

Representatives and direct taxes shall be apportioned among the several states which may be included within this Union, according to their respective numbers, which shall be determined by adding to the whole number of free persons, including those bound to service for a term of years, and excluding Indians not taxed, three-fifths of all other persons.

The actual enumeration shall be made within three years after the first meeting of the Congress of the United States, and within every subsequent term of ten years, in such manner as they shall by law direct. The number of representatives shall not exceed one for every thirty thousand, but each state shall have at least one representative ; and, until such enumeration shall be made, the state of New Hampshire shall be entitled to choose three, Massachusetts eight, Rhode Island and Providence Plantations one, Connecticut five, New York six, New Jersey four, Pennsylvania eight, Delaware one, Maryland six, Virginia ten, North Carolina five, South Carolina five, and Georgia three.

When vacancies happen in the representation from any state, the executive authority thereof shall issue writs of election to fill such vacancies.

The house of representatives shall choose their speaker and other officers; and shall have the sole power of impeachment.

Of the Senate. SECTION 3. The senate of the United States shall be composed of two senators from each state, chosen by the legislature thereof, for six years ; and each senator shall have one vote.

Immediately after they shall be assembled in consequence of the first election, they shall be divided as equally as may be into three classes. The seats of the senators of the first class shall be vacated at the expiration of the second year, of the second class at the expiration of the fourth year, and of the third class at the expiration of the sixth year, so that one-third may be chosen every second year; and if vacancies happen by resignation, or otherwise, during the recess of the legislature of any state, the executive thereof may make temporary appointments until the next meeting of the legislature, which shall then fill such vacancies.

No person shall be a senator who shall not have attained to the age of thirty years, and been nine years a citizen of the United States, and who shall not, when elected, be an inhabitant of that state for which he shall be chosen.

The vice-president of the United States shall be president of the senate, but shall have no vote, unless they be equally divided.

The senate shall choose their other officers, and have a president pro tempore, in the absence of the vice-president, or when he shall exercise the office of President of the United States.

The senate shall have the sole power to try all impeachments: When sitting for that purpose, they shall be on oath or affirmation. When the President of the United States is tried, the chief justice shall preside : And no person shall be convicted without the concurrence of two-thirds of the members present.

Judgment in cases of impeachment shall not extend further than to removal from office, and disqualification to hold and enjoy any office of honor, trust or profit, under the United States; but the party convicted shall nevertheless be liable and subject to indictment, trial, judgment and punishment, according to law.

Manner of electing Members. SECTION 4. The times, places and manner of holding elections for senators and representatives, shall be prescribed in each state by the legislature thereof; but the Congress may at any time, by law, make or alter such regulations, except as to the places of choosing senators.

Congress to assemble annually. The Congress shall assemble at least once in every year, and such meeting shall be on the first Monday in December, unless they shall by law appoint a different day.

Powers. SECTION 5. Each house shall be the judge of the elections, returns and qualifications of its own members, and a majority of each shall constitute a quorum to do business; but a smaller number may adjourn from day to day, and may be authorized to

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