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tion of the lines actually run as boun. daries, &c., are to he considered as the

corners of townships, not

Points of intersec- sembled, That the respective points of intersection of the

lines actually run as the boundaries of the several townships surveyed by virtue of the act entitled “ An act regu

lating the grants of land appropriated for military services, withstanding, &c. and for the Society of the United Brethren for propagating *Chapter 43. the Gospel among the Heathen,"* accordingly as the said

lines have been marked and ascertained at the time when the same were run, notwithstanding the same are not in conformity to the act aforesaid, or shall not appear to correspond with the plat of the survey which has been returned by the surveyor general, shall be considered, and they are hereby

declared to be, the corners of the said townships; that in In regard to every regard to every such township as, by the plat and survey recontain 1,000 acres turned by the surveyor general, is stated to contain four the points, &c. to thousand acres in each quarter thereof, the points on each of be considered as the boundary lines of such township, which are at an equal spective quarters, distance from those iwo corners of the same township which

stand on the same boundary line, shall be considered, and

they are hereby declared to be, corners of the respective The other hounda quarters of such township; that the other boundary lines of straight lines, &c. the said quarter townships shall be straight lines, run from

each of the last-mentioned corners of quarter townships to

the corner of quarter townships on the opposite boundary In regard to every line of the same township; and that, in regard to every such led to contain, in township as, by the said return, is stated to contain, in any more or less than of the quarters thereof, more or less than the quantity of ners marked, &c four thousand acres, the corners marked in the boundary the corners of the lines of such township, to designate the quarters thereof, quarter ownshines, shall be considered, and they are hereby declared to be, the

corners of the quarter townships thereof, although the same

may be found at unequal distances from the respective corTrowuhips to be ners of such townships; and such townships shall be divi

ded, by running lines through the same, from the corners of the quarter townships actually marked, whether the interior

lines thus extended shall be parallel to the exterior lines of Each of the quarter the said township or not; and that each of the said quarter every proceeding townships thus bounded shall, in every proceeding to be mentioned, to be had under the above-mentioned or this act, be considered as taining the exact containing the exact quantity expressed in the plat and sur

vey thereof returned by the surveyor general.

SEC. 2. And be it further enacted, That it shall be lawful land warrants, re- for the proprietors or holders of warrants for military serto the act mention vices which have been or shall be registered at the Treasin quantities of ury, in pursuance of the act entitled “ An act regulating land mentioned, on the grants of land appropriated for military services, and for

the Society of the United Brethren for propagating the GosChapter 43. pel among the Heathen,” | during the time, in the manner,

and according to the rights of priority which may be acquired in pursuance of said act, to locate the quantities of land mentioned in the warrants by them respectively registered, as aforesaid, on any quarter township, or fractional part of a quarter township, in the general tract mentioned and described

divided, by ning lines, &c.

quantity expressed in the plat, &c. The

proprietors, &c. of military

any quarter town. ship, &c.

case,

for

43.

loca

loc&

,

in said act: Provided, always, That the fractional quarter Proviso; the fractownships upon the river Sciota, and those upon the river shipa "mentioned,

to be taken, in Muskingum, adjoining the grant made to Ebenezer Zane, or very the towns Salem, Gnadenhutten, or Schoenbrun, or the Indi- 4,000 acres, &c. an boundary line, shall, in every case, be accepted and taken in full satisfaction for four thousand acres.*

*See sect. 5, chap Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That whenever loca- Whenever tions shall be made on any quarter township which, accord- uing qua madow on ing to the actual survey and plat thereof, returned by the shín stated to como surveyor general, is stated to contain less than the quantity acres, except, &c. of four thousand acres, except in the case of fractions pro- the Treasury to is vided for in the preceding section, it shall be lawful for the the quantity to Secretary of the Treasury to issue, or cause to be issued, ea, &c.

maining unsatisfi. certificates, expressing the number of acres remaining unsatisfied, of any registry of warrants, for the quantity of four thousand acres, made in pursuance of the act before recited; which certificates shall have the same validity and effect, and be liable to be barred in like manner, as Warrants granted for military services; but no certificate shall be granted, granted care o con

No certificate to be nor any claim allowed, for less than fifty acres, nor for the than 60 acres, dec. navigable water contained within the limits of any quarter township or fractional quarter township.

Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That whenever a loca- Whenever tion shall be made on any quarter township which, accord- any quarraedown ing to the actual survey and plat thereof, returned by the ship, stated to ex: surveyor general, is stated to exceed the quantity of four no patent to be is thousand acres, no patent shall be issued in pursuance there-cess of acres to of until the person making such location shall deposite at

paid for, &c. the Treasury warrants for military services, or certificates issued by virtue of the preceding section, equal to the ex cess above four thousand acres contained in such quarter township, or shall pay into the Treasury of the United States two dollars per acre, in the certificates of the six per cent. funded debt of the United States, or money, for each acre of the excess above four thousand acres, as aforesaid.

Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That after the priority After priority of loof location shall have been determined, and after the propri- determined, and etors or holders of warrants for military services shall have designated the tracts by them respectively elected, it shall designated chosen be the duty of the Secretary of the Treasury to designate retary of the Treas by lot, in the presence of the Secretary of War, fifty quar- by lot

, &c., tilly ter townships of the lands remaining unlocated'; which quar-les to be reserved ter townships, together with the fractional parts of townships for satisfying war remaining unlocated, shall be reserved for satisfying war- military services, rants granted to individuals for their military services, in the manner hereafter provided. Sec. 6. And be it further enacted, That the land in each The land in the

quarter townships, of the quarter townships designated as aforesaid, and in such and of the fractional parts of quarter townships as may then re- ing unlocated, to

parts, &c. remain. main unlocated, shall be divided by the Secretary of the bodies de design Treasury, upon the respective plats thereof, as returned by ench, &c. the surveyor general, into as many lots of one hundred acres

holders of war. rants, &c. have

fractional

lines, &c.

Alter 16th March, 1800, and before Ist

any lots remaining, &c

patent, &c.

See chapter 13

entitled, &c.

each as shall be equal, as nearly as may be, to the quantity

such quarter township or fraction is stated to contain ; each Lots to be included of which lots shall be included, where practicable, between

parallel lines one hundred and sixty perches in length, and one hundred perches in width, and shall be designated by progressive numbers upon the plat or survey of every such quarter township and fraction, respectively.

Sec. 7. And be it further enacted, That, from and after January, 1972, the the sixteenth day of March next, it shall be lawful for the may locate, &c. on holder of any warrant granted for military services to locate,

at any time before the first day of January, one thousand *Sec chapter 58. eight hundred and two,* the number of hundred acres ex

pressed in such warrant, on any lot or lots, from time to time,

remaining unlocated within the tracts reserved as aforesaid ; Upon Surrendering and upon surrendering such warrant to the Treasury, the holder to receive a holder thereof shall be entitled to receive a patent, in the

manner and upon the conditions heretofore prescribed by law;t which patent shall, in every case, express the range,

township, quarter township, or fraction, and number of the No location, or pallot, located as aforesaid.: But no location shall be allowed, 100 acres, excepte nor shall any patent be issued, for any lot or lots of one hunperson originally dred acres, except in the name of the person originally en

titled to such warrant, or the heir or heirs of the person so Land located and entitled ; nor shall any land, so located and patented to a considered as in person originally entitled to such warrant, be considered as

in trust for any purchaser, or be subject to any contract made ized. Ser act of before the date of such patent; and the title to lands acquired chap. 61, póst, and in consequence of patents issued as aforesaid shall and may sulisequent acis.

be alienated in pursuance of the laws which have been or alienated in pursu- shall be passed in the Territory of the United States northed in the Territory west of the river Ohio, for regulating the transfer of real propOhio, &c. erry, and not otherwise.

Holders author

Titles

may

be

Sec. 8. And be it further enacted, That in all cases, after one application is the sixteenth of March next, where more than one applicatract the secreta tion is made for the same tract, at the same time, under this to determine, by act, or under the act to which this is in addition, the Secre.

tary of the Treasury shall determine the priority of location

by lot. The Secretary of Sec. 9. And be it further enacted, That it shall be the vertise the tracts duty of the Secretary of the Treasury to advertise the tracts Tienen el for loca- which may be reserved for location, in lots of one hundred

acres, in one newspaper in each of the States, and in the Territory aforesaid, for and during the term of three months.

Sec. 10. And be it further enacted, That the actual plat ships, de contain and survey, returned by the surveyor general, of quarter tioned, &c., to be townships and fractional parts of quarter townships conand conclusive, so tained in the tract mentioned and described in the act to far, &c.

which this is a supplement, shall be considered as final and

conclusive, so far as relates to the quantity of land supposed No claim to be to be contained in the quarter townships and fractions, so hereafter ret up by that no claim shall hercatter be set up against the United by account, states, States, by any proprietor or holder of warrants for military

north west of the

Where more than

lot,

the Treasury to ad.

The actual plah, &c. of quart'r town

services, on account of any deficiency in the quantity of land contained in the quarter township or fractional part of a quarter township which shall have been located by such proprietor or holder; nor shall any claim be hereafter set up by the United States against such proprietor or holder, on account of any excess in the quantity of land contained therein.

Approved, March 1, 1800.

[See Part II, Nos. 2, 43, 108, 113, 114, 115, 116, 121, 177, 189, 236, 237, 728, 729, 730, 733, 818.]

CHAP. 52.--An act to authorize the President of the United States to accept,

for the United States, a cession of jurisdiction of the territory west of Pennsylvania, commonly called the Western Reserve of Connecticut.

Sec. 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Repre- The President ausentatives of the United States of America in Congress as- and deliver letters sembled, That the President of the United States be, and exuerto o Concell: he hereby is, authorized to execute and deliver letters pat-coret e holdings ent, in the name and behalf of the United States, to the Gov- and claiming, &c., ernor of the State of Connecticut for the time being, for the &c. of the United use and benefit of the persons holding and claiming under the territory called the State of Connecticut, their heirs and assigns, forever, serve, &c. whereby all the right, title, interest, and estate, of the United States, to the soil of that tract of land lying west of the west line of Pennsylvania, as claimed by the State of Pennsylvania, and as the same has been actually settled, ascertained, and run, in conformity to an agreement between the said State of Pennsylvania and the State of Virginia, and extending from said line, westward, one hundred and twenty statute miles in length and in breadth, throughout the said limits in length, from the completion of the forty-first degree of north latitude until it comes to forty-two degrees and two minutes north latitude, including all that territory commonly called the Western Reserve of Connecticut, and which was excepted by said State of Connecticut out of the cession by the said State heretofore made to the United States,* and See appendix No. accepted by a resolution of Congress of the fourteenth of September, one thousand seven hundred and eighty-six, shall be released and conveyed as aforesaid to the said Governor of Connecticut, and his successors in said office, forever, for the purpose of quieting the grantees and purchasers under said State of Connecticut, and confirming their titles to the soil of the said tract of land.

Provided, however, That such letters patent shall not be proviso lettem executed and delivered unless the State of Connecticut executed, &c., unshall, within eight months from passing this act, by a legis- Connecticut, withlative act, renounce forever, for the use and benefit of the

in eight months, United States and of the several individual States who

may

jurisdictional be therein concerned, respectively, and of all those deriving claims to the lando claims or titles from them, or any of them, all territorial and jurisdictional claims whatever, under any grant, charter, or

5.

renounces forever all territorial and

c

charters whatever, to the soil and jurisdiction of any and all lands whatever, lying westward, northwestward, and southwestward, of those counties in the State of Connecticut which are bounded westwardly by the eastern line of the State of New York, as ascertained by agreement between Connecticut and New York in the year one thousand seven hundred and thirty-three, excepting only from such renunciation the claim of said State of Connecticut, and of those claiming from or under the said State, to the soil of said tract of land herein described under the name of the

Western Reserve of Connecticut. Proviso; the State

And provided, also, That the said State of Connecticut of Connecticut, by agente duly author. shall, within the said eight months from and after passing deed, releasing ju- this act, by the agent or agents of said State, duly authoto the Western Re-rized by the Legislature thereof, execute and deliver, to the serve, &c.

acceptance of the President of the United States, a deed expressly releasing to the United States the jurisdictional claim of the said State of Connecticut to the said tract of

land herein described under the name of the Western Re. Exemplification of serve of Connecticut, and shall deposite an exemplification the actor renunci: of said act of renunciation, under the seal of the said State be deposited in the of Connecticut, together with said deed, releasing said juDeparima' of State,

risdiction, in the office of the Department of State of the United States; which deed of cession, when so deposited,

shall vest the jurisdiction of said territory in the United Proviso; . nothing States: Provided, That neither this act nor any thing con. into question the tained therein shall be construed so as in any manner to ment of the dispute draw, into question the conclusive settlement of the dispute banka and come between Pennsylvania and Connecticut by the decree of ticut, &c.

the federal court at Trenton, nor to impair the right of Pennsylvania, or any other State, or of any person or persons claiming under that or any other State, in any existing dispute concerning the right either of soil or of jurisdiction, with the State of Connecticut, or with any person or per

sons claiming under the State of Connecticut: And proProviso, nothing vided, also, That nothing herein contained shall be construed the United States in any manner to pledge the United States for the extinguishment of Indian ti. ment of the Indian title to the said lands, or further than ule, &c.

merely to pass the title of the United States thereto.

Approved, April 28, 1800.

&c.

•See original acı CHAP. 63.-An act supplemental to the act entitled “An act for an amicahlo of 7th April, 1798; settlement of limits with the State of Georgia, and authorizing the establishante, chap. 43.

ment of a Government in the Mississippi Territory. So much of the or. dinance and act mentioned as re. Sec. 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Reprelates to the organi. zation of a General sentatives of the United States of America in Congress asNorthwestern Ter. sembled, That so much of the ordinance of Congress of the Thorbothers thirteenth of July, one thousand seven hundred and eightyTerritory, etc., pro sevent and of the act of Congress of the seventh of Au

. See chapter 20. gust, one thousand seven hundred and eighty-nine, provi.

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