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market opened to the produce of this island (Cuba), where, if this orders to effect sales for more. One negro man, aged 46 years, a good could be effected even at a rate of 50 per cent. above the duty on ostler ; one family, consisting of one man, and woman, and two English colonial sugar, still they should obtain for their produce children; one negro boy, aged seventeen years, a good shoemaker, double the amount they can obtain at present. On the other and capital house-boy ; one boy, aged twelve years, remarkably hand,“ they stated,” that if a different policy in relation to the slave- smart; one negro woman, aged thirty-one years, a good cook; trade were not followed, they were apprehensive that the English fifteen likely negroes, of both sexes and various ages, suitable Government would become irritated at last, and adopt measures for field hands and house servants. We intend devoting parprejudicial to the general commerce and prosperity of the island, in ticular attention to the purchase and sale of negroes, and the determination to put down a particular reprobated commerce.' persons having negroes to sell, or wishing to buy, will find it to This is a practical view of the subject by practical and deeply their advantage to give us a call. Being well acquainted in the interested persons.
city and surrounding counties, we can give the fullest satisfaction Having concluded their statement, which we regret we cannot to those who favour us with a call.—Livingston, Hanna, and Co. give at length, the Committee observe :
NEGROES IN THE MARKET.-We have for sale a very “The question then arises, shall this great country which has likely NEGRO woman, thirty-five years of age, good house-serrelieved itself from the guilt of continuing the slave-trade, which vant, and indefatigable field hand. Also, her daughter, fourteen has emancipated millions of slaves in its distant dependencies, so years old, good house girl and field hand, acclimated, and title fully legislate now, as to stultify its own most glorious acts, and build guaranteed. Also, a negro woman, aged twenty-six, a first-rate up a system of atrocious wrong and cruelty in other countries, cook, washer and ironer; and her infant child. These negroes are which it would not tolerate in its own? The Committee trust all highly recommended, and the titles clear.-Livingston, Hanna, they value the interests of legitimate commerce as highly as the and Co. most ardent of its advocates ; but, in their judgment, it would
AUCTION SALES.-At the city auction room every Wednescease to be legitimate were it carried on at the sacrifice of human day and Saturday, at 10 o'clock, a.m. Particular attention paid liberty and 'human happiness. The Committee would rejoice in to the sale of NEGROES. Real and personal property of every the financial prosperity of the country, but they never could be description; trust and administrator's sales attended to on liberal parties to any measure which would connect that prosperity with terms, by D. Hansbrough & Co., Washington-street, a few doors the uncompensated toil of slaves; and they have too much confi- north of Thatcher's Hotel. dence in the humane feeling, and Christian principle of their
FOR SALE.--At city auction room, one likely NEGRO man, fellow-countrymen, to believe that they would ever willingly good drayman, and can make himself generally useful. Can be consent to advance their personal interests at the expense of the seen at any time. Title good. D. Hansbrough & Co. freedom of their fellow-men. They hate slavery. They love VALUABLE NEGROES FOR SALE.-At the city auction liberty. They laboured long, and, at length, successfully, to room. One splendid house woman, good cook, washer and establish the rights of humanity in every part of the British ironer, aged about 25 years, active and sound; one second rate do ; empire ; and now their mission is, in the use of all honourable one valuable house-girl, aged 14 years. Bargains may be had if
extend their principles, and diffuse their spirit throughout early application is made. Titles indisputable. D. Hansbrough the world. To you, sir, as one of their representatives, is now
and Co. presented the alternative of sustaining system which brutalizes FOR HIRE.-Two good house-girls, 17 and 18 years old. and destroys human nature, which robs innocent men, women, Apply at the city auction room. D. Hansbrough & Co. and children of their most precious rights, which degrades them to
HOUSE SERVANT.-A likely house-woman for sale, at the the condition of things, and derides and defies the authority of city auction room ; also a lot of clocks, cheaper than ever. Chairs, Heaven-or of crippling, where you cannot absolutely annihilate, bedsteads, &c. For sale cheap, to close .consignment, by D. its power.”
Hansbrough & Co. Such are the views, and such has been the course taken by the
FOR SALE.-A valuable NEGRO boy, aged about 19 years, Committee to sustain them. They deeply regret that any of their good cook and house servant, good gardener, &c.; can make valued friends should differ from them, but they entertain no doubt himself generally useful. Apply to D. Hansbrough & Co. that to shut out of the British market the sugars of Brazil and
BLACKSMITHS FOR SALE.-A Bargain. - A valuable Cuba, is a sacred duty which the Legislature of this country owes young NEGRO man, good blacksmith, with good-set of tools, to the enslaved millions of mankind.
will be sold cheap. Title clear. D. Hansbrough & Co.
FOR SALE CHEAP.-One splendid house-girl, 14 years old,
Come quick, or you miss a bargain. D. Hansbrough & Co. ILLUSTRATIONS OF SLAVERY,
WANTED TO HIRE.-10 good farm hands, for which liberal UNITED STATES.—That our readers may have some idea of the prices will be paid. Apply at the city auction room. vigorous manner in which the domestic slave-trade is carried on in FOR SALE.-A valuable NEGRO man; good field hand ; the United States, we give below an exact copy of sixteen adver- aged 33 years. City auction room. tisements taken from one single Southern paper, the Daily South- NEGRO BLANKETS. - 10 different qualities of NEGRO ern Intelligencer, of March 16, 1846, published at Vicksburg, blankets on hand and for sale cheap. Yes, very low, by Judson Mississippi.
and Robinson. NEGROES! NEGROES ! !—The undersigned pay particular PAULINE.—The following frightful illustration of slavery is attention to the purchase and sale of negroes, and persons wishing extracted from the Esset (United States) Transcript :- Many of to purchase slaves, or having them to sell, will find it to their interest our readers have probably seen a paragraph stating that a young to give us a call. Field hands and house servants of both sexes, slave-girl was recently hanged at New Orleans for the crime of for sale by-Livingston, Hanna, and Co., Auctioneers and General striking and abusing her mistress. The religious press of the Agents, No. 374, Washington-street.
north has not, so far as we are aware, made any comments upon NEGROES! NEGROES! NEGROES !-We have on hand this execution. It is too busy pulling the mote out of the eye of several valuable negro men, at prices running from $515 to $650, the heathen, to notice the beam in our nominal Christianity at thorough-bred and likely field hands; also, two excellent cooks and home. Yet this case, viewed in all its aspects, is an atrocity which house-servants, one cook, washer and ironer at $425; also, several has, God be thanked, no parallel in heathen lands. It is a hideous boys and girls. Persons wishing to purchase slaves, either for field offshoot of American Republicanism and American Christianity. use or as house servants, will please call on us. We are constantly It seems that Pauline-a young and beautiful girl-attracted the in the market, and those having negroes can always effect sale admiration of her master, and being, to use the words of the law, through us.--Livingston, Hanna, and Co.
his. “chattel personal to all intents and purposes whatsoever" FOR HIRE.-A family of NEGROES for the ensuing year, became the victim of his lust. So wretched is the condition of the consisting of a man, and wife, and four children. The man is a slave-woman, that even the brutal and licentious regard of her first-rate blacksmith and drayman, the woman a fine cook and house- master is looked upon as the highest exaltation of which her lot is servant. Bond, with approved security, will be required for their susceptible. The slave-girl, in this instance, evidently so regarded hire.--Apply to Livingston, Hanna, and Co.
it; and, as a natural consequence, in her new condition triumphed New York Auction, and Real Estate Mart, No. 374, Washing- over and insulted her mistress ; in other words, repaid in some ton-street, south of the Post-office. The following is a list of degree the scorn and abuse with which her mistress had made her NEGROES now on hand and for sale, and we are daily receiving painfully familiar. The laws of the Christian State of Mississippi
inflict the punishment of death upon the slave who lifts his or her
PETITION, hand against a white person. Pauline was accused of beating her Messieurs,mistress, tried, and found guilty, and condemned to die. But it The Bey of Tunis has abolished slavery in his dominions. was discovered on the trial that she was in a condition to become Europe is moved by this news. France is proud to see those a mother, and her execution was delayed until the birth of the principles, first proclaimed by her, sixty years since, penetrate child. She was conveyed to the prison-cell. There, for many into the countries of barbarous nations. In order to suppress weary months, uncheered by the voice of kindness, alone, hopeless, piracy she sent her arms into Algeria. A mission having civilizadesolate, she waited for the advent of the new and quickening life tion for its end, such was the reason, such is now the title of her within her, which was to be the signal of her own miserable death. conquest. Thus only can she justify herself for having lavished so And the bells there called to mass and prayer-meeting, and much treasure and so much blood on the soil of Africa. France Methodists sang, and Baptists immersed, and Presbyterians would be unfaithful to her mission if she did not use her best sprinkled, and young mothers smiled through tears upon their efforts to extirpate the evil of slavery from these new regions new-born children ; and maidens and matrons of that great city sat which Providence has confided to her. in their cool verandahs and talked of love and household joys and
Up to this time, every thing shows that the present administradomestic happiness ; while all that dreary time the poor slave-girl tion of Algeria is far from tending to this end, and of endeavouring lay on the scanty straw of her dungeon, waiting—with what agony to do away with the obstacles to its accomplishment
. the great and pitying God of the white and the black only knows !
According to a document published by the minister of war, ---for the birth of the child of her adulterous master. Horrible! there exists, in Algeria, in the towns and localities subject to the Was ever what George Sand justly terms 6 the great martyrdom sway of the civil government, about 1,300 negro slaves. Those of maternity”-that fearful trial which love alone converts into contained in the towns and in parts of the country subject to joy unspeakable—endured under such conditions ? What was her military rule, may be numbered at about 8,000 or 9,000. Total, substitute for the kind voices and gentle soothings of affection ? nearly 10,000. This number much reduced by the departure or The harsh grating of her prison lock--the mockings and taunts of the poverty of several of the higher families, remains stationary in unfeeling and brutal keepers! What with the poor Pauline took every part of the territory. the place of the hopes and joyful anticipations which support and According to the same document, it appears that at Constantine, solace the white mother, and make her couch of torture happy within the French dominions, the slaves are treated with much with sweet dreams ? The prospect of seeing the child of her sorrow, greater severity by their masters than they were during the time of of feeling its lips upon her bosom, of hearing its feeble ery--alone,
the Beys. unvisited of its unnatural father; and then in a few days, just
Thus, after fifteen years of occupation, the statement of the when the mother's affections are strongest, and the first smile of government itself makes it appear that, in some respects, the state of . her infant compensates for the pangs of the past--the scaffold and affairs instead of being improved, is actually in a worse condition the hangman! Think of that last terrible scene--the tearing of than it was at the time of the conquest. the infant from her arms, the death-march to the gallows, the rope
It is affirmed that the importation of slaves becomes more and around her delicate neck, and her long and dreadful struggles (for, morc unfrequent. This assertion is refuted by official documents, attenuated and worn by physical suffering and mental sorrow, her At Constantine, where apparently “ the introduction had ceased, slight frame had not sufficient weight left to produce the dislocation the number of slaves does not diminish, because the great tribes of of her neck, on the falling of the drop) swinging there alive for the Sahari, the Talaghma, the Abd-el-Nour, the Harratas, dispose nearly half-an-hour, a spectacle for fiends in the shape of humanity. of their slaves to the townspeople.” The trade, in some points Mothers of New England ! such are the fruits of slavery. oh less ostensible, continues in reality, and that is why the number of in the name of the blessed God, teach your children to hate it, and slaves does not decrease. to pity its victims. Petty politicians and empty-headed Congress It is true that their lot, aggravated at Constantine, is less hard debaters are vastly concerned lest the “honour of the country” in the other parts of the kingdom. It is, nevertheless, an avowed should be compromised in the matter of the Oregon boundary. fact, that at Algiers, the slaves come to our magistrates, begging Fools! One such horrible atrocity as this murder of poor Pauline their emancipation, and asking to be employed as free workmen. "compromises” us too deeply to warrant any further display of Authority opposes to them the terms of the convention signed by their patriotism. It would compromise Paradise itself. An intel- Marshal Bourmount and the Dey of Algiers, in which it is ligent and philanthropic European gentleman, who was in New guaranteed that the liberty and property of all classes of the Orleans at the time of the execution, in a letter to a friend in this inhabitants shall be respected.” Without laying hold of the vicinity, after detailing the circumstances of the revolting affair, ambiguity of the terms made use of, the argument drawn from exclaims, “God of goodness! God of justice! There must be a them in favour of slavery, should be limited, after all, like the future state to redress the wrongs of this. I am almost tempted to capitulation, to the town of Algiers. say, there must be a future state, or no God.
The negroes introduced into our African possessions are brought Brazil. --RIPPING OPEN NEGROES.-Senor Geronimo Paez, from Bornou, the country of Haussa, and, sometimes, even from director of a Brazilian diamond mine, having reason to suspect a Timbuctoo. The purchasers hasten their march across the desert negro of stealing diamonds, ordered him to be ripped open, when as much as possible, on account of their fear lest the neighbouring a magnificent rose diamond was found in his intestines. En- tribes should pursue them. Of all the ways ever made use of for couraged by the success of this first experiment, he ordered it to be the trade this is, perhaps, the most brutal; numbers of negroes tried on the second, third, and fourth suspected negro, but in each fall during the period employed in crossing the desert-victims case the victims were innocent: no diamonds were found. This of fatigue, want of water, and privations of all kinds. Thus, result, however, did not check Senor Paez, who repeated this numbers of men perish annually to keep up the number of 10,000 atrocious act upon two more negroes, but unsuccessfully. His slaves of Algeria ; for slavery there requires constant supplies; conduct at last reached the ears of the proprietors of the mine, by and it is a well-established fact, that “in the Tell, the negro whom he was summoned before the tribunal of Villa Bella. By children with great difficulty can stand the climate.” the judgment delivered on the 25th February last, we learn that
A letter from Marshal Bugeaud declares that there are no more Paez was ordered to pay Senores Cifuentes and Co., the lessees of slave markets in Algiers, Bona and Oran. The honour of their the mines of Brassala, the sum of 2,500 piasters, as the value of suppression is probably due to that spontaneous and energetic the five negroes of whom he had deprived the company by putting instinct which renders the sight of a market for the sale of human them to death, without any utility. No order was made for the flesh intolerable to the French colonists who have recently gone first negro, as his death was for the benefit of the owners! For over from their mother country. But this is only a local fact. the crime, no proceedings had been taken.
The administration ought to make it general. To work efficaciously at the abolition of slavery in Algeria, we must consider
abolition a duty. Such should be the thought, the watchword of THE FRENCH ANTI-SLAVERY SOCIETY. the military and civil officers, of the magistrates, and indeed of all ALGIERS.
the functionaries of the colony. Unhappily it is not so. The The French Anti-Slavery Society has lately addressed the governor-general, on the contrary, seems to wish to palliate the following petition to the Chamber of Deputies, praying for the vices of slavery. Under the pretext that we ought to regulate abolition of slavery in Algeria. We trust the discussion on the this branch of commerce with the interior of Africa, he has been subject will not be deferred until the next session.
led on by degrees to become the defender of the trade.
However, the French code has included the slave-trade in the their slave-grown produce into the British markets will be held out list of crimes. The ninth article of the law, passed on March 4th, as a splendid bribe, to induce them to favour the import of our 1831, pronounces the penalty of from six months to five years' manufactures into their respective territories on moderate terms ; imprisonment on any one who shall wilfully have concealed, and we should not be surprised if his lordship should urge that the bought, or sold a black introduced by the traffic. The Chambers, arrangement which he proposes, is necessary to give completion to the organs of public sentiment, have named the slave-trade “ the the series of free-trade measures which have already received the infamous traffic.” To repress it we enrol soldiers, we equip fleets, sanction of the Legislature and of the Crown. But in view of all when with little expense we can attain in Algeria that end which the facts of the case, we think this line of argument more plausible we pursue at sea at so much expense, through so many perils and than sound. so many difficulties. If we tolerate slavery in the province, There is something, we admit, extremely captivating in the idea we indirectly encourage the trade.
of liberty of commerce. It inay, when viewed in the abstract, be Even the principle of abolition is written in our public laws. extremely philosophical ; but, we think, when calmly looked at in If this principle, again reiterated by the laws of 1845, only receives the light of existing circumstances, it may be found, in its coina gradual application in our colonies, it is because there the number pletest sense, either impracticable, or, what is worse, absolutely of slaves equals or exceeds that of the masters; and that legislators injurious in its application. Can any man doubt, for instance, that have wished to be cautious in effecting the transition from slavery if the principle of free-trade were applied to the introduction of the to liberty. Similar circumstances cannot be alleged as existing in slave-grown sugars of Cuba and Brazil, it wonld have the tremenAlgeria.
dous effect of strengthening the systems of slavery which exist in Doubtless we must avoid impoverishing the poor people who, in those countries, of aggravating the sufferings and increasing the the towns, already suffer from the dearness of provisions ; but mortality of their slaves, and of imparting a fearful stimulus to the legislation could indemnify the masters by grants of lands of which slave-trade? it has the disposal. The administration itself seems to think, that Now it is to this point that we earnestly invite the attention of if the trade were suppressed in an efficacious manner, it would, in our countrymen. a short time, be enough to abolish slavery in Algeria.
The slave population of Brazil is estimated at 3,000,000; that of Looking at it in the sense of the interest of the slaves, the the Spanish Colonies, 'at about 900,000; or nearly 4,000,000 in consequences of liberation would not inspire any inquietude ; since, all. About two-thirds of this number are engaged in agriculture; in the colony, “the number of free negroes is equal to, if not and, in consequence of the dreadful severity of the system under greater than the number of slaves; and the former, whose numbers which they are placed, occasioning a great waste of life, in increase every year, find advantageous employment under the civil addition to the demand for the produce which they raise, it government."
becomes necessary to import at least 100,000 Africans annually To resume, we pray that the law prohibiting the trade may be to keep up the strength of the slave-gangs. In connexion with applied in Algeria, that the introduction of slaves thereinto, both these facts, it is unnecessary to publish in detail the dreadful by land and by sea, may be interdicted ; that those imported from catalogue of wrongs inflicted on the slaves, the deep degradation this time forth may be considered free, and that no slave-market to which they are subjected, the dreadful atrocities inflicted on whatever may be tolerated.
them, or the horrors and death associated with the slave traffic. In the second place, it should be proclaimed that slavery in These are too well known, and too deeply lamented by our readers, Algeria shall be abolished with the shortest possible delay. to require specific enumeration. But the question arises “Shall we
That, which the Bey of Tunis could do in favour of humanity voluntarily add, by the proposed commercial arrangements, to the and of the liberty of mankind, shall France, Christian and liberal number of victims of these foul crimes? or shall we not rather France of the nineteenth century, be unable to accomplish? Shall check, to the greatest possible extent, by our fiscal policy, the men be obliged to fly from the French dominions in order to double inquity of slavery and the slave-trade ?" It is estimated recover in a Mussulman country their undeniable right to liberty? by those who are anxious to open the British ports to the blood(Signed)
Ch. D'ASSAILLY. stained produce of Cuba and Brazil, that the quantity of sugar
required from those countries, in addition to that imported from
free countries and our own colohies and possessions abroad, V. SCHELCHER. A. THAYER.
will be from 70,000 to 80,000 tons annually, with a constant tendency to increase in quantity. But, it requires the importation
of large bodies of new slaves, at the present time, to meet the The NARRATIVE of the LIFE of FREDERICK DOUGLASS demand for slave-labour, and those importations will increase in may now be obtained on application at the Anti-Slavery Office, 27, New proportion to the increase in demand for their produce. It is our Broad-street, London.—Also, a full Report of the Public Meeting, deliberate conviction that the additional quantity of sugar, which, it held at FINSBURY CAAPEL, on the 22nd May last.
is alleged, will be wanted, from Cuba and Brazil, under the arrangement proposed by Lord John Russell, will represent the labour of
at least 50,000 additional slaves, and a capital of two millions sterThe Anti-Slavery Reporter.
ling. Whence are these slaves to come? There is no increase, but a LONDON, WEDNESDAY, JULY 1st, 1846.
dreadful decrease, perpetually going on among the slaves. In Brazil that decrease is estimated, on the sugar plantations, at 5 per
cent. per annum over the births ; whilst in Cuba it is still heavier, The conjunction of the three political parties, so graphically ranging from 7 to 10 per cent. These slaves must be imported; described by Mr. Cobden in his recent speech in the House of and spite of all your diplomacy and cruisers, they will be imported. Commons, on the Irish Bill, has, by a decisive vote, compelled Sir You give the stimulus, and you supply the means; and you as Robert Peel to tender his resignation to the Queen. Lord John certainly strengthen and extend the slave-system by admitting Russell has been summoned to Osborne House, and to his care has their produce, as if you invested the capital which fitted out the been intrusted the formation of a new ministry. It is not for us to slavers, and furnished the means for the enslavement of your fellowspeculate on the general policy of the noble lord on his accession to men. You cannot escape the conclusion, nor the awful responsipower; but on one question, and the question which most deeply bility which it involves. Liberty of commerce, when it is wisely interests us, he has declared his intentions, and, of course, that of directed to promote the freedom and happiness of mankind, is a his party-namely, to open the British markets to the slave produce blessing of the highest order; when, bowever, it is so applied as to of Cuba and Brazil.
aid the oppressor, and to crush the oppressed, to enrich the slaveIn a commercial country like this, the noble lord will not be at a holder and to destroy the slave, then we hesitate not to pronounce loss for reasons which shall fully satisfy the eager desires of it a curse and not a blessing. merchants and manufacturers, that the introduction of this produce This is our opinion; and hence we advocate, with all the ability has become essentially necessary to its material interests and we possess, the exclusion of slave produce from the British prosperity; that it is necessary even to the comforts of the poor; markets, and the introduction from all foreign countries of the and that, as a source of revenue, it is scarcely to be regarded as of bona fide produce of free labour, on equal terms with that from less consequence. The noble lord will enforce his general argu- our own colonies and possessions abroad. ments by showing how extremely desirable it is to conciliate the If it were simply a question of protection to the East and West governments of Spain and Brazil. To them the introduction of Indies, our voice would be unheard, and our pen silent. We should leave to others, what they might conceive to be, the defence As a state or condition it was universally condemned ; and the of their interests. If the discussion merely involved the elevation uses which Christ and his apostles made of it and its opposite, or the prostration of either of the great political parties in the State, freedom, to shadow forth the blessings of the gospel on the one we should feel that we had no business with it as Abolitionists. hand, or the fearful results of sin on the other, abundantly prove We should leave them to fight it out as they best might. But this. There was no necessity for an express condemnation of believing it to be a subject which involves the liberty of millions of slavery, as it had already been condemned by the general voice of the human race, and that it places in imminent peril the freedom of mankind. millions more; believing it, therefore, to be a question far raised But then, it is asserted, that slave-holders were admitted to the above party politics or selfish interests, we take our stand by the fellowship of the Christian Church. We simply deny this, and ask side of degraded and oppressed humanity and we challenge to our for the proof, if it exist. It will not do to infer it from the aid
every Christian philanthropist and lover of his species throughout instructions given to masters and servants. Neither will it do to the kingdom. The liberty of man is more precious in our eyes produce the case of Philemon. On a subject of such vital than liberty of commerce; the cause of freedom more glorious importance as this, we demand the most clear and unexceptionable than the prosperity of trade; and the general welfare of the human evidence. That evidence, we feel assured, cannot be produced. race more to be desired and struggled for, than the building up of Apply the great principles of righteousness and love which Christ private fortunes, or even the advancement of national prosperity. taught, and which his apostles inculcated, and what becomes of
We say to our countrymen, make the case your owu ; let your slavery? Even the Scottish doctors admit, that were they applied voices be heard in the Legislature. Tell your representatives that to American slavery it would instantly cease. Now we infer you will not purchase an extension of commerce with foreign that they were applied in the days of the apostles, and we nations, at the expense of an extension of slavery and the slave- should dishonour them, to suppose the contrary. We believe thật trade. Tell your legislators, solemnly and firmly, that whilst you both the Jewish and Gentile churches planted by their instrumentdesire the most enlarged and friendly intercourse with the free ality, were free from the taint of slavery. That slaves were memnations of the earth, you are resolved, as far as in you lies, to bers of the primitive Church there can be no doubt, but that restrict it with those who trample under foot the liberties, the affec-slave-holders were, there is not, in our judgment, the tittle of tions, the hopes of millions of the human race; and who persist in evidence to prove. outraging all that is sacred in human rights, and righteous in the But it is not our intention to argue the question here. Other laws of God.
opportunities will be afforded us of bringing this matter in a complete form before our readers. In the meantime we ask them to
read the memorial addressed to the Moderator and Members of the For the present the Free Church of Scotland refuses to return Free Church, by the Committee of the British and Foreign Antithe money which has been cast into her treasury by the slave- Slavery Society, inserted in our present number, as the ground on holders of the United States. Counselled by Drs. Candlish, which that body earnestly recommends to them the duty of " sendCunningham, and Duncan, she has resolved to continue her con- ing back the money.” We would also call their attention to the nexion with slave-holders, and to offer them her pulpits, and article “ on the FreeChurch of Scotland in its relation to American a free participation in her most sacred rites. This is very sad ; Slavery,” which will also be found in our columns. That and could we believe that the doctrines propounded by these article embodies the official decisions of the Free Church up to its reverend gentlemen were embraced by any large portion of the latest deliverance, in justification of its relation with slaveFree Church, it would be very alarming. For it would, if true, holders. deprive the slave of his most cherished hope, and the advocate of the slave of his keenest weapon-namely, that slavery is, in itself, essentially criminal. The slave in the United States builds his We regret that our space will not allow us to present our readers hope of deliverance from bondage, on the presumption that his with an abstract of the proceedings of the American and Foreign master, whether professedly Christian or infidel, has no right to and other Anti-slavery Societies, which have beld their annual meethis person, to his offspring--wife he is not permitted to have—or to ings in New York, Boston, and elsewhere. We are glad, however, his labour; that, in point of fact, he is his own, and that no man, to be able to state that the Anti-slavery cause is advancing, and under any pretext whatsoever, has any authority to deprive him of that the forthcoming year is likely to prove one of great exertion, his liberty, or to hold him as a slave. The advocate of the slave and, we trust, of great success. The following extract from the presses the same doctrine on the conscience of the slave-holder, and Liberty Press will show the view taken by the better class of in that conscience, unless indurated by long-continued crime, or American citizens of the disgraceful war now waging between the quieted by the metaphysics and casuistry of doctors of divinity, his United States and Mexico :plea is admitted to be valid ; and necessity only is set up by him in
“Our readers will perceive that hostilities have actually commenced justification or palliation of his evil deed.
between Mexico and the United States. This is no more than was anticiSlavery is not in itself sinful, say the Scottish doctors, though it pated at the commencement of the efforts to rob Mexico of her territory. may involve sin; for, say they, Christ and his apostles did not This is clearly a war for slavery! The Seminole war was a war to break denounce or condemn it, or exclude from fellowship those who up the refuge of the fleeing slaves in the everglades of Florida. The practised it, which they would undoubtedly have done had it been present war is a war for the extension of territory for the accommodation a criminal institution. Hence, Christians may sustain the relation of slavery. This is clearly the issue, and an issue in which Mexico is of slave-holders without impeachment of their character ; and be as clearly in the right, and this government is in the wrong. Mexico may innocent of wrong as if they fully recognised the right of their be a heathenish Catholic country,' but this is a poor excuse for plunder. slaves to liberty, and treated them, in all respects, as their fellow- ing her for the purpose of perpetuating the matchless crime of slavery.
But Mexico, with all her moral degradation, had the virtue to abolish men, and their equals before the law. In opposition to this, we believe that God hath created all men
slavery throughout her dominions! and from this fact, mainly, sprung up equal, and endowed them with certain inalienable rights, among consummated by the aid of American men and money, until Texas was re
the Texan revolution, which was fanned by American patriotism (?) and which are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness; and that subjugated to the reign of the foul demon from which Mexico had freed whoever deprives any human being of the one or the other, is the her. Such is the cause of our difficulties with Mexico, and such the enemy of man, and a truitor to God. And we further believe, that ground on which we stand before Heaven and men, in going into a deadly what the common sense and conscience of mankind asserts upon contest with an unoffending but deeply injured people! We have men this subject, the word of God ratifies.
and money, but we have a character among the nations to be sustained, It is unnecessary, we suppose, that there should be an express or made a stench and a hissing, as well as a God of Justice, who are condenunciation of so enormous an evil as slavery. Why, long before cerned; and who does not tremble for the result?” the advent of the Saviour into the world, or the teachings of the apostles, slavery was considered to be one of the greatest calamities
We beg to state for the information of our female friends, that that could befall the human race; and the enslavement of free-men the anti-slavery fair, to which we have referred in previous numregarded and punished as a crime. Originally slaves were captives bers, will be held at Philadelphia about Christmas next ; and that made in war, whose lives were forfeited, according to the military any articles they may wish to send can be forwarded to No. 27, codes of those times. Death was commuted into the loss of New. Broad-street, London, to the care of Joseph Sturge, by liberty, and slavery, at length, became an organized system, whom they will be remitted to their destination. detestable in all its features, and atrocious in its practice.
his death-bed, thus speaks :-"Mr. T. was prostrate upon his bed, and Literature.
so emaciated, that I could hardly believe that it was the Mr. T. that I Emancipation, immediate et complete, des Esclaves. Appel aux Abolition- formerly knew. With a smile of recognition, he extended his thin and istes. Par G. DE FELICE. Paris : Delay, 1846. Immediate and
feverish hand to me, and expressed his grateful emotions that he had not
been forgotten by his friends at the north in his trials and afflictions. complete Emancipation, &c. By G. DE FELICE. Paris, 1846.
He seemed to be in a very desirable state of mind, and spoke of the Here is a book worthy of the great subject of which it treats, and of the present and the future with entire resignation of spirit. At his request I reputation of its distinguished author. Masterly in conception, in argu- administered the Lord's Supper. It was, indeed, a solemn and impresment, and appeal, it cannot fail to make a profound impression on its sive scene. He appeared to be lost in devout contemplation of the readers. It is just such a production as the times require, and most Redeemer, and though unable to say much, he obviously felt that the fervently do we hope that its circulation will be as great as its merits. promises of that blessed Saviour were full of hope and consolation. The The temporising Abolitionists of France, to whom it is specially addressed, emotions of that hour cannot easily be forgotten.” Another Christian cannot, we think, resist the force of its principles, the array of its facts, or minister, who visited him, says, he has “ rarely, if ever, seen a more the suavity of its spirit. Converted to immediate abolition, they will, we triumphant death-bed.” Another writes :-"Charles T. Torrey is at last trust, lay aside all their schemes for ameliorating the condition of the gone-freed from prison without the aid of the governor, leaving the slaves, with a view to their ultimate emancipation and devote themselves funds offered to the owners of the slaves for whom he suffered the heavy with conscientious earnestness and zeal to the great work before them. penalty of the law, for his release, in the hands of those who will no But in order that consistency may be given to their efforts, and that suc
doubt properly appropriate it to the wants of his bereaved wife and cess may attend their well-directed labours, they must organize on the children, -- which is well. He died at 2 o'clock P.M., on the 9th inst. in principle of immediate and entire emancipation. It is not enough to that calmness of resignation which became him, and yet hardly to be admit the doctrine ; it must be practically applied. Hitherto the friends anticipated in a death watched over by the eye of the prison officials of the slaves in France—and, we rejoice to say, there are many such-have rather than that of the friends of his home and heart, whose soothing been divided on the question of immediate emancipation : Each has had voice and careful ministrations are no trifles in the estimation of the some scheme of his own for hastening the downfal of slavery; but the departing.” schemes of each and all have been successively rejected, and the Govern
As most of our readers are aware, the offence of C. T. Torrey was that ment, taking advantage of this state of things, first delayed the settlement of having counselled, aided, and abetted certain slaves to escape from of the question, and when public opinion would no longer endure its pro- their hard bondage. On this charge he was found guilty, and incarcerated crastination, concocted a measure which can never be worked out, and in the prison-house where he died. It was during Charles T. Torrey's which must end in failure. In the meantime the poor slaves will have to incarceration in the gaol of Annapolis, Maryland, in the winter of 1842, endure all the horrors of their dreadful condition, aggravated by the feelings where he was confined for several days, merely for undertaking to report of their masters, who have been exasperated by the interference with for a northern paper the proceedings of the Convention of Slave-holders their authority, contemplated by the act of July the 18th, 1845, and then sitting in that city, that he is understood to have formed the plan of the ordinances which have been recently issued for giving it effect. The operations for the assistance of fugitive slaves, which has become so well attitude assumed by these masters is one of hostility. They have deter known as the underground railroad to Freedom.” In referring to his mined to render every measure which curbs their power a dead letter. Our labours in this direction, Mr. Torrey, in a letter to one of his friends, advice then is, deal with these men boldly, cut the ground of controversy whilst he was in prison awaiting his trial, says :-“If I am a guilly man, from under their feet, deprive them at once of the right of property in I am a very guilty one ; for I have aided nearly FOUR HUNDRED SLAVES their fellow-men, and adopt the principles which Professor de Felice to escape to freedom, the greater part of whom would probably, but for recommends with so much eloquence and force. Among Frenchmen we
my exertions, have died in slavery." In referring to this interesting have no doubt there will be, generally, a hearty response to his urgent fact Mr. Stanton, in his eloquent funeral oration, remarks, “Ah, sir, appeals ; and will they not find an echo in the Chamber of Deputies? when with the eye of calm contemplation, we see the constantly multiply. The Count de Gasparin, the Marquis de Tracey, and M. Ledru Rollin, ing descendants of these four hundred enfranchised men, who, from representing as they do different political sentiments, can render immense generation to generation, when the name of their deliverer is handed down service to the cause of human freedom, by combination on the principle of from sire to son, shall rise up and call him blessed, how cheap to one immediate and entire emancipation. Let them do this, and this great worthy to be called a man seem all the wreaths that brute courage ever question, which involves the liberty of two bundred and fifty thousand gathered on the fields of battle, compared with such a legacy of thanksslaves, and, which so long as it shall remain unsettled, the bonour of France, giving and praise !" will receive a speedy and satisfactory solution. To M. de Felice we offer
One incident related by the Rev. Joseph C. Lovejoy, the brother of our warmest thanks for this well-timed and admirable production, and Mr. Lovejoy, who was murdered several years since at Alton, Illinois, by respectfully tender to him our cordial greetings on the cournge he has
a pro-slavery mob, is represented to have made a deep impression on his displayed in grappling with the prejudices, the false principles, and the auditory. It is known that a requisition from the State of Virginia false reasonings of the pro-slavery party, and the success with which he impended over the head of Torrey, ready to be enforced whenever, by has disposed of the hesitations and timid policy of the friends of the pardon or by the expiration of his six years' sentence, he should be anti-slavery cause. We intend hereafter to give some specimens of this released from the Maryland Penitentiary. He was charged with aiding the valuable contribution to anti-slavery literature.
escape of John Webb and his two children from Winchester, Virginia. The circumstances are substantially these.
Emily Webb was born a slave ; her husband, John Webb, was the Biography.
property of Bushrod Taylor, of Winchester. Emily herself was born
both the slave and daughter of a Virginia gentleman by the name of Carr, REV. CHARLES T. TORREY.
who treated her kindly, and delivered her over to her white brother. He Our latest American papers are filled with notices of the lamented designed to emancipate her, but dying intemperate, yielded to evil counsel, Torrey, whose decease in the penitentiary, Baltimore, Maryland, we and she became the slave of Dr. Renke. This chivalrous gentleman noticed in the last number of the Reporter. We should have been happy allowed her a cottage to herself, and liberty to do what she pleased, pro. to have transferred to our columns a series of articles which have vided she delivered to him her children, free of charge for nurture, at the appeared in the American journals devoted to the anti-slavery cause, in age of ten. She lived, had thirteen children, four of whom died in in. which a noble testimony is borne to the many Christian excellencies of fancy, and the rest went to her master on the above condition. Emily Torrey, but our limits forbid. We must, therefore, be content to weave earned money, and purchased her own liberty. It was her intention to into a single article, the most important incidents contained in the papers purchase that of her family, but the owner would not wait. It was his before us.
plan to sell them as soon as they were marketable. Two fled from him Charles Turner Torrey was born in Scituate, Massachusetts, Nov. 1, and took their liberty. Two were sold to the soul-drivers at a tender age, 1813. He was left an orphan by the death of his father and mother and both the father and mother laboured in vain to rescue them. As the while less than four years old. He was received and educated by his last act, the father, who had been permitted by his master to visit them at maternal grand parents. Mr. Torrey was educated at Exeter Academy, Charlestown, Va., crept into the gaol-yard, and awakening them bauled Yale College, and Andover Seminary, and settled in the ministry at out the youngest through the grate of the window. The older was too Providence, Rhode Island. He continued there only about six months, much grown to follow, “We must go on," said the father, "and leave -went to Salem, and was there a-year and a-half. Left August 1839. poor George to be sold.” "No," said the little boy, “I will go back
In 1842, Mr. Torrey was seized and imprisoned for a week by the and be sold with him," and he crept back through the grate, and they Slave-holding Convention at Annapolis, Maryland. Was first seized at were sent to the south. Baltimore, June 25, 1844 ; was tried Nov. 29, 30, and Dec. 1, 1844,- Emily, it seems, eontrived to get the younger children out of the possentenced to six years in the Penitentiary, and removed to the prison session of Renke into that of Taylor, who owned the father. It was her Dec. 30, 1844. His health began to fail in the autumn of 1845. He plan to raise money to purchase them all. But Taylor was impatient at died May 9th, 1846, having been in prison one year and ten months. the slowness of the operation, and was about to sell them all ; and it was . His end was peace. One of the Christian friends, who visited him on at this time that the heroic mother, with Virginia's " best blood" in her