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mation of some of its best citizens the encouragement of the days, were allowed to proceed to their destination. The vessels are conslave-trade, and the refusal to take any steps to put an end to fiscated, and kept here, and the captains sent to Constantinople for slavery, must at no distant day be attended with the most fearful punishment, which, however, is not inflicted unless insisted upon by the consequences.
Russian minister. In fact, I am told that their dispatch thither, and the PORTUGAL
confiscation of the vessels, are mere matters of form, and only temporary The committee feel pleased in being able to report somewhat measures. Both will be released after a short detention." more favourably of Portugal. Though, as yet, her government
On the other hand it is right to state that a Hatti-sheriff has opposes the abolition of slavery in her Asiatic and African posses- been issued by the Sublime Porte, forbidding any class of its sions, it has, at length, begun to act with some degree of energy subjects, whether Mahommedan or Christian, to exact corvées or against the slave trade. It is manifestly the interest of Portugal forced labour, from any other of their fellow-subjects. To what
the committee to cultivate her rich African possessions by free labour; and the extent this prohibition was found to be necessary, committee are happy to find that some of her leading men are
are not able to say, but they hail it with satisfaction, as a proof of devoting themselves to this question, and to the cause of the advancing spirit of humanity and justice in the councils of the abolition generally, in good earnest.
present Turkish government. Russia, AUSTRIA, AND PRUSSIA.
EGYPT. . The recent events which have transpired in Poland, and especi. The committee regret to state that the Ghazua or Negro-hunts ally the bloody scenes which have been enacted in Tarnow, are full are still continued by the Pacha of Egypt. His apology is the of fearful meaning. The serfs, in that circle of Gallicia, have necessity of recruiting his army by that means. To maintain these risen, if not at the instigation, at least with the connivance of black regiments, which have been formed at Khartoom, in an Austrian authorities, upon their masters, and have cruelly massa- effective state, the Pacha avows “it is necessary to have recourse cred about eight hundred of them, and destroyed their habitations to coercive means." His own account of these atrocious hunts is with fire. Having accomplished these objects, they have appealed as follows:—" These military incursions have for their object to the government to relieve them from the Corvées or forced not the enslavement of women, children, and old men, but to bring labour, to give them a portion of the lands of their late masters, under authority the young and able-bodied men as recruits of free and relieve them in part of the heavy duty levied upon salt. condition, so far as the rules of the army and the necessities of the The government whilst it thanks them for the services rendered, state will permit; not to reduce human beings to the condition of refuses to treat with them until they lay down their arms. With merchandize, but to make them soldiers in the enjoyment of all the these the peasants will not part, and they are now in open privileges assured to individuals of the same class, and the prospect revolt. In some encounters which they have had with the of being raised to the grade of officers.” Austrian troops, they have been the victors. It will require a large In 1844, the British consul at Alexandria advised the Home force to subdue them. In the mean time, the serfs in other parts government that a portion of the Egyptian troops had been are becoming uneasy, and the flame of insurrection is spreading despatched to Khartoom under the command of Menikli Pacha “on beyond the limits of Gallicia. The serfs in Hungary, Bohemia, an expedition to hunt negroes as recruits for his army;" and that and other parts of Austrian Poland are expected to follow the he had little hope that the cruelties practised against the people example of those in Gallicia, It is reported that the Russian of Sennaar would cease until these inhuman hunts were abandoned. Government, fearing an outbreak in Livonia, have summoned-a The committee learn also from the proceedings of the French deputation of nobles to Petersburg, for the purpose of consider- Geographical Society, for September, 1845, that a military exing what concessions should be made to the serfs in that part of pedition composed of 6000 men had, a short time before, been sent on the empire. The serfs of Autria, Prussia, and Russia, demand a negro-hunt, accompanied by Dr. Costelli as physician and their liberty, and although the committee do not approve the naturalist, and that much interest was expected to be derived means that some among them are using to secure it, they cannot from the record of its proceedings. but sympathize with them, and most earnestly desire that the In commenting on this fact, the editor of the Abolitioniste three governments, under whose dominion they live, or rather Français, observes :—" It will be seen that these abominable suffer, may be led at once to concede that which can no longer hunts have not yet ceased; that they are made on so grand a scale be withheld without danger. A servile war, in which a deep as to require 6000 men at one time to accomplish their objects; and sense of injury gives keenness to revenge, and in which ignorance what is worse, that Europeans are found to associate themselves with and ferocity are led on by passion, is as horrible to contemplate, these savage and cannibal acts." ...... “The slaver is conas it must be fatal in its results.
demned, but the Pacha of Egypt receives the grand cordon of the TURKEY.
Legion of Honour.” In the official papers relative to the slave-trade, there will be
NORTHERN AFRICA. found a correspondence between the Turkish minister and the The British vice-consul, residing at Mourzouk, communicates British government relative to thirty-three negresses who had been the following facts relative to the slave-trade with that place :delivered from slavery by the authorities at Zante, into which port
“The number of slaves arrived from the 1st April to the 31st Dea-Turkish vessel from Tripoli, having them on board, had put in cember, 1843, is 1600, to whom are to be added about 200 more who consequence of stress of weather. Among the arguments used to passed as servants and concubines, and who at last were sold. The induce Lord Aberdeen to give them up is the following :-“In following is a distinct list :Turkey the condition of slaves is entirely different from that of
From Bornou, about ...... 1500 other countries. The slavery of the blacks among certain people
Soudan, directly 246 consists in a mere speculation in the labour and the life of man,
Ditto, did Gaat... 32 whom they treat as if he were a brute beast. In Turkey slavery
22 wears the aspect of domestic service, for our slaves are really parts
“The major part are from the mountains of Maggu, Ambana, Feli, of our families; and I dare affirm that there is not one of them, Imbun, Sarâ, Serva, Bua, Samrei, Sabara, Guka, Bina, Kreci, Zuna, who, if he were interrogated, would be found to regret the primitive Benda, Madegu, Rebuba, Riola, Sciacara, Mura, Eben, Tacoba, savage and savage state from which he had been drawn.” The reply of countries and idolaters, as they say: there are subjects of Vadai, Darfar, Lord Aberdeen to the demand of the Turkish minister was to the Baghermi, Mandara, Bornou, Nife, and of many other places of the following effect, that the liberation of the negroes resulted from an Soudan, who have some idea of the Mahommedan religion. absolute and invariable law, which not only prevailed at Zante but
“ About 200 slaves of the last caravan remained in Katron; a great throughout the whole dominion of Great Britain.
number from Tibu have taken the direction of Gaat. The number of It is a melancholy fact that the Circassian slave-trade has again
women is about 60 per cent., of men 40 per cent. The mortality during been revived, and that it is now carried on with great activity, and their journey, of those who came from Bornou escorted by the Tobanis that too with the connivance of the Russian authorities. The and Arabs of that region, is from 20 to 50 per cent. according to the following extract from a communication of the British consul Tuaricks, is from 5 to 10 per cent. These latter treat with more humanity
season; of those who came from Soudan, under the conduct of the at Samsoon, dated 27th of November, 1843, as well as later private those unhappy men ; they clothe them, feed them well, do not ili-use information, will show this :
them, and travel by short journeys. In fact, on the arrival of a caravan "Within the last month five small vessels have come here from Cir- from Soudan, the poor wretches are seen covered and in good state ; those cassia, bringing in all upwards of 700 male and female slaves for the who arrive from Bormi, on the contrary, are in a deplorable condition, Constantinople market. These, after performing a quarantine of fifteen naked, exhausted by fatigue, hungry, and horribly maltreated; they aro
forced to walk, and whipped. For these reasons, the mortality is greater. By his death the committee are reminded of the intimate union Here they die at the rate of three or four per cent. There are in town which exists between the progress of the gospel and the freedom about 800 slaves ; the rest have been transported to Tripoli, Bengazi, and of mankind. Where slavery exists, it offers a barrier, all but inEgypt. One cannot ascertain the exact number, as they set off secretly, surmountable to the progress of divine truth. How strong the for not paying the custom. From the 1st of January to the day of my call then to unceasing labour to promote the universal abolition of arrival, have been sent off about 300 slaves."
Slavery and the slave-trade.
Published on the 1st of June.
A BRIEF NOTICE OF AMERICAN SLAVERY AND THE
ABOLITION MOVEMENT. The slave-trade from the ports of Tripoli to the Levant and Con
London : Chapman, Brothers, Newgate-street; Bristol : H. C. Evans, stantinople is still actively carried on. The committee cannot refer
Close-street; Dublin : Webb and Chapman ; Glasgow: Gallie. Price to this country without stating that their fellow-labourer in the Anti
Three-pence. slavery cause, Mr. James Richardson, quitted it some months since for Ghadames, on the borders of the Great Desert, where he spent some time collecting information respecting the slave-trade, and is issued ON THE FIRST OF EVERY MONTH, and may be ordered through
THE ANTI-SLAVERY REPORTER. from whence he set out for central Africa, on the same errand. the Anti-Slavery Office, 27, New Broad-street, London, or the usual Should he be permitted to accomplish his journey in safety, he will
newsvenders, at a cost of Five Shillings per Annum.
The Anti-Slabery Reporter.
LONDON, MONDAY, JUNE 1st, 1846. The enlightened ruler of Tunis, has, the committee are gratified in being able to report, at length consummated his anti-slavery measures by the complete abolition of Slavery, and the slave-trade, The extent to which the proceedings of the Annual Meeting of throughout his entire territory. This noble decree was issued in the British and Foreign Anti-Slavery Society for the present year the early part of the present year,
extends, will not allow of our doing more, on the present occasion,
than merely to call the attention of our readers to the facts contained CONCLUSION,
in the abstract of the Report, and to the speeches of the gentlemen The abolition of Slavery throughout the dominions of Great who took part in the proceedings at Free-Masons' Hall. We Britain having been happily accomplished, the future prosecution commend the Society to the warm and energetic support of the of the Anti-Slavery cause will depend less on those exciting cir- friends of the slave in all parts of the United Kingdom, and cumstances, which, for so long a period, gave impulse to its move- arnestly entreat for its varied and important operations the ments, than on the great principle on which that cause was based. It sympathies and prayers of all true-hearted Abolitionists. should be remembered, however, that it is one thing to have accomplished a splendid victory-another to secure its legitimate We are happy to announce both to our friends at home and in and appropriate results. To have abolished the law of Slavery is the Colonies, that Her Majesty's Government have arrived at the not to have established the law of Freedom. British Abolitionists conclusion, that it is not advisable that the British Parliament have now to watch, both in India and the West Indies, a powerful should be invited to authorize a guarantee by the State of any loan though defeated enemy, and to counteract those insidious designs which the West India Colonies may raise for the purpose of and subtle stratagems, by which that enemy seeks to regain, through promoting the emigration of labourers into those colonies. It is the medium of bad laws, his former power. But beyond this also decided that the contract law of 1838, shall remain untouched, British Abolitionists have a great work to accomplish for the so far as Africans and Coolies imported into the colonies are world. The evil of Slavery must be met and overcome everywhere, concerned. It would have been most cruel and unjust had the and although the means at their disposal are now less direct Government decided otherwise. We may also add that from a than formerly, they are not inefficient for their purpose.
communication received from Mr. Secretary Gladstone, the Great Britain is now the central point of abolition. To its fogging ordinance of British Guiana has not yet received the Christian philanthropists, the friends of human liberty in all sanction of the Crown, and that we firmly hope it will not. The countries, look with the deepest interest. If the Anti-Slavery cause Government are in correspondence with Governor Light on the loses its supporters here, it loses them elsewhere. Let it not then subject. be said that, in the moment of triumph, they gave way to apathy We beg to inform our readers, and the friends of the Antiand indifference; but rather, that feeling the grandeur of their slavery cause generally, that it is proposed by Sir Robert Peel, mission, and the mighty interests at stake, they renewed their that the debate on the sugar duties, shall take place on the 12th determination never to relax from their efforts, nor swerve from instant. It is the intention of the Anti-slavery Committee to their purpose, until the whole earth were freed from the curse and petition Parliament that the duties on free-labour sugar, whether the degradation of slavery. Let the poor slaves of other lands, produced in the British possessions abroad, or in foreign countries, who stretch forth their manacled hands to the Christian philan- shall be equalized. The principle of exclusion they apply to thropists of this country, and plead for justice and humanity, be slave-produce, and to that alone. It is earnestly hoped that the heard. Their claims to your sympathy and exertions are incon- various auxiliaries and supporters of the Society will memorialize testible. They are men and brethren. Pity and defend them. their representatives in the House of Commons, to sustain this Demand for them, as you would for yourselves, your wives, and proposal, as a solemn duty which they owe to the suffering your children, the sacred right of freedom, and "the blessing of millions who are now crushed beneath the iron-yoke of slavery. those who are ready to perish will come upon you."
No time must be lost in carrying this recommendation into effect. In concluding their report, the Committee cannot but advert to the heavy loss which the Anti-Slavery cause has sustained by the
The news from the British Colonies by the last mail is more lamented decease of Wm. Knibb, of Jamaica. Few men have satisfactory than that we presented last month. The drought in occupied so much of the public eye as this intrepid champion of many islands has been followed by copious rains; and the anticihuman rights. Few men have descended to the grave with a more pated defalcation in the amount of produce exported this year honorable fame, or have been more deeply lamented by his sor- will not be so great as was feared. It is satisfactory to know that rowing friends. As a missionary, his name will be enrolled with large supplies of sugar are expected from India and Mauritius. the most eminent of those who have successfully laboured in the As yet we have seen no estimate on which we could rely as to Christian vineyard. As a philanthropist, he will ever be the quantity of free-labour sugar we may expect from foreign associated with the emancipation of the negroes in the British West countries; we hope, however, it will prove abundant. Indies. It is an honour to any country to have produced such a
But the committee trust that others will be raised up to Our foreign news is particularly interesting, both from the Conemulate his excellencies, and help forward to their final completion tinent and also from the United States ; but we are compelled, for those good works to which his life was devoted,
want of space, to compress within the narrowest limits the informa..
tion we have received. The question of slavery in the French that the martyr has entered into his rest. Our friend and brother colonies, and the delay of the French government in giving effect Torrey breathed his last, on Saturday, May 9, at three o'clock, to the law for the amelioration of the condition of the slaves in p.m., in calm and humble trust in his Saviour. His funeral will them, has been the subject of earnest discussion in the Chamber of be in this city on Monday, the 18th instant, at three o'clock, p.m. Deputies. M. Isambert, with his well-known zeal, has nobly done Address by the Rev. Joseph C. Lovejoy, brother to the Martyr his duty. M. Ternaux Compans by his expositions of the nature of Alton. We are permitted to copy the following letter addressed of slavery as it at present exists, has demonstrated the necessity to Mr. Torrey's brother-in-law in this city. for its immediate and entire abolition. The facts produced, and
“ Baltimore, May 9, 1846. the discussions to which it gave rise, are full of interest and im
“Dear Sir,-Our Torrey-the Slave's Torrey-the world's portance. We shall return to this subject again.
Torrey is no more. The God of the oppressed has called him to his The revolted peasants in Austrian-Poland are said to amount to reward. His pardon has long been signed and sealed by the King of 30,000, and are led by the celebrated Dembrowki. Szela, the kings; and this afternoon, at three o'clock a messenger from the court peasant-king, has proved a traitor to the cause of his brethren, but of Heaven, came and opened the prison-doors, and set him free; none of them appear to have followed his example. He is said to and he is now the wonder and joy of the heavenly host. Methinks be at Tarnow under the surveillance of the authorities.
there are new songs in heaven to-night-"Inasmuch as ye have In Portugal, a change of ministry has taken place. We rejoice done it to one of the least of these, ye have done it unto me.”. to observe that those noblemen who have so long and so honour- “ Enter thou into the joy of thy Lord.” The express will not ably distinguished themselves in promoting the abolition of slavery leave till eight o'clock to-morrow evening, when we hope to in the Portuguese possessions in India and Africa, are now in forward the body. Everything on our part is in complete power. We allude to the Dukc de Palmella, the Viscount Sa de readiness. In deep sympathy and sorrow, yours," Bandeira, and the Count de Lavradio. We sincerely trust that
The New York Tribune, Monday evening edition, had the folthey will do themselves the honour of terminating the system lowing articles, from letters addressed to a gentleman in New York. of slavery both in Africa and India. Such use of their power One gentleman writing on Friday, sayswill reflect the highest honour on themselves, and prove of the “I have just come from the bed-side of Mr. Torrey ; he is almost utmost importance to their country.
gone. He had a hemorrhage last night, and threw up half a gill The friends of the Anti-slavery cause in the United States, are of blood. He is very weak now, but knew me, and spoke of his moving with their accustomed ardour in the work of abolition, and death in view with faith and resignation. He spoke also of the we look by the next mail for important communications from them. kindness of Jesus, in making sick and in prison' the climax of We trust the unhappy war which has commenced between the his specifications when he noticed the positions in which his disciUnited States and Mexico will not impede, but rather increase their ples might administer to his wants. "He may have thought of me,' efforts in the right direction. Slavery has given rise to that war; said he.” and should it be prosecuted, the responsibility connected with the Another gentleman, on Saturday evening, writes as follows: shedding of blood in the cause of unrighteousness will be awful, “Our beloved Torrey departed this life at three o'clock this and will lie at the door of the men who sanctioned by their votes afternoon. Mr. S. was absent from the city, and I have therefore the annexation of Texas to the Union. In another place will be learned none of the particulars of his death. He visited him found particulars respecting the death of Mr. Torrey, which we twice yesterday, and found him peaceful and happy. There is think will move the hearts of all our readers.
now no more that his enemies can do. Happy deliverance !"
SYMPATHY FOR MR. TORREY.
It will gratify our readers to learn that Mr. James Richardson, the enterprising traveller and philanthropist, who in November last year started from Ghadames, on the borders of the Sahara, We have not for a long time seen a notice more gratifying than Northern Africa, for the interior of the Continent, has safely the announcement that the Union Church, at Worcester, the reached Tripoli good health. His journey covered a space of church of which Mr. Torrey is a member, have by vote requested 1900 miles. He has obtained a large amount of most valuable their respected pastor, the Rev. Mr. Smalley, to visit their afflicted information respecting the extent and general character of the fellow-member in his affliction and imprisonment, and afford him slave-trade in that almost unknown part of the world, which we those consolations which such a visit cannot but afford to the dying hope to be able to present to our readers in our next number.
martyr. May the Heavenly Comforter aid him in his ministration
of Christian mercy! We learn that Mr. Smalley left Worcester TORREY IS DEAD!
on Tuesday of last week. His expenses were born by an individual The following extracts from American papers will give our readers whose attention was forcibly arrested by the Scripture expression particulars respecting the death of the Rev. C. T. Torrey. He sick and in prison, and ye visited me not.” died in prison, the victim of a law which violates every principle of We are kindly permitted to copy a paragraph from a letter humanity and religion. The deepest sympathy is felt in this written by one who takes a sincere interest in Mr. Torrey's case, country as well as in the United States, for the wife and family of and who will do all that Christian fidelity and tenderness requires for this martyr of slave-holding cruelty. Lovejoy was murdered by a the sufferer. It is dated, Baltimore, May 4.—The writer sayspro-slavery mob, Torrey by pro-slavery law. But the deaths of “Mr. Torrey is rapidly failing. It is not probable he will last these devoted friends of human freedom will not be lost to the a week longer. His mind is clear--his faith strong-his hope an anti-slavery cause. Not a man who feels as he ought to feel, not anchor that binds him in increasing confidence to his Saviour. He a Christian who loves the sacred principles of his religion, but will is a happy man. Oh, that his murderers could but feel one declare unceasing hostility to the American slave-system, and moiety of that love to man that has brought him there, or of that labour, in season and out of season, to crush and destroy it. love to God that makes him happy there in spite of all their deridThough Torrey died in the common jail of a slave State, he will be ings and traducings !" buried in the free soil of Massachusetts, and many a pilgrimage A letter in the Philadelphia Citizen, dated April 22, says will be made to his tomb, not only by those who loved him whilst "Mr. Torrey is very low. Dr. Gibson, who attends upon him, reliving, and mourn him dead, but by the stranger from foreign marked to-day that he could not live more than a week or two, climes, who regards the sacred rights of humanity, and hates and that he might die in a few days. He is calm and resigned, tyranny and oppression. His memory will be cherished with and knows that he must very soon leave the world. He will proaffectionate respect by all whose sympathies are stirred by the bably die in prison, and his remains be carried to Massachusetts. degradation and misery of three millions of slaves, and who long His wife is in a feeble state of health ; so feeble that her physician for their deliverance. It is most gratifying to learn that Mr. Torrey will not allow her to come to Baltimore, as he thinks it would was divinely supported in his last moments; and that we may
cause her death. indulge the assured hope, that his redeemed spirit passed from the cell of his prison-house to that glorious and everlasting home " where the wicked cease from troubling, and the weary are at
The usual acknowledgment of subscriptions and donations to rest."
the Society, is unavoidably postponed until next month. Further (From the Emancipator of 13th May.)
contributions are earnestly and respectfully requested. Just as our paper was going to press, we received information
from which it appeared that the total receipts of the year amounted to PROCEEDINGS OF THE ANNUAL MEETING OF THE £1,821 6s. 10d., and the expenditure to £1,709 14s. 9d., leaving & BRITISH AND FOREIGN ANTI-SLAVERY SOCIETY.
balance in hand of £111 12s. Id. The liabilities of the Society to the 1st
of May, the period when the account was made up, were, exclusive of the The annual meeting of the subscribers and friends to this institution balance in the Treasurer's hands, about £300. was held at Freemasons'-hall yesterday. The attendance was not so large
Rev. John BURNET rose to move, as we have seen on previous occasions, but was of the highest respecta- That the Report, of which an abstract has now been read, be bility. On the platform we observed Sir E. N. Buxton, Bart.; S.Craw-printed and circulated under the direction of the Committee; and that ford, Esq., M.P.; Joseph Sturge, Esq. (Birmingham); George Thomp.: son, Esq. ; John Scoble, Esq. ; w. Burgess, Esq.; - Brown, Esq., of the following gentlemen be the Committee and office-bearers of the New York; Frederick Douglass, the American slave; John S. Mollet, Society, with power to add to their number, for the ensuing year ; viz., Esq., of Amsterdam; Joseph Cooper, Esq.; G. W. Alexander, Esq. ; President, Thomas Clarkson, Playford Hall ; Treasurer, George William Henry Sterry, Esq. ; George Sturge, Esq.; William Beaumont, Esq. i Alexander, Lombard-street ; Committee, Robert Alsop, William Ball, Samuel Sturge, Esq.; Joseph Ferguson, 1.sq., of Carlisle ; Samuel Gurney, jun., Esq. ; W. Forster, Esq.; and George Stacey, Esq. Also the J. Gurney Barclay, Richard Barrett, Lewis F. Bellot, Sir Edward North Rev. Drs. Wright, Hutton, and Carlile ; the Rev. Messrs. J. Burnet, W. Buxton, Bart., Rev. James Carlile, D.D., Joseph Cooper, Josiah Browning (Newcastle), James Borwick (Cupar, Fife), William Chalmers Forster, Robert Forster, Samuel Fox, Samuel Gurney, jun., Rev. J. H. (Free Church), William Spencer (Devonport), B. Parsons (Ebley), Owen Clarke, George Mackenzie, John H. Hinton, A. M., and John Woodward, Hinton, M.A., Edmund Pace, Jacob Post, George Stacey, Henry Sterry, &c. &c. &c.
Samuel Sturge, Rev. John Woodwark; Secretary, John Scoble ; Col. Sir E. N. Buxton, Bart., having been called to the chair, rose and lector, Thomas Boulton, 44, Essex-street, Strand; Corresponding said, ---Before I call on the secretary to read the report of the proceedings Members, Professor Ackersdyke, Utrecht; John Beaumont, Ufford, of the Society for the past year, I will make a few remarks. In the first
near Woodbridge ; Rev. William Bevan, Liverpool ; Hon. J. G. Birney, place I must express the gratification I feel at finding myself in the chair at an anti-slavery meeting, and in bearing my testimony, humble as it is, Michigan, United States ; Samuel Bowly, Gloucester ; John Candler, to the truth and righteousness of those principles of freedom for which York; Dr. Carové, Frankfort on the Maine ; Francis R. Cocking, some of those whom I have most dearly loved and most highly honoured, Venezuela ; L. F. and A. Courtois, Toulouse ; William Dillworth have expended their lives. If we look at our colonies, whether in the East Indies or West, we find that now for the first time the abolition of slavery Crewdson, Kendal; Professor G. de Félice, Montauban ; William is completed ; that there is not amongst all the millions of those who were Forster, Norwich ; Joseph John Gurney, ditto ; Samuel Gurney, in bondage, one who can be called the property of another man. (Cheers.) London; Thomas Harvey, Leeds; M. Isambert, Paris ; Hon. William If we look at our own colonies, especially in the West Indies, where that Jay, Chester, United States : Rev. Joshua Leavitt, Boston, United atrocious system prevailed, we find that our efforts have been crowned with triumphant success ; that all our hopes, all our desires for the elevation of States ; M. L'Instant, Hayti ; R. R. Madden, M. D. Lisbon ; Wilthose poor people, have been more than realized; that they are willing to liam Morgan, Birmingham : Hon. S. J. Prescod, Barbadoes ; Joseph work even for moderate wages, that they will devote themselves to arduous T. Price, Neath Abbey ; M. Groen van Printserer, the Hague; Rev. and hard work, that they are moral, that they give themselves to religion, Thomas Scales, Leeds; Joseph Sturge, Birmingham ; Lewis Tappan, that they are happy, that they are great consumers of our manufactures, and, in short, from being miserable slaves, they are transferred into happy, New York, United States ; David Turnbull, Jamaica ; Professor Worms, prosperous, and useful colonists. We find also, from year to year, that Hamburgh. the increase of free grown sugar is most satisfactory. I am sure that no With regard to the names that have been read, I need say nothing. They one can look fairly into that subject without seeing, that if free-labour are either well known to you in the form of a managing committee, or they sugar has but a fair chance—if due time is given to its growth--there is are known by their fame in the different quarters of the world, from which no doubt that enough may be grown, not only for consumption in this they have sent in their names as adherents to the great work in which you country, but, if it were necessary, for the consumption of all Europe. are engaged. With regard to the Report, I shall make but very few obser. There are some points yet requiring our continued attention connected vations, especially when I think there is a gentleman on the platformwith our own colonies. I would especially allude to the important and yes, I will call him a gentleman - who has himself been a slave, and painful question of the immigration of foreign labourers into our own who is only a free man because he has touched the soil of our free colonies." I do believe, if anything will endanger the welfare of those country. (Cheers.) And it would ill-become me or any one else to colonies, the happiness of the negroes, and of those who are imported, it prevent that individual from giving you, at any length in wbich he may is the system by which the Hill Coolies are imported into the West Indies, be disposed to indulge, the sentiments he will have to bring before you. and also to the Mauritius. It is a most expensive, a most dangerous, a Seldom do we hear of the slave effecting his own emancipation; but it is most immoral system. (Hear, hear.) It is one which in my opinion, by a blessing that sometimes occurs in the history of slavery and of freedom. diverting the attention of West India colonists from scientifie improve. But it may be said, if he has effected his own emancipation if he has ments, and other methods, is inducing them to rely upon a dangerous and escaped from slavery-that he is stolen property; some of the pro-slavery evil system, instead of one which in a short time would give them a greater gentlemen would say that he is, and that he has run away with himself
. produce of sugar with greater prosperity to the island. Another point of Laughter). Now, I do not see that there is any evil in stolen goods great importance is, the laws which are passed in the West India Islands, running away with themselves if they can; it appears to me only a kind and which are most unfavourable to the black colonists. Nothing can be of theft which one would be inclined to encourage. I wish all the stolen more unfair-more cruel-than that our negro friends should be taxed as goods would find their way to their just and proper place, and we should they are in order that, from the produce of this taxation, other colonists
soon find an end to stealing. I therefore congratulate our friend in the should be introduced merely for the purpose of reducing their wages, so midst of us, though he has stolen himself; and I have no doubt he will that the man is taxed to injure himself. *(Hear, hear.) I am quite con communicate to you what will give you ample reason for congratulating vinced that if this Society had no other business than to watch the colonial yourselves that you have come together to see and to hear him. There was legislatures, that our friends would do well to support it for that purpose a time when we could scarcely persuade many people, and people by no only. (Cheers.) If we turn from our domestic colonies, where slavery means destitute of intelligence - that slavery was not a good and proper has existed, and look at foreign countries, we must confess that the prospect thing. I remember myself to have met a pro-slavery advocate, who is not so bright. As far as my opinion goes, if we look at the events of observed that the sons of Africa were doomed by the Creator himself to the last year or two, we have no great ground for encouragement. In slavery, and as they were the descendants of Cain, they were suffering the France a measure was passed last year, professedly for the amelioration of punishment due to Cain for the murder of his brother Able ; they were, the slaves ; but it has proved, as might well be expected, almost an entire therefore, supposed to be an illustration of the Divine justice. That indivi. failure. If we look at Spain, we find that they have again sent out an dual, however, forgot two things, of which, of course, it was my duty to order to the Governor-General of Cuba to do all that he can to abolish remind him—viz., that all the descendants of Cain perished in the flood, the slave trade-an order which, we may venture to say, they never would and that the whole human race are the descendants of Noah, and not of have sent, if they had not been certain that it would have been disobeyed. Cain. In the next place he forgot another circumstance, which he ought If we look at the United States, we find that during the last year they have to have remembered before he profaned the name of the Creator, or added Texas to their country, and have, by that means, opened a market alleged that slavery was right-that is, that the Creator said if any should for slaves, and that internal slave trade which, going on in America, may slay Cain himself vengeance should be taken sevenfold. But it is useless take centuries to fill up. I feel, therefore, that, at the first glance, we
to go back to those times except to recollect that the cloud has disappeared have no great reason to congratulate ourselves. In addition to this, it is after the sun has broken through it, and cleared the horizon to cheer us painful to find that the slave trade which this country, with one voice, was
on our way. But it may be asked whether we have not only overcome execrating, is going on between Africa, Cuba, and the Brazils, with all the these strong arguments with regard to the justice of slavery, but whether violence and misery with which it has ever been accompanied, and to as
we have not really, according to the statement made in the report to-day, great an extent now as it ever did. On the whole, therefore, I see no altogether put it down. Within our own territories we have at lengthgreat reason to rejoice, but every reason for continuing our labours, doing shame to the blot that rests upon our history, and, let me add, it will what we can, be it little or much, to mitigate or put an end to this evil. continue to form a blot upon our history to all generations, that we But though I see no great hopes for the present, yet I must say that, in my allowed a slave to exist within our dominions, we have at length termi. opinion, slavery and the slave trade cannot be much longer continued. I do nated slavery. But what is the extent of the emancipation we have believe that if the Spaniards and Americans will not be wise in time-if achieved compared with that which we have still to accomplish ?. Africa they will not emancipate their slaves while they have the opportunity-a is nearer to us than Asia, more in our way than America ; and why, notday is coming, and fast coming, when they will find that, by a most awful withstanding these circumstances, is it that that quarter of the world, and bloody revolution, the slaves will rise up and wrest their freedom from bordering upon civilized Europe, should have so long been left as the chief them in a way which will bury the white population in destruction (hear, market of the slave-trade of every European nation. Why are the hear), and, it is to be feared, will not produce that happiness that might millions in Africa shut out more from us now than the millions of China ? be expected to the black people themselves. (Hear, hear.) I trust, there. Why are they further from our sympathies and our power to help than fore, that we may employ all our energies, all our opportunities, in proving the very utmost ends of the earth? Why is it that we know so little of to these countries that it is for their interest and for their welfare that they Africa, and that so little has been done for it? It is not because it is a bar. should emancipate the slaves while they have the opportunity, and that we
ren waste ; it is not because it is thinly peopled. Its plants and its popula. may sbow them, by the example of our own colonies, that if they will do tion are equally teeming, and, let me add, equally interesting. It is for so, they may expect a cheaper and much more prosperous cultivation of no reason, but the simple fact, that the slave-trade prevails in Africa, and their lands. (heers.)
that slavery is its curse, that we are thus shut out from dealing with the J. SCOBLE, Esq., then read an abstract of the Report, for which see our
great bulk of its population on the broad ground of brotherhood. (Hear,
hear.) Clear away this fearful spot from the condition of Africa, and G. W. ALEXANDER, Esq., Treasurer, then presented bis accounts, Africa is sufficiently near to be frequently visited; sufficiently populous
to be greatly improved ; sufficiently productive to reward those who observations with a view of evincing my desire, as a friend of public become its benefactors. Why not carry on a more extended trade with liberty, to co-operate, by every means in my power, in the promotion of that great continent? Why not convince the people that trade is better the object of this most excellent and useful institution. (Cheers.) than mutual destruction? Why not let them know that the value of The resolution was then put, and carried unanimously. buman flesh can only raise them a comparatively small sum, while the The Rev. W. SPENCER, of Devonport, said I beg to submit to the value of their productions on a system of freedom cannot be measured or attention of the meeting the following resolution :calculated. Convince them of this—but how? While white men are landing on their shores, and encouraging them to destroy their liberty by
“ That whilst this meeting gratefully records the heart-cheering fact selling each other; while we compel them to it, telling them that if they that, under the directing providence of Almighty God, the system of do not bring slaves from the interior, even their chiefs and princes will slavery in all its forms has been abolished and declared unlawful through. themselves be seized, and their families driven to the coast and sold as
out the whole of the British empire, they nevertheless feel it to be a slaves—what a degradation of the civilized world. But how is this to be sacred duty to watch over and protect the acquired rights of the millions removed? We have no power in Africa. This Society does not propose bo wield physical power-we have no power over the continental nations ; who have been emancipated, in order to secure to them their complete but we have influence in the civilized world. And why have we been and unrestricted enjoyment. raised by Providence to the high position that we occupy, if not to employ "That this meeting regard with admiration the conduct of his High. the influence arising from that position for the diffusion of every benefit that can bestow blessings on the human race? Were we raised merely ness the Muchir Ahmed Bey of Tunis, is finally terminating the system to glory in our military laurels-merely to boast of the prowess of our of slavery which prevailed in his territories, and would hold out his naval flag- to carry on a selfish and interested commerce, by which none noble example to the civilized nations of Europe and America, who yet should profit but ourselves ? or were we raised to be the philanthropists of retain any portion of their people in bondage.” our age and of the world, and not merely to set an example to other Nations by liberating our own slaves, but rather to follow it up by the I shall do little more than propose this resolution ; for I am certain that exposure of the evils of slavery and the high blessings of freedom, till all all who are now assembled must, in common with myself, be most solicit. the nations shall have cast away from themselves the vile and degrading ous to hear those statements which are expected from one who, having circumstances of slavery ? (Cheers.) Do you suppose that foreign emancipated himself from the slavery in which he was held in America, has dations can read everything that is exposed by this Society without come to a country which, whatever may be its faults, and whatever the feeling? Exists there a mind so thoroughly petrified as never to burn part which it formerly took in slavery, has always declared that the slave with shame of its own iniquity ? Exists there a kingdom altogether on touching the British land shall be free. I rejoice in standing identi. intangible to the honest and just appeals of honest and well-meaning fied with a cause, the rectitude of which cannot possibly be disputed, and men? Our fallen nature has fallen low indeed, but not quite so low the progress of which has been most signally marked' by tokens of the as this. Therefore this Society, considered as a public exposure of the Divine benediction. (Cheers.) God has been with us, and therefore it is evils of slavery, and as an advocate for the blessings of liberty, ought to on this occasion we are permitted to record the fact mentioned in the be supported by kind and generous interest, as well as by pecuniary aid, resolution-namely, that slavery no longer exists, in any form whatever, in A citizen of the world is a phrase that has sometimes been employed any part of the British dominions. (Great cheering.). 'Ob! it is cheering to designate a man that looks to all men as his brethren, and this phrase to look back upon the years that are gone by, and to remember how has sometimes been laughed at as Utopian; but still
, I say, whether the toil and the anxiety, the labours and the devotedness of those honoured the phrase is rightly or wrongly used, it does indicate a work which we men, who always held the principle that no man had a right to keep his are bound to attempt—the amelioration of the human race. I would, fellow-creature in bondage, have been rewarded in the circumstances under therefore, encourage you to keep the Society up-to keep it reporting and which we are this day permitted to assemble. It cannot but be encourage reporting on every slave nest in the world, till they have been exposed - ex-ing to every one who values the rights of our common humanity that we posed with clearness—and beaten down with demonstration, that will make have proceeded so far in the attainment of the great object always conthose who protect such shelters of bondage be ashamed of the course they templated by those men-namely, the abolition of slavery in all possible have pursued, and let the oppressed go free. (Cheers.) I leave the forms, and under all possible modifications, throughout the entire world platform, and am sorry that I must, so that I shalì not be able to hear the in which we dwell. It was a noble sentiment which was uttered by that individual whose circumstances I have brought before the meeting ; but I noble man of whom mention is made in the resolution now before us, leave it only to go to another. The Aborigines' Protection Society is now when, after emancipating the slaves throughout the dominion over which meeting -a kindred institution, pursuing the same course in another form, he sways the sceptre, and being congratulated upon the work which he had and worthy of a much larger measure of support than it enjoys. But achieved, he exclaimed, “I have done it for the glory of humanity, and never let the idea for a moment be taken up by the friends of this Society that man may be distinguished from the brute creation." Oh! how long that their work is done, because their own slaves are emancipated. Your have we been learning the distinction which exists between man and the slaves were but a handful compared with those that still look to you for brute! How long have human beings been held in slavery by their fellow. deliverance : and where are they to look if they look not to England men, and treated, not like the brutes that perish, but far worse than even It is true that some foreigners have produced interesting publications on them! The time, however, has now arrived, when, so far as our own the subject, and it may be said that they will do the work, for they have country and our own Government are concerned, no one can be legally been encouraged by you. They are the fruits of your labour—make held in bondage by his fellow-man. Still it is important that we should these fruits more productive. When the foreign press joins your own, recollect the sentiment expressed in the report, that the abolition of slavery and both use a hue-and-cry against the man-stealers, believe me the is not the establishment of freedom. (Hear, hear.) The resolution ap. world's emancipation is at hand. (Loud cheers.) S. CRAWFORD, Esq., M.P., in seconding the resolution, said — The pears to refer to this when it says, “Nevertheless, this meeting feel it to
be a sacred duty to watch over and protect the acquired rights of the milcommittee of your Society having done me the honour of requesting me lions who have been emancipated, in order to secure to them their comto second this resolution, I consider that I should give the lie to every plete and unrestricted enjoyment." Perhaps it was too much to suppose profession which I have ever made, of being a friend of the political that individuals who had been accustomed to hold their fellow-beings in rights of the people, if I did not come forward when thus called upon, to bondage, would, on the power of doing so being taken from them, at once advocate the rights of the slave. (Cheers.) I cannot indeed conceive understand the rights of freedom. (Hear, hear.) We have been told this how any man professing a love for public liberty-how any man pro- morning that irresponsible power is a dangerous thing to commit to man. fessing regard for the great principles of the true religion-how any man kind; and the history of our West Indian colonies, and of other parts of who wishes to improve the social condition of his fellow.creatures - can, the world where slavery did or does exist, furnishes us with a fearful by any means, either directly or indirectly, support a system of slavery comment on this important declaration. If I understand the matter right, Whenever irresponsible power is committed to man, whatever form it may there is now found to exist a disposition on the part of those who were assume, it will lead to abuse and oppression. It is one of the con. once slave-holders, to oppress, by every possible means, those who are now sequences of the imperfection of our nature, that irresponsible power emancipated from their grasp. By unjust taxation, by unnecessary municannot be entrusted to the hands of any man without his yielding to the cipal regulations, by every possible mode of controling the rights and various temptations which he has to abuse it. If, however, there is liberties of the emancipated, those who once held their fellow-creatures in anything of which the British nation may justly be proud, it is the bondage are now seeking to prevent their enjoyment of that complete and circumstance that the moment the slave sets his foot on the soil of this unrestricted freedom to which, by the laws of man as well as by the laws country, or of any of her dependencies, he becomes a free man ; if there is of God, they are, in common with ourselves, justly entitled. The wish of anything in the constitution of England which deserve praise, it is a fact the Anti-Slavery Society, therefore, not being yet accomplished, its forces that no man can be a slave within the British territory. (Cheers.) At must not be disbanded nor its efforts be discontinued- our exertions must the same time, we cannot help deeply regretting that there should be any not cease until all has been obtained which is demanded by the dictates of influential state in the world, professing the principles of civil liberty, and our common humanity. (Cheers.) yet maintaining slavery as a part of the social system. I refer more The Rev. JAMES BORTHWICK, from Fife, in seconding the resolution, said especially to the American States. It is a reproach to those states that I stand here as the representative of a church in Scotland, whose synod, they should still permit such an institution as slavery to exist : an injury after having repeatedly remonstrated with the churches of America for is thus inflicted upon the cause of liberty itself. (Hear, hear.) The their connexion with slavery, at its meeting the week before last, brought gentleman behind me (Mr. Douglass) cản, and I trust will, detail to you all intercourse with them to a conclusion, declaring that it would have no the miseries to which the American slaves are subjected. This is not the connexion with those churches in America that are in any way connected first time that I have met that gentleman. I had the pleasure of meeting with slavery. (Loud cheers.) I understand it is in the contemplation of the him on an occasion when the inhabitants of Belfast united to do him committee of this Society, to send a respectful remonstrance to the General honour. I heard his eloquence, I witnessed proofs of his abilities, and, Assembly of the Free Church of Scotland in reference to the course which from what I then saw, I can bear testimony that the African people are they have pursued in receiving money from certain churches in America. not inferior to any other, but are as capable of becoming by their I can only say that in doing this, your committee will have the full sym. talents and acquirements, equal to any other portion of mankind. pathy of the public in Scotland, where the excitement was all in favour of (Cheers.). I agree with the rev. gentleman who proposed this resolution returning the money. (Hear.) And I believe that the Free Church will that the best way of advancing the great cause of the freedom of yet set itself right on this subject. In replying to Mr. Douglass, ministers the human race is the exercise of moral power ; and I am persuaded of that church have referred to the letter of Paul to Philemon, and have that acts of compulsion will not secure the object. The moral power deduced from it arguments which, if they are sound, would not only justify which attends the voice of the people of England is that which will be them, but sanction slavery itself. (Hear, hear.) There are some difti. the most efficacious in conquering and putting down the foul institution culties connected with the case of Philemon and Onesimus; but they do of slavery. (Hear, hear.) I do feel that this Society has been the not extend to the case in point. Whatever was the relation in which instrument of the greatest good in striving to promote the abolition of Philemon stood to Onesimus, the latter was to be received as "a brother slavery, and I look upon the continuation of its efforts as the means of beloved. (Hear, bear.) At present the slave owners of America, when finally extirpating this evil. (Cheers.) It is not necessary that I should assailed on this subject, may turn to the Free Church of Scotland, and ask trespass longer on the attention of the meeting. I have made these few how they can be opposing the Word of God, or acting unworthy of their