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the valleys of the Wyoming and Lackavanna, ber is in faet vitics any stered division, and constitutes a single formation. It is between sixty sai seresty miles long, and five broad. The double barrier of nearly paralel morapains through whose included valley flow the Susquehanna and Laekawanna. is a perfectly rell defined coal formation, and its geological structure is very interesting

The coal lies in beds, and not as commonly, in veins; these are detery thick ness, from a foot to twenty-seven feet : none are much esteemed ha are less than three or four; few are wrought that are less than six. The lateral extent of time beis is immense ; they break out in the precipices and bills, and ups the banks of the Sasquehanna and Lackawanna, and form in some places the pavement of these rivers. They appea in the sides and channels of almost every strearn from the mountains; they blackes the soil in numerous places, and wells are oftea sunk in the coal.

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Coal Mines The western part of Pennsylvania is as abundantly supplied with bituminous coal, as the eastern is with anthracite. It is found on the rivers Conemaugh, Aleghany, Mon agubels, and Ohio, and in numerous places west of the Alleghany ridge, which is, with some exceptions, its eastern boundary. The veins are generally narrow, marsiy above six feet in width. The coal is abundant, and of excellent quality, near Pasberg.

COMMERCE. Exports and Imports during the year ending Stept. 30, 1840. mports,

8107,141,519 Esports of Domestic Produce, Exports of Foreign Produce,

113,895,634

18,190,312 Total Exports,

3192,085,946

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GENERAL VIEW OF THE UNITED STATES. 166

APPORTIONMENT OF REPRESENTATIVES TO CONGRESS.

Maine..........
7 || South Carolina,......

7
New Hampshire,
4|Georgia,

8 Massachusetts, .10 Kentucky, .

10 Rhode Island, 2|| Tennessee,

..11 Connecticut, 4 Ohio,

..21 Vermont,.. 4|Indiana,..

10 New York, .34 Mississippi, .....

4 New Jersey, 5 Illinois,

7 Pennsylvania,..

.24 Louisiana, Delaware, 1|Missouri,

5

7 Maryland,

6|| Alabama,.. Virginia, ..15|| Michigan,

3 North Carolina, 9||Arkansas,

1 * This apportionment, which took place 25th June, 1842, is in the ratio of one Representative for every

70,680 inhabitants.

CHRONOLOGICAL LIST

OF THE OFFICERS OF THE UNITED STATES.

do.

}

FIRST ADMINISTRATION-1789 TO 1797–8 YEARS. GEORGE WASHINGTON, Virginia,

April 30, 1789. President. John Adams, Massachusetts,

do. 1789. Vice President.

Appointed. Thomas Jefferson, Virginia, Sept. 26, 1789. Edmund Randolph,

do.

Jan. 2, 1794. Secretaries of State. Timothy Pickering,

Massachusetts, Dec. 10, 1795.
Alexander Hamilton, New York, Sept. 11, 1789. Secretaries of the
Oliver Wolcott, Connecticut, Feb. 3, 1795. Treasury.
Henry Knox, Massachusetts, Sept. 12, 1789.
Timothy Pickering

Jan. 2, 1795. Secretaries of War
James M'Henry, Maryland, Jan. 27, 1796.

SECOND ADMINISTRATION–1797 TO 180144 YEARS. JOHN ADAMS,

Massachusetts, March 4, 1797. President. Thomas Jefferson, Virginia,

do. 1797. Vice President.

Appointed. Timothy Pickering, Massachusetts (continued in ofhce.) John Marshall, Virginia, May 13, 1800.

Secretaries of State. Oliver Wolcott, Connecticut, (continued in office.) Secretaries of the Samuel Dexter, Massachusetts, Dec. 31, 1800. Treasury. James M'Henry, Maryland, (continued in office.) Samuel Dexter, Massachusetts, May 13, 1800. Secretaries of Wai. Roger Griswold, Connecticut, Feb. 3, 1801. George Cabot, Massachusetts,

, . Benjamin Stoddert, Maryland,

THIRD ADMINISTRATION—1801 TO 1809–8 YEARS. THOMAS JEFFERSON, Virginia, March 4, 1801. President. Aaron Burr,

New York

do. 1801. George Clinton,

do.

do.

Appointed.
James Madison, Virginia, March 5, 1801. Secretary of State.
Samuel Dexter, Massachusetts, (continued in office.) Secretaries of the
Albert Gallatin, Pennsylvania, Jan. 26, 1802. Treasury.
Henry Dearborn, Massachusetts, March 5, 1801. Secretary of War.
Benjamin Stoddert, Maryland, (office.)
Robert Smith,

FOURTHI ADMINISTRATION-1809 TO 1817–8 YEARS.
JAMES Madisos, Virginia, March 4, 1809. President.
George Clinton, N. Y., 1809, (d. April 20, 1812.)
Elbridge Gerry Mass., 1813, (d. Nov. 23, 1814.)

Appointed. Robert Smith.

Maryland, March 6, 1809. James Monroe, Virginia, Nov. 25, 1811. Secretaries of State James Monroe,

do.

Feb. 28, 1815.

May 21, 1798: } Secretaries of the Navy.

1805

: } Vice Presidents.

}

do.

Jan. 26, 97802 Secretaries of the Navy.

} Vice Presidents.

South Carolina, Dec. 18, 1817: Secretaries of War.

do.

Albert Gallatin, Pennsylvania, (continued in office.) Secretaries
George W. Campbell, Tennessee, Feb. 9, 1814. of the
Alexander J. Dallas, Pennsylvania, Oct.

6, 1814.

Treasury.
William Eustis, Massachusetts, March 7, 1809.
John Armstrong,
New York, Jan. 13, 1813.

Secretaries of War
James Monroe, Virginia,

Sept. 27, 1814.
William H. Crawford, Georgia, March 2, 1815.
Paul Hamilton, South Carolina, March 7, 1809.
William Jones, Pennsylvania, Jan. 12, 1813. Secretaries of the Navy.
B. W. Crowninshield, Massachusetts, DO

FIFTH ADMINISTRATION-1817 TO 1825—8 YEARS.
JAMES MONROE Virginia, March 4, 1817. President.
Daniel D. Tompkins, New York, do. 1817. Vice President.

Appointed.
John Q. Adams, Massachusetts, March 5, 1817. Secretary of State.
William H. Crawford, Georgia,

March 5, 1817. Secretary of the Treas
Isaac Shelby,
Kentucky,

, . John C. Calhoun, B. W. Crowninshield, Massachusetts, (continued in office.) Smith Thompson, New York, Nov. 30, 1818. Secretaries of the Navy Samuel L. Southard, New Jersey, Dec. 9, 1823.

SIXTH ADMINISTRATION-1825 TO 182944 YEARS. John Q. ADAMS, Massachusetts, March 4, 1825. President. John C. Calhoun, South Carolina,

1825. Vice President.

Appointed. Henry Clay,

Kentucky, March 8, 1825. Secretary of State Richard Rush, Pennsylvania, March 7, 1825. Secretary of the Treas. James Barbour, Virginia,

do. 1825. Peter B. Porter, New York,

May 26, 1828.
Samuel L. Southard, New Jersey, (continued in office.) Secretary of the Navv.

SEVENTH ADMINISTRATION-1829 TO 1837–8 YEARS.
ANDREW JACKSON, Tennessee, March 4, 1829. President.
John C. Calhoun, South Carolina, do. 1829.
Martin Van Buren, New York,

do.
Martin Van Buren, New York,
Edward Livingston, Louisiana,
Louis McLane, Delaware,

Secretaries of State.
John Forsyth, Georgia,
Samuel D. Ingham, Pennsylvania,
Louis McLane, Delaware,
William J. Duane, Pennsylvania, Secretaries of the Treasury.
Roger B. Taney, Maryland,
Levi Woodbury, N. Hampshire,
John H. Eaton, Tennessee,
Lewis Cass,

Michigan, Secretaries of War.
Benj. F. Butler, (acting) New York,
John Branch, North Carolina,
Levi Woodbury, N. Hampshire, Secretaries of the Navy.
Mahlon Dickerson, New Jersey,
John McLean, Ohio,

Postmasters General ; now first con
William T. Barry, Kentucky,
Amos Kendall, Kentucky,

sidered as Cabinet Officers.

} Secretaries of War.

1833: } Vice Presidents.

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EIGHTH ALMINISTRATIOX-1571. MAXTs To Boxes, Newiat, Marcia 4, 1837. President

da 1831. Vice President

Geocon, continued in sfice) Secretary of Soste.
Ler, W30233T,

Haspects, setix'd a chute. Secreary of the Treasury.
Joe R Poses South Caronia, Marca S, 153.. Secretary of Wa.
Maio Dersom Series,
James K Picug,

Secaeteries of the Nary.
Ass Keodata

Keesocky, "continued is stic.)

Corsecoces,
Joda

Postmastea General
SINTH ALMONISTRATIOX-184

March 4, 1841. President

do. 1541. Vice-President Dresded Weber, Mzechosos, March 5, 1941. Secreary of Brate. One.

1841. Secretary of the Treasury Jota Ben,

Tennessee, do. 1841. Secretary of War. George E Baiger, Sorin Carosis do 1841. Secretary of the Nary Prascas Granger, New York,

1841. Postmaster General
TENTH ADMINISTRATION–184.
Joss TT

Apr 6, 1841. President
Dessel Weser, Massaciusetts, continued in oface.) Secretary of State.
Toss Esring, Oman

Secretaries of the Treasury.
Walter Porrard, Pennsylvania,
John BeL

Tennessee,

New York, Jona C. Spencer,

Secretaries of Wa.
George E Badger, North Carolina,

Secretaries of the Navy.
Abei P. tpebu,
Przecis Greezer,

New York,
Caries A Wikidite, Kentacky.

Postmasters General.

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do.

THE UNITED STATES. The thirteen Carted Colonies, which first adopted and issued the inmortal Declaration of Independence, entered into the confederation of 1778, and formed the constitution of 1789, were New Hampshire, Massachusetas, Rhode Island, Connerticut, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryiand, Virginia, North Carolina, South Caro lina, and Georgia Alisbe orber States which are now members of the Union bave been ance admitted, in the following order, viz:

Vermoos, which was separated from New York, was admitted into se Cnion in the year 1794

Tennessee, which was separated from North Carolina, was admitted 1796.
Kentucky, originaly a part of the territory of Virginia, was admitted 1798.

Ohio, which was formed from land borib-west of the Onio river, that had been ceded to the General Government by the States to which it belonged, was admitted 1802.

Louisiana, formed from the Louisiana purchase, admitted 1812.
Indiana, from a portion of what is called the Nortb.West Territory, admitted 1816
Mississippi, from part of the territory of Georgia, admitted 1817.
Dilinois, from the North West Territory, admitted 1819.
Alabama, from part of Georgia, admitted 1819.
Maine, which was separated from Massachusetts, admitted 1820.
Missouri, formed from a part of the Louisiana purchase, admitted 1823
Arkansas, from a portion of the Louisiana purchase, admitted 1836.
Michigan, which was constituted a territory in 1805, admitted 1836.

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