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No credit on sales
on day of purchase.
the money before entry
Price of lands one
Fractional sections but fractional sections containing less than one hundred and to be bold entire. sixty acres shall not be divided, but shall be sold entire : Peroviso; as w town Provided, That this section shall not be construed to alter
any special provision made by law for the sale of land in town lots (1)
SEC. 2. And be it further enacted, That credit shall not of public lands af. ter July 1, 1820. be allowed for the purchase-money on the sale of any of the
public lands which shall be sold after the first day of July
next, but every purchaser of land sold at public sale thereCompleto paym" after shall, on the day of purchase, make complete payment
therefor; and the purchaser at private sale shall produce to Parehastes al pro the register of the land office a receipt from the Treasurer duco a receipt for of the United States, or from the receiver of public moneys
of the district, for the amount of the purchase-money on any
tract, before he shall enter the same at the land office; and The highest bidder if any person, being the highest bidder at public sale for a ing to pay, the tract of land, shall fail to make payment therefor on the day offered, and the on which the same was purchased, the tract shall be again dered incapable of offered at public sale on the next day of sale, and such perpurchasing at such
son shall not be capable of becoming the purchaser of that or any other tract offered at such public sales.
Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That, from and after dollar and twenty: áve cents per acre the first day of July next, the price at which the public lands after
shall be offered for sale shall be one dollar and twenty-five Highest bidder cents an acre; and at every public sale, the highest bidder, paying the pur who shall make payment as aforesaid, shall be the purchaser ; No sales for less but no lands shall be sold, either at public or private sale,
than $1 25 acre.
for a less price than one dollar and twenty-five cents an public safered and acre; and all the public lands which shall have been offered unsold, subject to at public sale before the first day of July next, and which
shall then remain unsold, as well as the lands that shall thereafter be offered at public sale according to law, and remain unsold at the close of such public sale, shall be subject to be sold at private sale, by entry at the land office, at
one dollar and twenty-five cents an acre, to be paid at the Exceptroverted time of making such entry as aforesaid ; with the exception, reserved in Ohio however, of the lands which may have reverted to the
United States for failure in payment, and of the heretofore reserved sections, for the future disposal of Congress, in the States of Ohio and Indiana, which shall be offered at public
sale as hereinaster directed. reverted, Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That no lands which public before pri. have reverted or which shall hereafter revert and become
forfeited to the United States, for failure in any manner to make payment, shall, alter the first day of July next, be sub
ject to entry at private sale, nor until the same shall have Sale of lands re- been first offered to the highest bidder at public sale ; and the in July, 1820, all such lands which shall have reverted before the said first tipode reserved sec- day of July next, and which shall then belong to the United
States, together with the sections and parts of sections
(1) See Part II, No. 11.
heretofore reserved for the future disposal of Congress, which shall, at the time aforesaid, remain unsold, shall be offered at public sale to the highest bidder, who shall make payment therefor, in half-quarter sections, at the land office for the respective districts, on such day or days as shall, by Daye of sale to be
fixed by proclama. proclamation of the President of the United States, be des- tion. ignated for that purpose ; and all lands which shall revert Sale of lands ra and become forfeited for failure of payment, after the said 1st July, 182. first day of July next, shall be offered in like manner at publie sale, at such time or times as the President shall, by Proclamation of his proclamation, designate for the purpose: Provided, That Proviso; no public no such lands shall be sold, at any public sales hereby au- $1 m per acre, thorized, for a less price than one dollar and twenty-five cash. cents an acre, nor on any other terms than that of cash pay. ment; and all the lands offered at such public sales, and Alblands unsold at which shall remain unsold at the close thereof, shall be sub- tored at private ject to entry at private sale, in the same manner and at the same price with the other lands sold at private sale at the respective lands offices.(1)
Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That the several public Publicaties for sales authorized by this act shall, respectively, be kept open for two weeks, and no longer; and the registers of the land 85 per day in the office and the receivers of public moneys shall each, respect-ceivera ively, be entitled to five dollars for each day's attendance thereon.
Sec. 6. And be it further enacted, That, in every case Preforence, in cam hereafter, where two or more persons shall apply for the cations pat privato purchase, at private sale, of the same tract, at the same time, tho highest bidder. the register shall determine the preference by forth with offering the tract to the highest bidder.
Approved, April 24, 1820.
(1) See Part II, No. 26.
(See Part II, Nos. 13, 18, 34, 70, 81, 84, 85, 122, 133, 187, 235, 254, 235, 258, 259, 261, 262, 263, 264, 265, 266, 268, 273, 284, 290, 291, 292, 295, 297, 298, 299, 300, 301, 310, 312, 313, 319, 320, 321, 322, 324, 325, 330, 339, 312, 344, 345, 350, 354, 357, 361, 376, 381, 383, 384, 398, 399, 404, 418, 442, 446, 455, 470, 472, 486, 492, 497, 506, 529, 535, 725, 796, 807, 841, 845, 865, 867, 871, 887, 905, 912, 922, 928, 971, 972.)
CHAP. 241.--An act confirming the proceedings of the inhabitants of the vil.
lage of Cahokia, in the State of Illinois, in laying out a town on the communs of said village.
Sec. 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, 'That the proceedings of the inhabitants of the vil. Procendings of the lage of Cahokia, in the State of Illinois, by their agents, hokia, in laying Jesse B. Thomas, John Hay, John Hays, Nicholas Jarrot, and and Francis Turcotte, in laying out a town called Ninois lots, confirmed city, on one of the tracts of land confirined to them as a common, by an act of Congress passed on the twerticth February,
one thousand eight hundred and twelve, and the distribution made by the said agents of the lots amongst the inhabitants of said village of Cahokia, be, and the same are hereby,
confirmed. Jesse B. Thomas, Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the said Jesse B. ized to convey the Thomas, John Hay, John Hays, Nicholas Jarrot, and Francis deed, in lae sim Turcotte, or any three of them, be, and they are hereby, auple.
thorized to convey by deed, in fee simple, the lots that have heretofore been distributed, as aforesaid, to those persons, or their legal representatives, to whom distribution, as aforesaid, was made.
Approved, May 1, 1820.
CHAP. 242.-An act to establish additional land offices in the States of Ala
bama and Illinois.
ofhce at Conecuh
Sec. 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assem. bled, That, for the sale of the unappropriated public lands in
the State of Alabama, the following districts shall be formed, Districe and land and land offices therefor established: All the public lands, ofhce at Tuscaloo.
as aforesaid, bounded, on the north, by the line which separates townships numbered fourteen and fifteen, in the district of Huntsville ; on the south, by the line which separates townships twenty-two and twenty-three, in the district of Cahawba and the district east of Pearl river; and on the east and west, by the lines of the State of Alabama; shall
form a district, for which a land office shall be established District and land at Tuscaloosa. And all the public lands, as aforesaid, Court-house. bounded, on the south, by the southern boundary of the
State of Alabama; on the west, by the line separating ranges four and five, east of the basis meridian, to the line separating townships five and six north, in the district of Cahawba; thence, east, with said line, to the line separating ranges twenty and twenty-one; thence, north, with said line, to the line separating townships eleren and twelve ; thence, east, with said line, to the eastern boundary of the State of Alabama, and bounded, on the east, by the eastern boundary of said State ; shall form a district, for which a
land office shall be established at Conecuh Court-house. Part of Shawnee- SEC. 2. And be it further enacted, That so much of the a separate public lands, heretofore included in the Shawneetown land
district, as lies east of the third principal meridian, north of the base line, and west of the range line between ranges numbered eight and pine, east of the said third principal
meridian, shall constitute a separate land district; and, for Land office at Van the sale of the public lands therein, there shall be a land
office established at Vandalia, the seat of Government for the State of Mlinois.
Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That so much of the
town district to
trict in Mlinois.
public land as lies north of the base line, east of the afore. Another land dissaid range line, and west of the Big Wabash river, as lies in the State of Illinois, shall also constitute a separate land district; and, for the sale of the public lands, there shall be a land office at Palland office established at the town of Palestine, on the said estine. Wabash river.
Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, that there shall be a A register and reregister and receiver appointed to each of the aforesaid land the land offices, offices, to superintend the sales of the public lands in their on, &c.am in othrespective districts, who shall reside at the places designated in their respective districts at which the offices are fixed, give security in the same manner, in the same sums, and whose compensation, emoluments, and duties, and authority, shall, in every respect, be the same, in relation to the lands which shall be disposed of at their offices, as are or may be by law provided in relation to the registers and receivers of public moneys in the several offices established for the sale of the public lands.
Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That the provisions of 2d, 3d, and 5th secthe second, third, and fifth sections of the act entitled “ An 3d March, 1819, apact to designate the boundaries of districts, and establish land plicable, &c. so far offices, for the disposal of the public lands not beretofore been changed, &c. offered for sale in the States of Ohio and Indiana,”* ap- *Ante, chap. 233. proved March the third, eighteen hundred and nineteen, be, and the same are hereby, made applicable to the aforesaid districts and offices, so far as they are not changed by subsequent laws of the United States.
Approved, May 11, 1820.
[See Part II, No. 64.)
CHAP. 243. ---An act to revive the powers of the commissioners for ascertaining
and deciding on claims to land in the district of Detroit, and for settling the claims to land at Green Bay and Prairie des Chiens, in the Territory of Michigan.
Sec. 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the powers of the commissioners for ascer- miwioners for de
comtaining and deciding on the rights of persons claiming lands ciding on claims to in the district of Detroit, as defined by the second section of trict of Detroit, un. an act entitled “ An act to authorize the granting of patents 1812, revived. for land according to the surveys that have been made, and to grant donation rights to certain claimants of land in the district of Detroit, and for other purposes,”ł passed on the tChapter 122. twenty-third of April, one thousand eight hundred and twelve, shall be, and are hereby, revived. And the said Commissippers to commissioners shall perform the duties therein prescribed, prescribed. in relation to the claims which have been filed with the register of the land office for the said district, in pursuance of ihe act entitled “An act allowing further time for entering donation rights to lands in the district of Detroit.”+ And Ante, chap, 206.
The commission erg authorized to
And to examine the said commissioners shall also have power to examine claims filed, &c. and decide, according to the laws respecting the same, the
claims which have been filed with the register of the Report and tran: land office, and not heretofore decided on; and they shall mitted to the Sec transmit their report, and transcripts of their decisions, to ury, and laid be the Secretary of the Treasury, to be laid before Congress, fore Congress, &c.
in the manner directed by former laws providing for the adjustment of such claims.
Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the said commisemploy an agent sioners shall be, and they are hereby, authorized to employ, lating the French with the approbation of the Secretary of the Treasury, a taining titlescent person capable of translating the French language, as an Prairie des Chiens, agent, for the purpose of ascertaining the titles and claims
10 land at the settlements of Green Bay and Prairie des Agent to give no. Chiens. It shall be the duty of the said agent to give pub
receiving notices and evidences of titles and claims to lands Claiment to pro. within the same. And every person having title or claim duce evidence, &c.
to lands within the settlements aforesaid shall produce the evidence of his title or claim to the said agent, who shall
record the same in books to be kept for that purpose. And Agent w repor to after the said agent shall have remained at the places aforethe cornmission said a time sufficient for the inhabitants to produce the evi
dence of their claims, he shall make his report thereof to the said commissioners, who shall have power to examine and decide on the claims so reported to them, according to the laws for adjusting and settling the claims to land in the district of Detroit, except that which relates to donations of vacant land adjacent to the land confirmed shall not be con
sidered applicable to claims in the settlements aforesaid. Commissioners 10 And the said commissioners shall transmit their report, and transcripts to the transcripts of their decisions, to the Secretary of the Treas. Treasury, to be ury, on or before the first of October, in the year one thousand Jaid before Con eight hundred and twenty-one, to be laid before Congress ,
at their next session thereafter, in the saine manner as was directed by law in respect to the claims to lands in the dis
trict of Detroit. Agent w take an Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That the agent aforesaid oath, and conforin w instructions. shall take an oath for the faithful discharge of the duties en.
joined on him; and he shall conform, in discharging the said
duties, to such general instructions as shall be given hiin by $500 for each com- the Secretary of the Treasury; and the said commissioners with fees to agent and agent shall each receive five hundred dollars, as full and register.
compensation for the services to be performed under this act, together with the recording fees to the agent, and al. lowance to the register for a certificate of confirmation for donation rights provided for by former laws.
Approved, May 11, 1820.