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CHAPTER VII.

WHERE TO SETTLE,

I. List of United States Land Officers . .

II. List of State Land and Iminigration Officers .

III. List of Railroad Land Commissioners and Agents.

· 115

116

117

GENERAL INDEX.

PAGR.

IO

12

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I2
I2

I

Abandonment, of Homestead

39
Pre-emption.

74
Timber Culture Claim

85
Absence, on Account of Grasshoppers, etc.

4
Additional Entry-Soldiers' and Sailors'

46
Under law of March 3, 1879

27
Adjoining Farm Homesteads

27, 37
Agricultural College Scrip
Lands

7
Alien-Sée Citizenship
Amendment of Entries

31
Appeals.

13
Application Under Homestead Laws

25
Timber Culture Law

82
Bounty Lands—See Military and Revolutionary Bounty Land Warrants and Scrip
Cancellation, of Homestead Entry .

39
Timber Culture Entry .

85
Cash Entry or Purchase .

8,

3,9
Chippewa Scrip
Citizenship
City

97
Coal Lands

8, 102
Commutation Homestead Entries

30, 37
Contest of Homestead Entries

39
Timber Culture Entries

85
Corners, How to Tell.
Manner of Establishing

16, 19, 21
Cultivation of Homesteads .

30
Pre-emption Claims .

69
Declaratory Statement-See' Pre-emption and Soldiers' Homesteads
Desert Lands'
Double Minimum Lands-Term Explained

9
Drought-Relief .
Entry-Homestead.

25, 27, 42, 46
Pre-emption

66, 70
Ordinary Private.

9
Timber Culture

81
Fees—For Homestead Entry.

26
Pre-emption Entry
Private Entry

9
Timber Culture Entry

81
Final Proof-See Proof
Foreigner-See Citizenship.

I 2
Forfeiture of Pre-emption Right

74
Grants-Private

Railroad :
Grasshoppers-Relief

48
Hearing-See Contest.
Homesteads—Chapter III

25
Pre-emption

74
vs. Railroads

99
Immigration Officers

116
Indians—Homesteads.

28
Reservations
Indemnity Scrip
Land Officers of United States

115
(v)

42, 66

8, 108

48

.

66

35, 71, 82

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102

39, 84

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II

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List-U. S. Land Officers

State Land and Immigration Officers .

Railroad Land Commissioners and Agents .
Location.
Meandering of Streams
Mexican Grants
Military Bounty Land.Warrants
Mineral Land
Minimum Land
Offered Land
Original Entry-Soldiers' and Sailors'
Porterfield Warrant
Pre-emption Claims .

Homesteads .

vs. Railroads
Private Entry

Land.
Land Claims
Land Scrip (Supreme Court Scrip)

Sale.
Proof-Homestead

Pre-emption ,

Timber Culture
Publication Notice of Final Proof
Public Land .

Sale
Railroad Grants

Land Commissioners and Agents
Relief, Special
Relinquishment-Homestead

Pre-emption

Timber Culture
Residence on Homestead

Pre-emption Claim
Revolutionary Bounty Land Scrip:
Rivers
School Sections.
Sale-Public.

Private
of Homestead Claim

56 Pre-emption
Saline Lands ..
Scrip of Various Kinds
Sections-How to Subdivide

How Numbered.

To Restore Lost Corners in
Soldiers' Homesteads, Original .

Additional

Certificates
State Selections .

Land Commissioners
Settlement
Stone Lands.
Surveys .
Timber Culture Entries

Lands .
Townships-How Numbered.
Townsites,
Trees, Bearing ,
Unoffered Landş.
Valentine Scrip:
Warrants

34
70
87
34
7
8
99
117
48
41
74
89
30
69
II

22

IOI

8
8
39
74

66

8, 107

9, 10, TI

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THE

AMERICAN SETTLER'S GUIDE. .

CHAPTER I.

EXPLANATORY.

I. Public and Private Lands.

All real estate in the United States is either public or private.

a. LANDS NOT PUBLIC.

Private lands are owned by private persons or corporations, the titles being derived from the General Government or from a Foreign Power. Titles derived from foreign governments are protected by treaty, and are either complete or inchoate. Complete titles need no further action on the part of the United States, whereas inchoate incomplete) titles usually require examination, survey, and patent (8).

To distinguish them from government lands, the tracts donated to the several States by the United States, or obtained otherwise as in Texas, are called State lands (%), and are not subject to disposal under the land laws of the United States.

6. PUBLIC LANDS. All lands owned by the United States are public lands, though usually those only are so termed which are for sale or other disposal by the Government under general laws (©). In this latter sense the term will be used throughout this book. The public lands are within the States of Alabama, Florida, Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Mississippi, Ohio, Wisconsin, and all the States and Territories west of the Mississippi River, except Texas, Alaska, and the Indian Territory. In Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois, but little public land is to be found, and this is for sale at the General 'Land Office in Washington. The other public land States and Territories are divided into districts, in each of which is a land office with two officers in attendance, one called the Register, and the other the Receiver. These officers act as agents or salesmen for the Government, and if the sales made by them are approved by the Commissioner of the General Land Office, patents for the lands are issued to the purchasers. A list of all existing local land offices will be found in Chapter VII.

C. KINDS OF PUBLIC LANDS.

1. Agricultural Lands are those that will produce agricultural crops. These are disposed of under the Homestead, Preemption, and Timber Culture laws, and those relating to Public Sale and Private Entry. Grazing lands can be purchased at public sale and private entry (C).

(*) A land patent is the written document through which the United States transfers to a private party, corporation, or State, all its right and title in the land described. It is signed by the President, countersigned by the Recorder of the General Land Office, and sealed with the seal of that Office. It is the Government's deed.

(6) For the purchase of State lands, see Chapter VI.
(9) Newhall v. Sanger, Land Owner, Vol. 3, P. 39.
(a) A law has just passed opening Alaska to limited settlement.
(9) Provided they are “ offered,” otherwise such lands are subject to entry as agricultural lands.

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