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sion. Towards that, all steps, all thoughts, were tending. There lay the body, closed in its leaden hearse, and covered with its solemn pall, seated in that deep repose which nothing shall break but the Archangel's trump. It lay on a bier in the East room, (an occupation how different from its wont?) and ladies were admitted all the morning, who heaped upon the coffin offerings of the most beautiful flowers. The northern portico of the mansion was hung with long banners of black, extending from column to column. The iron gates of the enclosure in front were closed, save when the carriages of the foreign ministers, members of the Cabinet, the attending physicians, the clergy, and some other privileged persons, were admitied, preparatory to their taking the places assigned them in the funeral procession.
The military portion of it, constituting the funeral escort, began to form in line on the New York avenue, immediately north of the President's house, and a most noble and imposing appearance it presented. Without undertaking to give the exact order or all the details of the military part of the procession, it must suffice us for the present to state that of volunteers, besides the Light Infantry, National Blues, and Columbia Artillery of this city, and the squadron of Potomac Dragoons from Georgetown, there were present the Eagle Artillerists, Eutaw Infantry, Invincibles, Independent Grays, National Guards, Maryland Cadets, and Military Association, of Baltimore, the Annapolis Grays, from the city of Annapolis, and a part of the York Riflemen and Washington Blues, from York, Penn. sylvania. Then there was a battalion of United States Marines, and a division of United States Light Artillery, commanded by Captain Ringgold, from Fort M'Henry. But one of the most impressive portions of the mil. itary part of the procession consisted of the dismounted and mounted offi. cers of the army, navy, militia, and volunteers. Seldom has there been exhibited, within a space so limited, so many distinguished military men; the sight of whose well-known figures led back our thoughts to many a bloody field and many an ensanguined sea, on which the national honor has been well and nobly maintained.
The civic part of the procession was not less striking than the military. It embraced the municipal officers of the District, the clergy of all denominations, the judiciary, the executive officers of the government, including the President of the United States and the heads of departments, the ex. members of the late Cabinet now in the city, the comptrollers, auditors, and commissioners, treasurer, register, &c., with a numerous column of clerks in the several departments. Such members of both Houses of Congress as are in the city also attended, and Ex-President Adams in his place. Next followed officers and soldiers who had served under General Harrison in the late war. Another division of the procession consisted of public societies and associations, preceded by their banners, and wearing their respective badges-among whom we noticed the society of Odd Fellows, very richly attired; the Washington Catholic Temperance Association, with their white banner, displaying the cross, which is the symbol of their faith ; the Typographical Society ; several schools and lyceums; and, to close all, the different fire companies of the district, in their showy and picturesque uniforms of cloaks, hats, and accoutrements, and with appropriate ensigns.
The music was excellent ; several fine bands, playing mournful airs, giving place, from time to time, to the muffled drums of the military, beating slow marches.
But the object of chief interest, and one which, as it passed, hushed ev. ery other sound, and caused many a tear to fall, was the funeral car con. taining the body of the deceased President. It was of large dimensions, in form an oblong platform, on which was a raised dais, the whole covered with black velvet
. From the cornice of the platform fell a black velvet curtain outside of the wheels, to within a few inches of the ground. From the corners of the car a black crape festoon was formed on all sides, looped in the centre by a funeral wreath. On the coffin lay the sword of justice and the sword of state, surmounted by the scroll of the constitution, bound together by a funeral wreath formed of the yew and the cypress. The car was drawn by six white horses, having at the head of each a col. ored groom, dressed in white, with white turban and sash, and supported by pall-bearers in black.* The effect was very fine. The contrast of this slowly moving body of white and black, so opposite to the strong colors of the military around it, struck the eye even from the greatest distance, and gave a chilling warning beforehand that the corpse was drawing nigh.
The entire procession occupied two full miles in length, and was mar. shalled on its way by officers on horseback, carrying white batons with black tassels. The utmost order prevailed throughout; and, considering the very great concourse of people collected, the silence preserved during the whole course of the march was very impressive.
Before the body was removed from the Presidential mansion, religious services were conducted in presence of the President of the United States and Ex-President Adams, the members of the late and present Cabinets, the foreign ministers, and the mourning household, by the Rev. Mr. Hawley. The Reverend gentleman declined making any
the occasion; but, pointing to a Bible and Episcopal prayer-book which lay upon the table, stated that they had been purchased by the deceased President immediately after his arrival in the city, and had been in daily use by him since then ; that the late President had declared to him (Mr. Hawley) personally his full belief in the truth of the Christian religion, and his purpose, had not disease intervened to prevent it, to have united himself to the church on the succeeding Sabbath.
On the firing of the signal gun at the appointed hour, the procession, having received into its ranks the funeral car and the family mourners who followed the remains of their relative to the tomb, moved along Pennsylva. nia avenue, under the fire of minute-guns near the President's house, repeated at the City Hall on the head of the column arriving opposite to it, and at the Capitol on its reaching the western gate of the enclosure. Having reached the Capitol square, passing on the south side of it, the proces. sion advanced over the plains eastward till it reached the space in front of the Congressional burying-ground. Here the car halted, while the line was formed by the military as they arrived, and then passed slowly on, being saluted as it passed with colors lowered, the troops presenting arms, and the officers saluting it in military form. Having reached the principal entrance, the car was again halted; the coffin was taken down, and placed on the shoulders of the bearers; the clergy advanced, and the Rev. Mr. Hawley, reciting the solemn funeral service of the Episcopal Liturgy, the procession advanced down the principal avenue of the cemetery until it reached the receiving vault, where a space had been kept open by sentries under arms, and where a hollow square being formed, the coffin was low. ered into the vault. A signal being given to the troops outside, the battalion of Light Artillery, who were placed on an adjoining eminence, fired a salute, which was immediately followed by the several military bodies in line, who commenced firing from the left to the right, and continued the salute till it had thrice gone up the whole line.
* The following gentlemen, as pall-bearers, were designated to represent the several States and Territories which are attached to their names, at the funeral of the late Pres. ident:-R. Cutts, Esq., for Maine ; Hon. C. Cushing, Mass.; W. B. Lloyd, Esq., Conn.; Gen. John Granger, N. Y.; M. Willing, Esq., Pa.; David Hoffman, Esq., Md.; Hon. E. D. White, N. C. ; Gen. D. L. Clinch, Geo. ; Col. Rogers, Tenn.; M. Durald, Esq., La.; Anderson Miller, Esq., Miss.; Dr. Perrine, Ala.; A. W. Lyon, Esq., Ark.; Hon. J. D. Doty, Wisconsin ; Hon. W. B. Carter, Iowa ; Hon. J. B. Moore, N. H.; M. St. C. Clarke, Esq., R. I. ; Hon. Hiland Hall, Vt.; Hon. G. C. Washington, N. J.; lion. A. Naudain, Del.; Major Camp, Va.; John Carter, Esq., S. C.; Th. Crittenden, Esq., Ky.; Mr. Graham, Ohio ; Gen. Robert Hanna, Ind. ; D. G. Garnsey, Esq., M.; Major Russell, Mo.; Gen. Howard, Mich. ; Hon. Č. Downing, Florida ; R. Smith, Esq., District of Columbia.
The procession then resumed its march, and returned by the same route to the city, where the troops were dismissed, and the citizens retired to their several abodes. By five o'clock, nothing remained but empty streets and the emblems of mourning upon the houses; and the still deeper gloom, which oppressed the general mind with renewed power after all was over, and the sense of the public bereavement, alone was left to fill the thoughts.
JOHN TYLER, the tenth President of the United States, and the sixth incumbent of that high office whose birth-place was Virginia, was born at Charles-City, in Charles-City county, in the year 1789. His father, John Tyler, was a distinguished public man in Virginia, and governor of the commonwealth from 1808 to 1811. Mr. Tyler was educated at William and Mary College, studied law at that institution, and in the office of his father, and entered at an early age upon the practice of his profession. Scarcely had he reached the age of twenty-one years, before he was elected by the people of his native county to represent them in the State legislature. Here we find him zealous in his efforts to promote the interests of his constituents and of his ancient commonwealth. In 1816, he was elected a representative in Congress, and continued a member of that body until 1821. He here distinguished himself as a ready and Auent debater, and attracted the notice of the people of his native state by the strength and boldness of his views on the great questions of the day. In the memora. ble investigation of the United States Bank, in 1819, when the report and restrictions proposed by Mr. Spencer, of New York, and direct propositions for repeal of the charter, came up for debate, Mr. Tyler delivered his opin. ions in strong terms on the subject of the National Bank, as well as upon the whole system of banking as pursued in this country. On the 19th February, in the course of the debate, he said :
“ The question whether it would be proper to direct a scire facias against the bank, divides itself into two heads of inquiry. First, whether the char. ter has been so violated as to insure a forfeiture ?—and if so, is it expedient to exact the forfeiture? The decision of the first would preclude me from an inquiry into the second. For, sir, inasmuch as I believe the creation of this corporation unconstitutional, I cannot, without a violation of my oath, hesitate to repair the breach thus made in the constatution, when an opportunity presents itself of doing so without violating the public faith. But believing, also, that it is expedient to put it down, and other gentlemen feeling themselves at liberty to follow up that inquiry, I propose to express to you my views on that subject.
“I think that the incorporation of the United States Bank was calcula. ted to delay the resumption of specie payments on the part of the State banks.”
“Mr. Chairman, I look to a more efficient cause for the resumption of specie payments : I look to the resolutions of the State legislatures, to the resolution of Congress, requiring the payment of all dues to the government to be made in specie, or the notes of banks paying specie, after the 20th February, 1817, as the great cause of this resumption. I am disposed to ascribe more energy to the arm of this government, than to any moDeyed institution.”